Gene Doping and Genetic Engineering

deadstructureΒιοτεχνολογία

14 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

244 εμφανίσεις

AMANDA DRAEGER

&

DON VEDEEN

Genetic Engineering

Group Discussion


Designer Baby Game

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ixEDLa3Jlc


Designer Baby Game
-
Traits


Hair: Blonde, black, brown, red


Eyes: Brown, blue, green, hazel


Height: 4’10”, 5’2”, 5’8”,6’1”, 6’6”


Weight: Underweight, lean, average, overweight, obese


Right or Left
-
handed


Athletic Potential: None, average, below average, champion, Hall of
fame


Sex
-

Male or female


IQ
-
70, 85, 100, 115, 130+


Grab Bag: Music, theater, poetry, painting, reading, curious, shy,
outspoken, creative, animal lover, cooking, sewing, handy man,
hunting, disrespectful, funny, diabetes, politician, autism, and cystic
fibrosis

Gene Therapy


Gene therapy may be defined as the transfer
of genetic material to human cells for the
treatment, or prevention of a disease or
disorder. Genetic materials can be DNA,
RNA or genetically altered cells.


(The Netherlands Centre for Doping affairs)




The Process of Gene Therapy







Success Stories of Gene Therapy


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mhwOzNP0E40
Produced by Steve Yeager


Current health conditions gene therapy has been
used to treat:


Cystic fibrosis


Factor IX Deficiency (Haemophilia B)


Melanoma



Would you want to know your risk to certain
diseases?


What if it were an incurable disease?


If so, would you pay to get screened?





What is Gene Doping?


According to
WADA,
gene or cell doping
is defined
as
‘the non
-
therapeutic use
of genes
, genetic elements
and/or cells that have the capacity to enhance athletic
performance
’ [
The World Anti
-
Doping
Agency].



The techniques involved in gene doping come from the
techniques of gene therapy. In gene therapy the goal is
treatment and requires the replacement of a defective
gene or expression of a therapeutic gene.



Gene doping aims to improve athletic performance by
increasing or decreasing production of endogenous
molecules.



Gene Doping and Gene Therapy

Health Risks:


Cancer


Serious Immune Response


Toxicity


Increased chances of stroke and heart attack


Increased potential for tendon and bone tears or
fractures


Human Genome Project

Project goals were to


identify

all the approximately 20,000
-
25,000 genes in
human DNA


determine

the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base
pairs that make up human DNA


store

this information in databases


improve

tools for data analysis


transfer

related technologies to the private sector, and


address

the ethical, legal, and social issues that may
arise from the project.


http://www.youtube.com/genometv#p/u/94/Apjebtal8bQ


Genetic Engineering in Sport


Imagine this: at the Olympic games in London in
2012, a little known athlete surprises everyone in the
men’s 100 meters, thrashing the established favorite
by almost a whole second. “Is he on drugs?” everyone
asks. Tests find nothing, and he is labeled a freak of
nature. But are his achievements thanks to natural
ability or are they down to genetic modification?
(Brixey & Gould)



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sdKBxV5SDqo



Genetic Engineering
-
Things to Think About


Insurance Premiums


Genetic winners and losers


Genetic Screening

Questions:

1. Will there be divisions of competition based on an individuals
genetic history?

2.What kinds of leisure will be available for 125
-
year
-
old people in
good health?

3. Would there be segregated recreational programming based on
genetics?


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jY
-
868_HDbs


References



YouTube
-

DNA Gene Therapy . (2009, December 16).

YouTube
-

Broadcast Yourself.
.
Retrieved September 14, 2010, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mhwOzNP0E40



YouTube
-

Ethical Concerns With Genetic Engineering . (2006, December 5).

YouTube
-

Broadcast Yourself.
. Retrieved September 14, 2010, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jY
-
868_HDbs



YouTube
-

Genome TV's Channel . (2009, November 19).

YouTube
-

Broadcast Yourself.
.
Retrieved September 14, 2010, from http://www.youtube.com/genometv#p/u/94/Apjebtal8bQ


Brixey, R., & Gould, D. (n.d.). sBMJ | Genetic engineering in sport.
sBMJ | The international resource
for students on the medical world
. Retrieved September 14, 2010, from
http://archive.student.bmj.com/issues/08/07/education/282.php


News. (2009, March 3). YouTube
-

Designer Babies? .

YouTube
-

Broadcast Yourself.
.
Retrieved September 14, 2010, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2ixEDLa3Jlc


First Genetically Modified Embryo. (2009, March 20).
Children of God for Life
. Retrieved September
14, 2010, from http://www.cogforlife.org/geneticmodifiedembryo.htm


Godbey, G. (2006). Technology.
Leisure And Leisure Services in the 21st Century: Toward Mid
Century

(pp. 31
-
34). State College: Venture Pub.


Haisma, D. H. (n.d.). Gene Doping.
Google
. Retrieved September 14, 2010, from
http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:Q_VHQ9jrzccJ:www.genedoping.com/docs/
Gene%2520Doping.pdf+Netherlands+Centre+for+Doping+affairs+gene+doping&hl=en&gl=us


Parker, R. (2002, October 2). FuturePundit: Athletic Genetic Manipulation To Be Banned.
FuturePundit
. Retrieved September 14, 2010, from
http://www.futurepundit.com/archives/000222.html