WATER Our Planet's Most Precious Resource Georgia Department ...

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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 5 μήνες)

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Water Conservation
Tools For

Local Governments And
Citizens


Georgia Department of Community Affairs

Office of Environmental Management


We Depend on

Clean Water Daily!


372 billion gallons/day in the U.S.



5.8 billion gallons/day in Georgia


2.7 billion gallons for:


public supply and private wells (47%)


agriculture (28%)


industrial activities (25%)


3.1 billion gallons for:


electric power generation

How Much Water Does
One Person Need?

Every day, the average American uses about
150 gallons of water.

Residential Water Use
6.80%
58.70%
8.70%
10.80%
5.50%
6.30%
1.00%
0.60%
0.70%
0.90%
Toilet
Clothes
washer
Shower
Faucet
Other
domestic
Bath
Dishwasher
Leak
Unknown
Outdoor
Georgia Water Sources


80% of our water comes from
surface water and 20% comes
from ground water withdrawals.



In the Atlanta region, 85% comes
from surface water withdrawals
with more than half originating
from the Chattahoochee River.


Continuing growth, development and
population increases in many areas are
straining existing water supplies



Local governments (and states) are
competing for available water sources



Indoor and outdoor water conservation is not
widely practiced in Georgia (declining rates)

The Water Crisis

Nature’s Boundaries

Georgia Department of Community Affairs

Watershed Protection
Provides:


A comprehensive land use planning and
implementation process to protect rivers, streams,
lakes and other waters;



A process to address the disruption of the natural
drainage flows caused by development; and



A method to address wastewater discharges,
storm water runoff, and nonpoint sources of
pollution.

Drought in Georgia


Georgia’s most recent drought lasted from
1998
-
2002


Equivalent loss of a year’s worth of rain in
first three years’ rainfall


Surface water flows were greatly reduced


Reservoir storage was depleted


Groundwater was lowered, wells dried up


Soil moisture was low, crops were affected



State must develop a comprehensive water
conservation plan”
-
EPD

Drought Report


Drought in Georgia Web Page

http://www.georgiadrought.org


1998
-
2000 Drought Report
Recommended


Water Conservation

-

State must develop
comprehensive water conservation plan



Emergency Relief

-

State should provide
emergency grants and loans to assist local
governments


Water Supply

-

State must fund the
implementation of the Water Supply Act of
1989 to build regional reservoirs

1998
-
2000 Drought Report
Recommended


Agricultural Water Use

-

State must
develop an effective method to evaluate
consumptive use of water for agricultural
irrigation and implement a plan to reduce
water use


State Water Plan

-

State must perform a
detailed review of existing water policy and
laws and develop a comprehensive state
water plan

All Is Not Lost!!!

Huge Gains Can Be Made
Through Conservation

Los Angeles, CA has maintained it’s
water use at a constant level despite
continued growth and development.

Georgia and the Atlanta Metro Area
can do the same!!!

Water Conservation

Why should We Do It?

(more reasons than a drought)


Reduce personal water costs



Minimize the need for local governments to
fund expensive reservoir, water treatment
plant and pipeline projects



Help maintain sufficient water in streams,
rivers and lakes for fishing, boating,
swimming, protection of aquatic life and
downstream users

Water Conservation

Where Do We Start?


Water has been cheap and plentiful.
We need to stop taking it for granted!



Adopt a watershed mentality
-
everyone
has a need for clean water.



In drought conditions, pay even more
attention to how you are using water!

Basic components of a water
conserving community

What you should be doing:


Economize (reduce and reuse)


Repair leaks


Install water saving devices


Reuse Water


Observing water restrictions

What your local government can/should be doing:


Educating


Promoting installation of water saving devices


Enforcing water restrictions


Implementing changes in System Management


Install Water Saving Devices


When buying new appliances, look for
water saving features such as load size
selectors for washing machines and
selectable wash cycles for dishwashers


Install low
-
flow toilets to save up to 5.5
gallons of water with each flush. Ultra low
-
flow (1.6 gpf) are required for new
construction or remodeling

Install Water Saving Devices


Install faucet aerators to significantly reduce
water use (.8 gpm savings~$2.00)


Install low
-
flow showerheads or flow
regulators in your existing shower (1.25 gpm
savings~$5.00)


Install water displacement devices such as
milk jugs, bags or dams in toilet tanks (up to
2.5 gpf~$0.59 or $4.00)


Install fill cycle diverters to redirect refill
water into the tank. (.5
-
1.0 gpf~$0.50)

Reuse Water


Unused or slightly used water (gray water) is
often suitable for other uses, but local
restrictions may apply.


