H.J. ANDREWS LTER/CASCADE CENTER FOR ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT MEETING NOTES of January 7, 2000

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H.J. ANDREWS LTER/CASCADE CENTER FOR ECOSYSTEM

MANAGEMENT MEETING NOTES of January 7, 2000



Meetings Begin at 9:00 a.m. in the Large Conference

Room FSL 200


Upcoming Meetings:

2/4, 3/3, 4/14 (Note change in April date)


Attendees

Mark Harmon, Jack
Lattin, John Cissel, Fred Swanson, Julia Jones, Jane Smith, Tina Driesbach,
Jim Mayo, Pam Druliner, Greg Downing, Ross Kiester, Sherri Johnson, Jeff Miller, Theresa
Valentine, Linda Ashkenas, Don Henshaw, Erica Hoffa, Tim Schowalter, Howard Bruner, Steve
A
cker, Craig Creel, Bill Ferrell, Barb Shrader, Susie Kelly, Bob Griffiths, Mark Meleason, Steve
Andrews.


11 a.m.
-

12 noon Future Science Hour Discussion


February 4

Tom Spies and K. Norman Johnson
--
Mixing policy and science: challenges and opportuni
ties of
an anticipatory regional assessment in the Oregon Coast Range.


Changes in our Leadership

Lynn Burditt is moving to the Deputy Supervisor position at the Gifford Pinchot National Forest
she has a reporting date of February 27. A send
-
off party is
planned for February 18 in
Springfield. Lynn has made great contributions to our community over the past 11 years. Thanks
so much!


Rob Iwamoto is introduced as the new Deputy Supervisor on the Willamette National Forest.
Rob studied biology, ecology, s
ilviculture at UCLA and Humboldt State and has worked in a
variety of positions around the country most recently as Ranger at Aspen, CO.


Biocomplexity Proposal

Ross Kiester reviews ideas for a proposal to new NSF RFP for studies of biocomplexity. He is
t
aking a multi
-
spatial scale approach to modeling population dynamics using cellular automata.
He invites participation by Andrews
-
based, field
-

oriented scientists.


Mark Harmon reviews plans for a proposal led by him and Steve Garman. The emerging theme

concerns biophysical complexity and elements of social complexity relevant to forest/watershed
management and policy.


NEON

Plans for NEON (National Environmental Observatory Network) are beginning to take shape.
Julia Jones is attending a workshop at Ar
chbold Field Station in FL organized by NSF with live
(via Internet) contact with the scientific community. The workshop is intended to formulate a
blueprint for NEON sites.


Spatial Data Management

Theresa Valentine reviews the management system for spat
ial databases which she is beginning
to organize for us (Andrews/Cascade Center, College of Forestry, USGS
-
BRD, and others in the
Forestry Sciences Lab. and immediate vicinity). See attachment for information on database
procedures, geographic filing syst
em, etc.


Webpage Use

Don Henshaw reviews use patterns of Andrews webpage over the past 5 years over 25,000 hits!
See attachment for particulars.


Timber Sale Activity

Helicopter logging is underway as part of a timber sale implementing the Blue River Lan
dscape
Plan.


EPA
-

S. Santiam Project

John Cissel reports on past decade of research by EPA using four met. sites in open
-
forest pairs in
a transect crossing the environmental gradients across the Cascades. They use the GEM model to
look at cycling of C,

N, and other elements in response to climate variability. N export from 20
small watersheds is investigated.


Supercomputer

A Cray supercomputer will be coming to the Forestry Sciences Lab. in the coming months for use
by the larger OSU computing communi
ty.


Science Hour

Logan Norris (Chair, Dept. of Forest Science, OSU) reflects on lessons of a "road
-
weary
scientist/warrior" who has operated at the science
-
management
-
policy interface for many years.
His early work, which continues, concerned fate of int
roduced chemicals to the environment,
especially herbicides. In the past few decades, he has worked more at the science
-
policy
interface. He summarizes this experience in three venues: (1) the herbicide wars, (2) SAF Forest
Productivity and Health positio
n statement, (3) present State salmon recovery plan and process.

(1)

Herbicide Wars. His point of advocacy was that we should use scientific information to
make management and policy decisions. He learned that not all decisions are scientific or
based on s
cientific data and analysis. Other factors (nonscientific, nonquantitative) come into
play big time.

