M.TECH. NETWORK ENGINEERING

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16 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

127 εμφανίσεις

M.TECH
. NETWORK ENGINEERING



SEMESTER I



S.No

Subject
Code

Subject

L

T

P

C

Theory

1

PMAA03

Mathematical Foundations for Communication
Systems

3

1

0

4

2

PNEA01

Mobile and Personal Communications

3

1

0

4

3

PNEA02

Speech and Audio Signal Processing

3

1

0

4

4

PITA22

Multimedia Databases

3

1

0

4

5

PITA23

Object Oriented Software Engineering

3

1

0

4

Practical

6

PITA24

Software Development Lab

0

0

3

2

Total Credits

22




SEMESTER II


S.No

Subject
Code

Subject

L

T

P

C

Theory

1

PESA20

Advanced Digit
al Signal Processing

3

1

0

4

2

PNEA03

Spread Spectrum Techniques

3

1

0

4

3

PCSA18

Data Communication and Networks

3

1

0

4

4

PNEA04

Modern Digital Communication

3

1

0

4

5

***

Elective I

3

0

0

3

Practical

6

PNEA05

Network Lab

0

0

3

2

7

PNEA06

Digital

Communication Lab

0

0

3

2

Total Credits

23














SEMESTER III


S.No

Subject
Code

Subject

L

T

P

C

Theory

1

***

Elective

II

3

0

0

3

2

***

Elective

III

3

0

0

3

3

***

Elective

IV

3

0

0

3

Practical

4

PNEA17

Project phase I

0

0

12

6

Total Cre
dits

15



SEMESTER IV


S.No

Subject
Code

Subject

L

T

P

C

Practical

1

PNEA07

Project Phase II

0

0

24

12

Total Credits

12


Over all Total Credits = 72


LIST OF ELECTIVES

S.No

Subject
Code

Subject

L

T

P

C

1

PNEA08

Advance Database Systems

3

0

0

3

3

PNE
A09

Telecommunication and Switching Techniques

3

0

0

3

4

PNEA10

Network Routing Algorithms

3

0

0

3

5

PNEA11

Wireless Networks

3

0

0

3

6

PNEA12

High Speed Switching Architecture

3

0

0

3

7

PNEA13

Network Security

3

0

0

3

8

PNEA14

Optical Networks

3

0

0

3

9

PNEA15

Wireless Communication Network

3

0

0

3

10

PNEA16

Generic Algorithms and Application

3

0

0

3

11

PITA04

Software Quality Assurance

3

0

0

3

12

PITA15

Digital Image Processing

3

0

0

3

13

PITA20

Satellite Communication

3

0

0

3

14

PCSA15

Adhoc N
etworks

3

0

0

3

15

PCSA
48

Neural Networks and Applications

3

0

0

3

16

PCSA21

High Speed Networks

3

0

0

3




SEMESTER I


PMAA03 MATHEMATICAL FOUNDATIONS OF COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS


L T P C












3 1 0 4



UNIT
-
I









9

Li
nea
r Algebraic Equation and Eigen Value Problems

System of equations


solution by Gauss elimination, Gauss
-
Jordan and LU decomposition method


Jacobi, Gauss
-
Seidel iteration methods


finding eigen values of a matrix by Jacobi and power methods


UNIT
-
II








9

Graphs

Simple graphs and multigraphs


directed multigraphs


graph models


handshaking theorem


some
simple special graphs


representing graphs and graph isomorphism


adjacency and incidence matrices


connectivity paths


connectedness in undir
ected and directed graphs


Euler and Hamilton paths


shortest
-
path problems


UNIT
-
III








9

Random Processes

Definition and description


random processes


stationary random processes


autocorrelation and
cross
-
correlation functions and their proper
ties


ergodic processes


UNIT
-
IV








9

Special Random Processes

Sine wave process


binomial, Poisson and normal processes


Markov process


Markov chains


transition probability matrix


steady
-
state distribution


classification of states of Markov

chains


birth
and death process


UNIT
-
V








9

Queueing Theory

Basics of queueing models


(M
-
M
-
1):(


/FIFO) model
-

(M
-
M
-
s):(


/FIFO) model
-
(M
-
M
-
1):(k/FIFO)
model
-

(M
-
M
-
s):(k/FIFO) model


(M
-
G
-
1) queueing model


Pollaczek
-
Khinchine formula


TOTAL
: 45+15(Tutorial) = 60 periods

REFERENCES

1.

