Lesson 3 Vocab Concept Review NFx - Ramey-Place

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Network Administration 1

Networking

Fundamentals





Name ___________________

Lesson 3

Understanding
Protocols & Services

Vocab/Concept Review


Use Webopedia,
http://www.microsoft.com/en
-
us/default.aspx
,the Internet, and other online
resources to complete the following items.


3.
1:
Understand
the OSI Model



Cisco: Intro to Internet


http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/internetworking/technology/handbook/Intro
-
to
-
Internet.html#wp1020550




Microsoft: DCOM

http://www.microsoft.com/msj/0398/dcomfig02.gif




Microsoft: DCOM

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en
-
us/library/dd923487(office.12).aspx




Microsoft:
The OSI Model's Seven Layers

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/103884




Microsoft: The ISO Model: Theory and Function of Layered Design

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/103881/en
-
us




Petri OSI
:
Concepts

http://www.petri.co.il/osi_concepts.htm




Webopedia: OSI Layers

http:
//www.webopedia.com/quick_ref/OSI_Layers.asp




Wikipedia: OSI

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/OSI_model




Wikipedia: Protocol

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protocol_(computing
)



Webopedia: MTU

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximum_transmission_unit




Microsoft: TCP/IP model

http://technet.microsoft.com/en
-
us/library/cc786900(WS.10).aspx




Wikipedia: Protocol

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protocol_(computing
)



1. What is
encapsulation?




2. What is IETF and what do they do?




3. What is an internetwork?




4.
What is the ISO?




5. What is a network protocol?




6. What is the OSI model?




7. What are protocols?




8. What is routing?







9.
What are
frames/packets?




10. What is IPSec?




11. What is the TCP/IP Model?




12. What is UDP and what does it do?




13. A packet whose destination is outside the
local TCP/IP network segment is sent to:

a. fileserver

b. default gateway

c. dns

server

d. dhcp server

14. Why was the OSI model developed?

a. manufacturers disliked the TCP/IP protocol suite

b. the rate of data transfer was increasing
exponentially

c. standards were needed to allow any two systems
to communicate

d. none of th
ese

15. Which piece of information is not vital for a
computer on a TCP/IP network?

a. IP address

b. default gateway

c. subnet mask

d. DNS server

17. Which of the following can be an Ethernet
physical address?

a. 01:02:01:2c:4b

b. 07:01:02:01:2c:
4b:2C

c. 07:01:02:01:2c:4b

18. Which one of the following functionalities
is provided by IP?

a. dialogs

b. bits

c. programs

d. addressing

19. Which IP address is reserved for software
loopback or is called the “loopback address”?




20. An IP
address contains how many bits?



21. Which port is reserved for use of the
following protocols:

Smtp


ftp


http


https


telnet

22. Which protocol is a “connectionless”
protocol?


3.2
:

Understand IPv4



Comp Tech Doc: Network Classes

http://www.comptechdoc.org/os/linux/manual4/networkclasses.html




DAP Technology: IP4

http://www.daptechnology.com/fileadmin/manuals/fs400manual/Protocol%20IP4.html




Duxcw: Auto IP

http://duxcw.com/faq/network/autoip.htm




Duxcw: Private IP

http://duxcw.com/faq/network/privip.htm




Microsoft
: IP Version 4

http://technet.microsoft.com/en
-
us/library/dd379485(WS.10
).aspx




NTHelp: IP

http://www.nthelp.com/40/ip.htm




RalphB: subnet

http://www.ralphb.net/IPSubnet/subnet.html




Wikipedia: Addressing Mode

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Addressing_mode



Wikipedia: IPv4

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPv4



23. What is APIPA?




24. What is classful

IP addressing?




25. What is classless IP addressing (CIDR)?




26. What is a gateway?





27. What is IPv4?



28. What is the
IPv4
local loopback IP?




29. What is NAT?




30. What are network classes?





31. What is subnetting?




32.

What is a static IP?




