Industrial and innovation policy

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18 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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Vorstand

Industrial and innovation policy


Dr. Astrid Ziegler

VB 06 / Wi / Ressort Industriepolitik


EMF Summer School 30.8.
-
2.9.2010

Vorstand

2

VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

Topics

1.
Data and facts on innovation activities in
Germany


2.
Innovation policy in Germany:

High
-
tech strategy


3.
Shortfalls in innovation policy


4.
IG Metall activities

Vorstand

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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler



1. Data and facts on innovation


activities in Germany



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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

4

R&D investment in 2007 in Germany

Wirtschaft
Bund
Länder
8,3
Mrd.
10,1 Mrd.
1
/
3
Staat
61,4 bn.

,

= 2,54% of GDP

43 Mrd.

2
/
3

Employers

Quelle: Stifterverband

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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

5


% of the GNP on R&D investments

by sector in 1999 to 2009

* Schätzung

Quelle: Stifterverband

1,73
1,72
1,72
1,76
1,73
1,72
1,77
1,78
1,84
1,90
0,39
0,39
0,40
0,42
0,41
0,41
0,41
0,41
0,33
0,33
0,34
0,34
0,34
0,34
0,35
0,35
0,35
2,45
2,46
2,49
2,52
2,49
2,48
2,53
2,54
1,67
0,43
2,4
1999
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
2008
2009*
Wirtschaftssektor
Hochschulen
Staatliche Forschungsinstitute
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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler



2. Innovation policy in Germany:


High
-
tech strategy

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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

7

BMBF

Federal Ministry

of Education and Research

BMWi

Federal Ministry of

Economics

and Technology

Basic research,

Science system,

Cooperation

science and economy

Key technologies, SMEs,

Establishment of companies,

Regional networks, Cluster promotion

EU

European Union

EU Seventh Framework Programme (FP7)

Structural funds

Strategy of Lisbon

Responsible bodies for shaping

innovation policy:

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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

High
-
tech strategy


Since 2006 a broad concept was followed in
innovation policy, since mid 2010 a „high
-
tech 2020
strategy“


create lead markets


increase cooperation regarding science and economy


further improve framework conditions for innovation

A concept stretching across all (policy) areas

Market
-
orientated priority planning based on
promotion of cutting
-
edge technology

Strengthening (regional) cooperation structures

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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

9

Lead market orientations and

promotion of key technologies

Key Technologies

Biotechnology

Nanotechnology

ICT

Microsystem technology

Production Technology

Aerospace technology

Material Technology

Services


Health

Medical technology,

health research

Mobility

Aviation, vehicle and

transportation
technologies,
maritime technologies

Climate and resource

protection / energy

Climate and energy
technologies, plants

Safety

Safety technologies

Quelle: Deutscher Bundestag, Drucksache 16/12900

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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

ZIM


Zentrales Innovationsprogramm Mittelstand: aid
scheme for R&D projects of medium(and small)
-
sized
enterprises

Strengthen innovativeness of medium
-
(and small)
sized companies


3 building blocks:



ZIM
-
KOOP
:
promotes joint R&D projects involving two or more


companies or cooperation between research installations



ZIM
-
NEMO
:
promotes network management (innovative networks


of serveral SMEs, research installations or other regional)



ZIM
-
SOLO
:
promotes single company R&D projects in companies


Economic package II: ZIM boosted with

450m p.a.

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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler



3. Shortfalls of innovation policy


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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

Innovation policy is highly competitive,

based on ‚strengthening the strengths‘, along the
lines of


-

High
-
tech and best technologies/flagship


(„Leuchttürme“)


-

Future sectors


-

Competition


-

Hightly qualified

Innovation policy is
selective
,

goes against the „weak“, such as the unskilled and
semiskilled, „old industries“, low
-
tech sectors,
structurally weak regions...

Shortfalls of innovation policy

Vorstand

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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

Promotion of cutting
-
edge technologies is
not sufficient

Innovation is more
than technology

High demand for innovation in
key industrial sectors
(structural change)

Employment policy and
social dimension not
receiving enough
attention

Shortfalls of innovation policy

Concepts for company
strategies and business cost
-
benefit calculations are used
on state level

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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

14

Prospects from a trade union

point of view

More means for R&D

Find / promote
closer links
between high and
low technology

Strengthen

competence

transfer


Support
industrial

structural
change

Setting social,
sustainable

goals

innovation policy

Vorstand

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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler



4. IG Metall activities

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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

IG Metall


Approach: Project „Earlier
recognition and innovation“

Broad understanding of innovation

Holistic and integrated approach to innovation policy
interlinking strategic, technological, organisational and
social competences


Goal

Contribution to improve advisory structures on innovation
policy and labour policy


Target audience

Workers‘ reps in supervisory boards, works councils and
shop stewards, members of economic/finance committees

Vorstand

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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

17

IG Metall


Approach: Project „Earlier
recognition and innovation“

Work
-
orientated
diagnosis tool

Topics

Business information
system


Evaluating companies
innovation (potential)
(Innokenn)


Early detection of crises


Visibility of ways to
optimise

Early recognition and innovation


Set up in 2009


Short
-
term goal: curb effects of the crisis: create future
prospects and shore up existing ones


Mid
-
term goal: improve works councils ability to work
better with innovation management


IG metall in
-
house project

Developing
instruments

Pilot projects/
Multiplicators

Analysis /
guidelines


Short
-
time work


Qualification


Production Systems


Production Innovation


Quality Management


Company health and
safety


Resource efficiency


Innovation (potential)


Staff development


Employee suggestion
scheme in the company




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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

Some examples

Consultancy Project:


company innovation process

1
.
„future workshop“, to bring in ideas

2. covert ideas into projects

3. inform workforce about implementation


Sector specific approach

Consequences of electric drive for forges and
foundries (in pilot projects)


Extension of regional innovation networks:

Qualify works councils and prepare them for innovation
and improvement processes in the company. Make
company examples known.

Vorstand

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VB 06, Ressort Industriepolitik, Dr. Astrid Ziegler

Thank you for listening!


Dr. Astrid Ziegler

06/Ressort Industriepolitik

Tel. 069
-
6693
-
2442

Email: astrid.ziegler@igmetall.de