V. Sundarapandian, “Numerical Linear Algebra”, PHI Learning, New Delhi, 2008.

2.

V. Sundarapandian, “Probability, Statistics and Queuing Theory”, PHI Learning, New Delhi, 2009.

3.

S. Lipschutz and M.L. Lipson, “Discrete

Mathematics”, third edition, Tata McGraw
-
Hill, New Delhi,
2006

4.

S.M. Ross, “Introduction to Probability Models”, eighth edition, Academic Press, San Diego, 2004.

5.

B.S. Grewal, “Numerical Methods in Engineering and Science”, eighth edition, Khanna Publishers
,
New Delhi, 2008



PNEA01 MOBILE AND PERSONAL COMMUNICATIONS


L T P C










3 1 0 4



UNIT
-

I








9

Introduction To Mobile And Personal Communication


History of wireless communications, Mobile and Personal communications: Cell phone ge
nerations,
cellular networks, The mobile radio environment, Cellular concept and frequency reuse, Multiple access
technologies for cellular systems, Channel assignment and hand off, Mobile radio interference.


UNIT
-
II








9

Propagation Issues

Predictio
n of propagation loss
-
Prediction over flat terrain, Point
-
point prediction,Calculation of fading and
methods of reducing fading
-

Amplitude fading, Selectivefading, Diversity schemes, combining techniques.


UNIT
-

III








9

Antenna Systems

Design param
eters at the Base station
-

Antenna locations, spacing, heights, configurations, Design
parameters at the Mobile unit
-

Directional antennas and diversity schemes, Antenna connections and
locations.


UNIT
-

IV








9

Personal Communication Systems

The co
ncept of PCS/PCN, Function , Evolution of personal Communications, Requirements of PCS,PCS
environment, Differences between PCS and Cellular systems, IS
-
136(TDMA)PCS, IS
-
95 CDMA PCS, Data
Communication with PCS, PCS standards, PCS economics


UNIT
-

V








9

Universal Personal Telecommunication

UPT: Concept and service aspects, Functional Architecture, Numbering, Routing and Billing aspects,
Access security requirements for UPT Digital Cellular Mobile Systems
-

GSM, IS
-
136, PDC, IS
-
95, IMT
-
2000: Third gen
eration Mobile Communication Systems, W
-
CDMA, CDMA
-
2000, EDGE



TOTAL : 45+15(Tutorial) = 60 periods

REFERENCE
S

1 William C.Y.Lee, “Mobile Communications Design Fundamentals”, second edition, John Wiley & sons,
1993.

2 RajPandya, “Mobile and Personal Comm
unication systems and services”, PHI, New Delhi, 2003.

3 Blake, “Wireless Communication Technology”, Thomson Asia Pte, Ltd, Singapore, 2001.

4 Bud Bates, “Wireless networked telecommunications
-

Concepts, Technology and Implementation” ,
McGraw
-
Hill Interna
tional Editions, 1995.

