Ch1/3

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12 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 4 μήνες)

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Microbiology Ch#1 Objectives



Name___________________________


1.

List several ways in which microbes affect our lives.




2.

Recognize the system of scientific nomenclature that uses two names: a genus and a
specific epithet.


3.

Differentiate the major characte
ristics of each group of microorganisms

& recognize
examples
.

a.

Bacteria


b.

Archaea


c.

Fungi


d.

Protozoa


e.

Algae


f.

Viruses


g.

Multicellular animal parasites



4.

Recognize some microorganisms that move by use of flagella.


5.

List major differences between bacteria and viru
ses.



6.

Explain the importance of observations made by Hooke and van Leeuwenhoek.



7.

Define the cell theory.



8.

Compare spontaneous generation and biogenesis.



9.

Identify the contributions to microbiology made by Needham, Spallanzani, Virchow, and
Pasteur.





10.

Explain how spontaneous generation was disproved.




11.

Explain how Pasteur’s work influenced Lister and Koch.



12.

Identify the importance of Koch’s postulates.



13.

Identify the importance of Jenner’s work.



14.

Identify the contributions to microbiology made by Eh
rlich and Fleming.



15.

List at least four beneficial activities of microorganisms.



16.

Define biotechnology.


17.

Name two examples of biotechnology that use recombined DNA technology and two
examples that do not.



18.

Define
normal microbiota

and
resistance
.



19.

Defin
e
biofilm
.


20.

Define
emerging infectious disease
.



Ch#3 Objectives

1.

List the metric units of measurement that are used for microorganisms.



2.

Identify the scientist who first observed microorganisms through the microscope.


3.

Diagram the path of light through a

compound microscope.


4.

Define
total magnification

and
resolution
.


5.

Explain how electron microscopy differs from light microscopy.


6.

Explain the use of the phase
-
contrast microscope.

7.

Differentiate an acidic dye from a basic dye.



8.

Explain the purpose of simp
le staining.


9.

List the steps in preparing a Gram stain, and describe the appearance of gram
-
positive and
gram
-
negative cells after each step.




10.

Compare and contrast the Gram stain and the acid
-
fast stain.




11.

Explain why each of the following is used: caps
ule stain, endospore stain, flagella stain.



12.

Identify the different parts of a microscope.