What biotechnology is...

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1 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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By Donna Rocker, Ag in the Classroom Coordinator
478-474-0679, ext. 5365
What biotechnology is...
Biotechnology is not new. It has actually
been around for thousands of years. From
8,000 B.C. when humans began to modify
plants through selective breeding to today’s
microbiological techniques, we have been
reaping the benefits of biotechnology. The
discovery of penicillin as an antibiotic, the
commercialization of human insulin to treat
diabetes, and the techniques of pasteuriza-
tion are just a few of the medical applications
of biotechnology.
Biotechnology can provide better and
safer food production throughout the world
by improving our environment, reducing
crop losses due to drought, providing better
nutrition, creating pharmaceuticals to help
control and cure diseases and reducing de-
pendency on non-renewable fuels.
Biotechnology is…
• A powerful tool to increase food produc-
tion for a growing world while significantly
improving the health benefits of our food
• An effective way to protect the environ-
ment while producing food
• A way to produce safe and effective
pharmaceuticals
For additional information, here are a
few resources:
• www.ageducate.org
Order “Bringing Biotechnology to Life”
DVD and Teacher’s Guide. You can also
order the biotechnology “Ag Mag.”
• www.biotechinstitute.org
• www.whybiotech.com
A. The transmission of genetic characteris-
tics from parents to offspring.
B. Renewable liquid fuels made from plant
matter rather than fossil fuels.
C. The total amount of genetic information
in the chromosomes of an organism, in-
cluding its genes and DNA sequences.
D. A branch of biology that deals with the
heredity and variation of organisms.
E.
A group of genetically identical cells
or organisms that are descended from
one parent.
F. Living organisms or living things
(plants or animals) so small in size
that they are only visible with the aid
of a microscope.
G. The study of living things, including
structure, function, growth and ori-
gin.
H. Deoxyribonucleic acid: an extremely
long macromolecule that is the main
component of chromosomes and is
the material that transfers genetic
characteristics in all life forms.
I. A Hungarian engineer who first used
the term “biotechnology” in a paper
published in 1919; considered the
“father of biotechnology.”
J. The basic structural and functional
unit of all organisms.
K. The process by which humans modify
nature to meet their needs and wants; a
product of engineering and science used
to solve problems.
L. The genetic material produced when seg-
ments of DNA from different sources are
joined to produce recombinant DNA.
M. Threadlike bodies found in the nucleus,
or center part, of a cell that carry the in-
formation of heredity.
N. A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence
of DNA that occupies a specific location
on a chromosome and determines a par-
ticular characteristic in an organism, such
as hair color.
O. Technology used to alter the genetic ma-
terial of living cells in order to make them
capable of producing new substances or
performing new functions.
P. Methods and techniques that use living
organisms or their parts or products as
tools to make products to solve problems
and that are useful.
Q. Any of numerous substances that consist
of chains of amino acids, containing the
elements carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxy-
gen, and often sulfur. It is essential for life.
R. Crossing of individuals from genetically
different strains, populations or species.
S. Biological material, including corn,
switchgrass, and oilseed crops, that can
be converted into fuel.
B I O T C H N L G Y O O G R B I C T H T
I I B V O L L R I G S E V E T S A O G G
O L O G Y D E H I N E M X C A N W H E O
T N E T A W V G N I R B I O M A S S N L
C H E B M O D A R E N I E M O Z A N E O
H Y B R I D I Z A T I O N B O I Z V T J
R X K O C O W F X O O F E I M O D V I P
O V Z U R L T M V R M U V N O E N T C R
M E A D O J O E Q P Z E V A V P T E E L
O Q W P O D D O C N E L I N W A Q T N I
S A V W R Z O Z R H A H W T I L F A G B
O A Z R G I F A V D N A G W V D I J I U
M V U M A V O Z Q K R O E Z A M C O N N
E M G E N E T I C S A M L A V U L W E O
S R L M I G I H N E D H Q O C O O M E X
W F D H S J T E C H N O L O G Y N V R J
M W U V M I R V E K E L I Y E Y E M I E
M K F P X N I R X F E K L P Z O K A N M
U D U L E N E G U V J G U E M O N E G O
N O F V E D O H R G P D M X C A K V M J
G M O O I M G X D Q V R Z V V Q F U G E
A K S T E V E S G I R L U L F H I A L L
U M Y K E R E L R A K W A F U M A W N U
1 - Biology
2 – Technology
3 – Biotechnology
4 – Gene
5 – Heredity
6 – DNA
7 – Protein
8 – Genome
9– Genetic
engineering
10 – Microorganism
11 – Hybridization
12 – Biofuel
13 – Biomass
14 – Clone
15 – Cell
16 – Chromosomes
17 – Genetics
18 – Recombinant
19 – Karl Ereky
R
E G
N C E
I B I O M A S S N
C B M E I M E
H Y B R I D I Z A T I O N B T
R C O O F I I
O R T R U N C
M O E P E A E
O O C L N N
S R H T G B
O G D N A I
M A O C O N
E G E N E T I C S L L E
S I O O O E
S T E C H N O L O G Y N R
M E L Y Y E I
R L N
E N E G E M O N E G
D C
I
T
Y K E R E L R A K
1 – G
2 – K
3 - P
4 – N
5 – A
6 – H
7 – Q
8 – C
9 – O
10 – F
11 – R
12 – B
13 – S
14 – E
15 – J
16 – M
17 – D
18 – L
19 – I
Kid’s Corner
Answer Key: