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18 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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PROJECT
REPORTING FORMAT
FOR CASE STUDIES


Smart Speciali
z
ation


Region/Country: Australia

Title:
Rural Research and Development Corporations (RDCs)

Analysed theme or sector:
Rural research and development

activity

Contributors (names, affiliations,
professional background):

Australian
Department of Innovation, Industry,
Science and Research;

Australian

Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry

Abstract:

Australia

has

15 Rural Research and Development Corporations

(RDCs)
covering virtually all

of the
agricultural industries
1
. The RDCs bring
together
industry and researchers to establish research and
development
strategic direction for rural sectors

and to fund

innovation

projects.

The RDCs invest in R&
D and innovation to improve the productivity and delivery of high quality products
and thereby
underpin the competitiveness and profitability of Australia's agricultural, fish and forestry industries.

The RDCs, who commission rural R&D, are funded by a co
-
investment model based industry levies and matching
Government funding. Th
e

co
-
investment model

is an effective mechanism to prioritise R&D across many small
players and to distribute outcomes to such players. Other strengths of the co
-
investment mechanism

include

helping
to ensure that public money is
directed to
research of practical value and
to
facilitat
e higher
and faster up
take of
research outputs.

Keywords:

rural; regional; development; agriculture; policy; government assistance;
Australia

How this
study can contribute to the project:

This case study highlights the bottom
-
up approach of RDCs and
of
the
outcomes that
are
produce
d
.

The government and industry public
-
private partnership model has contributed to
Australian
agriculture doubl
ing

its produc
tivity over the past 25 years.

What do you expect to learn in the project (including other case
-
studies):



how the success of smart specialisations strategies is measured and reported



the impact of smart specialisation policies (including innovation and p
roductivity improvements) on sectors
compared to sectors without such policies



e
conomic, consumer, environmental and social benefits
of smart specialisation policies



the impact of demand
-
driven partnership initiatives have on developing areas of speciali
sation







1

Cotton, grain, fisheries, rural industries, sugar, grape and wine, diary, wool, meat and livestock, egg, horticulture,
pork, live exports, meat processing, forests and wood products

Region/Country: Lower Austria Region

(Austria)

Title:
Regional policy mixes for smart specialization


how to develop sustainable industry science interactions in a
region without explicit lead sectors

Analysed theme or sector:
Matching regional
R&D infrastructures and clusters as a means to improve regional
innovation capacities in a wide scale of industries

Contributors (names, affiliations, professional background):

Irma Priedl, Regional Government Niederösterreich, Department for Innovation
and Technology


Simone Hagenauer, Eco Plus. The Business Agency for Lower Austria


Christian Hartmann, Ph.D., JOANNEUM RESEARCH, POLICIES


Centre for Economic and Innovation Research

Abstract:
The region of Lower Austria does not have


as other Austrian

regions


a set of clear cut economic
specialisations. Existing industry is widely scattered across several sectors and thus no single sector does show
sufficient critical masses. Regional innovation policy has reacted already in the past to this challeng
e by developing
regional innovation strategies based on strong interaction with stakeholders, building up regional innovation networks
and in fostering the regional science base.

This case study presents approaches to smart regional innovation policy from

a systemic perspective. On the one
hand existing regional instruments (i.e. regional clusters, R&D infrastructures) will be discussed demonstrating their
interactions and contributions to develop regional specialization in niches; on the other hand the ex
isting policy
learning system ‘The Innovation Assessment Methodology Lower Austria (I
-
AM Lower Austria)’ will be discussed in
detail. This tool is a coherent part of the Continuous Improvement Process of the Regional Innovation System Lower
Austria (CIP RI
S NÖ). I
-
AM Lower Austria is a comprehensive system of different monitoring and evaluation tools for
Lower Austria’s innovation policy to gain deep insight into the results and the impact of state aids and further
innovation support services with the aim t
o improve single innovation policy instruments as well as to coordinate the
overall regional innovation system with all involved actors/intermediaries.

