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5 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 17 μέρες)

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AGROBIOCLUSTER:

Application mechanism of
Bioeconomy in the 21 century

Introduction: Needs Analysis
and Global Trends

1. BioEconomy is a strategic development goal of the XXI

century because of the following moving factors:


Growing demand of the power generation system and
industry in cheap raw materials for energy security


Need for more efficient agricultural and regional
development models


Growing environmental challenges


Contemporary technological advances make
“impossible” things possible (especially in
biotechnology, green chemistry and nanotechnology)


Need to ensure competitiveness in the conditions of
globalizations

2.
Bioeconomy: is based on
biotechnology

and
uses renewable bioresources for production
of valuable products and energy, because:



Industrial biotechnology can help make a biobased
economy possible
-

renewable carbon from plants
replace fossil carbon from dinosaurs; thus biology will
replace geology and we will till instead of drill for our
raw materials.



Biotechnologies such as biocatalysts and
bioprocesses can convert agricultural raw materials,
namely, fiber, lipids (oils), and proteins into the
products of advanced economies
-

fuels, chemicals,
solvents, monomers and polymers, adhesives and
other materials.

Introduction ctd.

Conversion

Renewable

bioresources:





Plants



grains



wood



weed




Animals, fish




Microorganisms




Organic waste:

-

household

-

industrial

-

agricultural

-

forestry

-

water

Biotechnologies:


Biocatalysis (ferments)


Fermentation

(microorganisms)

Industrial
bioproducts:




Bioenergy

/
Biofuel




Bioproducts:



biochemicals



biodetergents



biopolymers



bionanomaterials



biolubricants



biological BAS



bioadhesives



biocatalysts



biosensors

Physical
-
Chemical
Technologies:

Extraction

Pirolis

Gas formation

Application: industries/products

First Wave:


Health System
and Medicine




Biomedicines



Vaccines



Diagnosticums



Artificial organs



Gene therapy

Second Wave:


Agriculture and
food industry



Draught and
disease stable
grains




Functional
feeding



Biofertilisers



Nutriceuticals

Third Wave:


Bio
-
industry



Biofuel and
bioenergy



Bioproducts:


-
Biochemicals


-
Biopolimers


-
Biolubricants


-
Biocatalysts


-

Biosensors


Other sectors



Informatics



Genomics



Nanotechnology

“green chemistry” has developed


Biomass of live cells

-

Biocatalysis in chemistry

-

Cleaning of soil, water

and air

Carotinoids

-

β
-
carotene

-

astacsantene

-

lycopene

Energy of water


Polisacharides

-

for technical needs

-

for food industry

Industrial ferments

-

α
-
amylase

-

glucoamylase

-

protease

-

lipase

-

cellulase

-

Pectinase etc.


Vitamins

-

riboflavin

(
B
2
)

-

Ascorbic acid

(
C
)

-

nicotiamide

(
PP)

-

kobolamine (B
12
)

Fructose syrup

Sugar substitute

Starch

Grain


Chemicals

-

Milk acid

-

Lemon acid

-

1,3
-

propanediol

-

Thin products for

pharmaceutical industry
.


Bio fertilizers

Biopesticides

-

bioinsecticides

-

biofungicides

-

Nitrogen fixer

-

biostimulators

Fuel ethanol

Glucose syrup

Microbiological

industry

Antibiotics

Amino Acids

-

L
-
lysine

-

L
-
threonine

-

L
-
tryptophane

Application: based on microbiology

Application: example of a
bioderived product

Sorona 3GT:


polymer by DuPont and Tate&Lyle


Markets:


Fabrics, Fibers,

Construction plastics


Surpasses polyester and nylon
:

softer, easier dyed, stretch
recovery, low prime cost,

stable to dirt

OECD

: 21
situational analysis of the advantages of
using bioprocesses and production of bioproducts

www.oecd.org/biotechnology

Organization of Economic
Cooperation and Development


10
-
50% lower prime cost in many industries



10
-
80% lower energy consumption and
emission of CO
2

e.g.:


Green House Gas free biofuel
-

bioethanol,
biodiesel, biogas; or


microbe leaching instead of high temperature
roasting of ores in mining industry).



Saving water consumption by 20
-
50% e.g.:


organic detergents in food industry;


excluding of chemical dyes in textile industry.



