Year at a Glance 2013-2014 Pre-AP Biology Creation Date: July 1, 2013

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Year at a Glance 2013
-
2014


Pre
-
AP
Biology

Creation Date:

July 1
, 2013

Revision Date:
August 23, 2013

Uni t
Name

Uni t 1

Bi omol ecul es

8/27
-
9/11

Uni t 2

Cel l s & Cel l Tr anspor t

9/12
-
9/26

Uni t 3

Ener gy Conver si ons

9/30
-
10/18

Uni t 4

Repl i cati on & Pr otei n Synthesi s

10/21
-
11/1

Uni t 5

Mi tosi s and Mei osi s


11/4
-
11/22

Uni t 6

Geneti cs

12/2
-
12/20

TEKS

1A, 2F
,

9A, 9C, 9D

Spiraled

9A

New

4A, 4B, 5B, 7G, 11A

Spiraled

4B, 5B, 11A

N
ew

9B


Spiraled

4B, 9A


N
ew

6A, 5A , 6C

Spiraled

5A, 6A


New

6G, 5C, 6D, 6E, 5D

Spiraled

6A, 6E, 6D, 6G


New

6B, 6F
, 6H

Concepts

1.

Biomolecules are large chemical
structures composed of smaller units
called monomers.

2.

The four groups of biomolecules are
carbohydrates, lipids, protei
ns, and
nucleic acids.

3.

Each group of biomolecule has a
s
pecific structure and function.

1.

Prokaryote
s lack a membrane bound
nucleus
;
eukaryotes

have
a
membrane bound nucleus and
organelles.

2.

T
ransport of molecules through the
cell membrane is key
in

maint
aining
homeostasis for the cell; in
organisms
,

homeostasis
includes
feedback mechanisms to control
internal changes
.

3.

Multicellular or
ganisms have
specialized cells to carry out specific
functions.

1.

Photosynthesis converts

light energy
from the sun
into chemical energy of
food.

2.

Cellular respiration converts chemical
energy of food into ATP (adenosine
triphosphate).

3.

Photosynthesis and cell
ular
respiration have opposite products
and reactants.

1.

DNA and RNA are nucleic acids
made of nucleot
ides that consist of a
sugar, phosphate, and

base.

2.

DNA replication cop
ies

the DNA
molecule prior to cell division.

3.

T
ranscription and translation translate
t
he DNA code into specific proteins
for the cell.

1.

Meiosis produces gametes for sexual
reproduction.

2.

All cells in an organism have the
same DNA, but transcription factors
and environmental factors can
determine cell differentiation.

3.

Gene expression can
can t
urn

genes
on or off through a regulated process.

4.

Changes in DNA may cause
mutations
;

c
ancer is a disruption in
the cell cycle
that

lead
s

to
uncontrolled

cell

growth
.

1.

The
DNA
genetic code is universal to
all living things.

2.

Punnett squares are a method

to
predict the outcome of genetic
crosses, including monohybrid and
dihybrid crosses.

3.

Non
-
Mendelian genetic combinations
include incomplete dominance, co
-
dominance, multiple alleles,
polygenic, and sex
-
linked traits.

4.

Genome analysis may include
biot
echnology techniques
.

Skills

Compare the structures and functions of
different types of biomolecules
, a
nalyze
and evaluate the evidence regarding the
information of simple organic molecules
and their organization into

long complex
molecules
, understand
dehydration
synthesis, hydrolysis, and differentiate
between the types of fat


AP students will focus on deepening
their understanding of content and
develop critical inquiry and reasoning
skills by engaging in labs and activities
labs that elicit the
implementation of the
following science practices as
r
ecommended by the College Board.
This is not an exhaustive list:


-
Use representations and models to
communicate scientific phenomena and
solve scientific problems

-
Connect and relate knowledge across
v
arious scales, concepts and
representations in and across domains


Compare and contrast pr
okaryotic and
eukaryotic cells, i
nvestigate and explain
cellular

processes, examine specialized
cells

of plants

and animals
, de
scribe the
role of internal feedback me
chanisms in
the maintenance of homeostasis.


AP students will focus on deepening
their understanding of content and
develop critical inquiry and reasoning
skills by engaging in labs and activities
labs that elicit the implementation of the
following scienc
e practices as
recommended by the College Board.
This is not an exhaustive list:


-
Use representations and models to
communicate scientific phenomena and
solve scientific problems

-
Connect and relate knowledge across
various scales, concepts and
representa
tions in and across domains

Investigate photosynthesis and cellular
respiration, c
ompare the reactants and
products of photosynthesis and cellular
respiration


AP students will focus on deepening
their understanding of content and
develop critical inquiry

and reasoning
skills by engaging in labs and activities
labs that elicit the implementation of the
following science practices as
recommended by the College Board.
This is not an exhaustive list:


-
Use representations and models to
communicate scientific
phenomena and
solve scientific problems

-
Engage in scientific questioning to
extend thinking or to guide
investigations within the context