Keywords:
Regional R&D infrastructure, specialization in niches, policy learning, monitoring of regional

innovation
system

How this study can contribute to the project:

This study will provide insights in how the development of regional R&D infrastructure in close interaction with
industry clusters do help to foster the exploitation of general purpose techn
ologies in a wide set of sectors.

What do you expect to learn in the project (including other case
-
studies):



How to foster regional specialization (i.e. combined economic and scientific competences)




How to stimulate related variety at regional level.





Region/Country: Upper Austria Region

(Austria)

Title:
Smart Governance for Smart Specialisation in the Upper Austria Region: Making use of mixed top
-
down,
bottom up planning for regional competence development

Analysed theme or sector:

Multi
-
level govern
ance (national, regional, EU, triple helix) with emphasis on regional
priority setting related to the strengthening of the regional knowledge base related to strong regional clusters.

Contributors (names, affiliations, professional background):

Anke Merkl
,
TMG regional agency

Christoph Brandstätter,
CATT regional agency

Christian Hartmann, Ph.D
.
, JOANNEUM RESEARCH, POLICIES


Centre for Economic and Innovation Research


Abstract:

The region of Upper Austria is characterised

by a strong internationally competitive industry base. A sound
regional innovation policy cycle and regional clusters have enabled the region to strengthen its competitiveness over
the last one and a half decades. Regional innovation policy design has bee
n in Upper Austria already in the past a
process of mutual adjustment between industry, science and policy.

This case study investigates how the concept of smart specialization can help to develop this existing good practice
further for the up
-
coming next
period of regional strategy setting as well as its competitive positioning among other
European regions with regard to future European policies and programs. Particular focus will be thereby set on the
development of processes to identify existing gaps in
the regional knowledge, competence and science base in
relation to the strong existing clusters as well as refining methods for indentifying technologies (within the individual
clusters or industry sectors) with “double

strengths”, i.e. technologies, which

enjoy clear leading edge positions
regarding knowledge & competence as well as regarding industrial strength.

Keywords:

multi
-
level governance,
bottom
-
up and top down priority setting
,
development of regional knowledge base

How this study can contribute t
o the project:

This study will provide detailed insights in the Upper Austrian
participative mixed top

down & bottom

up policy planning for regional competence development.

What do you expect to learn in the project (including other case
-
studies):



How to
further improve existing modes of regional and multilevel governance in the domain of regional,
national and EU innovation policy




To explore other good practices in regional and multilevel governance of innovation policy.




To link regional policy developm
ent via a set of adjusted tools to European policy development and
programs







Region/Country:
Flanders (Belgium)

Title:
Nano for Health


Analysed theme or sector:
Diversification of nano
-
electronics research
for

innovation
in

medical applications

Contributors (names, affiliations, professional background):

N, consultant X

Johan Van Helleputte, Director Strateg
ic Developmenty,

imec

Marc Van Rossum, Senior Scientific Advisor, imec

Jan Larosse, Policy Advisor Flemish Governement

Abstract:

This case
-
study aims at documenting as well as
leveraging

the further development of the diversification strategy of
the Flemish nano
-
electronics research center
imec

in the health domain

and in the underlying technology platforms. It
aims also at
the deve
lopment of regional and cross
-
border cluster platforms and international networks
in both
nanoelectronics technology platforms and nano for health,
to pool resources for research and industrial initiatives
according
to
smart speciali
z
ations and complementa
rities between the partners. Innovation in the health domain is a
societal challenge which is shared by many regions. I
mec

is a key player in nano
-
electronics (world level
recognition
and
speciali
z
ation

as one of the largest independent research institutes

in its field
) wh
o

can supply general purpose
technologies
(technology platforms)
for diverse application fields and
act as a
smart speciali
z
ation

region

at
a
regional level, in Flanders a
s well as

in global value

& innovation

chains. The study aims at acc
elerating the strategic
positioning of complementary partners by use of strategic intelligence and eco
-
system management. Special
attention is devoted in developing cross
-
border synergies with the Brainport cluster in Eindhoven (NL).

