2010 Project Progress Report

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25 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 5 μήνες)

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Project Progress Report

Program Name:

Bonding and Fibers for

Concrete Structures

Program Manager

/ PI

Dr. Sami Rizkalla

Company / Sponsor:

Nippon Steel Company Co., Ltd, Fyfe Co.
LLC, Grancrete

, Freyssinet, Inc.

Project Number:



This research

s the use of several
ive strengthening systems consisting of


types of fi
ber reinforced polymer material

in combination with
different adhesive

for strengthening and repair of

ivil engineering infrastructure

The study combines three inter
projects under the umbrella of innovative materials for strengthening of concrete structures.

Experimental Plan:

first project has a total of four phases. The first phase is designed to explore
effective strengthening systems for flexural strengthening of reinforced concrete structures. The
second phase will explore effective flexural strengthening of infill masonr
y structures. The third phase
will explore the fundamental characteristics of the selected systems based on the findings of the first
two phases. The fourth phase will focus on developing design guidelines for the proposed strengthening

For the f
irst phase, a total of 20 reinforced concrete slab specimens are used to evaluate the proposed
fiber/adhesive strengthening system. The slabs are 2 ft wide by 11 ft long by 6 inches deep. The slabs
are strengthened flexuraly using various fiber/adhesive
systems in order to study several parameters,
including fiber type, adhesive type, and fiber reinforcement ratio. The slabs are tested in a four
bending configuration to determine the flexural response, including the increase of the load
pacity and ductility provided by the various strengthening systems.

The testing of the second project will follow ICC Acceptance Criteria (AC 125) for a CFRP strengthening
system. The phases for the acceptance are: material properties and flexure and she
ar strengthening of
slabs, beams, and columns. For the material testing phase, the physical and mechanical properties of
the fiber are investigated. The tensile properties, creep (tensile), glass transition temperature, void
content, coefficient of therm
al expansion, and interlaminar shear strength of the fiber will be
determined under various environmental exposures. The second phase consists of strengthened
reinforced concrete beams and slabs tested in flexure to determine the effectiveness of the vari
systems. Both low and high concrete strength and various strengthening ratios will be used to capture a
wide range of behavior. The flexure and shear specimens will be tested in a four
point bending
configuration to determining the response of the sys
tem. Reinforced concrete columns will be
considered in the third phase to explore the systems effectiveness to strengthen the system under

Goals and Motivation

The primary objective for these experimental programs is to determine the
ffectiveness of different fiber strand sheets with different adhesive systems for
repair and
strengthening of r
einforced concrete structures including slabs, beams, and columns.

Previously Reported Findings


Budget Update:


Findings Since Last Report

The preliminary findings of the project indicate the following: All types of
fibers that were tested were adequate to increase load capacity. Fibers with high tensile strength and
modulus increased the load capacity but decre
ased the ductility. Test results indicated that fiber grids
with smaller spacing may cause localized debonding. For the bonding material, the epoxy had a slightly
higher load capacity than the Grancrete. On the other hand, Grancrete had a slightly highe
r deflection
and ductility and it formed well distributed flexural cracks along the slab. The epoxy caused the fibers to
rupture at a single crack. The fiber reinforcement ratio parameter yielded interesting results. The
higher reinforcement ratio incre
ases the flexural capacity but decreases the ductility of the reinforced
slabs. Further tests are needed to fully explore this parameter.

Potential Member Company Benefits:

1. Evaluate the effectiveness of two different cementitious materials as alt
ernative adhesives for fiber
strengthening of reinforced concrete structures.

2. Evaluate the effectiveness of carbon fiber strands with different reinforcement ratios.

3. Increase confidence in the use of Grancrete as an adhesive for strengthening reinf
orced concrete

4. Explore the effectiveness of two adhesives proposed with enhanced resistance for elevated

5. Evaluate the physical and mechanical properties of a new carbon fiber strengthening system.

6. Provide a strengtheni
ng system to the industry that has been approved with ICC Accreditation (AC

7. This project can provide alternative strengthening systems that can be easily used and provide
industry with more options to select for strengthening reinforced concrete

Next Steps

1. Complete experimental program

2. Analyze experimental results

3. Introduce analytical model to be calibrated by experimental program