1
UNIVERSITY DEPARTMENTS
ANNA UNIVERSITY CHENNAI :: CHENNAI 600 025
REGULATIONS
–
2008
CURRICULUM FROM III & IV SEMESTERS FOR
B.TECH. CHEMICAL ENGINEERING
SEMESTER III
CODE NO
COURSE TITLE
L
T
P
C
THEORY
MA 9211
Mathematics I
II
3
1
0
4
CY 9211
Organic Chemistry
3
0
0
3
CY 9213
Instrumental Methods of Analysis
3
0
0
3
CH 9203
Mechanics of Solids
3
0
0
3
CH 9204
Ba
sic Mechanical Engg
3
0
0
3
CH 9205
Process Calculations
3
0
0
3
CH 9206
Fluid Mechanics
3
0
0
3
PRACTICAL
CY 9212
Organic Chemistry Lab
0
0
4
2
CH 9208
Electrical Engineering Lab
0
0
4
2
TOTAL
26
SEMESTER IV
CODE NO
COURSE TITLE
L
T
P
C
THEORY
MA 9262
Numerical Methods
3
1
0
4
CY9261
Physical Chemistry
3
0
0
3
PH 9166
Material Science and Technology
3
0
0
3
CH 9253
Chemical Engg. Thermodynamics I
3
0
0
3
CH 9254
Mechanical Operations
3
0
0
3
CH 9255
Heat Transfe
r
3
0
0
3
PRACTICAL
CY9262
Technical Analysis Lab
0
0
4
2
CH 9257
Mechanical Engineering Lab
0
0
4
2
CH 9258
Fluid Mechanics Lab
0
0
4
2
TOTAL
25
2
III SEMESTER
MA9211
MATHEMATICS III
L
T
P
C
3
1
0
4
Aim:
To facilitate the understanding of the principles and to cultivate the art of formulating
physical problems in the language of mathematics.
Objectives:
To
introduce Fourier series analysis which is central to many applications in
engineering apart from its use in solving boundary value problems
To acquaint the student with Fourier transform techniques used in wide variety of
situations in which the functions
used are not periodic
To introduce the effective mathematical tools for the solutions of partial differential
equations that model physical processes
To develop Z

transform techniques which will perform the same task for discrete time
systems as Laplac
e Transform, a valuable aid in analysis of continuous time systems
1. FOURIER SERIES
9+3
Dirichlet’s conditions
–
General Fourier series
–
Odd and even functions
–
Half

range Sine
and Cosine series
–
Complex form of Fourier series
–
Parseval’s identity
–
Harmonic
Analysis.
2. FOURIER TRANSFORM
9+3
Fouri
er integral theorem
–
Fourier transform pair

Sine and Cosine transforms
–
Properties
–
Transform of elementary functions
–
Convolution theorem
–
Parseval’s identity.
3. PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
9+3
Formation
–
Solutions of first order equations
–
Standard types and Equations reducible to
stan
dard types
–
Singular solutions
–
Lagrange’s Linear equation
–
Integral surface passing
through a given curve
–
Solution of linear equations of higher order with constant coefficients.
4. APPLICATIONS OF PA
RTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
9+3
Method of separation of Variables
–
Solutions of one dimensional wave equation and one

dimensional heat equation
–
Steady state solution of two

dimensional heat equation
–
Fourier
series solutions in Cartesian coordinat
es.
5. Z
–
TRANSFORM AND DIFFERENCE EQUATIONS
9+3
Z

transform
–
Elementary properties
–
Inverse Z

transform
–
Convolution theorem
–
Initial
and Final value theorems
–
Formation of difference equatio
n
–
Solution of difference equation
using Z

transform.
3
L: 45, T: 15, Total : 60
TEXT BOOKS
Grewal, B.S. “Higher Engineering Ma
thematics”, Khanna Publications (2007)
REFERENCES
1) Glyn James, “Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics, Pearson Education (2007)
2)
Ramana, B.V. “Higher Engineering Mathematics” Tata McGraw Hill (2007).
3)
Bali, N.P. and Manish Goy
al, “A Text Book of Engineering 7
th
Edition (2007) Lakshmi
Publications (P) Limited, New Delhi.
CY9211
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
(Common to Chemical, Textile, Leather, Petroleum Refining & Petrochemicals and Apparel
Technology)
L T P C
3 0 0 3
AIM
To learn fundamental and applied aspects of organic chemistry towards different applications.
OBJECTIVES
To acquire knowledge about chemical bonding, hybridization, bond fission, different types of
chemical reactions and their mechanism, isomerism in
organic molecules, synthesis of
organic compounds and various applications of organic products.
1. Structural concept of organic molecules
(5)
Nature of bonding (covalent, hydrogen)
–
atomic orbitals
–
hybridization
–
electronegativity
–
co
njugation
–
mesomerism and resonance
–
hyper

conjugation
–
inductive effect.
2. REACTION AND THEIR MECHANISM
(10)
Homolytic bond fission
–
free radicals
–
heterolytic bond fission
–
electrophiles, carbonium
ion, nucleophiles
–
acids and bases
–
Bronsted

Lowry concept, Lewis concept, strength of
acids and bases. Substitution reactions
–
S
N
1, S
N
2, S
N
i, Addition reactions
–
carbon
–
carbon
(double bond), Addition of dienes
–
carbon
–
oxygen (double bond), carbon
–
carbon (triple
bond)
–
poly ad
dition reactions, Elimination reactions
–
E1, E2, Condensation
–
simple and
polycondensation , Redox reactions.
3. ISOMERISM
(6)
Structural isomerism
–
stereoisomerism
–
optical isomerism
–
racemic mixture
–
resolution,
racemisation
–
asym
metric synthesis, Walder Inversion.
Geometrical isomerism
–
cis, trans isomerism, syn, anti isomerism
–
determination of
configuration of geometrical isomers
–
tautomerism.
4. HYDROCARBONS AND THEIR CLASSIFICATION
(10)
4
Alkanes
–
alkenes
–
alkynes
–
alicylic compounds
–
Bayers

strain theory

Hydrocarbons
related to petrol, diesel, kerosene, lube oil and waxes. Benzene and its homologues
–
aromatic substitution, Friedal