Keywords:

cross
-
border cluster; nano
-
electronics; health;
innovation platform;
complementarities
; value and
innovation chain integration

How this study can contribute to the project:


This is a case of

multi
-
level


smart speciali
z
ation strategy development.
This im
plies exploring
synergies between the
strategy of a global research institute with
other private and public actors at
regional, cross
-
regional and European
levels
. In a decentralized decision environment
,

this involves sharing a common strategic framework
which discloses
potential complementarities and differentiation potential
in turning

common challenges

into innovation opportunities
.

What do you expect to learn in the project (including other case
-
studies):

The case will be developed as an action
-
study.

At each decision level in the smart specialization strategy formulation,
stronger decision capacity can be built up thanks to the dedicated processes

(e.g. decision criteria for smart
specialization). Possibly the study will contribute to the establishmen
t of new alliances between parties engaged.
The
structured process of policy learning
in this OECD project
will
leverage and inspire the efforts of the participants.







Region/Country:
Flanders (Belgium)

Title:
Acceleration towards sustainable
Chemistry


Analysed theme or sector:
Accelerated
transition ofthe petro
-
chemical cluster in Flanders to a sustainable chemical
industry

Contributors (names, affiliations, professional background):

N, consultant X

Frans Dieryck, CEO, essenscia

Flanders (Industry federation for chemicals, plastics and life sciences)

Carl Van der Auwera,

Innovation Advisor, essenscia ,

Jan Larosse, Policy Advisor
,

Flemish Governement

Abstract:

This case
-
study aims at documenting as well as
leveraging

the further development
and accelerated
implementation
of the
transition strategy of the Flemish petro
-
chemical cluster towards a sustainable chemical cluster
of world
-
class, on the basis of the strategic transformation programme FISCH (Flanders Innovatio
n hub for
Sustainable Chemistry). This programme is already the fruit of a prolonged strategic reflection and mobilization
among more than 350 organisations (enterprises big and small, knowledge centers, university associations,
government departments and

societal stakeholders) active in or for the chemicals using value chains in Flanders,
which resulted in a new Competence Center for Sustainable Chemistry in Flanders. The study will contribute to the
further articulation of the strategic innovation pro
gramme and the industrial initiatives from this Competence Center
and the cluster actors. The exploration of re
gional
strengths
and
of
cross
-
border cluster platforms and international
networks
in new value chains
according
to
smart speciali
z
ations and com
plementarities between the partners
, will
accelerate the strategic focussing
.
The chemical sector is already a strong specialization of Flanders’ economy, but to
preserve this for the future a good match with the science base has to be achieved in a shared

strategic vision on the
transition to new more sustainable (biobased) raw materials, (intensified) chemical technologies, (multifunctional)
chemical products and (smarter) organizational and business models and thus to a new industrial revolution based on

sustainable development serving the grand challenges.

essencia Flanders is the multi
-
sector federation of the life sciences and chemical companies in Flanders. It has taken
the lead in this transition to preserve the competitiveness of the sector in medi
um and long term perspective,
recognizing that the business models need to be closer attached to the needs of society as providers of solutions and
that the joint research and innovation efforts of academia, industry and society have to be increased and ac
celerated
in targeted domains.
The study aims at accelerating the strategic positioning of complementary partners by use of
strategic intelligence and eco
-
system management. Special attention is devoted in developing cross
-
border synergies
in transitioning

with the
petro
-
chemical cluster around Rotterdam

(NL).

Keywords:

cross
-
border cluster;

sustainable chemistry
;
bio
-
based economy; innovation platform;
complementarities
;
value and innovation chain integration, transition …

How this study can contribute to
the project:

This is a case of

transition of an already big traditional sector
towards a knowledge
-
driven sustainable cluster on a higher scale level. This implies ‘
multi
-
level


smart speciali
z
ation
strategy development.
The strategies of industrial and
research actors in regions and between regions have to be
better coordinated.

T
his
implies a more active organization of the ‘entrepreneurial discovery’ process of own and
others’ strengths and comparative advantages.
In a decentralized decision environmen
t
,

this
involves sharing a
common strategic framework which discloses potential complementarities and differentiation potential
in turning

common challenges

into innovation opportunities
.

