Period 3 generated questions


23 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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Fall Semester Final Study Guide

Period 3 generated questions

Unit 1

How does the functions apply to the cell membrane?

Key words: phospholipid bilayer, protein, cell functions

1c. How are prokaryotes and eukaryotes different?

Key words:
similarities, organelles, cell wall, cytoplasm, cell membrane

1d. How does trranscruption work in the central dogma?

Key words: transcription, ribose, DNA, RNA, proteins

1e. How does the two types of ER apply to the golgi apparatus?

Key words: smoo
th ER, rough ER, proteins, synthesis, lipids

1f. Why is there two types of reactions for photosynthesis?

Key words: light dependent, thylakoid, light independent, glucose, chemical

energy, calvin cycle

1g. How does cellular respiration make so much


Key words: glucose, mitochondria, glycolysis, kerb cycle, ATP

Unit 2

4a. How does tRNA translate genetic information into mRNA?

Key words: ribosome synthesis, protein, tRNA, translation, RNA

4b. How does genetic coding rule predict a sequence
of amino acid?

Key words: genetic coding, sequence of amino acids

1d. Why is transcription important to central dogma?

Key Words: central dogma, transcription

5a. Why are the functions of DNA, RNA, and proteins important?

Key words: General
structure, function

5b. How does the base pairing apply to DNA?

Key words: DNA, semiconservative, replication, transcription

5c. Why is biotechnology important to us?

Key words: Vaccine, medicine , genetic engineering, novel biomedical,
agriculture produ

Unit 3

4c. How can the expression make the sequence of amino acid in the encoded protein?

Key word: amino acid, proteins

4d. Why are proteins
different based

on gene expressions?

Key words: proteins, genes

4e: why does the number change in the
sequence of the amino acid?

Key words: amino acids, sequence

Unit 4

2a. Why do allleles have to separate randomly? Why can’t the alleles travel in pairs?

Key words: sex chromosomes, meiosis, cell division, gametes

2b. How

do cells know which cell should undergo meiosis?

Key words: multicellular, meiosis

2c. How are segregation and probability related?

Key words: segregation, probability, allele, gamete

2d. How does new combination of alleles formed through fertiliz

Key words: combinations, fusion, zygote, alleles

2e. How does the parent give it’s DNA to its offspring?

Key words: DNA, meiosis, spermatogenesis, Oogenesis, gametes, alleles

2f. How are the sex (gender) determined by understanding chromosom

Key words: autosomal chromosome, sex chromosome, X chromosome, Y

Unit 5

2g. How do you predict possible combinations of alleles of zygote from the genetic
makeup of the parent?

Key words: predict, combinations alleles, zygote, genetic


How do you predict the probable outcome of phenotyopes and mode of inheritance
in genetic cross using the genotypes of the parents?

Key words: predict, dominant, recessive, phenotype, genotype, monohybrid,

3b. How

do students know the genetic basis for Mendel’s laws of segregation and
independent assortment?

Key words: Genetic basis, Mendel’s laws

Unit 6

7a. Why does natural selection act on phenotype rather than genotype?

Key words: natural selection,
phenotype, genotype, traits, environmental

7b. How are lethal alleles in homozygous individual maintained in a given population?

Key words: alleles, homozygous, heterozygotes, carrier, gene pool

7d. Why does variation within species increas
es the likelihood that at least some
members of a species will survive under changed environmental conditions?

Key words: variation, species, survival, environmental changes

Unit 7

8a. How does natural selection determine the survival of organisms?

ey words: favorable traits, offspring, mutation, infected, inherited

8b. Why is it important for an environment to have a higher number of species?

Key words: change, organism, survival, adapt, phenotype

8e. How are fossils and mass extinction relate

Key words: fossils, similarity, structure, regions, descendent