5 Jack.M.Holtzman, David J. Goodman ( Er.s), “ Wireless and Mobile Communications”, Allied Publishers
Limited, 1996.


PNEA02 SPEECH AND AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING


L T P C










3 1 0 4



UNIT
-

I








9

Speech production mechanis
m


Nature of Speech signal


Discrete time modeling of Speech production


Representation of Speech signals


Classification of Speech sounds


Phones


Phonemes


Phonetic
and Phonemic alphabets


Articulatory features. Music production


Auditory percep
tion


Anatomical
pathways from the ear to the perception of sound


Peripheral auditory system


Psycho acoustics


UNIT
-

II








9


Time Domain Methods For Speech Processing

Time domain parameters of Speech signal


Methods for extracting the paramet
ers Energy, Average
Magnitude


Zero crossing Rate


Silence Discrimination using ZCR and energy


Short Time Auto
Correlation Function


Pitch period estimation using Auto Correlation Function


UNIT
-

III








9

Frequency Domain Method For Speech Proce
ssing

Short Time Fourier analysis


Filter bank analysis


Formant extraction


Pitch Extraction


Analysis by
Synthesis
-

Analysis synthesis systems
-

Phase vocoder


Channel Vocoder. Homomorphic Speech Analysis:
Cepstral analysis of Speech


Formant and Pi
tch Estimation


Homomorphic Vocoders.


UNIT


IV








9


Linear Predictive Analysis Of Speech

Formulation of Linear Prediction problem in Time Domain


Basic Principle


Auto correlation method


Covariance method


Solution of LPC equations


Cholesky

method


Durbin’s Recursive algorithm


lattice formation and solutions


Comparison of different methods


Application of LPC parameters


Pitch
detection using LPC parameters


Formant analysis


VELP


CELP.



UNIT
-

V








9

Application Of Speech &

Audio Signal Processing

Algorithms: Spectral Estimation, dynamic time warping, hidden Markov model


Music analysis


Pitch
Detection


Feature analysis for recognition


Music synthesis


Automatic Speech Recognition


Feature
Extraction for ASR


Deter
ministic sequence recognition


Statistical Sequence recognition


ASR systems


Speaker identification and verification


Voice response system


Speech Synthesis: Text to speech,
voice over IP.

TOTAL : 45+15(Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCE
S

1 Ben Gold

and Nelson Morgan, Speech and Audio Signal Processing, John Wiley and Sons Inc. ,
Singapore, 2004

2 L.R.Rabiner and R.W.Schaffer


Digital Processing of Speech signals


Prentice Hall
-
1978

3 Quatieri


Discrete
-
time Speech Signal Processing


Prentice Ha
ll


2001.

4 I.H.Witten


Principles of Computer Speech


Academic Press


1982


PITA22 MULTIMEDIA DATABASES



L T P C








3 1 0 4



UNIT


I






9


Introduction

Overview of Database Management


Threshold Architecture


Informal look at the Relationa
l Model


SQL.


UNIT


I






9

I Normal Form

Functional Dependencies


Basic Definition and Some Examples


1NF, 2NF, 3NF, BCNF


Multivalued
Dependencies


Definition and Examples


4NF


Join

Dependencies : Definitions and Examples


5NF.


UNIT


III






9


Oodb And Advanced Data Structures

Introduction to OODBMS


K
-
D trees


Point Quad Trees


R
-
trees


UNIT


IV






9


Image And Text Databases

Similarity Based Retrieved


Representing Image DBs with Relation


Representing Image DBs with R
-
Trees


Stop Lists


Words Term and Frequency Tables


Latent Semantic Indexing


TV Trees.


UNIT
-

V






9

Video And Audio Databases

Organizing content of a Single Video


Querying content of Video Libraries


General Model of Audio Data


Indexing Audio Dat
a.


TOTAL : 45+15(Tutorial) = 60 periods



REFERENCE
S

1 Elmasri and Navathe, Fundamentals of Database System, 3rd Edition, Pearson Education, 2002.

2 V. S. Subramanian, “Principles of Multimedia Database System”, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc,
1998.

3 C
. J. Date, “An Introduction to Database Systems”, Seventh Edition, Pearson Education, 2000.

4 S. Khoshafian and A. B. Bakor, “Multimedia and Imaging Databases”, Morgan Kaufmann, 1996.





PITA23 OBJECT ORIENTED SOFTWARE ENGINEERING




L T P C












3 1 0 4



UNIT
-
I









9


Introduction

Software Engineering Paradigms
-

Software Development process models
-

Project & Process
-

Project
management
-

Process & Project metrics
-

Object Oriented concepts & Principles.