What do you expect to learn in the project (including other case
-
st
udies):

The case will be developed as an
action
-
study. At each decision level in the smart specialization strategy formulation, stronger decision capacity can be
built up thanks to the dedicated processes

(e.g. decision criteria for smart specialization).
Possibly the study will
contribute to the establishment of new alliances between parties engaged.
The structured process of policy learning
in this OECD project
will
leverage and inspire the efforts of the participants.

Region/Country: North Karelia,

Lahti Region, Middle Finland (Finland)

Title:
Cross
-
cutting competences and lead markets forming a basis for the smart specialization

Analysed theme or sector:
Competence base and most promising future markets areas are analyzed interactively
with the ind
ustry and academia.


Contributors (names, affiliations, professional background):
Adj. Prof. Raine Hermans, innovation management
and valuation of intangible assets, Aalto University School of Economics. Prof. Vesa Harmaakorpi, innovation
networks , Lappee
nranta University of Technology; Prof. Tuomo Uotila, Industrial management, Lappeenranta
University of Technology; innovation networks.

Abstract:

This present study is an attempt to shed light on the current development phase of Finnish innovation
system f
acing a new paradigm based on cross
-
cutting competencies and foresight themes on market development.
The Finnish innovation system is seen as a mosaic of regional innovation systems. The regional innovation systems
are analyzed through a developed framewor
k including elements of theories of innovation systems and theories of
international trade as well as two recent national strategy papers. The present study aims at creating a pragmatic
framework for describing related variety at regional level (North Kare
lia) by combining two theoretical frameworks
seldom seen in the very same research article. The result maps North Karelia as a part of Finnish thematic regional
innovation platforms fueled by smart specialization. The study provides a case on how regional
companies can adopt
knowledge from the interregional and international network and build their R&D activity on the chosen application
areas.


Keywords:

smart specialization, innovation platforms, regional innovation systems, international trade

How this
study can contribute to the project:

The study emphasizes how the geographically peripheral region can
form combinations of its local competence base and interregional/international collaboration networks. Instead of
imitating (infra)structures of regions
with higher scale economies, the region adopts and commercializes intangible
assets generated by the large scale regions. For instance, international patent pools are utilized and the utilization
mechanisms are described in the case study. The screening an
d adoption mechanisms activate a high number of
SMEs to refocus their R&D activity and reform generation of their own intangible assets.

What do you expect to learn in the project (including other case
-
studies):

The entire project will provide wide
persp
ectives to smart specialization in terms of highly different regions, in terms of their scale of resources and
geographic proximity to markets. It will be interesting to learn from the set of studies how we can improve and clarify
the definition for smart
specialization in highly different collaboration networks and regions.





Region/Country:
Gwangju

(
South Korea
)

Title:
Central government
-
led smart specialisation


Analysed theme or sector:
Photonics Industry

Contributors (names, affiliations, professional background):

Jeong Hyop Lee, STEPI, research fellow

Abstract:

Th
is

paper
analyses

the evolution of local governing mechanism
s
, which ha
ve

been steered by the central
government and ha
ve

contributed to
the
agglomeration of
the
photonics industry in Gwangju, Korea. The local
program and policy supports have provided a refuge for domestic suppliers during the rapid shrink
ing

of global
photonics demand. Later
,

the local system has evolved
in
to a network of loca
l knowledge creators and users, which
has spurred the continuous development of
its
local photonics industry.

Keywords:

Evolution, Central government, Local governance

How this study can contribute to the project:

The role of central government for local smart specialisation in the
turbulent

global market will be identified.

What do you expect to learn in the project (including other case
-
studies):

Consensus building process,
institutionalization

of local industry development, strategic outsourcing,




Region/Country: Brainport Eindhoven Region

(The Netherlands)

Title:

Boosting Dutch High Tech Systems top sector by smart specialisation in Brainport Eindhoven Region: How the
national topsector

policy can be strengthened by smart specialisation in a functional region

Analysed theme or sector:

Multi
-
level governance (national, regional, cross
-
border, EU, triple helix) issues related
to the strengthening of the national topsector High Tech System
s and Materials by national policies, smart
specialization in the Brainport Eindhoven Region and the crossborder cooperation between Brainport Eindhoven
Region and Leuven (Flanders).

