Static and Dynamic

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29 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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Three Dimensional
Static and Dynamic
Finite Element
Analysis and Design
of Structures

T
i
t
l
e

SAP2000

V8


Non Linear


A Comprehensive Software for the

Finite Element Modeling, Static, Dynamic
and Non
-
Linear Analysis and Design of
Structures

SAP2000

Key Features


Powerful and
Integrated Structural
Analysis and Design
Software



Fully Interactive
Graphical Interface
for quickly creating
models



Frame, Shell, Solid
and Non
-
linear Link
Elements



Introduction

SAP2000

Key Features


Extensive Analysis Options
including Linear
-
Static,
Linear
-
Dynamic, Nonlinear
-
Dynamic



Automated design of
Concrete and Steel Members
to various International Codes



Fully formatted, customized
reporting



DXF Import and Export Link
to AutoCAD


Introduction

SAP2000

Powerful Modeling Capabilities

Interactive

Modeling

SAP2000

Work on Multiple View


Generate complex 3D models using
plan, elevation and developed views

Interactive

Modeling

SAP2000

Parametric Structures


Use templates and parametric structures to
quickly generate typical models

Interactive

Modeling

SAP2000

Powerful Editing Tools


Use quick draw to create
elements easily


Duplicate and generate
elements with move, merge,
mirror and replicate

Interactive

Modeling

SAP2000

Powerful Editing Tools


Convenient dividing and meshing of elements

Interactive

Modeling

SAP2000

Powerful Editing Tools


Powerful grouping, selection and
display tools


On screen assignment of
properties, loading and supports


Actual section view


Copy/ Paste to and from spread
sheets


Unlimited levels of undo and redo


Interactive

Modeling

SAP2000

Convenient Viewing Options


Multiple orthographic and
perspective views


Zooming and panning


Standard viewing angles


User defined and named
views

Interactive

Modeling

SAP2000

Guides and Grids


Accurate dimensioning with
guidelines and snapping


Multiple rectangular and
cylindrical coordinate systems
with flexible grid systems

Interactive

Modeling

SAP2000

Feedback and Information


Right button click for instantaneous information on
selected objects and elements

Interactive

Modeling

SAP2000

Powerful Frame Elements


Simple Frame Elements for


Beam, Column


Truss, Bracing, etc.



Non
-
Linear Link Element for


Hook, Gap, Damper


Base Isolators


Friction



Plastic Hinge Element

SAP2000

Frame Element Cross
-
sections


Automatic section property
calculation for standard shapes


Built
-
in steel sections for
several Standards including
AISC, CISC, BS etc.

Frame

Elements

SAP2000

Linked to “CSI Section Designer”

Frame

Elements

CSI Section Designer
:

A highly interactive and
comprehensive software for building
structural shapes and sections in
concrete, steel or composite materials
for Frame elements

Reinforced Concrete

Simple Steel

Composite Sections

Built
-
up Steel

SAP2000

Non
-
prismatic Frame Elements


Multiple non
-
prismatic segments over element
length to model beams of variable sections

Frame

Elements

SAP2000

Rigid End Offsets


Rigid End connections to
model large joints


Automated end offset
evaluation and assignment

Frame

Elements

SAP2000

End Releases


Easily model non
-
fixed
connections by general
“End
-
Release”


Axial


Shear


Torsion


Moment

Frame

Elements

SAP2000

Load Options for Frame Elements


Gravity Load


Point Load


Uniform Load


Trapezoidal Load


Prestress


Temperature Variation



Loads applied in any
direction and axis

Frame

Elements

SAP2000

Temperature Gradient


Applied to Element Section in any direction


Applied to Nodes and Groups

Frame

Elements

SAP2000

Handle Prestress Cables


Load due to Prestress can be
applied to Frame Elements as
Cables in Patterns and Load Cases


Frame

Elements

SAP2000

Non
-
Linear Link Element


For use with the dynamic time history analysis option


Link may be placed between any two joints or from
joint to ground


Viscous damper with nonlinear exponent on velocity


Gap (compression only)


Hook (tension only)


Frame

Elements

SAP2000

Non
-
Linear Link Element


Uniaxial plasticity (all 6 degrees
of freedom)


Base isolator with biaxial
plasticity behavior


Base isolator with friction
and/or pendulum behavior


AVI file option for creating real
time displays of nonlinear
deformation behavior



Frame

Elements

SAP2000

Non
-
Linear Link Element


Force versus deformation plots of nonlinear
systems for energy dissipation studies


Frame

Elements

SAP2000


Used as Spring, Link,
Panel zone or inside
Frame Elements


Axial, flexural, shear and
torsional behavior


Axial
-
load/ biaxial
-
moment interaction


Multilinear behavior
including softening


Tabulated and Graphical
display of hinge status

Plastic Hinge Element

SAP2000

Powerful Shell Elements


General quadrilateral or triangular
element


Isotropic, Orthotropic and
Anisotropy material

Shell

Elements

SAP2000

Powerful Shell Elements


Six degrees of
freedom per joint


Shell, plate or
membrane action


Thick shell option

Shell

Elements

SAP2000

Powerful Shell Elements



Gravity and uniform loading


Pressure loading


Temperature and thermal
gradient loading

Shell

Elements

SAP2000

Solid Elements


Three dimensional 8
node brick element


Anistropic material


Gravity, thermal,
surface pressure and
pressure gradient
loading

Solid

Elements

SAP2000

Joint Restraints


General Spring Connection


Global and skewed springs


Coupled 6x6 user
-
defined
spring stiffness option (for
foundation modeling)

