RFID in the postal logistics - KTI

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27 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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RFID
IN

THE

POSTAL

LOGISTICS

Ing. Radovan Madleňák, PhD.

doc. Ing. Juraj
Vaculík
, PhD.


University

of

Žilina

Department
of

Communications

I
NTRODUCTION


In the transportation and logistics industries,
RFID is found in a wide array of applications, as
more companies begin conducting new pilots and
implementations.


Even applications within the same market may
differ drastically from one another.


This presentation focuses on the use of RFID in
the area postal services.


W
HAT

IS

IT

RFID ?


Radio frequency identification (RFID)
is a
generic term that is used to describe a system
that transmits the identity (in the form of a
unique serial number) of an object or person
wirelessly, using radio waves



T
YPES

OF

RFID


RFID systems consist of three components in two
combinations:


a transceiver (transmitter/receiver) and antenna are usually
combined as an RFID reader.


A transponder (transmitter/responder) and antenna are
combined to make an RFID tag.


An RFID tag is read when the reader emits a radio signal
that activates the transponder, which sends data back to
the transceiver.


There are two types of transponders, which correlate to the
two major types of RFID tags:


Passive

transponders and RFID tags have no energy source
of their own, relying on the energy given off by the reader for
the power to respond. Cheaper, passive RFID tags are the
most likely to be used for consumer goods.


An
active

transponder or tag has an internal power source,
which it uses to generate a signal in response to a reader.

C
ONCEPT

OF

RFID


A transponder (a microchip with an antenna) is a
placed on an item and then a reader (a device
with one or more antennas) is used to read data
off of the microchip using radio waves.


The reader passes the information to a computer,
so that the data can be used to create business
value.

S
TRUCTURE

OF

RFID
TRASPONDER

Printable face
-
stock

Adhesive

RFID inlay

(chip + antenna)

Adhesive

Liner

Antenna


Major driver of read performance


Determines how well an RFID label works with a certain
product

Chip


Contains data

P
OSTAL

MARKET

AND

RFID


The potential market for RFID in the postal and
courier service is second only to that for the retail
supply chain


P
OSTAL

RFID
APPLICATION

MODEL


P
ostal RFID application model was proposed for
the adoption of RFID technology in postal

logistics environments


The main environments are:

A.
Mail Office

B.
Mail Collection & Distribution Center

C.
Delivery Office

D.
Monitoring Center


RFID
APPLICATION

MODEL

FOR

POSTAL

LOGISTICS

A

C

B

D

M
AIL

O
FFICE

ENVIRONMENT


A mail office that can conduct parcel registration
through

issuing an RFID tag and label printing
sends parcel issue data

such as a postal code and
address automatically using an RFID

reader with
an Internet connection to a postal logistics
system

via a local server.


The mail office also receives mail trace data

such
as parcel processing and delivery data from a
local server

after the registered parcel has moved
to the mail center.

M
AIL

C
OLLECTION

&
D
ISTRIBUTION

C
ENTER


A mail center that can conduct RFID tag
recognition at docks

and has a sorting machine
for the auto
-
sorting, sending, and

arrival
processing of parcels and pallets sends RFID tag

recognition data of the parcels and pallets, such
as
mai
l
center

code and parcel processing data,
automatically using an RFID

reader with an
Internet connection to a postal logistics system
via

a local server.


The mail center also receives mail trace data
such

as parcel processing and delivery data from
the local server after

the parcels and pallets have
moved to the delivery office.


D
ELIVERY

O
FFICE

ENVIRONMENT


A delivery office that can conduct RFID tag
recognition for

the delivery of parcels and a tag
data reset for the reuse

preparation

of

parcel

and
pallet

tags

sends

RFID
tag

recognition data of
the parcels and pallets, such as delivery

office
code, delivery person’s ID, and delivery data

automatically using a hand
-
held RFID reader
with wireless

LAN and CDMA connection to a
postal logistics system via a

local server.


The delivery office also receives processing data

such as parcel registration and sorting data from
the local server

after the sorted parcels have
moved to the delivery office.


M
ONITORING

C
ENTER

ENVIRONMENT


The monitoring center can do a real
-
time trace
and tracking of

parcel processing and pallet
management via a local server and

postal
logistics system.


The monitoring center can also check how

many
parcels are registered in real time, how many
pallets with

parcels have moved among mail
centers, and how many empty

pallets are stored
in each mail center.


This is also important for the

effective use of
parcel and pallet management, customer service

parcel upgrades, and for knowing which mail
center has a

problem with parcel processing and
pallet management.



E
XAMPLE

OF

RFID
USING

IN

THE

POSTAL

LOGISTICS

Receive Pallet

& Parcels

by Truck

Post Office

1

Mail Center

2

Send Pallets &

Boxes with Registered

Mails& Parcels by Truck

Delivery Office

3

Local Server & Platform

Pallet Tag Issuer

Sort of the Registered Mails,


and Takeover Boxes

& Pallets

Parcel Auto
-
Sort System,

And Takeover of the sorted

Parcels & Pallets

Receive Pallets

& Parcels

by Truck

Parcels to be

deliveried

with RFID PDA

Link Pallet &

Parcel, & Takeover

Send Pallet

& Parcels

by Truck

Tag Issue &

Label Print

for Parcel

Real Time
Monitoring of
Parcels & Pallet on
Center

E
XAMPLES

OF

RFID
DEVICES

Examples of RFID devices

used in postal logistic systems

F
UTURE

OF

RFID
IN

POSTAL

LOGISTICS


The global market for RFID
systems, including tags, in
this sector will grow
extremely rapidly to be $3
billion


Demand may be much larger
if current efforts to tag
individual items gain
widespread acceptance. In
due course, over one trillion
postal items will be tagged
yearly, making this the
second largest application of
RFID in the world after the
retail supply chain.

R
EFERENCIES

1.
Peter Harrop: RFID in the Postal and Courier
service

2.
Jeong
-
Hyun Park, Jong
-
Heung Park: Postal
RFID Application Model and Performance

3.
Juraj Vaculík
:

RFID in postal services

4.
Libor Š
vadlenka:
RFID
in Postal and Courier
Services

5.
Radovan Madleňák:
Optimal model design of
postal items processing technology


6.
Lucia Madleňáková:
Improving of the quality of
postal services by the monitoring transit time