Contributors (names, affiliations, professional background):

-

Linco Nieuw
enhuyzen MSc, Strategy advisor

at Brainport Development
.
He is responsible for the
organizational and regional strategy and relations with advisory boards and policy makers in the Netherlands
and in Europe.

Linco

was one of the five team members who performed Brainport 2020, the strategy and
action programme for the Southeast
-
Netherland with Brainport Eindhoven region as important hotspot.

In
2009, Linco was one of the authors of ‘Engineering the Future’, the str
ategy for the further development of
the ELAt cooperation. Moreover, Linco also participated in several European projects with a focus on
crossborder relations.

-

Jasmijn Rompa, junior strategy advisor at Brainport Development. She is responsible for monito
ring of the
Brainport Eindhoven Region in its national and European context.

-

...

Abstract:

The Brainport Eindhoven Region is a smart specialized region avant la lettre/since many years. The region
has a world class high tech systems cluster and the region
al triple helix strongly supports the further development of
the region for many years. The region also has close connections with Leuven. This is expressed by the cooperation
in the Eindhoven
-
Leuven
-
Aachen triangle (ELAt) and the Holst centre on the High
Tech Campus Eindhoven, a
knowledge institute, jointly established by TNO and IMEC. In 2011 Brainport 2020 is developed, the new economic
development strategy and action programme of the Southeast
-
Netherlands area with Brainport Eindhoven Region as
its hots
pot. High Tech Systems and Materials is one the most important clusters the strategy focuses on.

At the same time, the National government developed the so called top sector approach: an integral approach to
strengthen nine Dutch top sectors with triple h
elix participation and companies in the driver seat. High Tech Systems
is one of these top sectors. Besides, the Flemish government started a more or less similar approach to strengthen
sectors in Flanders.

This case study investigates how the national top

sector approach for High Tech Systems can be combined with the
regional (smart specialization) strategy in the Brainport Eindhoven Region and how the linkages with Leuven can be
strengthened and used to improve the competitiveness op the top sector High T
ech Systems and Materials. This
could be done by focusing on some specific themes, for example nano for health which is an issue both in Eindhoven
and Leuven.

Keywords:

multi
-
level governance, cross
-
border cooperation, functional region

How this study can
contribute to the project:

This study will provide insights in how smart specialization and
strong regional clusters with crossborder linkages can be integrated in national policies.

What do you expect to learn in the project (including other case
-
studies)
:

-

How to deal with multilevel governance issues that will appear when smart specialization (which is
something that happens in regions) is combined and integrated in national innovation policies.

-

Whether or not smart specialization in regions could be an i
nstrument to link the national sector approach
with European initiatives (e.g. European Innovation Partnerships, Smart Specialization policies etc).




Region/Country:
Andalusia (
Spain
)

Title:
Development of R&D&I

regional policies based on smart specialisation

Analysed theme or sector:
Aerospace sector

Contributors (names, affiliations, professional background):
Regional Ministry of Economy, Innovation and
Science, Agency for Innovation and Development of Andalusia,
Technological Corporation of Andalusia, FADA
-
CATEC Foundation and Helice Foundation.

Abstract:
Andalusian aerospace sector can be summarized in two te
rms:
First the experience of fostering the sector
by the
Regional Government through the
ERASTAR, ERASTAR+ and NEREUS European projects, and second, a
strong business network around the
Andalusian Aerospace Technological Park (Aeropolis). For these reasons

the
proposed case study will allow the application of the smart specialisation approach,
-
defined

as “process of
entrepreneurial discovery of priority areas… and investments according relative strengths”
-
to the Andalusian
aerospace sector for the design o
f R&D&I policies in
preferential areas for the region.