Crafts reactions, Kolbe’s synthesis
–
Riemer
–
Tiemann
reaction, Benzoin conden
sation, Perkin reaction, Beckmann rearrangement, Claison
condensation, Hoffmann rearrangements.
5. SYNTHETIC ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
(7)
Synthesis of different types of compounds
–
alcohol
–
aldehyde
–
carboxylic acid
–
ester
–
ether
–
nitrocompo
unds
–
amines
–
amides (industrial methods only). Synthetic reagents
–
acetoacetic ester
–
malonic ester and Grignard reagent.
6. APPLIED ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
(7)
Polysaccharides
–
starch and cellulose
–
Proteins
–
amino acids and peptides
–
Dy
es and
dyeing
–
colour and constitution
–
classification of dyes based on chemical constitution and
applications.
Total Number of Periods = 45
TEXT BOOKS:
1.
B.S. Bahl and Arun Bahl, “Essentials of Organic Chemistry”, S.Chand and Company,
New Delhi (2005
).
2.
K.S. Tiwari, N.K. Vishnoi and S.N. Malhotra “A Text Book of Organic Chemistry”,
Third Edition, Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi (2006).
REFERENCE BOOKS:
1.
R.T. Morrison and R.N. Boyd “Organic Chemistry” VI Edition, Prentice Hall of
India Pvt
. Ltd., New Delhi (2000).
2.
I L Finar “Organic Chemistry”, Volume
–
I, IX Edition, Pearson Education
(Singapore) Pte. Ltd., New Delhi (2004).
3.
I L Finar “Organic Chemistry”, Volume
–
II, VII Edition, Pearson Education
(Singapore) Pte. Ltd., New Delhi (2004).
CY 9213
INSTRUMENTAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS
(Common to Chemical, Textile, Leather, Ceramic and
Petroleum Refining & Petrochemicals)
L T P
C
3 0 0 3
AIM
To know the principle and importance of various analytical instruments used for the
characterization of various materials
OBJECTIVES
To have thorough understanding of theory, instrumentation and applications of analytical
equipments used in industries for testing quality of raw materials, intermediates and finished
products
5
To know the importance of analytical instrumentatio
n
during the purification, compounding
and formulating the finished product
UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO SPECTROSCOPICAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS
12
ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION: Various ranges, Dual properties, Various energy levels,
Interaction of photons
with matter, absorbance & transmittance and their relationship,
Permitted energy levels for the electrons of an atom and simple molecules, Classification of
instrumental methods based on physical properties
QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY: Beer

Lambert's law,
Limitations, Deviations (Real,
Chemical, Instrumental), Estimation of inorganic ions such as Fe, Ni and estimation of Nitrite
using Beer

Lambert's Law
UNIT II
UV AND VISIBLE SPECTROCOPY
12
Various electronic transitions in organic and
inorganic compounds effected by UV, and Visible
radiations, Various energy level diagrams of saturated, unsaturated and carbonyl compounds,
excitation by UV and Visible radiations, Choice of solvents, cut off wavelengths for solvents,
Lamda max and epsil
on max rules, Woodward

Fieser rules for the calculation of absorption
maxima ( Lamda max) for dienes and carbonyl compounds, Effects of auxochromes and
efffects of conjugation on the absorption maxima, Different shifts of absorption peaks( Batho
chromic,
hypsochromic, hypochromic), Multicomponent analysis ( no overlap, single way
overlap and two way overlap), Instrumentation for UV and VISIBLE spectrophotometers
(source, optical parts and detectors), Photometric titration ( Experimental set

up and vario
us
types of titrations and their corresponding curves), Applications of UV and VISIBLE
spectroscopies
UNIT III
IR , RAMAN AND ATOMIC SPECTROSCOPY
10
Theory
of IR spectroscopy, Various stretching and vibration modes for diatomic and triatomic
molecules (both linear and nonlinear), various ranges of IR (Near, Mid, Finger print and Far)
and their usefulness, Instrumentation (Only the sources and detectors used
in different
regions), sample preparation techniques, Applications.Raman spectroscopy: Theory,
Differences between IR and Raman. Atomic absorption spectrophotometry: Principle,
Instrumentation (Types of burners, Types of fuels, Hollow cathode lamp, Chopper
only) and
Applications, Various interferences observed in AAS (Chemical, radiation and excitation)
Flame photometry: Principle, Instrumentation, quantitative analysis (Standard addition
method and internal standard method) and applications
Differences be
tween AAS and FES.
UNIT IV
THERMAL
METHODS
:
5
Thermogravimetry: Theory and Instrumentation, factors affectin
g the shapes of thermograms
(Sample Characteristics and instrumental characteristics), thermograms of some important
compounds (CuSO4. 5H
2
O, CaC
2
O
4
. 2H
2
O, MgC2O4, Ag
2
CrO
4
, Hg
2
CrO
4
, AgNO
3
etc),
applications. Differential thermal analysis: Principle, Instrum
entation and applications,
differences between DSC and DTA. Applications of DSC (Inorganic and Polymer samples)
6
.
CHROMATOGRAPHIC METH
ODS:
6
Classification of chromato
graphic methods, Column, Thin layer, Paper, Gas, High
Performance Liquid Chromatographical methods (Principle, mode of separation and
Technique). Separation of organic compounds by column and Thin layer, mixure of Cu, Co
and Ni by Paper, separation of amin
o acids by paper, estimation of organic compounds by
GC and HPLC
Total =
45
REFERENCES
1.
Willard, H.H., Merritt.l.l., Dean J.a., and Settle,F.A., Instrumental methods of analysis,
Sixth edition, CBS publishers,1986
6
2.
Skoog D.A and Wes
t D.M, Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry, Saunders

college
Publishing, 1982.
3.
Banwell, G.C., Fundamentals of molecular spectroscopy, TMH,1992.
4.
A.I. Vogel's Quantitative Inorganic analysis . V Edition
5.
Day R.A Underwood A.L Qualitative Inorganic analysis
( A. I. Vogel).
V Edition, Prentice

