Highly-Charged Heavy Ions at

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15 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

69 εμφανίσεις

Lasers and

Highly
-
Charged
Heavy
Ions

at


Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

1

F
acility for
A
ntiproton and
I
on
R
esearch

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

2

FAIR

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

3

Dense
Bulk Plasmas

(Ion
-
beam
bunch

compression

& petawatt
-
laser
)

Materials Science
&
Radiation Biology


(Ion
& antiproton
beams)

Accelerator Physics

SIS18

SIS100
/300

p
-
Linac

HESR

CR

&

RESR

N
ESR

Cryring

Rare
-
Isotope

Production Target

Anti
-
Proton

Production Target

100 m

QCD
-
Phase
Diagram

(HI beams 2 to 45 GeV/u)

Hadron
Physics

(Stored
and

cooled

14 GeV/c anti
-
protons)

Nuclear Structure &
Astrophysics

(Rare
-
isotope
beams)

Fundamental
Symmetries

& Ultra
-
High
EM Fields

(Antiprotons
&
highly stripped ions)

Parallel Operation

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

4

Experiments

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

5

CBM

PANDA

NuSTAR

Super
-
FRS

APPA

PANDA

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

6

PANDA

C
ompressed
B
aryonic
M
atter

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

7

ALICE @ CERN

CBM @ FAIR

NuSTAR

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

8

APPA


Atomic Physics, Fundamental Interactions,

High EM Field Physics (SPARC)


W
eak interactions in parity
-
violating atomic transitions


H
igh field QED in bound system


Pair production


Plasma
Physics, Planetary
Astrophysics


Warm Dense Matter (WDM) &

High Energy Density Matter (
HEDgeHOB
)


Plasma
astrophysics
in
the
lab


Nuclear Physics


M
easurement of nuclear moments


Nuclear excitation by laser excitation (NEET)


Applied
Physics, Accelerator
Science


Integrated
concept for
laser
-
acceleration applications

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

9

Staging

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

10

Start Version Phase A

(SIS100)


Phase B

(SIS300)

Modularised Start Version

Module
0

Module
1

Module
2

Module
3

Module
4

Module
5

SIS100

Exp. halls
for CBM &
APPA

Super
-
FRS
for

NuSTAR

Antiproton
Facility

for

PANDA

&
options for
NuSTAR

LEB,
NESR,
FLAIR

for NuSTAR &
APPA

RESR

for PANDA,
NuSTAR &
APPA

2017/18

Modularised Start Version

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

11

APPA

CBM/HADES

NuSTAR

PANDA

Experiments

M1: APPA

M1: CBM/HADES

M2: NuSTAR

M3: PANDA

M0

M1

M2

M3

M3

Timelines

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

12

2012

2011

2013

2016

2015

2014

6

B
uilding permits

S
ite preparation

Civil construction contracts

Building of accelerator & detector components

Completion of civil construction
work

I
nstallation
of accelerators and
detectors

Data taking

7

10

8

2017

2018

2019

12

6

7

8

9

11

12

10

11

9

Lasers & HI Accelerators

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

13

Advanced particle
accelerators

(e.g. @ GSI and FAIR)

"
...

thus

the

technologies

are

complementary

[intense

light

sources

and

ion

beams]

and

both

are

likely

to

lead

to

new

insights

in

high
-
intensity

science
.
"

National Research Council, USA, 2008

Novel lasers: Vulcan,
POLARIS, DRACO,
PHELIX, ELI

Free electron lasers
(e.g. LCLS @ SLAC)

Parity
-
Violating Transitions in Atoms

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

14

P
S
P
N
W
F
S
E
E
Q
G




5
2
2
/



Mixing
coefficient for
states
with opposite parities:

Energy levels of
He
-
like uranium

2E1 (PNC)

To “compete” with spontaneous
decay channels
one needs
to
induce
a two
-
photon
PNC
transition by
polarised

light with
intensity
10
20

W/cm
2



N

N

e

e

Z

e

e

N

N

Select case


with small splitting!

Extreme EM Fields

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

15

Sub
-
femtosecond

pulses

Heavy ions

L
arge
EM
fields,

zeptosecond pulses

Equivalent

to

I

10
28

W/cm
2

Lasers

(adapted from
Mourou
, Tajima,
Bulanov
, RMP
78
, 2006)

Relativistic HI EM Fields

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

16

The

electric

field

produced

by

a

moving

charge

(

>>
1
)

is

nearly

transverse

(linearly

polarised)

and

is

accompanied

by

a

transverse

magnetic

field

of

almost

equal

strength
.


Parameters of
the “pulse
”:




@ FAIR:


v
b
t
/


b
c
/





MeV
zs
s
t
800
1
10
21







E

B

U
92+

Plasmas

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

17

Particles / cm
-
3

Temperature

[eV]

Jupiter

Laser

Heating

Sun Surface

Magnetic Fusion

solid state

density

PHELIX

Sun Core

Inertial

Fusion

Energy


XFEL

SIS 18

Ion Beam

Heating

SIS

100

FLASH

Heavy
-
Ion
beams at FAIR and novel XUV photon
sources

provide
complementary
tools:

S
pecific energy


~ kJ/g


Temperature


up to 1
eV


Pressure


multi
-
kbar


range

High
-
brilliance
XUV
photon
sources
(FLASH@DESY
)


small sample volume (100

m
3
)


high
gradients

low
-
Z target
material

short
time scales (100
fs
)


I
ntense
, energetic beams of


heavy ions

(
GSI & FAIR)


large sample volume (mm
3
)

uniform
physical conditions


any target
material

long
time scales (50 ns)



65 mm

Ne
10+

300 MeV/u
;

Kr crystal


WDM &
HEDgeHOB

@ FAIR

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

18

L
aser
beam

Laser
-
accelerated protons

Laser
-
generated X
-
ray or proton diagnostics @ FAIR

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

19

L
aser
beam

X
-
rays coherent (XRL)

or incoherent

back
-
lighter
target









1
1
2
P
3/2

2
S
1/2

2
P
1/2

...
allows

for

precision

tests

of

QED,
atomic

physics

and

nuclear

models
...

50

60

70

80

90

0

0.1

0.2

0.3

0.4

0.5

0.6

0.7

0.8

Nuclear Charge Z

13,9nm/89eV (Ag)

14,7nm/84eV (Pd)

18,9nm/66eV (Mo)

22,0nm/56eV (Zr)

Steerer
-
Magnets (7,2 Tm)

Electron Cooler (240 kV)

ESR
-
Magnets (10 Tm)

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

20

Spectroscopy

of

L
ithium
-
like

Ions



Larger Doppler
-
Boost @ HESR,

=5

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

21

Back
-
scattered
laser radiation from
a compact electron
ring (e.g. semi
-
commercial

Lyncean

Compact
Light Source“
would reach well
above 100
keV
.

Laser
-
Accelerated Protons & Conventional Accelerators

Joint research
project

@
GSI


Helmholtz Institute Jena:
Project coordination,
100TW compressor, short
laser pulse and ion beam
diagnostics


GSI:
PHELIX Laser, timing,
control system,
beamlines
,
accelerator structures,
beam diagnostics


FZ Dresden
-
Rossendorf:
Solenoid for collimation &
PSU


TU Darmstadt:
Acceleration experiments,
collimation simulations,
target development


Univ. Frankfurt:
Accelerator structure
development

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

22

Thank you very much!

Günther Rosner

HZDR Workshop, Rossendorf, 6/9/11

23