agricultural and livestock research for development

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6 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 1 μήνα)

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Open knowledge sharing supporting learning in
agricultural and livestock research for development
projects


Peter Ballantyne







Food Security and Nutrition Network East Africa
Regional Knowledge Sharing Meeting, Addis Ababa,
Ethiopia, 11
-
12 June 2012


What’s your
main problem

Feed

I’ll go find
some
technology

What feed
technologies
have you got?

Planted forage

Urea treated straw

Bypass protein

OK, let’s try
those

“If you do what you’ve
always done, you’ll get
what you always got.”
Mark

Twain


Feed ‘promotion’ and
intervention under
business as usual not
too promising


Alan Duncan

Topics


ILRI and more effective development



Why share and learn


starting points for
knowledge management?



Ways to share and learn


approaches we
use at ILRI


Three ILRI roles in learning


ILRI as a ‘knowledge’ partner


in
development projects


Learning, M&E, impact assessment


Knowledge, expertise, facilitation, CD


Evidence, validation, …


ILRI as R4D ‘solution
-
finder’ with partners


Participatory, multi
-
stakeholder …


Explicit learning/knowledge focus …


ILRI ‘open’ research, knowledge and learning
approach [local to global]


We also do serious ‘upstream’ science!



Some starting points


Together
-

researchers, communities,
and development partners
-

know so
much …


How do we create, document and share this
knowledge?


How do we support learning, and share the
results?


How do we enrich these processes of
documenting, learning, and sharing?


Can we do R4D better?


To increase the effectiveness of R4D!

Some ‘answers’

1.
Co
-
create and co
-
learn in multi
-
stakeholder platforms

2.
Document and mobilize knowledge
from the (un)usual people

3.
Design, facilitate and document
projects and events to capture and
communicate knowledge and learning

4.
Make research knowledge, processes
and platforms ‘open’

5.
Engage, engage, engage …





1. Innovation platforms


spaces for
diverse actors
to engage in
dialogue, and to
jointly identify,
learn about and
address issues


Innovating with
communities

2. Documenting (un)usual voices


Community
perspectives


Funder voices


Beyond reports

Listen and learn





Participatory video


Documenting (un)usual voices

Most
Significant
Changes

Discussion support tools


Rapid value chain
assessment


Participatory feed
assessment with
communities


Technology
prioritization with
farmers

Discussion support tools

Results:


Promising feed
interventions that
might work


Better
understanding why
usual suspects
often don’t work


Learning from
communities


32%
22%
20%
14%
6%
6%
Contribution of livelihood activities to household income (as a
percentage)
Agriculture
Livestock
Remmitance
Labour
Others
Business
Solutions suggested by farmers


Crops at backyard, around
fence, farm side


Reducing the herd size


Improving the utilization of
straws of different food crops


Providing farmers with
continuous training


3. Document and share


Facilitate
workshop
processes


Design to
involve, learn
and interact


Document with
multi
-
media


Publish and
cherish





4. Open the knowledge


Open research



‘Working out
loud’




Open planning


‘Open’ events


Open project workspace


Open sharing


of lessons and gaps


Full text reports


Open presentations


Open photos


Open repository

Books on Google

Open for feedback


Working out loud!


“bringing activities out of closed repositories and
applications [
and events and processes
], and pulling
them into the open increases the likelihood of learning
information earlier.”

-

Stowe Boyd:
http://blog.podio.com/2011/08/01/working
-
out
-
loud
-
make
-
work
-
open
-
to
-
make
-
it
-
better



WOL =

Observable Work

+

Narrating Your Work


Narrating Your Work: journaling what you are doing
in an open way for others to follow


Observable Work: creating / modifying / storing
your work where others can see it, follow it and
contribute to it, before it is final

5. Engage over time

Partners,
collaborators


Relationships


Feedback


Open mindsets


Social learning


Social media



Challenges


Process versus products



Getting to open



Finding ‘facilitation’ and process
expertise



Fear of new ‘tools’; fear of
‘overload’



Making time to learn and share


Contacts


KM and KS @ ILRI: Peter Ballantyne
(
p.ballantyne@cgiar.org
)



Participatory video: Beth Cullen
(
b.cullen@cgiar.org
)



Innovation platforms: Alan Duncan
(
a.duncan@cgiar.org
)



http://infoilri.wordpress.com


International Livestock Research Institute

Better lives through livestock

Animal agriculture to reduce poverty, hunger and

environmental degradation in developing countries



ILRI



http://www.ilri.org