Period 3 generated questions

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23 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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9
th

Fall Semester Final Study Guide

Period 3 generated questions

Unit 1


1a.
How does the functions apply to the cell membrane?



Key words: phospholipid bilayer, protein, cell functions



1c. How are prokaryotes and eukaryotes different?



Key words:
similarities, organelles, cell wall, cytoplasm, cell membrane



1d. How does trranscruption work in the central dogma?



Key words: transcription, ribose, DNA, RNA, proteins



1e. How does the two types of ER apply to the golgi apparatus?



Key words: smoo
th ER, rough ER, proteins, synthesis, lipids



1f. Why is there two types of reactions for photosynthesis?



Key words: light dependent, thylakoid, light independent, glucose, chemical

energy, calvin cycle




1g. How does cellular respiration make so much

energy?



Key words: glucose, mitochondria, glycolysis, kerb cycle, ATP


Unit 2

4a. How does tRNA translate genetic information into mRNA?

Key words: ribosome synthesis, protein, tRNA, translation, RNA


4b. How does genetic coding rule predict a sequence
of amino acid?


Key words: genetic coding, sequence of amino acids


1d. Why is transcription important to central dogma?



Key Words: central dogma, transcription


5a. Why are the functions of DNA, RNA, and proteins important?



Key words: General
structure, function


5b. How does the base pairing apply to DNA?

Key words: DNA, semiconservative, replication, transcription


5c. Why is biotechnology important to us?

Key words: Vaccine, medicine , genetic engineering, novel biomedical,
agriculture produ
ct


Unit 3


4c. How can the expression make the sequence of amino acid in the encoded protein?



Key word: amino acid, proteins


4d. Why are proteins
different based

on gene expressions?



Key words: proteins, genes



4e: why does the number change in the
sequence of the amino acid?



Key words: amino acids, sequence


Unit 4


2a. Why do allleles have to separate randomly? Why can’t the alleles travel in pairs?



Key words: sex chromosomes, meiosis, cell division, gametes



2b. How

do cells know which cell should undergo meiosis?



Key words: multicellular, meiosis



2c. How are segregation and probability related?



Key words: segregation, probability, allele, gamete



2d. How does new combination of alleles formed through fertiliz
ation?



Key words: combinations, fusion, zygote, alleles



2e. How does the parent give it’s DNA to its offspring?



Key words: DNA, meiosis, spermatogenesis, Oogenesis, gametes, alleles



2f. How are the sex (gender) determined by understanding chromosom
es?

Key words: autosomal chromosome, sex chromosome, X chromosome, Y
chromosome


Unit 5

2g. How do you predict possible combinations of alleles of zygote from the genetic
makeup of the parent?


Key words: predict, combinations alleles, zygote, genetic


3a.

How do you predict the probable outcome of phenotyopes and mode of inheritance
in genetic cross using the genotypes of the parents?

Key words: predict, dominant, recessive, phenotype, genotype, monohybrid,
dihybrid,



3b. How

do students know the genetic basis for Mendel’s laws of segregation and
independent assortment?



Key words: Genetic basis, Mendel’s laws


Unit 6



7a. Why does natural selection act on phenotype rather than genotype?

Key words: natural selection,
phenotype, genotype, traits, environmental
conditions



7b. How are lethal alleles in homozygous individual maintained in a given population?



Key words: alleles, homozygous, heterozygotes, carrier, gene pool


7d. Why does variation within species increas
es the likelihood that at least some
members of a species will survive under changed environmental conditions?


Key words: variation, species, survival, environmental changes


Unit 7



8a. How does natural selection determine the survival of organisms?



K
ey words: favorable traits, offspring, mutation, infected, inherited



8b. Why is it important for an environment to have a higher number of species?



Key words: change, organism, survival, adapt, phenotype



8e. How are fossils and mass extinction relate
d?



Key words: fossils, similarity, structure, regions, descendent