Hall of India ( P) Ltd, NewDelhi
6.
Sharma, B.K., Instrumental Methods of Analysis, Goel publishing House,1995
7.
Kalsi .P.S. Spectroscopy of organic compounds, 6
th
Edition, New Age International
Publishers,2006
8.
Willia
m Kemp, Organic Spectroscopy, 3
rd
Edition, Palgrave publishers, 2007
9.
Sathya Narayana. D. N. Vibrational Spectroscopy, First Edition 2004 and Reprint 2005,
New Age International publishers.
CH 9203
MECHANICS OF SOLIDS
3 0 0 3
AIM
To given
them knowledge on structural, Mechanical properties of Beams, columns.
OBJECTIVES
The students will be able to design the support column, beams, pipelines, storage
tanks and reaction columns and tanks after undergoing this course. This is precursor
for t
he study on process equipment design and drawing.
UNIT I
STRESS, STRAIN AND DEFORMATION OF SOLIDS
9
Rigid bodies and deformable solids
–
forces on solids and supports
–
equilibrium and stability
–
strength and stiffness
–
tension, compression and shea
r stresses
–
Hooke’s law and simple
problems
–
compound bars
–
thermal stresses
–
elastic constants and poission’s ratio
–
welded joints
–
design.
UNIT II
TRANSVERSE LOADING ON BEAMS
9
Beams
–
support conditions
–
types of Beams
–
transverse loading
on beams
–
shear force
and bending moment in beams
–
analysis of cantilevers, simply
–
supported beams and over
hanging beams
–
relationships between loading, S.F. and B.M. In beams and their
applications
–
S.F.& B.M. diagrams.
UNIT III
DEFLECTIONS OF B
EAMS
9
Double integration method
–
Macaulay’s method
–
Area
–
moment theorems for computation
of slopes and deflections in beams
–
conjugate beam method
UNIT IV
STRESSES IN BEAMS
9
Theory of simple bending
–
assumptions and derivation of ben
ding equation (M/I = F/Y = E/R)
–
analysis of stresses in beams
–
loads carrying capacity of beams
–
proportioning beam
sections
–
leaf springs
–
flitched beams
–
shear stress distribution in beams
–
determination
of shear stress in flanged beams.
UNIT V
TORSION
9
Torsion of circular shafts
–
derivation of torsion equation (T/J = C/R = G0/L)
–
stress and
deformation in circular and hollow shafts
–
stresses and deformation in circular and hollow
shafts
–
stepped shafts
–
shafts fixed at both ends
–
stresses in helical springs
–
deflection of
springs
–
spring constant
UNIT VI
COLUMNS
7
Axially loaded short columns
–
columns of unsymmetrical sections
–
Euler’s theory of long
columns
–
critical loads for prismatic columns with different end conditions
–
effect of
eccentricity.
TOTAL : 45
TEXT BOOKS
1.
Junarkar, S.B., Mechanics of Structure Vol. 1, 21
st
Edition, Character Publishing
House, Anand, Indian, (1995)
2.
William A.Nash, Theory and Problems of Strength of Materials, Schaum’s Outline
Series. M
cGraw Hill International Editions, Third Edition, 1994.
REFERENCE
1.
Elangovan, A., Thinma Visai Iyal (Mechanics of Solids in Tamil), Anna University,
Madras, 1995.
CH 9204
BASIC MECHANICAL ENGINEERING 3 0 0 3
AIM
To impart k
nowledge on thermodynamics and thermal engineering power generating units
such as engines and theory of machines
OBJECTIVE
Students should learn thermodynamics and thermal engineering to understand the
principles behind the operation of thermal equipments
like IC engines and turbines etc.,
Students should be able to appreciate the theory behind operation of machinery and be
able to design simple mechanisms
UNIT 1:
LAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS
10
Basic concepts and hints; Zeroth law; First Law of Ther
modynamics

Statement
and application; Steady flow energy equation

problems

Second law of Thermodynamics
–
Kelvin

Plank statement and Clausius statement

problems; Limitations; Heat Engine,
Refrigerator and Heat Pump, Available energy, Equivalence ent
ropy; Reversibility:
Entropy charts; Third law of Thermodynamics

Statement.
UNIT 2:
HEATING AND EXPANSION OF GASES
6
Expressions for work done, Internal energy and heat transfer for Constant Pressure,
Constant Volume, Isothermal, Adiabatic
and Polytropic processes

Derivations and
problems; Free expansion and Throttling process.
UNIT 3:
AIR STANDARD CYCLES
6
Carnot cycle; Stirlings cycle; Joule cycle; Otto cycle; Diesel cycle; Dual combustion
Cycle

Derivations and proble
ms.
UNIT 4: I.C. ENGINES, STEAM AND ITS PROPERTIES AND STEAM
TURBINES
12
Engine nomenclature and classification; SI Engine; CI Engine; Four Stroke cycle,
Two stroke cycle; Performance of I.C.Engine; Brake thermal efficiency; Indicated The
rmal
Efficiency, Specific fuel consumption.
8
Steam

