SE MRC 12/8/10

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29 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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SE MRC 12/8/10

Automated collection

Gunther Wellenstein from Lowell couldn’t attend; Lowell has automated, 1 year report attached

March 9 meeting: unacceptable plastics in the recycling bins

Automated has been expanding in Mass for past 4 years; 20(?)
munis now do; many variations: PAYT,
recy only, recy and trash, cart size, collection frequency.

Framingham: Mike Lavin

Manual in house trash collection, contracted automated recycling collection. WM had been doing
manual weekly collection, went to SS 2 y
ears ago. Went to carts due to budget. DPW took a 5% cut last
year, needed to find new system. Carts enabled biweekly recycling collection.


Some resistance to carts initially. Considered 96 gallon, huge resistance to size. Went to 64 gal,
35 gal
for s
eniors/disabled,

with option to get a 96. Bonded cart purchase, passed by one vote. 16,700 carts
delivered.

He wishes they had gone to 96 gal, 64 not big enough.
Tonnage is up in spite of size.

Took 1.5 years to put it together get buy in from committee
s, boards, Town meeting. Final approval in
May, bureaucracy wanted to wait till July to purchase, didn’t roll out till
this
Sept. (initial plan was July).

Bought from state Contract, able to negotiate good rate with 2 vendors due to volume.

Installed

RFID chips up front, $1.50 each. Would be more if later. Distribution was challenging, size
choice, address verifications. Sent mailing, people could mail back a post card to request a different
size, got 4000 req for 96 gal. Took a lot of admin time.

WM did communication with residents regarding
routes. Full page ad in paper, 2 public meetings, easy weblink, local cable, second mailing. Borrowed
from other communities’ outreach materials.needed more than 6 people on phones entire first month,
sti
ll getting calls.

Distribution list required cross checking, multi use, multi unit bldgs bad addresses.

Distribution company
did most of deliveries, Town had to deliver/ move around 2000. Labor intensive.

Saved $125K first year, not automated yet. $37/car
t incl distribution, RFID
, Cascades
.

Will bid out automated now, look for 5 year contract, anticipate more savings. Semi
-
automated now.

People like the system now, coming around.

RfID helped with distribution tracking. Option to do RecycleBank.

If second c
art is requested, must be a 96 gal.


Franklin, Chris White

Automated SW and recycling with RFID. Fee based, didn’t know who was paying and who was getting
service 2 years ago.

About 9K customers
.
Started cart pickup in July.

Carts aided accountability;
found a bunch of people getting service, not paying.

Exported Munis database of ratepayers to an Access database, flagged anomalies, nonpayers, MFDs
paying as single family.

Used Rehrig for carts, data mgmt, delivery, maintenance and repair. Found unkno
wn addresses.

Went to work order system, in Munis database, for deliveries. Uses Access to track.

(see handout)

Can use RFID to find “missing” or stolen carts. Will be even more useful when trucks have readers
installed.

Can transmit data to home base,

track pickups (GPS). Hand held RFID reader is $4K. RFID tag
tied to cart serial numbers.

System makes sense. Added 400 paying customers due to carts.


Fall River
-

Betsey Westell

33K households served by muni
DPW
crew. 18% covered by automated trucks, ca
rts, phased roll out.

Weekly SS
. Most still have bins.
People scared at first of change, then they love it. Those who don’t
have now are mad.

Very challenging to do startup. Started Oct 09, another Jan 2010, another July 2010.

Using 95 and 65 gal c
arts from Rehrig Pacific.

Casella doing Recycling, trash goes to Allied.

71 DPW staff, only 45 show up daily, trash, yardwaste, bulky, potholes, street lights, … Like a spielberg
movie. Need money to finish roll
-
out.

System is working, struggling t
o finance remainder ($5M). Union, political issues.

Would be no problem
if they had adopted PAYT.

Recycling tons up from 158 TPM to 213 TPM, with just 18% covered.

Each household gets a 65 gal each for trash and recycling. Trash is limited to 65 gal.
for those who have
carts, but no limit for those who don’t.

Big problem is overflow trash, can drop off excess.


North Attleboro
-

Michelle Bernier

PAYT since 1998, SS automated since 2008, manual PAYT still. Lots of education and enforcement since
then.

