Science Fair Project Guide 2013-2014 - Miami Arts Charter School

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M
iami

A
rts

Charter


Science Fair Assignment Packet


For the 201
3
-
201
4

school year






To: Students and Parents

From:
The Miami Arts Charter

Science Teachers


The

problem, materials, hypothesis and

background information will be due
October
14/15
, 2013
, and the Final Project wi
ll be due on or before
November
21/22
, 2013
.
NO late
projects

will be accepted.
This is a MANDATORY
ASSIGNMENT

for all middle school students, which will be worth 10 grades.


This packet outlines the details and requi
rements of the science fair project
assignment.
Included

in this packet are the required forms
, an explanation of
each part of the scientific process,

the directions for the journal, report, and
PowerPoint/board
, and a judging rubric that will be used by
the Science Fair
judges to evaluate each project
.


This year we are requiring a PowerPoint presentation instead of a display
board. The top 5 best projects for each teacher will be selected for the science
fair and will receive the assistance of the tea
cher to create their display board.


Students are responsible to select a topic which they would like to investigate.
They will be graded on projects in individual parts and as a whole. The 10
grades will go into their
second

9 weeks grading term. Creat
ivity and
individuality will definitely help their grades
.


Final Drafts need t
o be turned in using a folder.
Your report, PowerPoint
presentation, and journal should all have your name on them and be placed
into the folder, which should also have your nam
e on it.


BE SURE TO SAVE ALL OF YOUR WORK ON A FLASH DRIVE, AS
YOU WILL HAVE TO PRESENT IT IN CLASS USING YOUR
POWERPOINT PRESENTATION.






Science Fair Checklist


Use this checklist to keep track of what you have done and what you need to do.


o

Journal

o

Title

o

Problem Statement

o

Background Information

o

Hypothesis

o

Materials

o

Procedures

o

Control

o

Variables

o

Data

o

Results

o

Conclusion

o

Applications

o

Abstract

o

Bibliography



o

Report


o

Power

P
oint


o

Science Fair Forms

(see Teacher Website)


o

Form1

o

Form 1A (with research plan)

o

Form 1B

o

Abstract



Getting Started


Start a Journal



ALL projects require a journal. The journal is where you will keep all of your
information and data to write the report and make your PowerPoint presentation.




Things to write in your journal (IN THIS
ORDER)



1.

TITLE:

Every project needs a title. It lets people know what you have worked on. The title
should be in the form of a statement, unless you use the problem statement as your title. Then it
should be in the form of a question.

Example:
Which soa
p powder is the best cleaner of catsup stains?

Example:
Cleaning power of soap powders.

2.

PROBLEM STATEMENT:

The problem statement is always written in the form of a question,
even if it is also used as the title. The question tells people what you are try
ing to find out.
Example:
Which type of water will help a bean plant germinate the fastest?

3.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION/RESEARCH:

You must complete research related to your
project. It must be in your own words and you must use a minimum of
five

different res
ources.
Ideally, you should go to the library or internet and learn everything you can on your topic.
Observe related events. Gather existing information on your topic. Look for unexplained or
unexpected results. Also, talk to professionals in the fie
ld, write or email the companies for
specific information, and obtain or construct needed equipment.

You MUST document your sources correctly in your journal. Please be sure to write in the
bibliography information with each of your sources (see below for

more details on how to do
this). Each source needs to be written on its own page in your journal with the bibliography
information written with it.

The summery of all of the sources is what you will put into your
report. In your journal, each source sh
ould be written out separately. Be sure to put it in your
own words by summarizing each source. Anything directly quoted should have quotation marks
around it.

4.

HYPOTHESIS:

After gathering information about your topic, you should make a guess about
what y
ou think the answer to your question may be. State your hypothesis

in the If/then format,
using the independent and dependent variables to predict the outcome.


Examples:
If I fingerprint 50 different people, then the loop fingerprint will be the most
common.

If I give bean plants either Pepsi, milk, or lemonade, then the one with the milk will grow the
tallest.