Keywords:

Aerospace, regional, smart specialization, I+D+I, research, development, innovation, policy

How this study can contribute to the project:

The participation in
ERASTAR and ERASTAR+ European projects
has motivated the coordination of strategies and actions in the field of the aeronautics and space in support of the
European aerospace policy.
The currently participation in NEREUS
European project is allowing contri
bution in a
questionnaire of smart specialisation about the economic potential of space technology and downstream services for
European regions.
For these reasons the experience acquired through these European initiatives joint with the strong
aerospace
b
usiness and activity will allow to develop
of R&D&I policies based on smart specialisation on aerospace
sector.

What do you expect to learn in the project (including other case
-
studies):

Apply the smart specialisation on
aerospace sector to the design of t
he future regional R&D&I policies in
conjunction with

other experiences in
smart
specialisation from EU and OECD on the one hand, and on the other, the bottom
-
up methodology based on the
andalusian aerospace sector.




Region/Country: Basque Country
(
Spain
)

Title:
Regional Industrial Policy

Analysed theme or sector:
Main principles for regional industrial policy in developed countries, taking account of
Smart Specialization Strategies.

Contributors (names, affiliations, professional background):
EKAI C
enter. Very specially, its Executive
President, Adrian Zelaia. EKAI Center is a think
-
tank specialized in public policies, mainly related to industrial policy
and economic policy, and located in Mondragon (Spain)

Abstract:

It´s a working paper with the nam
e of “ON REGIONAL INDUSTRIAL POLICY” that has been elaborated in
collaboration with the Basque Government during a three month
-
program in which, through different conferences,
experts from different European countries have explained particular experiences
and views related to regional
industrial policy, regional innovation policy, smart specialization strategies, etc. Officials and politicians from Basque
Country have also taken part, as well as people from industry, research centers and universities.

Keywo
rds:

Smart specialization, regional industrial policy, regional innovation policy, regional governance.

How this study can contribute to the project:

Our main contribution will be from the point of view of regional
governance and the role of regional autho
rities in implementing Smart Specialization Strategies and Regional
Industrial Policy.

What do you expect to learn in the project (including other case
-
studies):

We expect to learn from other
experiences in Europe and in other OECD countries, and getting new ideas about Smart Specialization and Regional
Industrial Policy. We are specially interested in innovation policy and policies related to the contribution of u
niversities
and research centers to innovation policy.



Region/Country: Małpolska (Poland)

Title:
From industrialized to knowledge
-
based region


the transformation of the Małopolska region

Analysed theme or sector:
Low
-
tech manufacturing sectors (i.e.
mining, metallurgy, heavy chemistry), services,
information technology, telecommunications, life
-
sciences

Contributors (names, affiliations, professional background):

Department of Strategy, Ministry of Science and
Higher Education

Abstract:
Over the last

20 years, the Małopolska region (South part of Poland, 5% of Polish territory, 8% of Polish
population) has undergone the process of deep social and economic transformation. At the beginning of the 1990s, a
key role in the economic structure of the region

was played by traditional industries such as mining, metallurgy and
heavy chemistry. These industries were supported by strong science base specializing in areas related to mining and
manufacturing (i.e. AGH University of Science and Technology, and man
y sectoral public research organizations).
Over time, the role of traditional manufacturing sectors has decreased in favour of the increasing role of service
sector (two thirds of the total value added has been generated by service sector in recent years).

The growing role
have also been played by fast
-
growing industries like information technology, telecommunications, pharmaceutics.
The development of fast
-
growing industries is especially evident in the area of Special Economic Zone “Technology
Park Kraków
” and initiatives undertaken by Jagiellonian University (i.e. Jagiellonian Centre of Innovation Ltd.). The
emergence of fast
-
growing industries has been accompanied by the changes of the profiles of regional universities, in
particular in increasing intere
st in information technologies and life sciences. Regional universities are also engaged
in many initiatives aimed at addressing the main challenges in traditional areas of regional specialization (i.e. clean
coal technologies).

