Indiana Caves

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Indiana Geography

Chapter 1 Lesson 1

Chapter One
--
Vocabulary


Geography

is the study of Earth and the way
that people live on it.


Continent

is one of Earth’s seven great
bodies of land (Africa, Antarctica, Asia,
Australia, Europe, North America, and South
Africa).


Landform
-

is a natural feature of Earth’s
surface which changes over time (like Lake
Michigan).


Vocabulary Continued


Glacier

giant sheets of ice that move slowly
across land.


Moraine

a line of low hills formed by rocks
that were pushed up by glaciers.


Region

is an area with common features.
(landforms, climate, history, languages)


Indiana’s Global Address

North
America

United
States

Indiana


Lakes, Sand Dunes, Caves,
Moraines, and Till Plains are land
forms found in Indiana.

Indiana Lakes

Indiana has several lakes. Lake Michigan, which
was formed by glaciers during the Ice Age, is the
largest lake in Indiana.

Indiana Sand Dunes

Sand dunes can be found in the northern
part of Indiana.

Indiana Caves

Indiana has several caves in the southern
portion of the state including Marengo Cave.

Moraines

Moraines are found in the northern portion of
Indiana.

Tills

Tills,
layers of rock, gravel, clay, and soil left behind
by
glaciers, made the Indiana soil rich for growing
crops.

Region: Northern Lakes and Moraines


Lakes and moraines are
found in this Indiana
region.


The steel industry and
manufacturing are
important to the state
economy.


Region: Central Till Plains


Large rivers are found in
this region. Terre Haute
lies in the Central Till
Plains region.


This region is known for
its rich soil and farming
is plentiful.


Region: Southern Lowlands


This region has many
forests, caves, rivers
and underground rivers.


This region is rich with
minerals and coal
mining is a source of
much employment in
this region.


Indiana Climate

Chapter 1 Lesson 2

Chapter Two
--
Vocabulary


Climate

pattern of weather in a certain place over
many years.





Temperature

measures how hot or cold things are.





Lake Effect

a change in weather when
large

bodies of
water are near land.





Precipitation

amount of rain, snow, sleet, or hail that
falls in an area.


Indiana
Climate

Temperature

Affected by
distance from
equator

4 Seasons

Cause by tilt
of the Earth

Precipitation

Terre Haute
gets 42 inches
of rain/year.

Indiana Extreme Weather


Extreme
Weather

Tornado

Thunderstorm

Snowstorm

Indiana Resources

Chapter 1 Lesson 3

Chapter 1 Lesson 3 Vocabulary


Resource

something to help us survive.





Environment

surroundings where we live





Renewable Resources

resources that can be
replaced


Mineral

found on Earth and does NOT come
from plants or
animals



Chapter 1 Lesson 3 Vocabulary


Limestone

soft rock crushed to make
roadways and buildings



Nonrenewable Resource

limited supply


Natural Resources

Natural
Resources

Forests

Coal


Water

Shale

Soil

Stone

Indiana Rivers

Wabash River



Native
Americans called it
“Pure White”


475 miles long


Important for shipping of
goods


It the border between Indiana
and Illinois


Ohio River



300
miles long


Forms Indiana’s southern
border


Indiana Minerals

Minerals

Steel

Aluminum

Limestone

Many
Metals

Indiana Economy

Chapter 1 Lesson 4

Chapter 1 Lesson 4 Vocabulary


Economy

the way a place uses and produces
natural resources, goods, and services
.



Manufacturing

the making of goods by
machinery



Agriculture

the business of growing crops
and raising animals


Chapter 1 Lesson 4 Vocabulary


Productivity

the amount of goods or services
made in a period of
time



Biotechnology

the science of using natural
materials like plants and improving them to
make
products



Pharmaceutical

medicine sold in drugstores


Indiana Economy

Machinery

Agriculture

Pharmaceuticals

Manufacturing

Indiana Agriculture

Corn

Soybeans

Livestock

Wheat

Popcorn

Indiana Mining

Limestone

Coal

Petroleum

Indiana Culture

Chapter 1 Lesson 5

Chapter 1 Lesson 5 Vocabulary


Culture

the way of life shared by a group of
people, including their language, beliefs,
music, food and holiday traditions


Ethnic Groups

people whose ancestors are
from the same country or area


Heritage

the history that a group of people
share


Immigrants

people who move to a new
country to live


Chapter 1 Lesson 5 Vocabulary


Urban

a city and its
surroundings



Great Migration

time when many African
Americans moved north to find jobs


Indiana Culture


Indiana has a diverse population


Many ethnic and cultural groups



Immigration

people came from another
country



Great Migration

African Americans moved
north to find jobs


Cultural festivals and events


Reasons for coming to Indiana



Job



Religious Freedom



Equality


Famous Hoosier Writers


Kurt
Vonnegut


Booth
Tarkington


Theodore Dreiser


James
Whitcomb
Riley



Famous Hoosier Songwriters


Cole Porter


Hoagy

Carmichael


Famous Hoosier Artists


Janet
Scrudder


Twyla Tharp



Famous Hoosier Athletes


Wilma Rudolph


Oscar Robertson


Larry Bird