cms-lms-lcms-notesx - Viral Notebook

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4 Δεκ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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1




Michael M. Grant 2010


Notes for
CMS, LMS & LCMS
: T
he systems supporting elearning


CMSs



Course management system
is different from

content management system


Course
Management

Systems



Features

of
of CMSs

(Dabbagh & Bannan
-
Ritland, 2005; Wang & Gearhart, 2006)

o

Content creation
and management

o

User management

o

Assessment tools

o

Communication tools

o

Content organization & navigation




CMSs in use.

o

http://www.wordle.net/show/wrdl/1674941/CMSs_in_Use_at_Universities



CMSs known.

o

http://www.wordle.net/show/wrdl/1674983/CMSs_Known_to_Facult
y



Issues

with CMSs

o

CMSs emphasize faculty dissemination tools over student processing tools

o

CMSs
replicate and/or
engender an instructional structure of traditional face
-
to
-
face instruction

o

Impedes student
-
centered learning/constructivist strategies (Mott
& Wiley, 2009)

o

Interface is independent of content/template
-
based


Content
Management

Systems



Defined

o

A content management system (CMS) is a program used to create a framework for the content
of a Web site. CMSs

are deployed primarily for interactive use by a potentially large number of
contributors.

The content managed includes computer files, image media, audio files, electronic
documents and web content.

(PRlog.org, 2008)



Functions

of CMSs

o

Through roles and
approvals
,

content can be displayed publicly or private (in development)
.

o

Through a taxonomy, content is tagged (metadata) for searching
,organization,

and reuse
.

o

Often multiple versions can be tracked for histories
.

o

With a CSS template/XML, co
ntent is sepa
rated from display.



Content Management Workflow



Examples

o

Drupal

o

PostNuke

o

Joomla!

o

Mambo

o

Plone

o

Wordpress

o

Luminis SunGuard


L
earning

M
anagement

S
ystem

versus L
earning

C
ontent

M
anagement

S
ystem



An LMS …

An LMS is a system designed to automate the administratio
n of training

events.

LMS functionality
includes user registration, tracking courses in a catalog, and recording data from learners; it also has
reporting

features for analysis purposes.

An LMS is typically designed to handle courses by multiple
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2




Michael M. Grant 2010


publishe
rs and providers. It usually doesn’t include

its own authoring capabilities; instead, it focuses on
managing courses created by a variety of other sources.





An LCMS …

An LCMS is a system used primarily for development, maintenance, tagging,

and
storage of
instructional content. Duri
ng development, it is used to

import and store assets that will be used to
create a learning object; and

create and store content objects. The LCMS

may have workflow process
functionality and the ability to tag asset
s
and content objects with

metadata. If set up to work with
dynamic d
elivery, an LCMS will assemble

the proper assets on
-
the
-
fly to create a learning object. While
many LCMS

can deliver content, they usually do not h
ave the administrative

functionality of
an LMS.
Many LCMS can exp
ort content in a variety of

different formats.



LMS/LCMSs in use.

o

http://www.wordle.net/show/wrdl/1674870/LMSs_in_Use



LMS/LCMSs known.

o

http://www.wordle.net/show/wrdl/1674896/LMSs_Known_to_eLearning_Professionals



What’s the

difference?

o

I’m not sure it matters any more…

o

An LMS manages learners and keep track of their progress and performance (Brandon Hall
Research, n.d.). LMSs can often manage the scheduling, registrations and administration of
learning options, including se
lf
-
paced and instructor led, with
m
ore global reporting.

o

An LCMS creates content and the delivery of content. Includes content creation, collaboration
tools, RLOs
.

o

Brandon Hall Research (n.d.) presents a comparison chart (http://www.brandon
-
hall.com/free_
resources/lms_and_lcms.shtml) for differences. They also report that 74% of
LCMSs include LMS functionality.

o

Except a lot of people will call WebCT
/Blackboard/Desire2Learning an LMS
, which it’s not


maybe an argument for a learning content management sys
tem.



Issues to

consider …

o

Integration with existing systems (e.g., HR, KM)

o

Integration from previous LMS/LCMS (…hence SCORM)

o

Analytics and granularity of reporting

o

Integration with external authoring systems (e.g., reporting)

o

Pedagogical framework (explici
t or covert)

o

Granularity of content creation

o

Metadata/tagging

o

Content reuse, content repository


References

& Acknowledgements

Brandon Hall Research. (n.d.). LMS and LCMS demystified.
Brandon
-
hall.com
. Retrieved from
http://www.brandon
-
hall.com/free_resour
ces/lms_and_lcms.shtml

Dabbagh, N. & Bannan
-
Ritland, B. (2005).
Online learning: Concepts, strategies, and applications.

Upper Saddle
River, NJ: Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.

Helion
-
Prime Solutions Ltd. (2008). Cutting edge content management.
PRlog.org
. Retrieved from
http://www.prlog.org/10056268
-
cutting
-
edge
-
content
-
management.html

Mott, J. & Wiley, D. (2009). Open for learning: The CMS and the open learning network.
Education, 15
(2).
Retrieved from http://hdl.lib.byu.edu/1877/2121

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3




Michael M. Grant 2010


Wang, H., &

Gearhart, D.L. (2006).
Designing and developing web
-
based instruction.

Upper Saddle River, NJ:
Pearson Merrill Prentice Hall.

Special thanks to Deborah Adams, Matt McClean, Chuck Hodges, Nancy Leininger, Bill Brescia, Elizabeth Boling,
Ward Cates, MJ Bis
hop, David Wiley, Kevin Thorn, Kevin Oliver, Yuri Quintana, Robin Navel, Joan Davis, David
Lindenberg, Mindy Fisher, Corey Johnson, Dennis Charksy, Michael Barbour, and Tom

Hergert for contributing
to the
s
e notes and

presentation.