Aviation Biofuels in Mexico

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18 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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Governmental Use of Sustainability Standards:

Examples and Lessons from the Biofuels Sector


ISEAL Conference 2011

Scaling Up the Impacts of Standards Systems

Flight Plan Towards Sustainable
Aviation Biofuels in Mexico

Alejandro Ríos Galván

Overview

1.

Introduction

2.

Flight Plan

3.

Sustainability Standards in Mexico

4.

Moving Forward

ASA



State
-
owned company, part of the Ministry of
Communications and Transport (SCT)



Monopoly in aviation fuel supply


60 fuel farms, 10

million liters/day, 2000+ operations

Aviation and Climate Change


In 2008, the commercial
aviation industry produced
677 million tons of CO
2


2% of total man
-
made
emissions


Aviation has no real short
-
term alternative. Last
transportation

mode to
depend of liquid fuels

Aviation and Climate Change

2050
Carbon Neutral Timeline
CO
2
Emissions
Baseline
ATM Investments / Operational Improvements
Ongoing Fleet Renewal / Technology Development
Forecasted Emissions Growth w/o Reduction Measures
2050
Carbon Neutral Timeline
CO
2
Emissions
Baseline
ATM Investments / Operational Improvements
Ongoing Fleet Renewal / Technology Development
Forecasted Emissions Growth w/o Reduction Measures
Renewable Fuels


Efficient airplanes


Operational efficiency

Using less fuel

Changing the fuel


Lower lifecycle CO
2


No
infrastructure


modifications


Sustainable Biofuels

Sustainable Biofuels are an essential enabler to continued growth

Presented to ICAO GIACC/3 February 2009 by Paul Steele on behalf of ACI, CANSO, IATA and ICCAIA

Flight Plan


The

objective

of

the

Flight

Plan

is

to

identify

and

analyze

the

existing

and

missing

elements

in

the

supply
-
chain

of

aviation

biofuels



Involves

all

interested

stakeholders



Looks

for
:


Focus

efforts

of

civil,

governmental,

private

and

research

organizations,

intent

on

the

production

of

aviation

biofuels


Analyze

the

legal

framework,

raw

materials

availability,

refining

facilities,

supply

processes

and

economic

viability


Integrate

the

talents

and

knowledge

of

participating

sectors







Flight Plan


Organizers and Sponsors


National Council for Science and Technology

(CONACYT)



Center
for Strategic Competitive Studies
(CEEC)



Roundtable on Sustainable Biofuels



Boeing,

UOP, SAFUG



Aeropuertos

y
Servicios

Auxiliares





Flight Plan Structure

Flight Plan Towards
Sustainable Aviation
Biofuels in Mexico

Raw
Materials
and
Extraction

Refining and
Infrastructure

Financing,
Legislation,
and
Logistics

Viability of
Aviation
Biofuels

Supply Chain
Analysis and
Sustainability







Biomass

Transformation

Aircraft operations

Sustainability

Financing

Legislation

Supply Chain

Focus on Sustainability


Regulatory framework


Bioenergetics Development Law


Working on guidelines



Ministry of the Environment (SEMARNAT)


Developing Mexican

Sustainability Standard


voluntary


Based on the principles set forth by the RSB



Pilot projects to begin shortly


Timeline for roll
-
out




Moving Forward


Feedstock supply is the major bottleneck


Challenge and opportunity



Important to avoid bureaucracy


Need for transparency


Use of certification tools


Duplication of efforts


creation of a “manual” that
clarifies interconnections



Training and communication


Idea of a single “window”


Assure consistency

Thank you!


Alejandro Ríos Galván

Director, Fuel Services

Airports and Auxiliary Services

ariosg@asa.gob.mx


Collaboration Agreement

We

recognize

the

importance

of

Mexico’s

taking

a

pioneering

role

in

helping

shape

solutions

to

enhance

the

environmental

performance

of

commercial

aviation

through

the

development

of

sustainable

biofuels

and

advancing

aerospace

technology
.

We

agree

that

the

further

development

of

sustainable

aviation

fuels

is

important

for

Mexico’s

commercial

aviation,

economy,

and

environmental

stewardship
.


Therefore,

we

the

undersigned

organizations

agree

to

work

collaboratively

with

other

stakeholders

as

appropriate

to

advance

the

development,

sustainability,

certification,

and

commercial

use

of

drop
-
in

sustainable

aviation

biofuels
.



Collaboration Agreement

Our

three

primary

areas

of

collaboration

will

be
:



Encouraging

the

technical

certification

of

biomass
-
based

synthetic

paraffinic

kerosene

fuels

for

aviation
.




Supporting

the

development

and

implementation

of

voluntary

standards,

to

the

extent

feasible

and

appropriate

based

on

those

of

the

Roundtable

on

Sustainable

Biofuels,

to

help

develop

biofuels

derived

from

environmentally

and

socially

sustainable

sources
.



Assisting

in

the

development

of

a

peer

reviewed

and

open

fact
-
based

foundation

for

policy

and

commercial

decision
-
making

to

support

technical

and

sustainability

certification

goals
.



In

furtherance

of

these

efforts,

we

intend

to

coordinate

as

appropriate

with

global

stakeholders


SAFUG

The user’s group pledges to
consider only renewable fuel
sources
that:



require minimal land, water
and energy to produce


minimize biodiversity
impacts


don’t
compete
with food or
fresh water resources


provide socioeconomic
value to local communities
in cultivation and harvest of
feedstocks



Work closely
with the
Roundtable on Sustainable
Biofuels


The

goal

for

2015

is

1
%

(~

40

million

of

liters)


For

2020
,

the

ideal

is

to

cover

15
%

of

the

demand


By

2050
,

the

idea

is

to

have

50
%

from

alternative

sources

0
200
400
600
800
2012
2015
2020
0.4
40
700
Mexico’s
biofuel

demand (millions of liters)

Mexico
´
s biofuel demand

2,500
3,000
3,500
4,000
4,500
5,000
1998
2000
2002
2004
2006
2008
2010
2012
2014
2016
2018
2020
Demanda en México (millones de litros)
Mexico’s
jetfuel

demand growth (millions of liters)

20%

Coco &

Babassu

Feb 2008

50%

Jatropha


Dic

2008

50%

Algae
&
Jatropha

Jan
2009

50%

Camelina
,

Jatropha

&
Algae

Jan
2009


50
%

Camelina


Nov 2009

1st Flight
with

passengers

Apr 2010

F/A
-
18

Camelina

Jun
2010

Dutch AH
-
64 Apache

Algae & used oil


Nov 2010

50%
Jatropha

Apr 2011

27

%
Jatropha

First demonstration flight with biofuel in Mexico