Describe the stages of the cell cycle,
replication and mitosis,
i
dentify
components of DNA,
e
xplain the
purpose and

process of transcription
and translation
,
us
e and create

models
of DNA and RNA
, research and
describe

the historical background of
DNA discovery includes the work of
Griffith, Watson/Crick, Franklin, and
Hershey/Chase


AP students will focus on deepening
their understanding of content and
develop critical inquiry and reasoning
skills by engaging in labs and activities
labs that elicit the implementation of the
following science practices as
recommended by the College Boa
rd.
This is not an exhaustive list:


-
Engage in scientific questioning to
extend thinking or to guide
investigations within the context

-
Plan and implement data collection
strategies in relation to a particular
scientific question

-
Use representations and

models to
communicate scientific phenomena and
solve scientific problems



















D
escribe the roles of DNA

& RNA,
r
ecognize that disruptions of the cell
cycle l
ead to diseases,
illustrate
changes in DNA
,
evaluate the
significance of thes
e
changes,
r
ecognize the significance of meiosis to
sexual reproduction
,, understand
gene
expression in cells is based on
interactions at the molecular level (DNA)
and the organelle level (chromosome),
understand designation of cancer
tumors may be malignant

or benign


AP students will focus on deepening
their understanding of content and
develop critical inquiry and reasoning
skills by engaging in labs and activities
labs that elicit the implementation of the
following science practices as
recommended by the

College Board.
This is not an exhaustive list:


-
Engage in scientific questioning to
extend thinking or to guide
investigations within the context

-
Plan and implement data collection
strategies in relation to a particular
scientific question

-
Perform dat
a analysis and evaluation of
evidence


Predict possible outcomes of various
genetic combinations
, d
escribe how
techniques such as DNA fingerprinting,
genetic modifications and chromosomal
analysis are used to
study the genomes
of organisms
,

use
additional

mathematical models to demonstrate
probability in genetics, discuss human
genetic diseases and their causes.
discuss genetic engineering techniques,
such as recombinant DNA and cloning


AP students will focus on deepening
their understanding of content and
develop critical inquiry and reasoning
skills by engaging in labs and activities
labs that elicit the implementation of the
following science practices as
recommended by the College Boa
rd.
This is not an exhaustive list:


-
Use representations and models to
communicate scientific phenomena and
solve scientific problems

-
Use mathematics appropriately

-
Perform data analysis and evaluation of
evidence

-
Work with scientific explanations and
t
heories




Unit
Name

Unit 7

Natural Selection

Viruses & Bacteria

1/6
-
1/24

Unit 8

Classification & Plants

1/27
-
2/13

Unit 9

Body Systems

2/18
-
3/7

Unit 10

Ecology

3/17
-
4/4

Unit 11

Course Review

4/7
-
5
/
2

Unit 12

Worth the Wait

5/12
-
5/22

TEKS


New

7A, 7B, 7C, 7D, 7E, 7F,


4C
, 11B, 11C

Spiraled

4A, 4B, 5B, 9B


New

8A, 8B, 8C, 10B

Spiraled
4B, 4C
, 5B, 9B, 11A, 11C

New

10A
, 10C

Spiraled
11B


New

1
1
D, 12A, 12B, 12C, 12D, 12E
-
F

Spiraled


Readiness Standards

Spiraled
10A

Concepts

1.

T
he fossil record,
biogeography, and
homologies provide

evidence of
common ancestry among groups
.


2.

N
atural selection produces change
in
populations, not individuals,
and
elements of natural selection
result in
differential reproductive success

and
diversity in species
.

3.

V
irus
es

and

cells

differentiate in
structure and in
viral reproduction
.


4.

M
icroorganisms

play a role

in both
maintaining and disrupting the

health
of both organisms and ecosystems.

1.

T
axonomy

is the ordered
classification of plants and animals;
a
standardized
taxonomic system

is
essential

to the scientific community.

2.

Taxonomic groups include

archaea,
bacteria, proti
sts, fungi, plants, and
animals.

3.

I
nteractions occur among systems
that perform the functions of
transport, reproduction, and response
in plants.

1.

I
nt
eractions occur among systems
that perform the functions of
regulation, nutrient absorption,
reproduction, and
immune
defense

in
animals
.

2.

L
evels of organization in biological
systems relate to each other and to
the whole system.

1.

P
rocesses that occur during

ecological succession can change
pop
ulations and species diversity.

2.

Symbiotic relationships include
predation, parasitism,
c
ommensalism, mutualism, a
nd
competition among organisms.

3.

Models of
food chains

and webs and
ecological pyramids trace the flow of
m
atter
through different

trophic
levels.

4.

Recognize that long
-
term survival of
species is dependent on changing
r
esource bases that are limited.

5.

E
nvironmental change can impact
ecosystem stability.

1.

C
ells are the basic structures of all
living things
and
differ from
viruses.

2.

Cell differentiation is important in an
o
rganism
’s

grow
th.

3.

E
volutionary theory is a scientific
explanation for

unity
&

diversity of
l
ife.

4.

T
axonomy is a branching
classification based on the shar
ed
characteristics of organisms.

