Performance Analysis of Throughput Routing Protocol EIGRP and RIP

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28 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 9 μήνες)

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P
erformance Analysis of
Throughput

Routing Protocol

EIGRP and RIP



Dr. Parag Jain


Ashish Saini

Professor &

Head

Lecturer

Roorkee
Institute

of Technology

Roorkee Institute of Medical Science

Roorkee
, Uttarakha
nd

Roorkee,

Uttarakhand

E
-
mail:paragjain2k1@rediffmail.com

E
-
mail:ashish_saini66@yahoo.com


Abstract



A


su
fficient
routing mechanism
require
s as

growing

the

need to distribute

applications across number of

networks and the availability of


high capacity, high
-
performance
between
intermedia
te switching nodes
and network
s.
This paper compares the performance of
routing protocols such as Enhanced Interior Gateway
Protoc
ol (EIGRP) and Routing Information Protocol
(RIP).On the basis of Throughput of packets. To
analyze the performance of both routing protocol we
use the OPNE
T simulator.

Keywords

Routing protocol,EIGRP,RIP,OPNET


1.

INTRODUCTION


In modern time, computer communication
networks are growing at a very high speed day by day.
Communication technology provide user friendly
services such as file transferring, print sharing, video
streaming
and voice conferencing[1
]. Internet is a
global
system which interconnected computer
networks and playing a vital role in communication
networks. Computer communication networks are
based on a technology that provides the technical
infrastructure, where routing protocols are used to
transmit packets acr
oss the Internet
[2]
.


Routing protocol play a vital role in the
modern communication networks. routing protocol is a
protocol which is responsible to determine how routers
communicate with each other and forward the packets
thr
ough the optimal path to travel from a source node
to a destination node. The classification of Routing
protocols such as Interior or Exterior Gateway
Protocol (EGP); Distance Vector or Link State
based
on their characteristic [3].
The main objectives of
ro
uting protocols is to establish the best path from the
source to the destination,make routing table, share
information to the neighboring routers. Convergence
,loop free
,

security are the main attribute of routing
protocol.
Based on the routing states ,dat
a packets are
forward by intermediate nodes along an established
route to the destination
[4]
.



RELATED WORK




Performance analysis of different routing
protocols has been done based on different
performance metrics like network convergenc
e,
router convergence, queuing delay and throughput
and network bandwidth utilization, CPU uti
lization
and routing traffic
[8]
.


Introduction of Routing Protocol



Routing Information Protocol (RIP)



Routing Information Protocol or Distance
Vector Protocol based on Bellmn
-
ford
algorithm

to
calculate its route with in a network that are on
minimum distance. Routers adapt to change in network
topology by exchanging information with their directly
connec
ted neighbor. As the topology change the
mechanism of trigger updation comes into action and
sends its updation over UDP. At present the two
version of RIP,RIPv1 and RIPv2 use broadcast and
multicast respectively and supports subnet mask and
simple authen
tication mechanism respectively. The
limitation of RIP the network should not be much
larger than 15 hop. In small network RIP easy to
implement and has little overhead in terms of
bandwid
th and memory
consumption [5, 6
].


Enhanced Interior Gateway Routin
g Protocol
(EIGRP)


EIGRP
[5,7]
is an improved version of IGRP which
is
based on

dynamic routing protocol. It use in medium
and also at large scale network to extend the network
information to the neighboring routers.

EIGRP can
also be considered as hybrid protocol because of
having link state protocol properties.

EIGRP uses the
metrics like bandwidth, d
elay, reliability, load
in
making its routing decisions
. The

main feature of
EIGRP of that the convergence time is ve
ry fast,
network detect the change and update the routing table
immediately.

It use less memory and CPU time and
does not use too much bandwidth during normal
operation.


SIMULATION RESULT AND ANALYSIS

The simulation is carried by the simulation tool
OPNET which is power

full to analyze the

performance of the different type
of
network.

In this
paper we analyze

the performance of Network on the
basis of RIP and EIGRP protocol. The network

Set up is logical and set the routers and connect them
with the
10BaseT link and data rate is 10mbps. The IP
parameter of RIP in OPNET taken as follows.


Table for IP parameter

Processing scheme

Central Processing

Datagram Switching (packet/sec)

5,00,000

Datagram forwarding (packet/sec)

50,000

Memory Size

16MB

The network setup through which we analyze the
pe
rformance of RIP as shown below.



To analyze the network

performance

we take
the
simulation

time

10min.
T
he stop time of RIP is
10,000sec which

indicate th
at the traffic shut down
itself ,
after the
simulation we find the result which is
shown in fig.2
.

In this figure we can see that both the graph is same
which
represent that
in the starting

packet
s send and
receive rapidly and after some time the frequency is
rapidly down and after some time the sat
uration is
come
we can see the up and downs comes in both the
graphs.
But when

a route is
fail in the network

consider that the status of router 2 to router 1
for this
we set a failure recovery objet to analyze the result the
scenario as shown in fig 3.




Fig.2
RIP
performance

when no
route fail


When we simulate this scenario for the same condition
then the result find as shown is fig 4. In the failure
scenario the packet send in the same manner as before
but there is the result is different, when the route fail
the packet receive in the network n
ot so fast after
some
time the capacity of packet receiving down and then
slowly goes up which represent that the attack come in
the network
.



Fig 3 setup for route fail





Fig.2
RIP performance

when route fail


In the same manner for both t
he condition
(
when the
route fail
and not) we analyze the performance of
network in the EIGRP protocol. After simulation the
result find out as follows:








Fig No route failure




Fig when route failure


The above figure shows that the packet send and
receive under the EIGRP routing protocol in both of
the case (when network fail and not)the throughput is
good

in both condition there is no effect on the
throughput
.


Conclusion

After a several simula
tions in OPNET,
we analyze that
the performance of

EIGRP protocol shows better
performance compared to RIP protocol in terms of
throughput and convergence

in both of the condition
.

References


1.

Tanenbaum, Andrews, 2003. “Computer
Networks”, Pearson
Education.

2.

IKram Ud Din, Saeed Mahfooz and
Muhammad Adnan, 2010. Analysis of the
Routing protocols in Real Time Transmission,
Global Journal of Computer Science and
Technology, 10 (2010),18
-
22
.


3.

Dr. Bing Wu,

Simulation Based Performance
Analyses onRIPv2,
EIGRP, and OSPF Using
OPNET.

4.

Ittiphon

krinpayorm and Suwat Pattaramalai
Link Recovery Comparison Between OSPF &
EIGRP
International Conference on Information
and Computer Networks (ICICN 2012)
IPCSIT
vol. 27 (2012) © (2012) IACSIT Press,
Singapore
.

5.

C.Hedrick,Routing information protocol,june
1988.

6.

Cisco ISO IP and IP Routing Configuration guide
Routing Information Protocol.

7.

Vishal Sharma,Rajneesh Narula,Sumeer
Khullar “
Performance Analysis of IEEE 802.3
using IGRP and EIGRP Routing Proto
cols”,

International Journal of Computer Applications
(0975


8887) Volume 44


No13, April 2012

8.

Shravan K. Narisetty, Santosh K. Balsu

Performance Comparison of EIGRP and
ISIS/RIP Protocols,


International Journal of
Research and Reviews in Ad Hoc
Networks
(IJRRAN) Vol. xx, No. xx, March 2011