UNIT
-

II








9


Planning

& Scheduling

Software prototyping
-

Software project planning
-

Scope
-

Resources
-

Software Estimation
-

Empirical
Estimation Models
-

Planning
-
Risk Management
-

Software Project Scheduling
-

Object Oriented
Estimation & Scheduling.


UNIT
-

III








9


Analysis & Design

Analysis Modeling
-

Data Modeling
-

Functional Modeling & Information Flow
-

Behavioral Modeling
-
Structured Analysis
-

Object Oriented Analysis
-

Domain Analysis
-
Object oriented Analysis process
-

Object Relationship Model
-

Object Behavi
our Model.

Design Concepts & Principles
-

Design Process
-

Design Concepts
-

Modular Design
-

Design Effective
Modularity
-

Introduction to Software Architecture
-

Data Design
-

Transform Mapping
-

Transaction
Mapping
-

OOD
-

Design System design process
-

Object design process
-

Design Patterns.


UNIT
-

IV








9

Implementation & Testing

Top
-

Down, Bottom
-
Up, object oriented product Implementation & Integration. Software Testing
methods
-
White Box, Basis Path
-
Control Structure
-
Black Box
-
Unit Testing
-

In
tegration testing
-
Validation
& System testing.Testing OOA & OOD models
-
Object oriented testing strategies.


UNIT

V








9


Maintenance

Maintenance process
-

System documentation
-
program evolution dynamics
-
Maintenance costs
-
Maintainability measurement
-

Case Studies

TOTAL : 45+15(Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCES

1.

Roger S. Pressman, "Software Engineering A Practitioner's Approach", Fifth Edition, Tata McGraw
Hill

2.

Grady Booch, James Rumbaugh, Ivar Jacobson
-

"the Unified Modeling Language User Guide"
-

A
ddison Wesley, 1999. (Unit III)












PITA24 SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT LAB



L T P C









0 0 3 2



PURPOSE


This laboratory course gives a complete understanding of the practical application od Software
Engineering principles and methods.


D
evelop the following software using Software Engineering Methodology


1.

Student Course Registration

2.

Payroll Processing Application

3.

Banking Process

4.

Library Management System

5.

Railway Reservation System

6.

Trading System

7.

Cellular Phone

8.

Electrical Bill Payment

9.

Resu
lt Analysis

10.

Gaming
































SEMESTER II


PESA20
ADVANCED DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING



L T P C










3 1 0 4

UNIT


I

I
discrete Random Signal Processing

Discrete Random Processes
-

Ensemble averages, s
tationary processes, Autocorrelation and Auto
covariance matrices. Parseval's Theorem, Wiener
-

Khintchine Relation
-

Power Spectral Density
-
Periodogram, Spectral Factorization, Filtering random processes. Low Pass Filtering of White Noise.
Parameter estimat
ion: Bias and consistency.


UNIT


II


Spectrum Estimation

Estimation of spectra from finite duration signals, Non
-
Parametric Methods
-

Correlation Method ,
Periodogram Estimator, Performance Analysis of Estimators
-

Unbiased, Consistent Estimators
-

Modifi
ed
periodogram, Bartlett and Welch methods, Blackman

Tukey method. Parametric Methods
-

AR, MA,
ARMA model based spectral estimation. Parameter Estimation
-
Yule
-
Walker equations, solutions

using Durbin’s algorithm


UNIT


III


Linear Estimation And Predic
tion

Linear prediction
-

Forward and backward predictions, Solutions of the Normal equations
-

Levinson
-
Durbin
algorithms. Least mean squared error criterion

Wiener filter for filtering and prediction , FIR Wiener filter
and Wiener IIR filters ,Discrete Ka
lman filter


UNIT
-

IV

Adaptive Filters

FIR adaptive filters
-
adaptive filter based on steepest descent method
-
Widrow
-
Hoff LMS adaptive
algorithm, Normalized LMS. Adaptive channel equalization
-
Adaptive echo cancellation
-
Adaptive noise
cancellation
-

Adapt
ive recursive filters (IIR). RLS adaptive filters
-
Exponentially weighted RLS
-
sliding
window RLS.