(2)

(2) Ecosystem Management Long
-
Term Forest Health and Productivity and the Society of
American Foresters. Logan chaired a 10
-
person committee that prepar
ed an SAF publication
on this subject. The issue became: What are definitions of "long
-
term," "health," and
"productivity"? They concluded that long term meant multigenerational, health meant "fully
functional ecological 'condition'," productivity meant
"production of all values." Not
everything, everywhere all the time, but in aggregate at the landscape level, over time. This
can be attained through management in cross
-
ownership large scale; ecological condition
determine level of productivity; the con
ditions of the forest become the goals of management.
They called this "ecosystem management," which triggered or fueled negative responses.
The suggestion that change was needed was also resented. His lessons: good thinking and
writing are not enough s
o much change so broadly require more effort and selling (in small
chunks, not an avalanche).

(3)

(3) Salmon Crisis Independent Multidisciplinary Science Team and the Oregon Plan. The
State's goal: recovery of depressed stocks of wild salmonids in Oregon.
This is a voluntary
approach led by the Governor which moves forward, despite court
-
ordered limits to how far
NMFS could go in relying on the Plan in meeting the Endangered Species Act. Logan leads a
team that provides scientific oversight to provide advi
ce and recommendations. The team
deals with issues (harvest, water quality, habitat, predation) in urban, forest, agriculture land
-
use sectors. Their key findings for the forest sector is that "the historic condition worked.
Evidence for other approaches

is not compelling." They conclude that "a greater degree of
emulation of the historic range of condition throughout the system of the fish is needed for
recovery." Their short
-
term recommendations concern riparian, barriers to fish passage,
large woody

debris, sediment from roads and other sources. In the longer run, we need to
expand perspectives of management of the landscape/watershed level. Overall, Logan has
learned: the earlier lessons were reinforced; maintain respect for boundaries in our off
icial
(scientist, institutional role, ...) capacities; science is part of policy, but science doesn't make
policy people make policy.

1)

His aggregate lessons concerning new policy:

a)

Policy has to be consistent with the "laws of nature."

b)

Has to be possible in
context of other policies.

c)

Resources have to be committed to implementation.

d)

People have to be willing to do it.

The role of science: establish what is known and what is not known and what is reasonable
conjecture. The overheads which capture these and ot
her points are available from Logan.


Communications

Newsletter and accomplishment report for the Central Cascades Adaptive Management Area for
Winter 2000 has been produced by Pam Druliner and John Cissel. Copies are available from
Tami Lowry.


Proposal
s

Busing, R. T.; White, P. S. LTREB: collaborative research on disturbance and forest dynamics in
a high Appalachian landscape. Submitted to NSF. $272,513. 4/1/00
-

4/1/04.


Chen, Hua; Harmon, Mark E. Decomposition and N dynamics of roots in FACE cross
-
s
ite
comparisons. Submitted to NSF. $459,577. 8/1/00
-

8/1/05.


Publication Activities

Alvarez
-
Sanchez, J.; Harmon, M. E. In press. Descomposicion de hojaraca: hojas, ramas y
troncos, In: J. Alvarez
-
Sanchez y E. Naranjo, redactores, Ecologia y productivid
ad del suelo en
la selva tropical humeda de Mexico.


Busing, Richard T. In press. Evaluating large plot designs for forest monitoring in California,
Oregon and Washington. In: Conference proceedings. USDA Tech. Rep.


Busing, Richard T. In press. Forest
health monitoring in California, Oregon and Washington:
results and interpretations. In: Second international symposium: integrated tools for natural
resources inventories in the 21st century; 1998 August 16
-
20; Boise, ID.


Caldwell, Bruce A.; Griffiths,

Robert P.; Sollins, Phillip. 1999. Soil enzyme response to
vegetation disturbance in two lowland Costa Rican soils. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 31: 1603
-
1608.


Cascade Center for Ecosystem Management. 2000. Chucksney Mountain meadow restoration.
Blue Riv
er, OR: OSU, PNW, Willamette NF. 2 p.


Chen, H.; Harmon, M. E.; Garman, S. 1999. Modeling the effects of substrate quality,
temperature, and moisture on root decomposition: implications for climate change [Abstract]. In:
The Ecological Society of America
84th annual meeting; 1999 August 8
-
12; Spokane, WA: 66.


