George Mallen

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6 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk

Mono to Multi


Reflections on the
Evolution of Digital Cultural Heritage

Dr George Mallen


System Simulation Ltd


george@ssl.co.uk

SSL
-

the simple facts


Emerging from research work on learning and
decision making, founded in 1970 to do contract
research on applications of interactive computing


Early projects on system modelling, decision
support and educational gaming


Then visualisation and animation


Then IR, museums, ePublishing, image libraries and
higher education

Current business

20 people based in Covent Garden, London


Market sectors:


Cultural heritage


Higher education


Image libraries


Publishing & information services


Collaborative R&D

Selection of clients and partners

The British Museum, the V&A, the Royal Academy,
London’s Transport Museum, the Courtauld Institute,
JISC, the 24 Hour Museum, SCRAN, Getty Images,
Haymarket Medical, IFIS, MA, BFI, BBC, RTE, EC,
Wellcome Trust …

EU Framework projects


FPs 4, 5 and 6 on cultural
heritage projects

System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk


Some recent implementations


The British Museum's Merlin and
Compass systems


The V&A's CIS, CSIP (Core
Systems Integration Project) and
DAM (Digital Asset
Management)


Royal Academy

Courtauld Institute

London’s Transport Museum

SOPSE

Croydon Clocktower Museum

24 Hour Museum

System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk

Current concerns

Information systems are becoming
the main repositories of
externalised knowledge and
cultural history. This raises
loads of questions eg:

What are the processes which have
got knowledge from inside our
heads to outside?

How will our little market sector in
museums react to the
opportunity to become online
knowledge repositories?

Do we have governance
institutions which can use such
systems for benefit?

System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk

Knowledge Management


a
60000 year odyssey

Showing












System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk

Knowledge Management


a
60000 year odyssey

Showing










Telling




System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk

Knowledge Management


a
60000 year odyssey

Showing










Telling


Proving




System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk

Knowledge Management


a
60000 year odyssey

Showing










Telling


Proving


Simulating

System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk

Knowledge Management


a
60000 year odyssey

Showing





(Internal


in our mi

nds)





Telling


Proving


Simulating






System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk

Knowledge Management


a
60000 year odyssey

Showing





(Internal


in our mi

nds)





Telling


Proving


Simulating




(External


in our machines)




System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk

Culture as Externalised Knowledge


Survival after near extinction 70000 years ago largely
based on ability to pass on skill and knowledge
-

“show and tell”


Transition from hunter gatherer to settled communities
demanded agreed or imposed rules and conventions. Set
down as laws, ie externalised


Religions as accepted beliefs with externalised texts
and iconographies


Scientific method as means of building external
knowledge base


Electronic information systems now main repositories
for scientific knowledge and cultural history

System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk

Museums as guardians and teachers of
cultural history


Broadly we can see universities becoming the
creators of new knowledge (high end knowledge
markets), and industry/commerce becoming the
creators of new technologies



Will museums then become the guardians of history
with a key educating/mediation role advising
governance, policy formation and decision?



The big question


is there a role for cultural history
in tempering the application of knowledge and
technology?

System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk

Information Systems and the
Democratisation of Culture


Information systems as repositories



New communication technologies as means for
enlarging social groups, communities of interest
and constituencies



Scientific knowledge warning of dangers


ecological, geological, economic, extraterrestrial



Issues of governance and decision


System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk

Multimedia Knowledge Management
-

Challenges and Opportunities for
Industry/Academia Partnership


The technology challenge
-

MMKM as step towards
Automatic Knowledge Generation


The opportunity


to present cultural history as data for
interpretation by AKG systems

System Simulation www.ssl.co.uk

System Simulation


George Mallen


george@ssl.co.uk