Lab infrastructure and Expertise The Food Microbiology and ...

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20 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 5 μήνες)

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Lab infrastructure and
Expertise

The Food Microbiology and Biotechnology lab at the Department of Food Science is a well
e
q
uipped

and well organised lab with several research interests
and relative expertise
in the area of food
biotechnology and applied microbiology, including microbial fermentations, applied microbial
physiology, bioprocess monitoring and control, biosynthesis and process optimisation of microbial
polysaccharides, organic acids, bacteriocins,

single cell protein, bioethanol, etc, production of
fe
rmented food and beverage using
immobilised microbial cells, etc, as well as food microbiology
topics such as antimicrobial activity of natural ingredients (essential oils, organic acids, bacteriocins,

etc) against food pathogens and spoilage organisms, production of low
-
processed foods or
preservative
-
free foods via hurdle technology, estimation of microbial growth and improvement of food
shelf
-
life, use of probiotics or bacteriocin
-
producing bacteria
in dairy and meat products, etc.


Current research involves:

-

The production of gellan gum by deproteinized cheese whey and dephenolised olive mill waste

-

The production of single cell protein by deproteinized cheese whey and dephenolized olive mill
was
te

-

The production of bioethanol by deproteinized cheese whey

-

The production of bacteriocins (curvasin, nisin)

by lactic acid bacteria

-

The use of organic acids and bacteriocin
-
producing bacteria for the extension of shelf life of
packaged meat (and im
provement of sensory characteristics)

-

The in vitro and in vivo (after addition if foods) of the antimicrobial activity of several natural essential
oils from aromatic plants

-

The production of nitrite
-
free fermented sausages using protective cultures

-

The preservation of sulfite
-
free peeled vacuum
-
packed potatoes using organic acids and (metal)
sequestrants


Future research which is expected to

commence

shortly also includes:

-

The production of antimicrobial and immunostimulating (e.g. antitumor) micro
bial polysaccharides

-

The production of natamycin and/or the direct use of S. natalensis as antimicrobial agent

-

The use of bacteriophages for food preservation


-

The monitoring and control of fungal growth and spoilage in foods via on
-
line direct micro
scopy

-

The production of beverages using immobilized yeast or bacterial cells for flavor enhancement
and/or accelerated fermentation/ripening


The infrastructure of the lab includes:

-

2 15L STR fermentor sterilized in
-
situ and fully automated

-

2 orbita
l incubating shakers

(one with cooling capacity)

-

a gel permeation chromatography (GPC
-
SEC) system with RI detector

-

3 (heating)

incubators and 2 (heating/cooling) incubators

-

12 optical microscopes and one with digital camera attached (for live imagin
g and image analysis)

-

a Brookfield viscometer

-

a laminal flow cabinet

-

a 75L autoclave

-

a single beam photometer (a UV
-
Vis double beam spectrophotometer is also available in the
department)

-

a bench centrifuge (another large ultracentrifuge is expect
ed soon)

-

a digital

plate colony counter



Also relative and

available equipment in the department's labs include:

-

an ELISA system

-


a PCR system (Real Time PCR is ecpected soon)

-

Gel electrophoresis and gel imaging system

-

Fluorescent microscopy


-

HPLC, GC
-
MS systems

-

Differential scanning calorimetry

-

Spray
-
drying and lyophilisation systems


...and much more analytical and processing equipment