Once you have stated your hypothesis, you can carry out an experiment and collect data.

5.

MATERIALS:

What did you use? List all of the items you

used. Tell how many and how much.

Examples:
20mL of spring water 20mL of tap water 20mL of pond water 12 bean
plants 12 cups for plants 30mL of soil for each plant

6.

PROCEDURES:

List all of the steps of your experiment in th
e order you will perform them. Be
specific, but try not to make it complicated. The experiment should be repeated
at least

3 times.
The more the tests are repeated, the more accurate your results will be. During experimentation,
keep detailed notes of
each and every experiment, measurement, and observation.
Do not rely
on your memory
.
They need to be written into your project journal
. This is your most treasured
piece of work. Accurate and detailed notes make a logical and winning project. Good not
es
show consistency and thoroughness and will help you when writing your research paper.

7.

CONTROL:

In every experiment, there is a control group. The control group has no variables
added. You use this information to compare your results with.

8.

VARIABLES:


Any item or factor in your experiment that is changed in order to solve your
problem statement is a variable.

Independent Variable


Manipulated variable (the one you decided to change)



There should
only be one!

Dependent Variable


Responding variable (the one that responded to the change you made.)

9.

DATA:

This is what you are measuring. You will record your data into a data table, and
represent your data with charts, graphs, etc…

Observations are an important part of your data.
Don’t forget to write down what you observe using your senses.

Data must be in the form of
numerical (quantitative) data. This means you must have numbers that you can put into a data
table and make a graph(s) with.

When creating graphs, please remember
the words DRY MIX. This stands for:

D


dependent variable

R


responding variable

Y


Y
-
axis


M


manipulated variable

I


independent variable

X


X
-
axis


This means that the dependent (responding) variable always goes on the Y
-
axis and the
independent
(manipulated) variable always goes on the X
-
axis


10.

RESULTS:

State the findings of the experiment based upon the data you observed and analyzed.
Record the results.
This is a written explanation of what happened with your data. Be detailed.

11.

CONCLUSION:

Your conclusion should begin with a statement on whether or not the results
supported your hypothesis. Include a description of problems that might have affected the
results and why. Also include any new discoveries that you have made in addition to the

results
of the experiment.

12.

APPLICATIONS:

State
how you could use this information
in real life.

13.

ABSTRACT:


COMPLETE PROJECT TITLE (all in capital letters, as it appears on the project)

Student’s name (Last name, First name, Middle initial if used)

A.

Purp
ose

B.

Hypothesis

C.

Procedure

(summary only)

D.

Results

(summary only)

E.

Conclusions

THE ABSTRACT SHOULD BE 250 WORDS MAXIMUM
.


14.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

List
(Cite)
the sources that you used. Follow the example for the working
bibliography below.

Use APA format.

Books

:
Hyman, Sidney.
(1985).
The American President.

New York: Collins,

p.
146
.


Encyclopedia
:
Strong, David.
(1991).
“Australia”.
World Book.

Volume 26,
p
p. 296
-
301
.


CD ROM Encyclopedia
:
“Witches”.
(1996).
Encarta.

Version 7.2 CD
-
ROM. Chicago, Illinois
:
Encart
a.

Internet

To cite files from the internet, give the author’s name, last name first (if known)

followed by first
initial only
;
the date of the document or last revision (if available) or the retrieved date;
the full
title of the work (in quotation marks)

or the title of the web page if no title is available
; the title
of the complete work (if applicable)
, in italics; any version or file numbers

(if available)
;
and
the
protocol (i.e. “http”) and the
full URL
.


Merka, L
.
(1993).
“A Hypertext History of Multi
-
User Dimensions.”
MUD History.

http://www.utopia.com/talent/lpb/muddex/essay



If author is unknown:


_____. (1993). “A Hypertext History of Multi
-
User Dimensions.”
MUD History.

http://www.utopia.com/talent/lpb/muddex/essay



If published date is unknown:


Merka, L. (Retrieved 2010). “A Hypertext History of Multi
-
User Dimensions.”
MUD History.

http://www.utopia.com/talent/lpb/muddex/essay



** The Journal does not have to be perfect. Do not worry
about whiting out things. Please just draw a line
through what you want to change a
nd write on a new
page.

