Cloud Computing – An enterprise perspective - Microsoft ...

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3 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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Cloud Computing

An enterprise perspective
Raghavan
Subramanian
Infosys Technologies Limited
2
Infosys Confidential
Overview of cloud computing?
Cloud computing*
Computing in which dynamically scalable and often virtualized
resources are provided as a service over the Internet/Intranet”.
Five characteristics of cloud computing
1.
On
-
demand self
-
service
2.
Ubiquitous network access
3.
Location independent resource pooling
4.
Rapid elasticity
5.
Pay Per Use
Cloud delivery models**
1.
IaaS
2.
PaaS
3.
SaaS
4.
Praas
Cloud deployment models**
1.
Public
clouds
2.
Private
clouds
3.
Community
clouds
4.
Hybrid
clouds
* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloud_computing
**http://www.mariaspinola.com/whitepapers/An_Essential_Guide_to_Possibilities_and_Risks_of_Cloud_Computing
-
A_Pragmatic_Effective_and_Hype_Free_Approach_For_Strategic_Enterprise_Decision_Making.pdf
3
Infosys Confidential
Pros and Cons of cloud computing*
*http://www.mariaspinola.com/whitepapers/An_Essential_Guide_to_Possibilities_and_Risks_of_Cloud_Computing
-
A_Pragmatic_Effective_and_Hype_Free_Approach_For_Strategic_Enterprise_Decision_Making.pdf
4
Infosys Confidential
Market potential

Analyst speak

By 2011 the volume of cloud computing market opportunity would amount to
$160bn
-
$95bn in business applications and $65bn in online advertising

By 2012, 80% of Fortune 1000 enterprises will be paying for some cloud
computing services

By 2012, 30% of Fortune 1000 enterprises will be paying for some cloud
infrastructure services
L
eading
analysts predict cloud computing market size at $160 BN by
2011
5
Infosys Confidential
Does the future of computing have anything to do
with the past of power generation?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pylon_ds.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Burden_Wheel.png
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Infosys Confidential
The cloud computing landscape
IaaS
SaaS
PaaS
Virt
PraaS
Public cloud
(SMBs, ISVs, Enterprises)
Private cloud
(Enterprises)
Proprietary and confidential
Xen
Hyper
-
V
Force.com
SuiteCloud
Not Applicable
VCE
IBM
Bluecloud
Elastra
Platform
Computing
3Tera
Gigaspaces
Apprenda
LongJump
Bungee labs
170 Systems
ACS
ADP
Authorize.net
Chi
-
X
Not Applicable
Salesforce.com
NetSuite
ORACLE
OnDemand
Google APE
Windows
Azure
Amazon
RackSpace
GoGrid
Amazon VPC
VMWare
VMWare
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Infosys Confidential
Market forces are pulling enterprises in various directions
Self
-
Service
Customer
Applications
Customer and
Sales
Management
Customer
Products
Transaction Processing
Enterprise Management and Support
HRM
Product
Management
Operations and Support
Accounts
BI & Analytics
Audits Regulations
Risk Mgmt
Procurement
Hardware (servers, network, storage)
Facilities
-
Location, Power, POP, Cooling
Public or Virtual Private
clouds
PaaS
SaaS
IaaS
Private cloud
PaaS
SaaS
IaaS
Dedicated hardware
Custom
apps
3
rd
party
COTS
PraaS
Tech providers
VMWare
, IBM,
Cisco, EMC,
NetApp
,
Elastra
MSP clouds
Verizon, Telstra
AT&T,
Savvis
,
RackSpace
,
Public cloud
providers
Amazon, Google,
Microsoft,
Force.com
SaaS p/f
providers
Apprenda
,
LongJump
,
RightScale
SaaS/
PraaS
providers
Salesforce.com,
Google Apps,
Microsoft, IBM
Enterprise IT
Business Processes
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Infosys Confidential
An
architectural view of the cloud
-
computing stack
Multiple Deployment Models
Data Center Facilities
Physical Infrastructure
Virtualized Infrastructure
Runtime Platforms
Business Cloud Platforms
SaaS
Platforms
PraaS
Platforms
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Infosys Confidential
Cloud Computing

Impact on Enterprises
SaaS
ISV
SaaS
Enable
PaaS
IaaS
IT hosting
providers
Public cloud
Data center
POC
Layer 0f adoption
Industries impacted by cloud
Industries not impacted by cloud
ISV
PaaS
Enable
Telecom
Caas
IT hosting
providers
Private cloud
Consolidate

Abstract

automate

utilitize
Test
clouds
Non
-
prod
clouds
Business
clouds
Portfolio
analysis
App on
clouds
Business
clouds
IT
hosting
providers
Hybrid
cloud
IT hosting
providers
PaaS
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Infosys Confidential
Infosys Research in Cloud Computing
Infrastructure Optimization

Enterprise Private Cloud Solution

On
-
Demand Test Cloud Solution

Cloud Management and Automated SLA Management Solutions
Scalable cloud platforms

Low cost storage solutions

Low cost processing solutions

Business cloud platform solutions
Cloud Application Development Accelerators

Application assessment and migration

Multi
-
Tenant
SaaS
Application framework

Cloud based social commerce platform based on KV Stores and H
-
Store
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Infosys Confidential
Early adoption of cloud computing
(1/2)

Animoto
, which creates videos for consumers and corporations, uses Amazon EC2 and S3 to
manage gigantic spikes in usage (e.g. going from 70 servers to 8,500 servers in 5 days).