Properties of steam; Dryness fraction; latent heat; Total heat of wet steam; Dry
steam; Superheated steam. Use of steam tables; volume of wet steam, volume of
superheated steam; External work of evaporat
ion; Internal energy; Entropy of vapour,
Expansion of vapour, Rankine cycle.
Steam turbines
–
Impulse and Reaction types

Principles of operation.
UNIT 5 : SIMPLE MECHANISM, FLY WHEEL, DRIVES AND BALANCING
11
Definition of Kinematic Links, Pairs and
Kinematic Chains; Working principle of Slider
Crank mechanism and inversions; Double slider crank mechanism and inversions.
Flywheel

Turning moment Diagram; Fluctuation of Energy.
Belt and rope drives; Velocity ratio; slip; Creep; Ratio of tensions; Leng
th of belt; Power
Transmitted; gear trains

types.
Balancing of rotating masses in same plane; Balancing of masses rotating in different
planes.
Total Number of Periods = 45
Text Books:
1.
Nag, P.K., " Engineering Thermodynamics ", II Edition, Tata M
cGraw
Hill Publishing Co., Ltd., 1995.
2.
Rajput, R .K, “Thermal Engineering”, Laxmi publications (P) Ltd, 2001.
3.
Khurmi R.S., and Gupta J.K, “Theory of Machines”, Eurasia Publishing
House (P) Ltd., 2004.
References Books
1.
Smith, " Chemical Thermodynamics
", Reinhold Publishing Co., 1977.
2.
Bhaskaran, K.A., and Venkatesh, A., " Engineering Thermodynamics ",
3.
Tata McGraw Hill, 1973.
4.
Pandya A. and Shah, " Theory of Machines ", Charatakar Publishers, 1975.
5.
Khurmi R.S., and Gupta J.K, “Thermal Engineering”, S.Cha
nd & Company (P)
Ltd.,2001.
6.
Kothandaraman and Dhomkundwar,”: A course in Thermal Engineering (SI Units)”,
Dhanpat Rai and Sons, Delhi (2001)
9
CH 9205
PROCESS CALCULATIONS
L T P C
3 0 0 3
AIM
The aim of this course is to give fundamental knowledge on material and energy
balances and steady state simulation.
OBJECTIVES
To teach concept of degree of freedom and its application to solution of mass and energy
balance equations for single and network of units and introduce to process simulators.
UNIT I
6
Units,
dimensions and conversion; Process variables and properties; Degree of freedom;
UNIT II
11
Concept of material balance Material balance calculations not involving and involving single
and multiple reactions including combustion Material balance
calculations involving phase
change
UNIT III
11
Heat capacity; Calculation of enthalpy changes without phase change; Energy balance
calculations without and with reactions including combustion.
UNIT IV
11
Simultaneous material and
energy balance calculations for Humidification, vaporization,
condensation, mixing, crystallization.
UNIT V
6
Material balance and energy balance calculations for network of units without and with
recycle. Demonstration of ASPEN Process Sim
ulator
L = 45; Total number of periods = 45
TEXT BOOKS
1.
Himmelblau, D.M., "Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering ", EEE
Sixth Edition, Prentice Hall Inc., 2003
2.
Bhatt, B.L., Vora, S.M., "Stoichiometry ", 4
th
Edition,Tata McGraw

Hill (20
04)
3.
Felder, R. M. and Rousseau, R. W., “Elementary Principles of Chemical
Processes”,3
rd
Edn., John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2000.
REFERENCES
1.
Hougen O A, Watson K M and Ragatz R A, “Chemical process principles” Part I, CBS
publishers (1973).
CH 9206
FLU
ID MECHANICS
3 0 0 3
AIM
To understand the principles and applications fluid mechanics.
OBJECTIVES
To impart to the student knowledge on fluid properties, fluid statics, dynamic characteristics
for through pipes and porous medium, flow measurement
and fluid machineries
10
UNIT I
6
Methods of analysis and description

fluid as a continuum
–
Velocity and stress field

Newtonian and non

Newtonian fluids
–
Classification of fluid motion
UNIT II
9
Fluid statics
–
basic equation

equilibrium of fluid element
–
pressure variation in a static fluid

application to manometry
–
Differential analysis of fluid motion
–
continuity, Euler’s and
Bernoulli equation
UNIT III
9
The principle of dimensional homogeneity
–
dimensional analysis, the Pi

theorem

non

dimensional action of the basic equations

similitude

relationship between dimensional
analysis and similitude

use of dimensional analysis for scale up studies
UNIT IV
12
Reynolds number regimes, i
nternal flow

flow through pipes
–
pressure drop under laminar
and turbulent flow conditions
–
major and minor losses; Line sizing; External flows

boundary
layer concepts, boundary layer thickness under laminar and turbulent flow conditions

Flow
over a
sphere
–
friction and pressure drag

flow through fixed and fluidized beds.
UNIT V
9
Flow measurement

Constant and variable head meters; Velocity measurement techniques;
Types, characteristics and sizing of valves; Classification, perform
ance characteristics and
sizing of pumps, compressors and fans
L = 45; Total number of periods = 45
Text Books
1.
Noel de Nevers, "Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers ", Second Edition,
McGraw

Hill, (1991).
2.
Munson, B. R., Young, D.F., Okiishi, T.H. “F
und
amentals of Fluid Mechanics”, 5th
Edition
“, John Wiley, 2006
References
1.
White, F.M., "Fluid Mechanics ", IV Edition, McGraw