Considerable decrease of industrial pollution
and emission of toxic substances and Green
House Gases, e.g.:


“green chemistry”;


biodegradable polymers;


lower use of chloral whitewashing of pulp in pulp
and paper industry

Implementation of biotechnology provides
both economic and environmental
advantages:

Strategic Goals of USA in the area of biotechnologies


1)

Biofuel:


Increase use of
biofuels to
35
billion gal/year in ethanol equivalent by
2017




(
from ~

5
today)
Source: James D. McMillan, Ph.D. National Renewable Energy


Switch
1/3
of total consumption of fuels to bio by
2030

2)

Biorefineries
:


Integrated production and processing of pulp biomass into biofuel, energy and chemical products


Scientific and technological research aimed at creation of
commercial technologies of
biorefinery by
2012.


Application: forecasts

Unlimited possibilities of bioeconomy: bioproducts and bioprocesses are
aimed at changing of the traditional areas of industry, using chemical raw
materials and chemical technologies


1) World market

of biochemical products by
20
2
0
:

$
280

billion


20% (
$
280
bill/year
)
of the world market of chemical products
(
$
1,4
trillion/year
)

will be
substituted by bioproducts and biotechnologies of them $
160
bill/year would be new
products (
Estimation of McKinsey Group)


2) World market of
bioenergy industry

in
2050
:

$
150
billion

30%
of the world’s demand of energy would be provided by renewable sources

The market of biomass needed for this demand will be $
150
billion. (
Estimation of Royal
Dutch Shell)

Compare: the World market of biopharmaceutical products forecast
$
50
billion in
2010
.

How does it work?

The Biorefinery Concept is
one of the ways

to operate Bioeconomy

Are there any

issues or barriers?

Major problem for BioEconomy

Example: Biofuel

1
st

Generation of Biofuel

Bioethanol

(substitute of gas) is
made of cereal crops: corn,
wheat etc.

Biodiesel

is made of oil
-
bearing
crops

Increase in production of such Biofuels
uses up arable land, eatable crops,
increases prices on food and creates a
dilemma:
FOOD or FUEL?


2
nd

Generation of Biofuel

Fuel is made of cellulose
:

dried

waste products of agriculture,
forestry, wood processing
industry, household waste etc.

Can help Food or Fuel dilemma

`


Dried plant cells develop lignine
(xylogen) coat to defend from
microorganisms. Further disintegration
of cells into monosacharides (material
for biotechnologies) requires acid
influence:
TOO EXPENSIVE!


No cost
-
effective infrastructure for
harvesting, transporting and storing of
biomass:
TOO COMPLICATED!

Why raw material is an issue

Unstable supply of raw materials needed for biotechnological
production of new products/energy with the help of
microorganisms!!!

Influence of Technologies on
cost
-
effectiveness of making
bioproducts

Type of Raw Material

Storage Technology

Processing Technology

Cost of Processing

Profitability

Yield

Cost of Raw Material

Transportation
Technology

Share of Raw Materials in the Structure
of Prime Cost of Final Products


BioFuels


50%
-
80%


Organic Chemicals


45%
-
90%


Animal Feeds/Forages


over 60%


Cost of Raw Material consists of the costs
of growing, harvesting, transportation and
storage.


Total Costs grow in logarithmic
progression depending on the distance
between the field and the processing site

What is required?

Green Energy from Green Mass
: shredded overground part
of plants, collected during blossoming or budding phase:
perfect raw material for Bioeconomy


In green mass
condition

plant cells
contain easy
fermentable sugars
and little lignine,
which makes them
good raw material for
biotechnologies and
easy to digest feed
for animals


The advantage of the “green mass”
condition of plants is at the same time a
drawback: plants preserve their useful
qualities in this condition for only a short
period of time: up to 2 hours, which is
enough for small scale summer time
production of biogas and cattle feeding:

EFFICIENT TRANSPORTATION AND
LONG TERM STORAGE TECHNOLOGY
is needed

“Green Mass”
as Raw Material

Still another issue

What we propose:

Business Project:

Integrated Technology of Cost
-
Effective and Scale Production
of Organic Food, Bio
-
Detergents, Bio
-
Fuels and Organic
Chemicals

1) Technological

Green Mass is not shipped long distance:
equipment for its processing is installed
at
the place of its accumulation
: the Energy
Farm and the Biorefinery concepts are
bridged

into one concept
Agro
-
Industrial
Enterprise (AIE):


Transportation and long
-
term storage
know
-
how’s and reduced cycle of spirits
production know
-
how are creating the
bridge


Energy of the Sun accumulated in
plants is used efficiently for mass
production of biofuels and bioproducts


70% of land
-

perennial forage crops.