Make the most of any water before you let it
go down the drain


Air conditioner and dehumidifier condensate
water can be collected or redirected to water
outside plants

Other Ideas


Look for water conservation initiatives


in your area


Support teaching of the EPA Water
Sourcebook Series in schools, as promoted by
the Georgia Water Wise Council


Patronize businesses that practice and promote
water conservation

Getting The Word Out


Community and special websites


Public service announcements (PSAs) on
radio and television stations
(Ross King with the GA
Water Management Campaign (404) 522
-
5022)


Newpaper notices and articles


Public meetings and presentations


Brochures and other handouts


Mailouts in water bills


Door Hangers

Changes in System Management


Incentive
-
based pricing (increase price with
demand, summer surcharges, etc.)


Universal Metering (a meter for each unit in an
apartment or housing complex)


Pressure Management


Water Accounting and Loss Control


Water
-
Use Regulation, i.e. restrictions

*
The Pollution Prevention Assistance Division (P2AD) can lend
technical assistance in these areas: Judy Adler (404) 657
-
7444

State Actions

Water Restrictions

When water restrictions are in effect:


EPD's intent is to curtail water use by residential
and business water users


Local water utilities may expand the ban


For the most current water restrictions:


check out
http://www.griffin.peachnet.edu/caes/drought/


or call EPD at (404) 657
-
5947, (888) 373
-
5947
(outside Atlanta)


State Actions


Water Conservation Plans are required from
water users that:


have groundwater withdrawal permits (or permit
modifications)in excess of 100,000 gallons per day
(except ag.)


have surface water withdrawal permits (or permit
modifications) in excess of 100,000 a day (except ag.).


Creation of a new water conservation position at
the DNR to coordinate efforts and expedite action
on a state drought management plan.

State Actions

(as recommended in Water Issues White Paper)


Amendment of the Water Supply Act to make
water conservation projects eligible for funding
through the State Revolving Fund


Provision of tax incentives for water
-
conserving
investments.


Prohibit use of water from a regional reservoir
until the local government has demonstrated an
effective water conservation program, including
water conservation pricing.


State Government Resources


Department of Community Affairs (DCA)


Provides resources and technical assistance to local governments and
Keep America Beautiful Affiliates that want to promote water
conservation among residents.
(404) 679
-
4940 www.dca.state.ga.us


Pollution Prevention Assistance Division (P2AD
)


Assist industrial, commercial and institutional water users with their
water efficiency efforts
(404) 651
-
5120, www.p2ad.org


Environmental Protection Division (EPD)


Regulate water use among the various water consumers in the state,
including discharge permits and withdrawal permits.


Plan water supply and drought management for the state. (Drought
Report, Water Issues White Paper)


(404) 657
-
5847, www.dnr.state.ga.us/environ

More Helpful Information


Water Conservation Devices


http://www.niagaraconservation.com/ (Niagara Conservation)


http://www.nrgsavers.com/products.htm (NRG Savers)


Water Conserving Communities in Georgia


Savannah Water Efficiency Program
http://www.thempc.com/waterresources/welcome.asp


Georgia Water Wise Council
-

info on xeriscaping, water efficiency,
water sourcebook, etc.
http://www.griffin.peachnet.edu/waterwise/wwc.htm


Cobb County
-
Marietta Water Authority http://www.watersmart.net/


Other States


California Urban Water Conservation Council
http://www.cuwcc.org/


More Helpful Information


Other States, cont.


Crescenta Valley Water District toilet rebate program
http://www.cvwd.com/pages/sites.htm


City of Albequerque
http://www.cabq.gov/waterconservation/insert.html


Drought in Georgia


http://www.georgiadrought.org

Acknowledgements

This presentation was prepared by the Georgia Department of
Community Affairs, using information available from the US
Environmental Protection Agency, Georgia DNR
Environmental Protection Division and Pollution Prevention
Assistance Division, Association County Commissioners of
Georgia, City of Griffin, UGA College of Agriculture and
Environmental Sciences, Georgia Water Wise Council,
Georgia Conservancy and Niagara Conservation Co.