UNIT


V


Multirate Digital Signal Processing

Mathematical description of change of sampling rate
-

Interpolation and Decimation , Decimation by an
integer f
actor
-

Interpolation by an integer factor, Sampling rate conversion by a rational factor, Filter
implementation for sampling rate conversion
-

Direct form FIR structures, Polyphase filter structures,
time
-
variant structures. Multistage implementation of mu
ltirate system. Application to sub band coding
-

Wavelet transform and filter bank implementation of wavelet expansion of signals.


TOTAL : 45+15(Tutorial) = 60 periods

REFERENCE
S

1 Monson H.Hayes, Statistical Digital Signal Processing and Modeling, John

Wiley and Sons,
Inc.,Singapore, 2002.

2 John G.Proakis, Dimitris G.Manolakis, Digital Signal Processing Pearson Edn., 2002.

3 John G.Proakis et.al.,’Algorithms for Statistical Signal Processing’, Pearson Edn., 2002

4 Dimitris G.Manolakis et.al.,’Statistic
al and adaptive signal Processing’, McGraw Hill, Newyork,2000.


PNEA03 SPREAD SPECTRUM TECHNIQUES



L T P C









3 1 0 4


UNIT


I








9



Introduction

Origin of Spread Spectrum


Spreading the Spectrum


Progress Gain


Jamming Margin


Dire
ct
Sequence System


Direct Sequence Signal Characteristics


Direct Sequence Code


Spectrum
relationship


Frequency Hopping Signal Characteristics


Frequency Hopping Rate and No. of
frequencies


Time Hopping


Chirp System


Hybrid Forms


UNIT


II








9


Code Generation

Coding


Maximal sequences


Linear Code Generator


Auto Correlation and Cross Correlation of codes


Composite codes


Chip rate and code length


Choosing a linear code


Generating high rate codes


Code selection and Sig
nal spectra


Initial Synchronization


Tracking



UNIT
-

III








9

Modulation


Correlation And Demodulation

Modulation


Balanced Modulation


Frequency Synthesis


Sending the Information


Remapping the
Spread Spectrum


Effect of non synchr
onous input signal


Base band recovery.


UNIT


IV








9


Synchronisation

Noise figure and Cochannel users
-

Dynamic range and AGC
-

Propagation Medium
-

Overall Receiver
-
Transmitter Design


Ranging Techniques


Direction finding


Special Anten
nas.


UNIT


V









9


Applications Of Spread Spectrum Methods

Space Systems


Avionics Systems


Test Systems and Equipment


Message Protection


Position
Location


Test and Evaluation of Spread Spectrum Systems


Sensitivity, Selectivity
, Jamming Margin,
Synchronous acquisition, loss of Synchronization


Signal to noise ratio Vs Interference level


Process
gain


FCC Method


Cross Correlation


Transmitter Measurements.

TOTAL : 45+15(Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCE
S

1 R.C.Dixon, “Spr
ead Spectrum Systems with commercial appications”, Wiley Interscience, 3rd Edition,
1994.

2 George Cooper & Clare. D. Mc Gillen, “Modern Communications and Spread Spectrum”, Mc Graw Hill,
1985.

3 M.K.Simon, J.K.Omura, R.A.Scholtz , “Spread Spectrum Communi
cations Handbook, Elctronic Edition”,
McGraw Hill, 1st Edition, 2001.

4 Rodger E. Ziemer, Roger L. Peterson, David E. Borth, “Introduction to Spread Spectrum
Communications”, Prentice Hall Inc., 1995.