Write Your Report



Your report should be written in the format shown below. Be sure to follow all directions and
answer all questions related to each section.



Your report should be written AFTER your experiment is completed, and AFT
ER you have all
information required in your Journal. Your journal is your guide to writing your report.


REPORT

INSTRUCTIONS:


Your report should be typed using standard style (i.e. “Times New Roman”), size 12 font
and printed in black ink.

You should h
ave 1

inch margins all the way around. It should be
put together neatly in the order written below. Each section should be clearly labeled.
Make sure each section in on a separate sheet of paper.
The
rough draft of the
report
and
the data/graphs will b
e turned in no later than September 17th
.

Your final draft of your
report should be
AT LEAST

11

pages long, since you h
ave 10 sections for your report
, and
the background information needs to be at least 2 pages
. The final draft should be placed
in a
folder with the printout of your PowerPoint presentation and your journal.


I.

Title Page



Center the project title, then put your name, address, school, and grade
at the bottom right.

II.

Table of Contents


Include a page number for the beginning of each secti
on.

III.

Introduction


The introduction sets the scene for your report. The introduction
includes your hypothesis, an explanation of what prompted your research, and what
you hoped to achieve.

IV.

Background information


This is where you write up the research y
ou completed
on your project,
in your own words!!!


If your research is not in your own words, you
will automatically be given an “F” on this section of your project.

Be sure to cite
your sources for anything you paraphrase from someone else’s documents o
r for what
you quote directly! To cite your source in your writing, use the following format:

(Author last name, date, page # or shortened website)

Example:
(Smith, 2010, pg 10) or (Smith, 2010,
www.abc.com
)



Be sure to put into “quotes” anything that is word for word from the source,
however this should be limited to statistics like:
“One in every 5 girls will get
pregnant before they reach 18 years old” (Smith, 2010,
www.abc
.com
).


** The full citing goes in the bibliography section of your report.


V.

Experiment


Describe
in detail

the
procedures

used to collect your data or make
your observations. Your procedures should be detailed enough so that someone
would be able to r
epeat the experiment from the information you gave.
This can be
written in step format instead of paragraph form.
Include detailed photographs or
drawings of self
-
designed equipment.

VI.

Discussion


The discussion is the essence of your paper. The results
and
conclusions should flow smoothly and logically from your data. Be thorough. Allow
your readers to see your train of thought, letting them know exactly what you did.
What observations did you make?
Compare your results. Include a discussion of
poss
ible errors. How did the data vary between repeated observations of similar
events? How were your results affected by uncontrolled events? What would you do
differently if you repeated this project? What other experiments should be
conducted?

(Be sure

to both describe your results and answer the questions above for
this section)

VII.

Conclusion


Briefly summarize your results. Be specific, do not generalize.
Never introduce anything in the conclusion that has not already been discussed.

Your
conclusion
should begin with a statement on whether or not the results supported your
hypothesis. Include a description of problems that might have affected the results and
why. Also include any new discoveries that you have made in addition to the results
of the e
xperiment.

VIII.

Acknowledgements


You should always credit those who assisted you,
including individuals, businesses, and educational or research institutions. Identify
any financial support or material donations received, but do not put on display board.

IX.

B
ibliography

X.

Abstract



Typed on the Abstract Form



Sample
A
bstract


COMPLETE PROJECT TITLE (all in capital letters, as it appears on the project)

Student’s name (Last name, First name, Middle initial if used)



周q⁦潬汯睩湧⁰a牴猠獨潵汤l
扥⁩湣汵摥搠楮⁡渠d扳瑲ac琺




PURPOSE:


Why is the research being done?


2.

HYPOTHESIS:

What is the expected outcome of the research?


3.

