Psy 487-A-list

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17 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Psy 487, Brain and Cognition


The A
-
List (plus a few others)


acalculia
, disruption in numerical/math/calculation abilities

agnosia
, disruption in recognition, often visual (modality specific)

agraphia
, disruption in writing

alexia
, disruption in reading

a
mnesia
, disruption of memory, usually LTM (but not always)


anterograde amnesia



from brain damage on into the future


retrograde amnesia



from brain damage back into the past


global amnesia

anomia
, disruption in word finding

aphasia
, disruption in lang
uage


Broca’s aphasia


Wernicke’s aphasia


conduction aphasia


global aphasia

(
apraxia
; disruption in skilled motor movements, which we didn’t study)

dysexecutive syndrome
, disruption in executive control, planning, inhibition

hemi
-
inattention
,
hemi
-
neglec
t
, disruption in voluntary attention (often disruption to the
left, all modalities)

prosopagnosia
, disruption of face recognition


dissociation



when two seemingly related mental functions are differentially affected by
brain damage, e.g., one is preserve
d while the other is damaged; e.g., anomia, where
semantic retrieval of the concept is preserved while retrieval of the word for the concept
is damaged or disrupted

double dissociation



given two seemingly related mental functions, one patient or group
o
f patients shows disruption of A but not of B, the other patient/group shows disruption
of B but not of A; e.g., one patient shows disruption of arithmetic fact retrieval but not of
the procedures of doing math, while another shows no disruption of fact re
trieval but
disruption of procedural knowledge


Cast of Characters


Agnosia

Dr. P (The Man)


agnosia, prosopagnosia

John (British, video; recognized his wife’s shoes)


agnosia, prosopagnosia

Mr. Draw
-
A
-
House (video)

Madeleine J. (The Man), developmental

agnosia (hands were lumps of dough)

Mr. Telephone
-
Lock (video)


Hemi
-
neglect

Mrs. S (The Man), ¾ turn of the wheelchair, hemi
-
inattention

Bill (Banich), at the diner, dishes crashing to the left, hemi
-
inattention

Mr. Draw
-
a
-
Clock (video)


Aphasia

Tan, Ral
ph (Broca’s)

Mrs. “Plash” (trying to say “splash”)

Tongue Lady (Wernicke’s)

“Saw Lady” (anomia)

Emily D


The President’s Speech (Rt. Hemisphere language disruption)


Amnesias

HM


anterograde

Jimmie G.


anterograde (Korsakoff’s)

KC


episodic memory los
s (amnesia)

Donald (murder), amnesia then recovery

Mr. Thompson (Korsakoff”s)

Video Man #1 and 2

Leonard (Lennie


Memento)

Ken (the gallbladder doctor), transient global amnesia


Mrs. O’C, Mrs. O’M


activation/return of memories