Mr. Bibhuti bhusan Pattanaik (Asst. Librarian),

cribabsurdΗλεκτρονική - Συσκευές

27 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

78 εμφανίσεις

THE SECURITY FOR LIBRARY


Mr. Bibhuti bhusan Pattanaik (Asst. Librarian),

I.T.S
-

IM Library, Greater Noida,

Email:
bibhu15july@yahoo.co.in

Ms. Babita Pattanaik (Lecturer), North Orissa
University, Baripada

Email:
babitapattanaik@rediffmail.com

Presentation Outline

To Educate and Inform You

1.

About RFID system

2.

How does RFID works

3.

Why RFID

4.

Agenda & Concern

5.

Implementation

6.

Benefit

7.

Conclusion


1. About RFID system


Brief History


What is RFID system



RFID Architecture & Key Components



Standards


Key Agenda & Concern for Library


Brief History


RFID

(Radio

Frequency

Identifier)

an

Auto
-
ID

data

collection

system

surveillance,

using

RF

waves

for

Identifying,

Tracking

and

doing

Management

of

material

flow
.



Basic concept behind RFID is same as
“Mirror
-
Sunlight
-
Reflection theory




Invented and used from (Early 1940’s)


Commercial Operation begun from 1960’s …

In 1970s developers, inventors, companies, academic
institution and government sectors were actively worked on
RFID

Most common application were tracked person and objects, identified
goods in supply chain, reusable container, high value tools, security,
controlling access to building, networks, payment systems and other assets.


What is RFID system


RFID

is

an

acronym

for

radio

frequency

identification
.

Briefly

the

RF

stand

for


radio
-
frequency


and

ID

means


identifier


that

allows

an

item,

for

instance

a

library

book,

to

be

identified,

accessed,

stored,

reprogrammed

and

communicated

by

using

radio

waves


A method for controlling inventory

Automatically identify objects

An AUTO
-
ID based System

Offering Self Check out/in


Saving Time and Money

Gathering statistics on used Items

Minimize Work Stress of Staff

Easily Prevent Theft

Improve Customer Services And


Non
-
Line
-
Sight Communication


RFID Architecture

Tags

Reader





Gatewa
y

Database

Database


Application

User
Interface

Backend

Fig.1. A General Overview of RFID
Architecture

Scanned

As depicted in figure.1 the whole operation are worked under
three key phases.



Firstly

items
-
tag

are

scanned

by

reader
;



Secondly

in

backend

transmitted

data

coming

through

antenna

(RF
-
wave)

are

being

recognized

by

RFID
-
based

system

PC
.

It

acts

as

a

middleware

communication

gateway

among

items,

reader

and

system

database
;



And

at

the

end

it

filters

out

and

store

data

in

RFID
-
databases

for

checking

the

data

fault

and

relevant

operation
.

Key Components



TAGS



READER



SELF CHECK
-
OUT/IN



INVENTORY READER


BOOK DROP READER


MIDDLEWARE (PC)


SECURITY GATE


LABEL PRINTER



SORTER

TAGS

Paper thin 2X2inch
in size.

Read
-
only or

Read/writable


Storage capacity
of 2KB data that
contain 96bits
serial number.

Tags come in many
flavors: passive, battery
assisted, active, different
frequencies, various anti
-
collision technologies,
printed/wire wounded
antenna etc.

TAG
-
TYPES FOR LIBRARY
ITEMS

Type:

Contact less Read/Write

Operating
Frequency:

13.56 MHz. (HF
-
High Frequency).

Capacity:

512 bit up to 10Kbits

Common Usage:

Ticketing, Library Management, anti
-
counterfeiting

Standard
Deployment:

Electronic label application, Electronic Article Surveillance

Tested Read
Range:

Maximum

10cm

Read, and Write 5cm Detection (The
distance may vary depend upon the environment)

Multi
-
Detection:

Yes

Max read
quantity:

30 labels/sec

Size:

82mm x 49mm

Material:

Opaque matt paper 79

Color:

White

Weight:

0.5g

Compliance:

ICODE, SLI

Regulatory
Specifications:

ISO 15693

Operating

Specifications:


Waterproof and dustproof

READER




A device that is used to
interrogate an Tag.



Basic components are



A scanning Antenna



A transceiver with a
decoder to interpret data



helps in personalize &
read data.

SELF CHECK
-
OUT/IN



Dual Function(rfid & barcode)



Store information about item.



Performance statistics



Multiple items can be checked
out at a time



Easier to Use.

INVENTORY READER



A compact and light weight
hand held device



Comfortable to use



High storage capacity



Multi Functional (such as
shelving, sorting, searching,
weeding and reading)



Enhanced Security.

BOOK DROP READER

Self

Checks
-
in

books

when

patrons

drop

them

in

book
-
drop


..

MIDDLE WARE



Provide reader connectivity to other systems on the
network.


Translate data and transmit to its other application

SECURITY GATE




Verify that all books
leaving the library have been
checked out.



Detect Theft and



Prevent unauthorized
removal of material

Standard

RFID STANDARD USED FOR LIBRARY:



Standard : ISO
-
15693



Frequency: 13.56 MHZ



Dimension : 400mm X 200mm X 120mm



Housing : Metal



Data Interface: RS 232



Protocol : SIP and/or API (presently using
STX/ETX communication protocol)



Indicator : Tag Data LED and Power LED



Voltage : 230 Volt



Certification : CE and Radio Approval



Frequency: 13.56 MHZ


Key feature of 13.56Mhz is


Tags are less expensive due to their
limited coil required.


