2 - Acadia University

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18 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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COMP 2903

A2


Moore’s Law and Technical
Determinism

Danny Silver

JSOCS, Acadia University

Paul E. Ceruzzi

Technology and Culture, July, 2005


Curator of the National Air and Space Museum,
Smithsonian Institution, Wash., DC.


BA, Yale University in 1970 in American studies


PhD, University of Kansas in 1981.


Author and co
-
author of several books on the history
of computing and aerospace technology.


Author of
A History of Modern Computing (second edition,
MIT Press, 2003)


Coeditor of The Internet and American Business (MIT Press,
2008).

Moore’s Law


Gordon E. Moore, 1965, Director of of R&D of
Fairchild Camera and Instrument Corp


In a publication predicted that number of
transistors in ICs would continue to double every
year


Sometimes closer to 18 months


Has held true for 45 years


Demise has been predicted several times


typically 10 years in advance

Technological Determinism


Believed to have been coined by Thorstein Veblen
(1857
-
1929), an American sociologist


Presumes that technology drives development of
social structure and cultural values


Follows a predictable, traceable path largely beyond
cultural or political influence


Technology in turn has "effects" on societies that are
inherent, rather than socially conditioned


Sees technology as the basis for all human activity.


SHOT hits the Fan


Society for History of Technology


1957


Promote a softer “social construction” of
technology


Considering technology as part of a larger
spectrum of human activity


Believe the influence of technology differs
based on how much a technology is used by
society


Examples of Tech. Determinism


PowerPoint: Curse or Wonder


Vint Cerf: “Power corrupts; PowerPoint
corrupts absolutely


Edward Tufte: PP “elevates format over
content, betraying an attitude of
commercialism that turns everything into a
sales pitch”


But many would argue that Tufte and Cerf
have failed to persuade us


The classroom: Six years from now


What will it look like?


Do we have a choice?

Bill Gates / Steve Jobs


The makers of TD ???

Open Source: Savior from TD?


Will it come to dominate over MS and Adobe
proprietary products and formats?