Cissel, John, ed. (Pam Druliner designed/produced newsletter). 2000. CCAMA News & 1999
Accomplishment Report. Eugene, OR: Central Cascades Adaptive Management Area. 11 p.


Gholz, H. L.; Wedin, D.; S
imtherman, S.; Harmon, M. E.; Parton, W. In review. Long
-
term
dynamics of pine and hardwood litter in contrasting environments: toward a global model of
decomposition. Global Change Biology.


Halpern, C.B.; Evans, S.A.; Nielson, S. 1999. Soil seed banks
in young, closed
-
canopy forests of
the Olympic Peninsula, Washington: potential contributions to understory reinitiation. Canadian
Journal of Botany 77: 922
-
935.


Harmon, M. E. 1998. Establishing a long
-
term, broad
-
scale ecosystem experiment on climate
ver
sus litter controls of litter decomposition [Abstract]. In: Farina, A.; Kennedy, J.; Bassu, V.,
eds. 7th International Congress of Ecology: new tasks for ecologists after Rio 1992.
INTERCOL, Florence, Italy: 182.


Harmon, M. E. In review. Moving towards
a new paradigm for dead wood management. Oikos.


Harmon, M. E. 1999. The dynamics and management of woody detritus: a global perspective
[Abstract]. In: Nordic symposium on the ecology of coarse woody debris in boreal forests; 1999
May 31
-
June3; Kronlund

Field Station, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.


Harmon, M. E.; Krankina, O. N.; Sexton, J. In press. Decomposition vectors: a new approach to
estimating woody detritus decomposition dynamics. Canadian Journal of Forest Research.


Hicks, W. T.; Harmon,
M. E. 1999. Modeling asymbiotic nitrogen fixation in woody detritus as a
nitrogen input in Pacific Northwest forests [Abstract]. In: The Ecological Society of America
84th annual meeting; 1999 August 8
-
12; Spokane, WA: 108.


Hoffa, E. A.; Harmon, M. E.; Re
millard, S.; Acker, S. A. 1999. Potential upper bounds of carbon
stores in the Pacific Northwest [Abstract]. In: The Ecological Society of America 84th annual
meeting; 1999 August 8
-
12; Spokane, WA: 261.


Jandl, Robert; Sletten, Ronald S. 1999. Mineralizat
ion of forest soil carbon: interactions with
metals. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci. 162: 623
-
629.


Krankina, O. N.; Yatskov, M.; Harman, M. E. 1999. Woody detritus in the forested ecosystems of
Russia [Poster]. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference

on Long
-
Term Ecological
Research (LTER) in the East Asia
-
Pacific Region; 1999 October 11
-
16; Sejong Cultural Center,
Seoul, Korea.


Lezberg, A.L.; Antos, J.A.; Halpern, C.B. 1999. Below
-
ground traits of herbaceous species in
young, coniferous forests of

the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. Canadian Journal of Botany 77:
936
-
943.


Moorhead, D. L., Currie, W. S.; Rastetter, E. B.; Parton, W. J.; Harmon, M. E. 1999. Climate and
litter quality controls on decomposition: an analysis of modeling approaches. Glob
al Climate
Change: 575
-
589.


Ohmann, J. L.; Busing, R. T. Regional patterns and simulated dynamics of dead wood for forest
policy analysis. IALE World Congress.


Pruyn, M. L.; Gartner, B. L.; Harmon, M. E. 1999. Patterns of metabolic activity within the
sapwood of Douglas
-
fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.)) [Abstract]. In: The Ecological Society
of America 84th annual meeting; 1999 August 8
-
12; Spokane, WA: 170.


Roberts, Christine; Jones, Julia Allen. [In press]. Soil patchiness in juniper
-
sagebrush
-
gr
ass
communities of central Oregon. Plant and Soil.


Wu, Xinyuan; McCormick, Frank; Busing, Richard T. 1999. Growth pattern of Picea rubens prior
to canopy recruitment. Plant Ecologist 140: 245
-
253.


Yatskov, M.; Krankina, O. N.; Harmon, M. E. 1999. A chro
nosequence of wood decomposition
in the boreal forests of Russia [Poster]. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on
Long
-
Term Ecological Research (LTER) in the East Asia
-
Pacific Region; 1999 October 11
-
16;
Sejong Cultural Center, Seoul, Korea
.