PROCEDURE:

Briefly, in paragraph form, describe the materials used and
how the experiment w
as done. This section should not be a
list, but a summary of your methods.


4.

RESULTS:

Briefly summarize the data from charts and graphs in
narrative form. Be sure to include measures of central
tendency and variation. Include only information collected
during the study. (Do
NOT

include previous years’ results).




CONCLUSIONS:

Briefly, in n
arrative form, cite interpretation of the results.
Briefly, compare findings with other research. Include
suggestions for procedural improvements and
recommendations for future study, as well as applications
for the research.




THE ABSTRACT SHOULD BE AP
PROXIMATELY 250 WORDS AND FIT IN THIS
SPACE. THE BOX IS NOT SUPPOSED TO BE PART OF THE ABSTRACT, IT SERVES
ONLY AS A GUIDE.



Create Your PowerPoint



Your PowerPoint should be created after your experiment is done, and after your report is
typed.



The
PowerPoint presentation is an OUTLINE of your project. It SHOULD NOT be the
same as the report.



The PowerPoint should only contain the basic information of your project, the details
should be explained in the report.



You should have 1 slide for each of th
e following:

o

Title Page that includes your name, grade, and period number

o

Problem Statement

o

Hypothesis

o

Materials

o

Procedures

o

Variables/Constants

o

Data


Charts, graphs, data tables

o

Results


this is a summary describing your data in words

o

Conclusion

o

Applica
tion

o

Pictures



Science Fair Forms


**All Projects need the following forms:

Form 1, Form 1A (with research plan), Form 1B, and the Abstract








GRADING WILL BE AS FOLLOWS:

(This project is worth 10 grades!)

1.

Due October (A) 14
th

or (B) 15
th

Project section 1 through
4



(
2 Grades
) TITLE, PROBLEM STATEMENT,
BACKGROUND INFORMATION/RESEARCH, HYPOTHESIS



Do you have all the parts? Is it a feasible project?


2.

Due October (A) 22
nd

or (B) 23
rd


Project Sections 5 through 8


(
2 Grades
) MATERIAL, PROC
EDURES, CONTROL,
VARIABLES



This is the experiment portion of your project. Is it detailed? Is it logical? Is it
easily followed? Be sure to include all information from the experiment and any
information that resulted from the experiment.


3.

Due November

(A) 6
th

or (B) 7
th


Project Section 9
-
10


(2 Grades)

DATA & RESULTS



This is the research paper section. Did you do accurate research? Does the
research reflect your experiment? Is the paper in your own words
? Is the paper
cited correctly

**REMEMBER TH
AT IF IT IS NOT IN YOUR OWN WORDS, YOU WILL
AUTOMATICALLY BE GIVEN AN “F”!!
-

Needs to be at least 2 pages. **


4.

Due November (A) 14
th

or (B) 15
th


Project Section
11
-
12



(2 Grades)

CONCLUSION
&
APPLICATIONS



Concl
usion:
Your conclusion should begin with a statement on whether or not the
results supported your hypothesis. Include a description of problems that might
have affected the results and why. Also include any new discoveries that you
have made in addition to the
results of the experiment.



Applications:

State how you could use this information in real life.


5.

Due November (A) 22
nd

or (B) 25
th


Project Section
13
-
14



(2 Grades)

ABSTRACT, BIBLIOGRAPHY, POWERPOINT
,
PROJECT JOURNAL



Abstract
-

Should be approx. 250 words and include required information, and
typed onto the Abstract Form.



Bibliography


This section should be alphabetical. Be sure to make sure you
use the format listed in the project outline. Be sure to list ALL sources that
you
used in your research, and for your project in this section.



PowerPoint Presentation


do you have all the parts? Is it evident that you did it
and not your parents?



Project Journal
-

Does the notebook contain all information? Is it complete? Is
it

detailed?



Report Organization


Is it organized correctly? Is it typed and formatted
correctly? Are all sections on their own sheet of paper? Are all the sections
labeled correctly and clearly?


(As described in the project outline)