Hill Inc., 1999.
2.
James O Wilkes and Stacy G Bike, “Fluid Mechanics for Chemical Engineers’
Prentice Hall PTR (International series
in Chemical Engineering) (1999)
3.
McCabe W.L, Smith, J C and Harriot. P “Unit operations in Chemical Engineering”,
McGraw Hill, V Edition, 2001
III SEMESTER
CY 9212
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY LAB
(Common to Chemical and Petroleum Refining & Petrochemicals )
L T P C
0 0 4 2
OBJECTIVE
To learn basic principles involved in analysis and synthesis of different organic derivatives.
1.
Analysis of nature of organic compounds
–
To identify aliphatic/aromatic,
saturated/unsaturated
compounds.
11
2.
Identification and characterization of various functional groups by their characteristic
reactions: a) alcohol, b) aldehyde, c) ketone, d) carboxylic acid, e) phenol, f) ester,
g) primary, secondary and tertiary amines h) amide i)
nitro compounds.
3.
Analysis of an unknown organic compound and preparation of suitable solid
derivatives.
4.
Analysis of carbohydrates.
5.
Analysis of proteins.
6.
Methodology of filtration and recrystallization.
7.
Introduction to organic synthetic procedures:
i.
Acetyla
tion
–
Preparation of acetanilide from aniline.
ii.
Hydrolysis
–
Preparation of salycilic acid from methyl salyciliate.
iii.
Substitution
–
Conversion of acetone to iodoform.
iv.
Nitration
–
Preparation of m

dinitrobenzene from nitrobenzene.
v.
Oxidation
–
Preparation of
benzoic acid from benzaldehyde/ benzyl
alcohol
Total Number of Periods =
60
Reference Manual
1.
Organic Chemistry Lab Manual, Chemistry Division, Chemical Engineering
Department, A.C.Tech, Anna University (2007).
CH9208
ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING L
ABORATORY
L T P C
0 0 4 2
AIM
To provide the practical knowledge and control methods of electrical machines
OBJECTIVE
To impart practical knowledge on
I.
Characteristic of different machines
II.
Method of speed control o
f machines
III.
Measurement of various electrical parameters
1.
Study of DC & AC Starters
2.
Study of Transducers
3.
Wheatstone Bridge and Schering Bridge
4.
ADC and DAC Converters
12
5.
Speed Control of DC Shunt Motor
6.
Load Test on DC Shunt Motor
7.
OCC & Lo
ad Characteristics of DC Shunt Generator
8.
Load Test on Single

Phase Transformer
9.
Load Test on Three

Phase Induction Motor
10.
Load Test on Single

Phase Induction Motor.
MA 9262
NUMERICAL METHODS
L
T
P
C
3
1
0
4
Aim:
T
his course gives a complete procedure for solving numerically different kinds of
problems occurring in engineering and technology.
Objectives:
The students would be acquainted with the basic concepts of
numerical methods and their applicati
ons.
1. SOLUTION OF EQUATIONS AND EIGENVALUE PROBLEMS 9 +3
Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations
–
Fixed point iteration method
–
Newton

Raphson method
–
Solution of linear system of equations
–
Gaus
s Elimination
method
–
Pivoting
–
Gauss

Jordan methods
–
Matrix Inversion by Gauss

Jordan method
–
Iterative methods of Gauss

Jacobi and Gauss

Seidel
–
Eigenvalues of a matrix by
Power method and by Jacobi’s method.
2. INTERPOLATION AND APPROXIMATION
9 + 3
Interpolation with unequal intervals
–
Lagrange interpolation
–
Newton’s divided difference
interpolation
–
Cubic Splines
–
Interpolation with equal intervals
–
Newton’s forward and
backward difference formulae.
3. NUMERICAL DIFFERENTATION AND INTEGRATION 9 + 3
Approximation of derivatives using interpolation polynomials
–
Numerical integration using
Trapezoidal, Simpson’s 1/3 and
Simpson’s 3/8 rules
–
Romberg’s method
–
Two point
and three point Gaussian quadrature formulae
–
Evaluation of double integrals by
Trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules.
4. INITIAL VALUE PROBLEMS FOR ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS 9 + 3
Singl
e step

methods
–
Taylor’s series method
–
Euler’s method
–
Fourth order Runge

Kutta method for solving first and second order equations
–
Multi

step methods
–
Milne’s
and Adams

Bashforth predictor

corrector methods for solving first order equations.
5.
BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEMS IN ORDINARY AND PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL
EQUATIONS 9 + 3
Finite difference methods for solving two

point linear boundar
y value problems. Finite
difference techniques for the solution of two dimensional Laplace’s and Poisson’s
equations on rectangular domain
–
One dimensional heat

flow equation by explicit and
implicit (Crank Nicholson) methods

One dimensional wave equati
on by explicit method.
L: 45, T: 15, Total : 60
13
TEXT BOOKS
1.
Grewal, B.S. and Grewal,J.S., “ Numerical methods in Engineering and Science”, 6
th
Edition, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi, (2004).
2.
Sankara Rao, K. “Numerical methods for Scientists and Engineers’,
3
rd
Edition Prentice
Hall of India Private Ltd., New Delhi, (2007).
REFERENCES
1.
Chapra, S. C and Canale, R. P. “Numerical Methods for Engineers”, 5
th
Edition, Tata
McGraw

Hill, New Delhi, (2007).
2.
Gerald, C. F. and Wheatley, P. O., “Applied Numerical An
alysis”, 6
th
Edition, Pearson
Education Asia, New Delhi, (2006).
3.
Brian Bradie, “A friendly introduction to Numerical analysis”, Pearson Education Asia,
New Delhi, (2007).
CY 9261
PHYSICAL CHEMSITRY
(Common to Chemical, Textile, Leather and Petroleu
m Refining & Petrochemicals )
L T P C
3 0 0 3
AIM
To know the basic concepts of physical chemistry and its applications.
OBJECTIV
ES
To acquire knowledge in the field of electrochemistry, solubility behaviour, chemical reaction
kinetics, photochemical reactions and colloidal chemistry towards different applications.
UNIT I ELECTROCHEMISTRY
9
Electrical
conductance
–
Specific conductance
–
Equivalent conductance
–
variation with
dilution
–
Kohlrausch’s law
–
Transport number
–
Galvanic cells
–
EMF and its measurement
–
Reference electrode
–
Standard Hydrogen electrode
–
Nernst equation