An i
mportant role in the pr
ocess of regional transformation of the Małopolska region has been played by bottom
-
up
entrepreneurship activities as well as cooperation with universities and public research organizations, especially in
the field of information technology (i.e the case o
f information technologies


ComArch company) and biotechnology
(i.e. the case of LifeScience Cluster Kraków). Significant impact on the transformation of the Małopolska region has
also cooperation with foreign partners, especially through foreign direct
investment in BPO services (in the
Małopolska region BPO
-
investments have been made by companies such as Amway, Bayer, Cap Gemini, Electrolux,
Google, Hitachi, HSBC, IBM, Indesit, KPMG, Motorola, Shell). Foreign investors have also supported the
restructur
ing of traditional industrial base in the Małopolska region (i.e. ArcelorMittal in the steel industry).

Many of the changes related to building knowledge
-
based economy in the Małopolska region, especially institutional
ones, were made in the late of the 1
990s. There are many initiatives and instruments at national and regional level
related to strengthen innovation and entrepreneurship. The idea of regional specialization is mentioned in the
Regional Innovation Strategy for 2005
-
2013 and the regional fores
ight reports, which highlight the increasing role of
service sectors and fast
-
growing industries, in particular information technology and biotechnology. The case of
Małopolska region shows that regional policy follows the process of endogenous developmen
t in which key role is
played by enterprises (SMEs and multinational companies) and universities. It also demonstrates that there is a need
to conduct ongoing debate and to take initiatives/ actions related to improving the effectiveness of regional
innov
ation system and accelerating the bottom
-
up, entrepreneurship activities, in particular in fast
-
growing industries.

Keywords:
restructuring, transformation, entrepreneurship, innovation, science park, cluster, low
-
tech sectors, fast
-
growing industries, the

Małopolska region, Jagiellonian University,

AGH University of Science and Technology,

ComArch, The LifeScience Cluster Kraków


How this study can contribute to the project:

The case of the Małopolska region could present the main
challenges related to the

transformation of this region, i.e.:



Analyzing the processes of restructuring of traditional industries, mainly low
-
tech manufacturing sectors, and
creating conditions for development of knowledge
-
based manufacturing and service sectors (i.e. transition,
lock
-
in, networks, capability and learning problems)



Presenting examples of successful cooperation between science and business in traditional sectors (i.e.
mining, energy) and searching for new fields/areas of specialization


fast
-
growing industries (i.e
. ComArch,
The LifeScience Cluster Kraków)



Analyzing the role and the evolution of institutional context and structural aspects of regional innovation
system of Małopolska



Analyzing the role of cohesion policy in supporting the development of modern infrastructure as well as
improving human and social capital in the Małopolska region



Analyzing the impact of foreign investment in the Małopolska region and the role of regional

specialization in
the context of the global value chains, especially in BPO services



Investigating the role national and regional authorities as well as regional stakeholders in searching for
specialization and strengthening regional capabilities, especia
lly financial and non
-
financial instruments
supporting entrepreneurship and innovation



Analyzing the role of connectivity and international cooperation, especially stronger integration with
European Research Area



Analyzing the differences in development a
nd specialization within the Małopolska region. The capital of the
region (Kraków) vs. rest of the region



Analyzing of R&D and Higher Education structure, outcome and impact



Analyzing the role of Małopolska region in National economy

What do you expect to

learn in the project (including other case
-
studies):

The project could be a good platform to exchange the views and experiences between different countries and
institutions, in particular concerning:



The comparison of the transformation paths and effects
in regions at different levels of development




The methods of searching, identifying and supporting regional specialization and the role of the main
stakeholders in these processes



The assessment of regional specialization impacts on development of the reg
ion.





Region/Country:
East Marmara (
Turkey
)


Title:
Towards a National Cluster Policy: The Case of the East Marmara Automotive Cluster


Analysed theme or sector:
Automotive Sector


Contributors (names, affiliations, professional background):
Pınar
Kahraman, Science, Technology and
Innovation Policy Department, The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey


Abstract:

The automotive sector has been the pioneering sector of the Turkish economy in terms of exports and RDI
capabilities.
Besides, the sector has closely connected with the key challenge areas of sustainable mobility, transport
and infrastructures, energy and environment, safety and security.

