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8 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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NCSA AS A TOOL FOR

INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL
MANAGEMENT



(
ARMENIA EXPERIENCE
)


Anahit Simonyan

14
-
16 June, 2004

Bratislava

UNDP ARMENIA



To help to reduce economic, social and
political inequality




UN will work in
four areas of cooperation:




Economic Equity



Social Equity



Democratic Governance



Environmental Governance



UNDAF OVERARCHING GOAL AND
AREAS OF COOPERATION


UN

has

adopted

a

rights
-
based

strategy

for

the

UNDAF

which

will

be

implemented

at

three

levels



In

each

area

of

cooperation,

the

UN

will
:




help
duty
-
bearers

protect the rights of
Armenian citizens



create an
environment

that enables the
achievement of rights



help Armenian
citizens

to exercise their
rights


UNDAF RIGHTS
-
BASED
APPROACH

NCSA
PROJECT
OBJECTIVE

Determine

priority

capacity

needs

and

elaborate

plan

of

action

for

developing

country

capacities

to

meet

commitments

to

the

global

conventions

in

synergetic

manner



at the




systemic


institutional and



individual





levels.

LINKAGES WITH ONGOING
PROCESSES


Millenium Development Goals

Poverty Reduction Strategy

Sustainable Development

Strategy

East
-
West Environmental Partnership
:
Environment
al Strategy for EECCA


PROJECT
MANAGEMENT AND
COORDINATION


High

level

consultations

and

technical

assistance

from

UNDP/GEF

at

inception

stage


Ensuring

country

ownership

through
:



nomination

of

the

Project

National

Director




establishment

of

high
-
level

Project

Steering



Committee

(
20

members

from

ministries,


NGOs,

donors,

Convention

Focal

Points)


Backstopping

by

CO

and

NCSA

Regional

Coordinator


Regular

monitoring

and

reporting


NCSA

regional

networking




GUIDING PRINCIPLES AND ADOPTED
APPROACHES FOR NCSA PROCESS


Strong country ownership through involvement of high
level decision makers and Convention Focal Points


Broad stakeholder participation in the assessment and
evaluation of the results

through targeted surveys and
participatory discussions


Support and participation in the programmatic
activities of the relevant ministries


NCSA “intervention” in relevant on
-
going programmes,
including GEF enabling activities.


Creating environment for attractive partnership



MAIN CHALLENGES


Pioneering NCSA in Armenia and in the
region


Multi focal areas to be covered


Dynamic nature of Conventions


NCSA methodology is under testing


NCSA outputs are for long
-
term perspective


Innovative approaches applied by NCSA are
not easily understood by technical experts.





National Council for Sustainable Development
(NCSD) is not functioning


Absence of the National Sustainable
Development Strategy


Frequent rotations and changes within the
Government and relevant authorities

MAIN CHALLENGES

cont.

MAIN FINDINGS


Lack of institutional capacity and coordination
between the Ministries and agencies


Weak cooperation between the Convention Focal
Points and overlap of activities


Weak enforcement and implementation
mechanisms


Weak institutional linkages between the central
and local governing bodies


Tension and polarization between the centre and
provinces




Absence of proper environmental monitoring and
impact assessment indicators


Lack of enabling environment for using new financial
instruments and mechanisms in the sector


Weak national capacities for multi
-
sectoral and
coherent social
-
economic planning with
mainstreamed environmental issues


Insufficient integration of environmental concerns
into the agricultural practices


Weak institutional capacity to develop proposals and
raise funds.


Not clear state policy on using NGOs and mass media
capacities to increase environmental awareness.

MAIN FINDINGS

cont.

Lessons learned

(substantive)

NCSA is an effective tool for diagnosis of gaps for
integrated environmental management.

Stocktaking identified baseline situation for the
implementation of Conventions

Thematic assessments were useful to examine
Conventions in broader context, linking them with
other Conventions and processes (MDG,PRSP,etc.)

Cross
-
cutting assessments:



-

independent experts are not able to fully examine
inside problems and constrains



-

specialists from the ministries and affiliated
agencies are less critical to own institutional and
human capacity gaps




Lessons learned

(substantive)

NCSA

Action

Plan

has

to

complement

to

already

existing

implementation

plans

of

3

conventions
.

Low

level

of

government

commitment

for

integrated

environment

policies

may

impose

a

risk

on

financing

and

implementation

of

NCSA

Action

Plan
.

The

cross
-
cutting

capacity

building

is

equally

important

to

be

applied

in

linking

NCSA

with

MDG,

PRSP

and

Environment

for

Europe

processes
.

cont.

Lessons learned

(methodological aspects)

The methodology has to be further tuned to
guide the NCSA process on targeted outcomes

Capacity Building through:



Broad stakeholder consultations and participation
in assessment


Active partnership creation


Development and publication of analytical and
informational materials


Providing forum for information exchange between
governmental entities, civil society and donor
community



PROJECT STAGES AND
STATISTICS


Febr 2003



Commencing date

Aug 2004



Completion date

May
-

Oct 2003


Thematic Profiles

Nov 2003


Apr 2004


Cross cutting assessment

May

July 2004


Integrated report

July 2004



National Action Plan


Participatory process:



32 major workshops and seminars, from which 12 in
partnership with different agencies, NGOs, private sector, donors



68 national expert representing 34 organizations, from which 7
NGOs and one private company



8

survey
s
,

521 respondents, representing 155 institutions
(ministries and agencies, educational and scientific institutions,
NGOs, media private sector)



http:// www.nature.am

http://www.nature.am/Env_Projects/

EnvProjects.htm

http://www.biodiv.am


Thank you !