Electrochemical
series
–
Applications of EMF measurements: Fuel cells
–
Hydrogen

Oxygen fuel cell
–
Chemical and electrochemical corrosion
–
Corrosion control
–
Different methods.
UNIT II IONIC EQUILIBRIA
9
Acids and bases
–
Arrhenius concept
–
Lewis
concept
–
Dissociation of weak acid, weak
base
–
Ionic product of water
–
Buffer solutions
–
calculation of pH
–
Henderson’s equation
–
Hydrolysis of salts
–
Degree of hydrolysis
–
Determination
–
acid

base indicators
–
their
applications
–
solubility prod
uct principle
–
Ionic equilibria involving complex ions.
UNIT III CHEMICAL KINETICS
9
Order of a reaction
–
Zero order, First order, Se
cond order and Third order reactions
–
Molecualrity of a reaction
–
Unimolecular and Bimolecular reactions
–
Experimental methods
of determining order of a reaction
–
Kinetics of parallel and opposing reactions
–
Concept of
14
activation energy
–
Arrhenius eq
uation
–
Collision theory of reaction rates
–
Theory of
absolute reaction rates
–
Kinetics of enzyme catalyzed reactions.
UNIT IV PHOTOCHEMISTRY
9
Laws of Photochemistry, Quantum efficiency, Photochemical reactions, Actinometry,
Kinetics
and mechanism of Hydrogen
–
Bromine reaction, Hydrogen
–
Chlorine reaction
–
Photosensitization, Chemiluminscence.
UNIT V COLLOIDS
9
Introduction to colloids
–
properties of colloids
–
coagulation of solutions
–
Origin of ch
arge on
colloidal particles
–
Determination of size of colloidal particles
–
Donnan Membrane
equilibrium
–
Emulsions
–
Gels
–
Applications of colloids
–
Nanoparticles (Au, Ag, Pt)
–
Preparation
–
Characterization
–
Properties
–
Application in catalysis an
d drug delivery
systems.
Total Number of Periods = 45
TEXT BOOKS:
1.
Kund and Jain, Physical Chemistry, S.Chand and Company, New Delhi (1996).
2.
Puri B.H. Sharma L.R. and M.S.Prathama, “Principles of Physical Chemisry”,
S.Chand and Company, New Delhi (200
1).
3.
B.S.Bahl, Arun Bahl and G.D.Tuli, “Essentials of Physical Chemistry”, S.Chand and
Company, New Delhi (2005).
REFERENCE BOOKS:
1.
Gordon M. Barrow, Physical Chemistry, Sixth Edition, Tata McGraw Hill (1998).
2.
Peter Atkins & Julio de Paula, Atkins’ Physic
al Chemistry, 7
th
Edition, Offord
university press. (2002).
15
PH 9166
MATERIAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
3 0 0 3
3 0 0 3
AIM
To impart knowledge in material properties and manufacturing methods
OBJECTIVES
Students
will be able to understand various material and its properties and manufacturing
methods
UNIT 1
INTRODUCTION
(10 )
Selection criteria and processes: General criteria of selection of materials in process
industries. Properties: Mechanical, Thermal,
Chemical, Electrical, Magnetic and
Technological properties. Processing of Metals and Alloys

Casting, Hot and cold rolling,
Forging, Extrusion, Deep drawing.
UNIT 2
MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR
(8)
Elastic, Anelastic and Viscoelastic Behaviour
–
Plas
tic Deformation by Slip: Critical resolved
shear stress, Mechanism of Creep, Creep Resistant Materials
–
Fracture: Ductile and Brittle ,
Fatigue fracture, Griffith’s theory, S

N curves , Fracture toughness
UNIT 3
PHASE DIAGRAMS AND P
HASE TRANSFORMATIONS
(8)
Gibb’s Phase rule : Uniary and Binary phase diagrams , Al
2
O
3

Cr
2
O
3
, Pb

Sn, Ag

Pt and
Iron

Iron Carbide Phase Diagram
–
Lever rule
–
Invariant reactions

TTT diagrams
–
Micro
structural changes
–
Nucleation and growth
–
Martensitic transformation
s
–
Solidification and
Crystallization
–
Glass transition
–
Recrystallization and Grain growth
UNIT 4
FERROUS, NON

FERROUS METALS AND C
OMPOSITES
(10)
Pig iron, Cast iron, Mild Steel

properties, Applications and Manufacturing methods; Stainless
steels,
Special Alloy steels

properties and uses; Heat treatment of plain

carbon steels.
Manufacturing methods of Lead, Tin and Magnesium. Properties and applications in process
industries
FRP

Fiber Reinforced Plastics (FRP), Different types of manufacturing met
hods; Asphalt and
Asphalt mixtures; Wood
UNIT 5
NANOMATERIALS
(9)
Introduction to Nanotechnology

Zero Dimensional Nano Structures
–
Nano particles
–
One
Dimensional Nano Structures

Nano wires and Nano rods
–
Two Dimensional Nano
Structures, Film
s
–
Special Nano Materials