Harvard Medical School
Harvard’s Laboratory for Personalized Medicine (LPM) uses customized Oracle AMIs on Amazon
EC2 to run genetic testing models and simulations.

Washington Post
The Washington Post uses Amazon EC2 to turn Hillary Clinton’s White House schedule

17,481
non
-
searchable PDF pages

into a searchable database within 24 hours.

The New York Times
New York Times used Amazon EC2 to convert full page images of its newspapers from 1851 to
1922 into PDF using Amazon EC2

Virgin Atlantic’s Vtravelled.com
To celebrate the 25th anniversary of Virgin Atlantic Airways, the company announced their new
travel website, Vtravelled.com. Just like their planes, their new site is in the clouds, hosted entirely
on the Amazon Web Services.
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Infosys Confidential
Early adoption of cloud computing
(2/2)

NASDAQ Market Replay provides a NASDAQ
-
validated replay and analysis of the activity in the
stock market. The application is built using the Adobe Flex and AIR platform, and utilizes the
Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) for persisting historical market data

BNP Paribas
is using an on
-
demand computing service from IBM to run its risk application.

NedBank
Using
CloudBurst
the bank’s IT department can now provision the environment overnight,
the results are available in the morning, the IT staff checks a couple of things, ensure that it’s all OK
and get back onto the project work

First Bank in Louisville
wanted to deliver lender and cash
-
management support products based on
the software as a service model; they quickly leapt on the nascent cloud concept

SunTrust
late last year rolled out a new relationship
-
management application to more than 2,000
employees in 77 days. Once up on the cloud, SunTrust had a better view of client data, giving it a
better handle on which accounts were profitable and which weren't.
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Infosys Confidential
Trends from the early adoption of cloud computing

Private
clouds find
favor
among data
-
center folks,
PaaS
with the developer
community and SaaS/
PraaS
with the business
community

SMEs are the early adopters
IaaS

IaaS
provides an easy and low
-
cost way to test a start
-
up’s ideas

ISVs are looking for mature
PaaS
options, but are finding it way short of the
tools/utilities that they are used to from the on
-
premise world.

Enterprises are testing cloudy
-
waters by deploying B2C standalone
applications

SaaS is the most easily adopted category

Salesforce.com, Office

Virtualized Desktop Infrastructure

Security conscious early adopters are setting
-
up private clouds

Consolidation

Abstraction

Automation

Utility

Market

Strong resistance to re
-
engineering applications for clouds

Applications that choke at database level?
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Infosys Confidential
Challenges faced

Capacity planning and SLA management

Vendor
viability (
CogHead
scenario?)

Lots of unknowns

Data
location
-
Does it comply with your regulatory requirements

Data loss
-
What is the back
-
up/restoration procedure followed

Data Security
-
The procedures followed to protect the data

Data clean
-
up after discontinuation of service

Lack of widely adopted Standards

IaaS
-
Virtual machine templates (OVF)

IaaS
-
Uploading
, downloading, inspecting, configuring, and performing
actions like spinning new instances (OCCI)

IaaS
/
PaaS
-
Machine Data and code portability

PaaS

Choose
a framework offered by multiple providers and avoid
provider specific extensions
15
Infosys Confidential
Will IT delivery go the power delivery way?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pylon_ds.jpg
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Burden_Wheel.png
16
Infosys Confidential
The result of centralized low cost power generation
and distribution
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pylon_ds.jpg
http://www.johndclare.net/images/Ford%20Assembly%20line.JPG
http://www.johndclare.net/images/Ford%20Assembly%20line.JPG
http://www.bradleyshomeguide.co.uk/Devon/images/Electrical_Rental/j
-
searle/Electrical_kitchen_appliances_Devon_pic.jpg
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Infosys Confidential
Cloud computing must move away from merely
being a low
-
cost IT delivery model

An organization might provide a core set of assets/features, that can be used by other
organizations to write and run applications (Value
-
added
-
services, VAS)

Facebook
revolutionized this concept in social
networking

Telecom industry has adopted this widely

Can industry
functions be generically characterized
?
Mobile SP or handset
mfgr
Communication as a service
(Location)
Friend locator
VAS2
VAS3
Comm
OS
Comm
apps
http://www.techcrunch.com/2008/07/10/app
-
store
-
launches
-
upgrade
-
itunes
-
now/
Questions?