Based on two expediencies

2) Economic


The prime cost green mass of perennial
forage crops is the lowest of any other raw
material


Higher yield and full utilization of green mass
gives 4
-
8 times more energy and products per
acre compared to cereal crops and traditional
technology


Diversification of products with low prime cost
minimizes risks and ensure quick payback


High cost efficiency and feasibility of creation
of a multi
-
industrial “AGROBIOCLUSTER”
allows to involve resources of companies of
oil, chemical, food and other industries

Three know
-
how’s allow to connect this whole mechanism which
is powered by the green mass and liquid organic fertilizers

Green Biomass

Technology of
Transportation and
Long Term Storage

Biogas

Liquid Organic
Fertilizers

Waste

Heat & Electricity

Organic
Chemicals

Spirits

Chlorella

BioDiesel

Fibres

Forage

Vermiculture

Biologically
Active
Substances

Forage

BioFuel

Textile, paper,
construction
materials

Organic Food
Products

BioHumus

BioDetergents,
BioCosmetics,
BioPharmaceu
ticals

$0.19/gal

Honey

Grain/Straw

Which Perennial Forage Crops?

1. ASTERACEAE Family

-

Helianthus tuberosus L. (artichoke)

-

Helianthus tuberosus L. XH. annus L.

-

Silphium perfoliathum L. (pilotweed)

2. BRASSICACEAE Family (cabbage)

-

Bunias orientalis L.

3. FABACEAE Family (legumes)

-

Galega orientalis Lam. (goat's rue)

-

Lathyrus silvestries x L. Latifolius (peevine)

4. MALVACEAE Family

-

Lavatera thurigiaca L.

-

Sida hermaphrodita Rusby

5. POACEAE Family

-

Sorghum almum Parodi (Columbus grass)

6. POLYGONACEAE Family (buckweat)

-

Rumex patientia L.x. R. tianschanicus A. Los. (sorrel)


E.g. see reference on advantages of the perennial forage crops: "Perennial


Forages as Second Generation Bioenergy Crops“
www.mdpi.org/ijms/papers/i9050768.pdf

Business Project Vision

Industrial Organic Farming

Energy
Farm

Transportation

and Long Term

Storage

Technology

Bridge











Vermiculture
Chlorella

Biogas Plant

Waste

Spirits

Forage

Integrated Mini
Biorefinery

Semi Finished
Products

Electric Energy

Biohumus

Biofuel
(biodiesel)

BAS (biologically
active
substances)

Fibres, Spirits

Milk, Meat, Fish

Honey, Sugar

Various
Industries
Biorefinery

Organic

Chemicals

Biofuels

Organic Food

Biopharmaceuticals

Other Bioproducts

Market distribution and customer

Finished
Products

The Agro
-
Industrial Enterprise Concept

The AGROBIOCLUSTER Concept

The long term business project is complicated
and should be implemented in stages

At the 1
st

stage

a Corporation is created in US/Canada with 55%
contributed by Ukrainian founders in the form of nonmaterial assets:
know
-
how’s; and 45% contributed by US/Canadian founders in the form
of
start up capital
. At this stage know
-
how’s are patented in US/Canada
and capitalized as the Corporation’s property.

At the 2
nd

stage the new property of
the corporation, i.e. licenses to use
patents are invested into a
development and logistics company

A subsidiary operation in
Ukraine designs models
for patenting

At the 3
rd

stage

the Corporation invests its
licenses to Inter Sectorial Holding
(transnational company)

At the 4
th

or ground stage, the Inter Sectorial Holding controls 100% of
the subholding of Agro
-
Industrial Enterprises (AIE) and 50% of each
derivate subholding in different industries who buy semi
-
finished products
from the AIEs. AIEs, existing or newly formed industrial biorefineries and
marketing network companies merge into an AGROBIOCLUSTER.

The primary producers, the farmers, invest farm
land against ownership of 20%, which is 4
-
8
times higher income than what they make today
with existing technologies

Subholdings
in different
countries

Your feedback will be much
appreciated!

We will be happy to provide details
and become reliable partners.

Contact person:
Mr. Anatoliy Furda,

Ukraine
-
Canada SBEDIF Business Center, NSCI.

26 Dnistrovska Str.

Ivano
-
Frankivsk, Ukraine

Email:
furda@sbedif.if.ua


Tel.: +38 (0342) 55
-
20
-
22

Fax: +38 (0342) 55
-
91
-
56