5.

M
etabolic processes and energy
conversions occur in living organisms

6.

I
nterdependence and interactions
occur within environmental system
s
.

7.

B
iological systems
are composed of
multiple levels and
work to achieve
and maintain balance.


1.

I
nteractions occur
among systems
that perform the functions of
regulation, nutrient absorption,
reproduction, and defense from injury
or illness in animals.

2.

Learn about safe behaviors and
health and wellness components.

Skills

Analyze and evaluate evidence of
common ancestry,
the
fossil record,

how natural selection

produces change,

c
ompare the structures of viruses to
cells, describe viral reproduction, and
the role
of viruses in causing disease

AP students

will

focus on deepening
their

understanding of content

and
develop critical inquiry and reasoning
skills

by engaging in labs and activities
labs that elicit the implementation of the
following science practices as
recommended by the College Board.
This is not
an exhaustive list:


-
E
ngage in scientific questioning to
extend thinking or to guide
investigations with
in the context

-
P
erform data anal
ysis and evaluation of
evidence

-
W
ork with scien
tific explanations and
theories

-
C
onnect and relate knowledge across
various scales, concepts and
repres
entations in and across domains



Define taxonomy
,
recognize the
importance of a standardized taxonomic
system
, c
ategorize organisms
, c
ompare
char
acteristics of taxonomic groups,
d
escribe the interactions that occur
among

systems in plants

A
P students

will

focus on deepening
their

understanding of content

and
develop critical inquiry and reasoning
skills

by engaging in labs and activities
labs that elicit the implementation of the
following science practices as
recommended

by the College Board.
This is not an exhaustive list:


-
W
ork with scien
tific explanations and
theories

-
C
onnect and relate knowledge across
various scales, concepts and
repres
entations in and across domains


Describe the intera
ctions that occur
among syst
ems

in animals
, a
nalyze the
levels of organization in biological
systems
, re
late the levels to each other
and to the whole system


AP students

will

focus on deepening
their

understanding of content

and
develop critical inquiry and reasoning
skills

by engaging in labs and activities
labs that elicit the implementation of the
following science practices as
recommended by the College Board.
This is not an exhaustive list:


-
U
se representations and models to
communicate scientific phenomen
a and
solve s
cientific problems

-
P
lan and implement data collection
strategies in relation to a
particular
scientific question

-
P
erform data anal
ysis and evaluation of
evidence

-
C
onnect and relate knowledge across
various scales, concepts and
repres
entations in and acr
oss domains


Explain
how ecological succession can
change pop
ulations and diversity,
i
nterpret relationships
among o
rganisms
&

c
ompare
their variations and
adaptations
, a
nalyze the flow of matter
and energy through trophic levels
,
d
escribe the flow of
matter through the
carbon and nitrogen cycles
, d
escribe
how environmental change can impact
ecosystem stability


AP students

will

focus on deepening
their

understanding of content

and
develop critical inquiry and reasoning
skills

by engaging in labs and ac
tivities
labs that elicit the implementation of the
following science practices as
recommended by the College Board.
This is not an exhaustive list:


-
U
se representations and models to
communicate scientific phenomen
a and
solve scientific problems

-
E
ngage
in scientific questioning to
extend thinking or to guide
investigations with
in the context

-
P
erform data anal
ysis and evaluation of
evidence


Ask questions, formulate hypotheses,
collect
&
record data, construct tables &
graphs, use repeated trials, organ
ize
data, identify patterns, evaluate, and
critique scientific explanations, use
empirical evidence, logical reasoning,
and testing to examine all sides of
scientific, analyze data to form
ulate
reasonable explanations, c
ommunicate
valid conclu
sions and
predict trends


AP students

will

focus on deepening
their

understanding of content

and
develop critical inquiry and reasoning
skills

by engaging in labs and activities
labs that elicit the implementation of the
following science practices as
recommended by

the College Board.
This is not an exhaustive list:


-
U
se representations and models to
communicate scientific phenomen
a and
solve scientific problems

-
Use mathematics appropriately

-
E
ngage in scientific questioning to
extend thinking or to guide
investiga
tions with
in the context

-
P
lan and implement data collection
strategies in relation to a
particular
scientific question

-
P
erform data anal
ysis and evaluation of
evidence

-
W
ork with scien
tific explanations and
theories

-
C
onnect and relate knowledge across
various scales, concepts and
repres
entations in and across domains


Learn about
teen
parental
responsibilities, investigate sexually
transmitted diseases (STDs), describe
relationship between sex & the law,
develop communication styles and
refusal skills,

build healthy relationships,
set career goals


AP students

will

focus on deepening
their

understanding of content

and
develop critical inquiry and reasoning
skills

by engaging in labs and activities
labs that elicit the implementation of the
following science practices as
recommended by the College Board.
This is not an exhaustive list:


-
E
ngage in scientific questioning to
extend thinking or to guide
investigations

with
in the context

-
C
onnect and relate knowledge across
various scales, concepts and
repres
entations in and across domains