33. What is the first octet range for each class?

A:


b.


c:



34. What is the range of private addresses for
each class?

a.


b.


c.


35. What IP address represents an APIPA
assigned address?



36. What is the IP address of the localhost (also
called local loopback address)?



37. What in the IP address indicates a
broadcast message?



38. How is an IP address dynamically assigned?




39. What are some common problems with
IPv4?

a.


b.


c
.


d.


40. IPv4 uses what size addresses (in bits)





41. IPv4 addresses are usually written in:

a. dotted decimal notation

b. with no notation

c. five octets of the address

d. base format

42. Virtual private networks are used to
communicate betw
een:

a. two private networks

b. military networks

c. education networks

d. two public networks

3.3
_A:

Understand IPv6



Cisco: IPv6

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/internetworking/technology/handbook/IPv6.html




Cisco: Gateway

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios/ipv6/configuration/g
uide/ip6
-
fhrp.html#wp1054963




CompNetworking: Network Gateway

http://compnetworking.about.com/od/networkdesign/g/network
-
gateway.htm




Computer Hope: Binary and Hexidecim
al

http://www.computerhope.com/binhex.htm




IETF: Addresses

http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4291.txt




IETF: IPv6

http://www.ietf.org/html.charters/ipngwg
-
charter.html




Microsoft:
Bit
-
level IPv6

http://technet.microsoft.com/en
-
us/library/bb726995.aspx#EDAA




Microsoft: Dual Stack Architecture

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en
-
us/library/aa922872.aspx




Microsoft: Gateway

http
://technet.microsoft.com/en
-
us/network/bb530961.aspx




Microsoft: IPv6 Address Structure

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en
-
us/library/ms682140(VS.85).aspx




Network World: Dual IP Stack

http://www.networkworld.com/news/tech/2007/090507
-
tech
-
uodate.html




Playground Sun: IPv6

http://playground.Sun.COM
:80/pub/ipng/html




Wikipedia: Addressing

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Addressing_mode




Wikipedia: Anycast
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anycast




Wikipedia: IPv6

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPv6




Wikipedia: ISATAP

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ISATAP




Wikipedia: 6to4

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/6to4




Wikipedia: Teredo

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teredo_tunneling




43. What is 6to4?




44. What is a dual
IP stack?




45. What is IPv6?




46. What is IPv4 to IPv6 tunneling?




47. What is ISATAP?




48. What is teredo?




49. What is a unicast message?




50. What is a multicast message?




51. When is multicast frequently used?




52. What
is an “anycast” message?




53. What is the current IP standard?




54. What is the main reason for IPv6 being
developed?

a. not enough MAC numbers in earlier versions

b. to make more addressing available for new or
additional use

c. newer hardware
required the change

55. How many bits does IPv6 use?






56. What benefits does IPv6 provide?




A.


b.



57. What are the three classifications of IPv6
addresses?




More IPv6




Cisco: IPv6

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/internetworking/technology/handbook/IPv6.html




Computer Hope: Ipconfig

http
://www.computerhope.com/ipconfig.htm




Exabyte: IPv6 Subnet Masking

http://www.exabyte.net/lambert/subnet/IPv6_Subnet_Masking.htm




IETF: Addresses

http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc4291.txt




IETF: IPv6

http://www.ietf.org/html.charters/ipngwg
-
charter.html




IANA: Port Numbers

http://www.iana.org/assignments/port
-
numbers




ISS.NET: Port Numbers

http://www.iss.net/security_center/advice/Exploits/Ports
/default.htm




Microsoft: Dual Stack Architecture

http://msdn.microsoft.com/en
-
us/library/aa922872.aspx




Microsoft: Gateway

http://technet.microsoft.com/en
-
us/network/bb530961.aspx




Microsoft: Ipconfig

http://technet.microsoft.com/en
-
us
/library/bb490921.aspx




Microsoft: IPv6 support for Home Computers

http://www.microsoft.com/whdc/device/network/IPv6_IGD.mspx#E6




Microsoft: IPv6 Subnetting

http://technet.microsoft.com/en
-
us/bb726997.aspx




Network World: Dual IP Stack

http://www.networkworld.com/news/tech/2007/090507
-
tech
-
uodate.html




Playground Sun: IPv6

http://playground.Sun.COM:80/pub/ipng/html




USE IPv6

http://useipv6.com
/




Webopedia.com: Subnetmask
http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/S/subnet_mask.html