Nano Structures fabricated by Physical
Techniques
–
Characterisation and Properties of Nano Materials
–
Applications of Nano
Structures.
16
Total Number Of Periods = 45
Text Books
1.
Khanna O P, “Material Sc
ience and metallurgy” Dhnapat Rai Publications (1995)
2.
Raghavan V, “Materials and Engineering” Prentice Hall of India, Newdelhi (2006)
3.
Brenner D, “Hand book of Nanoscience and technology” (2002)
References Books
1.
Henry R Clauster, “Industrial and Engin
eering materials” McGraw Hill Book Co.
(1975)
2.
Kingery W D and Bowen H K and Unimann D R, “Introduction to Ceramics” Jhon
Wiley and sons, Second edition (1991)
3.
Fahrner W R
, “Nanotechnology and Nanoeletronics” Springer International edition
(2005)
4.
B
udinsky K G and Budinsky K M “ Engineering materials

Properties and Selection”
Prentice Hall of India (2002)
5.
Arumugam M, “ Material Science” Anuradha technical book publishers (1997)
CH 9253
CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS

I
3 0 0 3
AIM
To introduce fundamental thermodynamic principles and their application
OBJECTIVES
Students will learn PVT behaviour of fluids, laws of thermodynamics, thermodynamic property
relations and their application to fluid flow, power generation and refrige
ration processes.
UNIT I
6
Scope of thermodynamics; Definition of system, control volume, state and path function,
equilibrium, reversibility, energy, work and heat. zeroth law; temperature scales
UNIT II
7
PVT behaviour of fluids; M
athematical representation of PVT behaviour; Generalized
compressibility factor correlation; Generalized equations of state
UNIT III
12
Joule’s experiment, internal energy, first law, energy balance for closed systems, mass and
energy balance fo
r open systems Statements of the second law of thermodynamics, heat
engine and refrigerator, Carnot cycle and Carnot theorems, thermodynamic temperature
scale, entropy and its calculation, second law of thermodynamics for a control volume, Third
law of th
ermodynamics, entropy from a microscopic point of view.
17
UNIT IV
12
Thermodynamic potentials
–
internal energy, enthalpy, Helmholtz free energy, Gibbs free
energy; thermodynamic property relations
–
Maxwell relations
–
partial derivatives and
Jacobian method; residual properties; thermodynamic property tables and diagrams
UNIT V
8
Duct flow of compressible fluids, Compression and expansion processes, steam power plant,
internal combustion engines, jet and rocket engines, refrigeratio
n
–
vapour compression and
absorption refrigeration cycles; liquefaction processes.
L = 45; Total number of periods = 45
Text Book
1.
Smith, J.M., Van Ness, H.C and Abbot M.M "Introduction to Chemical Engineering
Thermodynamics ", McGraw Hill Publishers, VI
edition, 2003
2.
Narayanan, K.V.
A Textbook of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics
Prentice
Hall India, 2004
References
1.
Kyle, B.G., "Chemical and Process Thermodynamics III Edition", Prentice Hall of
India Pvt. Ltd., 1999.
2.
Elliott J.R., Lira, C.T., “Intro
ductory chemical engineering thermodynamics”, Prentice
Hall, 1998
3.
Rao, Y.V.C., “Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics” Universities Press, 2005
CH 9254
MECHANICAL OPERATIONS
3 0 0 3
AIM
To impart knowledge on solid handling and solid liquid separat
ion
OBJECTIVES
The students will learn characterization of solids, size reduction, techniques of solid
–
fluid separation and mixing
UNIT I
9
General characteristics of solids, different techniques of size analysis, shape factor, surface
area
determination, estimation of particle size. Screening methods and equipment, screen
efficiency, ideal and actual screens.
UNIT II
9
Laws of size reduction, energy relationships in size reduction, methods of size reduction,
classification of equ
ipments, crushers, grinders, disintegrators for coarse, intermediate and
fine grinding, power requirement, work index; size enlargement

principle of granulation,
briquetting, pelletisation, and flocculation.
UNIT III
9
Gravity settling, sedime
ntation, thickening, elutriation, double cone classifier, rake classifier,
bowl classifier. Centrifugal separation

continuous centrifuges, super centrifuges, design of
basket centrifuges; industrial dust removing equipment, cyclones and hydro cyclones,
electrostatic and magnetic separators, heavy media separations, floatation, jigging
UNIT IV
9
Theory of filtration, Batch and continuous filters, Flow through filter cake and filter media,
compressible and incompressible filter cakes, filtration
equipments

selection, operation and
design of filters and optimum cycle of operation, filter aids.
18
UNIT V
9
Mixing and agitation

Mixing of liquids (with or without solids), mixing of powders, selection of
suitable mixers, power requirement
for mixing. Storage and Conveying of solids

Bunkers,
silos, bins and hoppers, transportation of solids in bulk, conveyer selection, different types of
conveyers and their performance characteristics.
L = 45; Total number of periods = 45
Text Book
1.
McCa
be, W.L., Smith, J.C., and Harriot, P., "Unit Operations in Chemical
Engineering", 6
th
Edn., McGraw

Hill, 2001.
2.
Badger W.L. and Banchero J.T., "Introduction to Chemical Engineering", Tata
McGraw Hill, 1997.
3.
Foust, A. S., Wenzel, L.A., Clump, C.W., Naus, L
., and Anderson, L.B., "Principles of
Unit Operations", 2
nd
Edn., John Wiley & Sons, 1994.
References
1.
Coulson, J.M. and Richardson, J.F., "Chemical Engineering" Vol. I, 4
th
Edn., Asian
Books Pvt. Ltd., India, 1998.
CH 9255
HEAT TRANSFER
3 0 0 3
A
IM
To understand the principles and applications heat transfer
OBJECTIVES
To learn heat transfer by conduction, convection and radiation and heat transfer equipments
like evaporator and heat exchanger
UNIT I
9
Importance of heat transfer in Ch
emical Engineering operations

Modes of heat transfer

Fourier's law of heat conduction

one dimensional steady state heat conduction equation for
flat plate, hollow cylinder,