PCSA18 DATA COMMUNICATION AND NETWORKS


L T P C









3 1 0 4


UNIT


I







9


Data Communication Fundametnals & Osi Reference Model

Overview of Data Communication and Networking


Analog / Digital signals and transmission, Simplex /
Half and Full duplex and Synchronous / Asynchronous communication


Mult
iplexing


Transmission
Media


Circuit switching and Telephone network


DSL, ADSL and Cable Modem


Network
Configuration, Concepts of layering , ISO's OSI reference model


Physical Layer Standards


RS 232C,
RS 449, RS 422A / 423A, X.21 and V.24


UNIT


II







9


Data Link Layer

Error detection and correction


Data link control and protocols


Flow and Error control


Sliding window
protocol


ARQ schemes


HDLC protocol


Point to Point Protocol


Multiple Access Techniques


Random Access, Control
led Access


Logical Link Control (LLC) and Medium Access Sub
-
layer functions


LAN standards


IEEE 802.3(CSMA/CD)


Fast Ethernet


Giga Bit Ethernet, IEEE 802.4 (Token Bus),
IEEE 802.5 (Token Ring), IEEE 802.11 (Wireless LAN)


UNIT


III







9


Networ
k Layer

Network layer
-

Services
-

Virtual circuits and Data
-
grams


Inter
-
networking


Addressing


Routing


Link state and Distance Vector Routing
-

Congestion control algorithms
-

Network Layer Protocols


ARP,
RARP, IPv4, ICMP, IPv6 and ICMPv6

Uni
-
c
ast Routing
-

RIP, OSPF, BGP and Multicast Routing


IGMP,
DVMRP, MOSPF, CBT, PIM.


UNIT
-

IV







9

Transport Layer

Transport layer
-

Services


Processes to Processes Delivery


Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
-

User
Datagram Protocol


Data Traff
ic


Congestion Control and Quality of Service


Techniques to improve
QOS


Integrated Services


Differentiated Services.


UNIT


V







9


Session, Presentation And Application Layers

Session layer Design Issues, services
-

Presentation layer Design Is
sues


Network security


Cryptography, Message Security, Digital Signature, User Authentication, Key Management, Security
Protocols in Internet


Application layer Design Issues


DNS, E
-
mail (SMTP), FTP, HTTP, WWW, Virtual
Terminal Protocol.

TOTAL : 45+1
5(Tutorial) = 60 periods

REFERENCE
S

1 Forouzan : Data Communications and Networking, TMH, 3rd Edition, 2004.

2 William Stallings,Data and Computer Communications,Eighth Edition,Printice Hall of India Private
Limited,2007

3 Brijendra Singh: Data Communica
tion and Computer Networks, PHI, 2004.

4 Michael A.Gallo, William A. Hancock : Computer Communication and Networking Technologies,
Thomson Asia, 2003


PNEA04 MODERN DIGITAL COMMUNICATION



L T P C










3 1 0 4


UNIT


I








9


Coherent A
nd Non
-
Coherent Communication

Coherent receivers


Optimum receivers in WGN


IQ modulation & demodulation


Noncoherent
receivers in random phase channels; M
-
FSK receivers


Rayleigh and Rician channels


Partially coherent
receives


DPSK; M
-
PSK; M
-
DPSK
,
-
BER Performance Analysis.


UNIT


II








9


Bandlimited Channels And Digital Modulations

Eye pattern; demodulation in the presence of ISI and AWGN; Equalization techniques


IQ modulations;
QPSK; QAM; QBOM;
-
BER Performance Analysis.


Continuous pha
se modulation; CPFM; CPFSK; MSK,
OFDM.


UNIT


III








9


Block Coded Digital Communication

Architecture and performance


Binary block codes; Orthogonal; Biorthogonal; Transorthogonal


Shannon’s channel coding theorem; Channel capacity; Matched filte
r; Concepts of Spread spectrum
communication


Coded BPSK and DPSK demodulators


Linear block codes; Hammning; Golay; Cyclic;
BCH ; Reed


Solomon codes.


UNIT


IV








9


Convolutional Coded Digital Communication

Representation of codes using Polynom
ial, State diagram, Tree diagram, and Trellis diagram


Decoding
techniques using Maximum likelihood, Viterbi algorithm, Sequential and Threshold methods


Error
probability performance for BPSK and Viterbi algorithm, Turbo Coding.