The Turkish automotive industry has mainly located in the East Marmara Region; compr
ising the provinces of Bursa,
Kocaeli and Sakarya. Producing circa 98% of the 1.1 million vehicles produced in Turkey and providing employment
opportunities for approximately 45 000 people, the region is the centre of the Turkish automotive industry. The
m
entioned region hosts 11 original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and also embodies hundreds of suppliers,
specialized in different segments of the complicated supply/value chain of the automotive industry.

Furthermore, according to the PRO
-
INNO Europe (20
08) entitled " The Concept of Clusters and Cluster Policies and
Their Role for Competitiveness and Innovation: Main Statistical Results and Lessons Learned " the East Marmara
Automotive Cluster has been represented among the leading European automotive clu
sters.

There have also been attempts with regard to stimulate the sectoral activities and strengthen governance
mechanisms. Launched in 2008, Automotive Technology Platform, which provides mediums for systematic
consultation with various stakeholders in R&
D and innovation agenda, has brought the representatives of the basic
and supplier automotive industry, universities and research organizations with RDI capacities. Within the Platform,
the working groups, namely on the themes of Mobility, Transport and In
frastructures, Energy and Environment,
Safety and Security, Design and Production Technologies, and Electric Vehicles, have been constituted under the
leadership of the private sector.

This case study will focus on deliberate policy making actions and bod
ies aiming to develop sectoral strategy and
strengthen the governance mechanisms pertaining to the cluster activities.


Keywords:
automotive sector, regional cluster, governance mechanisms, cluster policy


How this study can contribute to the project:
We consider that the efforts for developing a national clustering
policy within
the case of the East Marmara Automotive Cluster

would fit well within the main objective of the TIP
Project; which is to develop an understanding of governance mechanisms, pol
icies and methods for strategy
development for future smart specialisation.


What do you expect to learn in the project (including other case
-
studies):
Our expectations are
concentrated on the following issues of:




mutual policy learning on how to stimul
ate regional specialisation and develop a further understanding of
cluster policy



being informed of the other good practices and the latest state of the related issues



having the chance of advancing an interactive dialogue on governance mechanisms and met
hods on
strategy development for smart specialisation.




Region/Country: West Midlands (UK)

Title:
Low Carbon Vehicles (LVCs)

Analysed theme or sector:
Low carbon vehicle design, manufacture and infrastructure

Contributors (names, affiliations, professional background):

Daniel Hodges, Laura Hurley, Keith Smith


Economists for Knowledge and Innovation Analysis, UK Department for
Business Innovation and Skills.

Abstract:
The automotive industry is an important sector for UK manufacturing, directly employing 140k people.

The
shift to lower carbon vehicles creates growth opportunities for the automotive sector, supporting the rebalancing of
the economy and securing high
-
tech

jobs. The UK Government wants to ensure UK
-
based businesses are well
positioned to seize the opportunities in both the early domestic market and, in the longer
-
term, to position the UK as a
major player in the rapidly expanding global market.

This case st
udy will look at the governance structure and support programmes in place in the UK, with coordination
across a number of Government Departments and cross
-
Government groups, including the Office for Low Emission
Vehicles, the Department for Energy and Clim
ate Change, the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills and
the Technology Strategy Board. The Government also participants in public
-
private joint initiatives in support of LCVs
and is engaged with the West Midlands Automotive Cluster (WMAC), whic
h generates 60% of UK automotive R&D
and 30% of UK automotive turnover. WMAC is focusing on areas that exploit regional strengths, including
technologies for environmentally friendly vehicles.

Keywords:
Low carbon vehicles,
regional cluster, public
-
private

initiatives, market development

How this study can contribute to the project:
This case study will consider a coordinated Government approach to
supporting a specialised sector,
including support for a geographical cluster, with support at a national and

regional
level which engages and works together with actors across Government and industry.

What do you expect to learn in the project (including other case
-
studies):

A better view of how differing organisations come together and use a combination of pol
icy tools to successful create
a smart specialisation policy, and to shine light on the obstacles faced and the best practices used.