Enterprise fund enables them to run program effectively. 8k Households served, including some
condos.

Base fee $230/unit, $1.50/bag. $3 Tags for bulky.

2008 WM and Casella bid SS as lower price than manual. Cart dist was a nightmare, weren’t offered
RF
ID. WM provided carts, owns them.

Problems are new people accustomed to “free” trash, MFDs.

Green carts


due to PAYT, often put non0recyclables in recycling carts, especially noncompliant plastics.

Recycling symbol on plastics is very misleading, c
onfusing to people.

When writing contract, consider one ways,
cars blocking carts, back down streets (put some
responsibilities on homeowner to place carts properly).

Cart dist took longer than expected, same problems as other towns, re
-
assigned house
numbers, MFD,
opt
-
outs.

Need a muni staff person on truck with distribution company to avoid mis
-
deliveries.

5
-
10 calls/week about broken carts. (Cascades), big deal. WM has to deal. Mandate turnaround time to
fix in contract.

WM provided carts at “n/c”
, offered 96 gal only, but town requested some 64 gal, got. Didn’t offer
residents option, but some called on their own.

Cart distribution was one of the worst times of her life.

Tonnage increase is hu
g
e,

part of problem is contaminated recycling. She drives a route every week to
inspect, connect with and train drivers.


Norwood
-

Doris Burtman

Automated trash and recycling, 28k residents

MFD issues, work closely with drivers

2008
-
went through same proble
ms with distribution.

TM said 64 gal trash, 96 gal recycling, no discussion, ”live with it”, till seniors complained too big.

PU up to 6 MFD units. Kathi M TA grant helped a lot with MFD issues.

Wish she had tracked their carts, depends on WM drivers to r
eport 2
nd

trash carts (not legal).

Need to
communicate with Anyone at TH who
fields

calls, DPW, BOH, Assessors, bldg inspector

(C&D)
,
Meet regularly with

route drivers


She visited problem sites, time consuming but rewarding. Dev relationships with proper
ty owners.
Visibility to residents is important. If talk doesn’t work, send compliance letter.


Automated doesn’t have to be single stream; can do alternate weeks paper/occ, B&C


Casella, Bob Capadona

10K out of 14K at Charlestown/Auburn is SS

Prices are
strong, unusual for this time of year

Change from DS to SS without “right sizing” carts makes no difference. Can increase a lot with carts

Residuals do go up with bigger containers. Drive costs up, messes up equipment, down time.

MRFs all have different
equipment, acceptable lists are different

Fiber percent down 5
-
8% over past 2 years. Is now
58% fiber, 42% containers

Export rate varies by location.

UBB will lose revenue doe processors.

Casella paying $10
-
25/ton for SS now. DS no pay commingle,


WM,
Jim Nocella

Look at big picture


collection cost, avoided disposal, commodity value, processing costs in determining
muni program

Need strong education piece explaining acceptables in SS. Contamination is a problem, esp bags,
sharps, lots of other stuff
.


Newark Group, Johnny Gold

Newark is national, owns 2 recovery plants in Mass. Makes boxboard. 2001 state of art Fitchburg plant,
Newark America, takes loose curbside mi
x, designed for DS. Hates SS, and they own a SS plant. Broken
glass is still a big problem. Dump 7
-
30 CY containers/day, 15
-
25% outthrows


landfill.
Not enforcing
specs due to supply.

Market rates are near historic highs. US shut down lots of paper m
ills over years. Newark shut down 5
mills in last 5 years, can’t compete with export market. China is building capacity like mad, slave labor,
pollution. Waste paper is our #1 export. Not reliable.

We need good quality material.

Mills will pay more fo
r DS than SS.

Find better outlet for outthrows? New diesel technology? Too expensive.


Technology for sortation is constantly improving.

Munis need help with outreach, incentives.

Salem “The Perfect Pickup” random household selected $50 gift cert dona
ted by Newark.

Munis need to do better to prevent contamination.

Need help from drivers, cite or note noncompliant recycling.


What is Europe doing? Not much, Quality is even worse.

15 minute video clip about processing for cable?

Different vendors take different things.

Plastic bags are the biggest problem.

Processors need to enforce quality control, reject loads. Munis need to enforce, haulers need to
enforce.

Need a window in the carts to see contamination.