Supports &

Restraints

SAP2000

Joint Constraints



Generalized joint constraint
options including rigid bodies,
diaphragms, rods and welds

Supports &

Restraints

Weld

Rod

Diaphragm

SAP2000

Joint Loads and Displacements



Applied force and applied
displacements


Inclined Supports and joint
local coordinates

Supports &

Restraints

0
]
[
2




M
K
)
cos(
)
(
)
(
)
(
t
p
t
r
t
u
M
t
Ku






SAP2000

Extensive Analysis Capabilities



Static and/or dynamic response
spectrum analysis


P
-
delta analysis with either
static or dynamic analysis


Blocked active column equation
solver


Automated fast profile
optimization


Non
-
linear Pushover Analysis


Analysis

Options

SAP2000

General Dynamic Analysis



Eigenvalue analysis with
an accelerated subspace
iteration algorithm


Ritz analysis for fast
predominant mode
evaluation


Harmonic Steady
-
State
Analysis


Analysis

Options

0
]
[
2




M
K
)
cos(
)
(
)
(
)
(
t
p
t
r
t
u
M
t
Ku






SAP2000

Time History Analysis



Ground acceleration and
Multiple base excitation


Sequential history cases


Time history Windows AVI
file


Results can be combined
with other loads for
enveloping or step by step
steel and concrete design


Analysis

Options

SAP2000

Time History Analysis



Graphic displays of nodal
and element time history
records


Functions vs time or
function vs function
displays


Generation of response
spectrum curves for any
joint acceleration
component



Analysis

Options

SAP2000

Response Spectrum Analysis


Multiple response spectrum
cases in a single run


Modal combinations by the
SRSS, the CQC or the GMC
(Gupta) method


Analysis

Options


Directional
combinations by
the ABS or the
SRSS method

SAP2000

Bridge Analysis


Moving load analysis


Generation of influence lines and
forces envelopes


AASHTO vehicle loads


User
-
defined truck, lane and train
loads

Bridge
Analysis

SAP2000

Bridge Analysis


Determination of
maximum and
minimum displacement
and reactions


Capable of handing
complex lane
geometries

Bridge
Analysis

SAP2000

Bridge Analysis


Automatically calculates all
possible permutations of
traffic loads


Provides correspondence
between response
components


Results can be combined
with other loads for
enveloping or
corresponding component
for steel and concrete
design


Bridge
Analysis

SAP2000

Result Viewing Capability


3D perspective
graphical displays of un
-
deformed and deformed
structural geometries


Static deformed shapes
and mode shapes


Static and dynamic load
combinations and
envelopes

Viewing
Results

SAP2000

Result Viewing Capability


View Loading diagrams


Bending moment and shear
force diagrams


Stress contours

Viewing
Results

SAP2000

Result Viewing Capability



Animation of deformed shapes
and mode shapes


Animated stress contours

Viewing
Results

SAP2000

Result Viewing Capability


Instantaneous graphical and tabulated
output details for specific joint or
element with right button click


Multiple windows displaying different
parameters


Viewing
Results

SAP2000

Member Design


Fully interactive and graphical steel
and concrete frame member design


Design for static and dynamic loads


Member
-
grouping for design envelops


Ductile and non
-
ductile design

Member

Design

SAP2000

Design Output


Detailed on
-
screen
design information with
right button click

Member

Design

SAP2000

Design of Concrete Members


Support ACI, AASHTO, British,
Canada, New Zealand and
Eurocode2


Biaxial moment
-
axial load column
interaction diagrams


Member

Design

SAP2000


Design of Steel Members


Support AISC (ASD and LRFD), AASHTO, British,
Canada, New Zealand and Eurocode3


Steel member selection and optimization


Member

Design

SAP2000

SAP200
-
DXF
-
AutoCAD Cycle

SAP 2000

SAP Objects

Structure

Database

Final

DXF File

DXF File

AutoCAD etc

DXF Converter
-
Out

(Display geometry, select
view, Select drawing
options, Convert to DXF,
Save as Meta files)

DXF Converter
-
In *

(Display DXF content,
Select options, Convert to
SAP, Save in MDB)

AutoCAD etc

DXF File

(Template)

AutoCAD etc

New

Tools

SAP2000

Transfer Model To AutoCAD


Complete control of the elements
and attributes to be transferred


Generate wire
-
frame or full solid
models

New

Tools

SAP2000

Get Model From AutoCAD

New

Tools

SAP2000

SAPReporter



Create fully customized
and formatted reports for
selected items including
text, tables and graphics.



Output can be


Previewed on screen


Printed on paper


Saved in RTF files


Saved in HTML format for
viewing in web browsers
.


New

Tools

SAP2000

V8


Non Linear


A Comprehensive Software for the

Finite Element Modeling, Static, Dynamic
and Non
-
Linear Analysis and Design of
Structures