Read range about 1
-
2feet.


Some tags are anti collision


collects, uses, stores and broadcast data


Controlled all conveyor setting



Key Agenda & Concern for
Library


AGENDA


Material security


Financial Liabilities


Personal Comfort and
Safety


Privacy and


Problem patrons


CONCERN



To Increase productivity



Improve customer services



Maintain current staff level

AGENDA


Material Security:


Use of Hardware and
Software


Reader Range


Read Quality


Data Integrity


Frequency


Personal Safety:


Staff stress


Theft detection


Privacy



Financial Liabilities:


One Time Implementation costs


System maintenance & Licensing


Security system costs


Tags cost


Problem Patrons:


Block the RF
-
Wave


Items with Odd shape &
metal component


Doc.like pamphlet, sheet
music, magazine etc.


Staff & Patron
interaction


PRIVACY & SECURITY:


Tracking Individuals


Inappropriate use of
personal data


Theft of Information


Ownership and Legal issue


Inadequate Encryption


Database hacked


Increase productivity


More accurate shelving


Time saving, speedy


Provide security and
material controls


More opportunity for
enhanced services


Durability, longevity and
Insurance

Improve customer services


Materials more readily
available


Less time wasted in line to
check out/ check in


Fewer items remain charged to
accounts


Improved privacy since staff
never sees what’s being
checked out

CONCERN

Maintain current staff level


Repetitive Stress


Reduce handling of item with
RFID


How does RFID works

RFID
-
READER

RFID
-
TAG

PERSONALIZER (Application Device)

DATA FLOW

RF COUPLING

Time

Energy

Up
-
to
-
date

Fig.1. Items personalized model for RFID system


PC


Why RFID


I.

Barcode Vs RFID

II.

Inventory Management

III.

Economic Facts

IV.

Customer Satisfaction

Barcode Vs RFID


Inventory Management


Read/Write


-

Ability to add information directly to tags enables each
unique asset to carry its own unique history


Non
-
contact Reads


-

Ability to read tags at a distance, under a variety of
environmental conditions, without physical
manipulation of the asset


Fast Read


-

Ability to simultaneously read large numbers (1000
-
1750 tags/sec) of items


Automation


-

Requires less human intervention


Authenticity


-

Each RFID chip is unique and can not be replicated


Economic Facts

Increase Security


Security of material is automatic without staff intervention.


Automatic items check out/ check in and sorting can be
accomplished with LMS circulation software, therefore
eliminating extra processing time of staff and make it
economically viable.

Cost Avoidance


Currently Missing Items statistics


Replacement cost


Selection, classification, processing, cost of searching,
notification etc. is improved one


Existing Material Management system


Staff cost (manual way to do house keeping job)


Eliminates the time consuming process of barcode
scanning and reading.


High speed Inventorying

High Reliability


The RFID readers are highly reliable, almost 100%
detection rate.


Multiple items can be checked out/ checked in at a time.


Make library staff free from the risk of repetitive stress
injuries.

Longevity


RFID tags last longer than barcodes

COST FACTORS

Implementation cost



Cost of RFID tags



Reader



Hand held device



software interface



Others

On going system Cost



System maintenance



Security system cost



Work station maintenance



Technical staff

Customer Satisfaction


Materials control,


Security,


High speed Inventorying,


Faster Check
-
out/
-
in,


Longevity of Tags,


Reduce staff stress,


Prevent Theft,


Searching, notifying and


Gathering statistics on items become easy.










----------

It Made Sense!!

Implementation

Start

Identify

Plan

Implementation

Why you want
RFID?

Begin with
your goals.

Where RFID will deliver value
to your Library and its
Customers.

Ready your organization for
change.

Benefit



Better Collection Management




卨敬S敳er散e楦i捡c楯i⁡湤 V敲楦楣慴楯渠



Improved Productivity and Services




W楲敬敳e⁩ v敮瑯e礠浡湡来浥gt




F慳瑥a 䍨散e敤e併琯䥮




偲敶敮琠T桥ht




兵楣欠卥i牣桩rgⰠ,敥摩e朠☠楮v敮瑯e礠慵y楴



Cost Avoidance




Eliminate Manual Labor Cost.




䥭灲ov攠慵瑯浡a楯i 灲潣敳o




R敤e捥⁒数整楴iv攠却S敳e⁉ 橵jy


Conclusion


RFID

technology

is

taking

off

in

libraries

at

an

increasingly

rapid

pace
.

Though

there

are

few

libraries

employing

this

technology

today,

but

due

to

its

customizable

feature

and

continuing

improvement

the

library

communities

are

beginning

to

get

involved

in

its

development
.

It

is

easy

to

envision

that,

the

RFID

tags

contents

will

increase

in

power
,

prices

are

expected

to

decline

and

tag

will

dramatically

improve

its

efficiency,

security

and

accuracy
.

Also

major

concerns

need

to

be

addressed

for

successfully

implementing

this

technology
.

So

that

it

will

change

our

personal

and

work

lives

in

library

and

adorns

the

conventional

library

management

with

a

new

idea

and

usher

for

a

bright

future
.


RFID IS A SUPPORTING TECHNOLOGY
---

NOT A COMPETING !!






3M
-
LIBRARY SYSTEM

THANK
“YOU”