Heat conduction through a series of resistances

Thermal
conductivity mea
surement; effect of temperature on thermal conductivity; Heat transfer in
extended surfaces.
UNIT II
9
Concepts of heat transfer by convection

Natural and forced convection,
analogies between
transfer of momentum and heat

Reynold’s analogy,
Prandtl and Coulburn analogy.
Dimensional analysis in heat transfer, Correlations for the calculation of heat transfer
coefficients, heat transfer coefficient for flow through a pipe, flow through a non circular
conduit, flow past flat plate, flow throu
gh packed beds. Heat transfer by natural convection.
UNIT III
9
Heat transfer to fluids with phase change

heat transfer from condensing vapours, drop wise
and film wise condensation, Nusselt equation for vertical and horizontal tubes, conden
sation
of superheated vapours, effect of non

condensable gasses on rate of condensation. Heat
transfer to boiling liquids

mechanism of boiling, nucleate boiling and film boiling.
UNIT IV
9
Theory of evaporation

single effect and multiple ef
fect evaporation

Design calculation for
single and multiple effect evaporation. Radiation heat transfer

Emissive power, Black body
radiation, Emissivity, Stefan

Boltzman law, Plank’s law, radiation between surfaces,
19
UNIT V
9
Parallel
and counter flow heat exchangers

Log mean temperature difference

Single pass
and multipass heat exchangers; plate heat exchangers; use of correction factor charts; heat
exchangers effectiveness; number of transfer unit

Chart for different configurati
ons

Fouling
factors
L = 45; Total number of periods = 45
Text Books
1.
Holman, J. P., ‘Heat Transfer ’, 8
th
Edn., McGraw Hill, 1997.
2.
Ozisik, M. N.,
Heat Transfer: A Basic Approach,
McGraw

Hill, 1984
3.
Kern, D.Q., "Process Heat Transfer ", McGraw

Hill, 1999
.
Reference
1.
McCabe, W.L., Smith, J.C., and Harriot, P., "Unit Operations in Chemical
Engineering", 6
th
Edn., McGraw

Hill, 2001.
2.
Coulson, J.M. and Richardson, J.F., "Chemical Engineering " Vol. I, 4
th
Edn., Asian
Books Pvt. Ltd., India, 1998.
CY 9262
TE
CHNICAL ANALYSIS LAB
(Common to Chemical and Petroleum Refining & Petrochemicals)
L T P C
0 0 4 2
OBJECTIVE
To learn basic principles involved in estimation and characterization of industrially
important
materials.
I. Soap Analysis
a. Estimation of total fatty acid
b. Estimation of percentage alkali content
II. Oil Analysis
a.
Estimation of free acid
b.
Determination of Saponification value
c.
Determination of iodine value
III. Cement Analysis
a.
Esti
mation of Silica content
b.
Estimation of mixed oxide content
c.
Estimation of calcium oxide content
d.
Estimation of calcium oxide by rapid method
IV. Coal Analysis
a.
Estimation of Sulphur present in coal
b.
Ultimate analysis of coal
c.
Proximate analysis of coal
V. Ana
lysis of Bleaching Powder
a. Estimation of available chlorine
VI. Analysis of Glycerol
a.
Estimation of purity of glycerol
VII. Analysis of fuels
a. Flash point
b. Fire point
c. Cloud point d. Pour point
e. Aniline point.
20
Total Number of Periods =
60
REFERENCE MANUAL
Technical Analysis Manual, Chemistry Division, Chemical Engineering Department, A.C.Tech,
Anna University (2007).
CH 9257
MECHANICAL ENGINEERING LAB
0 0 4 2
AIM
To impart practical knowledge in operating IC
engines and conduct experiments. To
understand test procedures in testing material for engineering applications
OBJECTIVES
Students will be able to understand Power

generating units such as engines and operate
IC engines and conduct tests. They will be a
ble to appreciate the theory behind the
functioning of engines. Material properties, their behavior under different kinds of loading
and testing can be visualized.
LIST OF EXPERIMENTS *
1.
Port timing diagram
2.
Valve timing diagram
3.
Study of 2,4 stroke I C Eng
ines
4.
Load test on 4

stroke petrol engine
5.
Performance test on 4

stroke single cylinder diesel engine
6.
Performance test on 4

stroke twin cylinder diesel engine
7.
Heat balance test on diesel engines
8.
Tension test
9.
Compression test
10.
Deflection test
11.
Hardness test (Ro
ckwell and Brinell)
12.
Spring test
13.
Torsion test
14.
Impact test
Total Number of Periods = 60
* Minimum 10 experiments shall be offered
21
CH 9258
FLUID MECHANICS LAB
0 0 4 2
AIM
To understand the concepts of fluid mechanics through experi
ments
OBJECTIVES
To learn experimentally to calibrate flowmeters, find pressure loss for fluid flows and
determine pump characteristics.
List of Experiments
1.
Viscosity measurement of non Newtonian fluids
2.
Calibration of constant and variable head meters
3.
Calibration of weirs and notches
4.
Open drum orifice and draining time
5.
Flow through straight pipe
6.
Flow through annular pipe
7.
Flow through helical coil and spiral coil
8.
Losses in pipe fittings and valves
9.
Characteristic curves of pumps
10.
Pressure drop studies in
packed column
11.
Hydrodynamics of fluidized bed
12.
Drag coefficient of solid particle
Equipments required
1.
Viscometer
2.
Venturi meter
3.
Orifice meter
4.
Rotameter
5.
Weir
6.
Open drum with orifice
7.
Pipes and fittings
8.
Helical and spiral coils
9.
Centrifugal pump
10.
Packed column
11.
Flu
idized bed
P = 60; Total number of periods = 60
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