Wikipedia: Addressing

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
Addressing_mode




Wikipedia: IPv6

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPv6




Wikipedia: IPconfig

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ipconfig




Wikipedia: Loopback

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Loopback




Wikiedia: Packet Mode

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Packet_mode




Wikipedia: Private Network

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Private_network




Wikipedia: TCP and UDP ports

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TCP_and_UDP_port




58. What is ipconfig?




59. What is the IPv6 local loopback address?




60. What are ports?




61. What are the 3 main parts of an IPv6
packet?

a.


b.


c.



62. What is the subnet mask?




63. What is subnetting in IPv6?




64. What numbers are reserved for
well
-
known
ports?



65. Which are register port numbers?




66. What is the range of dynamic and private
ports?



67. Which protocol is associated with each of
the following port numbers:

80

21

443

110

25

23

53

143

68. Are private networks and NAT

necessary in
IPv6? Why or why not?




69. What is a tunnel?




3.4:

Understand name

resolution



CompTechDoc: Name Resolution

http://www.comptechdoc.org/os/windows/wintcp/wtcpnam
e.html




Informit: Name Resolution

http://www.informit.com/articles/article.aspx?p=102617&seqNum=5




Microsoft: Domain Name Resolution, Web Services and IIS

http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/WindowsServer2003/Library/IIS/77e6f873
-
a30e
-
4c6b
-
8ab6
-
26aaa6c8754e.mspx
?mfr=true




Microsoft: Host Name Resolution

http://technet.microsoft.com/en
-
us/library/bb727005.aspx




Microsoft: Name Resolution

http://technet.microsoft.com/en
-
us/library/cc751138.asp
x



TCPIP Guide: DNS Name Resolution

http://www.tcpipguide.com/free/t_DNSNameResolutionProcess
-
2.htm




Wikipedia: Name Server

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Name_server


70. What is DNS?




71. What is a DNS Server?




72. What is domain name resolution?




73. What is a hostname?




74. What is hostname resolution?




75. What is the LMhosts file used for?




76. What is a NetBIOS name?




77. What is NetBIOS name resolution?




78. What is WINS?




79. What port does DNS use?




3.5:

Understand networking services



Indiana University: DHCP

http://kb.iu.edu/data/adov.html




It.Toolbox: Why Should We Use DHCP

http://it.toolbox.com/blogs/locutus/why
-
we
-
should
-
use
-
dhcp
-
15
577




Search Midmark Security: Remote Access

http://searchmidmarketsecurity.techtarget.com/sDefinition/0,,sid198_gci212887,00.html




Wikipedia: I
p
sec

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IPsec




Wikipedia: DHCP

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dynamic_Host_Configuration_Protocol




Wikipedia:
Remote Access

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Remote_access





80. What is the authentication service?




81. What is the directory service?




82. What is DHCP?




83. What does DHCP provide?




84. What is domain name system?




85. What is IPsec?




86. What is NFS?




87. What is networking services?




88. What is remote access?




89. Common network services include:





3.
6:
Un
derstand TCP/IP




Protocols: TCPIP

http://www.protocols.com/pbook/tcpip1.htm




SS64: pathping

http://ss64.com/nt/pathping.html




TCP/IP: Local Loopback IP

http://www.tcpipguide.com/free/t_IPReservedPrivateandLoopbackAddresses.htm




TheFreeDictionary: TCP/IP

http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/TCP/IP




Wikipedia: TCP/IP

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transmission_Control_Protocol



90. What is pathping?




91. What is ping?




92. What is netstat?




93. What is TCP/IP and what does it do?




94. What is Telnet?




95. What is tracert?