UNIT


V








9


Spre
ad Spectrum Signals For Digital Communication

Model of spread Spectrum Digital Communication System
-
Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Signals,
Error rate performance of the coder, Generation of PN Sequences
-

Frequency
-
Hopped Spread Spectrum
Signals, Perform
ance of FH Spread Spectrum Signals in an AWGN Channel
-

Synchronization of Spread
Spectrum Systems.

TOTAL : 45+15(Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCE
S

1 M.K.Simon, S.M.Hinedi and W.C.Lindsey, Digital communication techniques;

Signalling and detection, Prenti
ce Hall India, New Delhi. 1995.

2 Simon Haykin, Digital communications, John Wiley and sons, 1998

3 Wayne Tomasi, Advanced electronic communication systems, 4th EditionPearson Education Asia, 1998

4 B.P.Lathi Modern digital and analog communication systems
, 3rd Edition, OxfordUniversity press 1998.

5 John G. Proakis, Digital Communications, 4th Edition, McGraw
-
Hill, New york ,2001




PNEA05 NETWORK LAB






L T P C










0 0 3 2


List of Experiments


1)

Develop a Client


Server application for c
hat

2)

Develop a Client that contacts a given DNS Server ato resolve a given host name.

3)

Simulation of Sliding


Window protocol

4)

Simulation of BGP / OSPF routing protocol.

5)

Write a Client to download a file from a HTTP Server.

6)

Write a program to capture packets

through the network interface.

7)

Simulate the functions of Data Link Layer

8)

Implementation of IP fragmentation and Reassembly

9)

Demonstrate SSL client/server architecture

10)

Study of NS2.






























PNEA06 DIGITAL COMMUNICATION LAB





L T P C











0 0 3 2



LIST OF EXPERIMENTS


1 Simulation of Modulation and Coding in a AWGN Communication Channel using Simulation Packages.

2 Implementation of Adaptive Filters, periodogram and multistage multirate system in DSP Processor

3 Simu
lation of QMF using Simulation Packages.

4 Implementation of Linear and Cyclic Codes.

5 Implementation and study of Stop and Wait, Goback
-
N and Selective Repeat ARQ protocols

6 Implementation of Distance Vector and Link State routing Algorithms.

7 Ethe
rnet LAN protocol
-

To create scenario and study the performance ofCSMA/CD protocol ethrol
simulation

8 Simulation of AdHoc Network using GLOMOSIM

9 Simulation and implementation of congestion control algorithm in ATM

Network. (using free ATM network simul
ator software)

10 Simulation of ATM Switches.

11 Implementation of DS
-
SS technique using Spread Spectrum trainer kits.

12 Implementation of FH
-
SS technique using Spread Spectrum trainer kits.

13 Simulation of audio compression algorithm

14 Implementation o
f Analog Interface System for speech signal ( active LPF + ADC + Loop back DAC +
Reconstruction)

15 Performance evaluation of CDMA Systems

16 Simulation of IEEE 802.11 MAC protocol


















LIST OF ELECTIVES



PNEA08 ADVANCED DATABASE SYSTEM







L T P C









3 0 0 3



UNIT


I


Databases

Conventional Databases, Distributed Databases and Relational Databases


Architecture


Fragmentation


Query Processing


Transaction Processing


Concurr
ency Control


Recovery


UNIT


II


Object Oriented Databases

Introduction to Object Oriented Data Bases
-

Approaches
-

Modeling and Design
-

Persistence


Query
Languages
-

Transaction
-

Concurrency


Multi Version Locks
-

Recovery.


UNIT


III


Emerging

Systems

Enhanced Data Models
-

Client/Server Model
-

Data Warehousing and Data Mining
-

Web Databases


Mobile Databases.


UNIT


IV


Database Design Issues

ER Model
-

Normalization
-

Security
-

Integrity
-

Consistency
-

Database Tuning
-

Optimization a
nd
Research Issues


Design of Temporal Databases


Spatial Databases.



Unit


V


Current Issues

Rules
-

Knowledge Bases
-

Active and Deductive Databases
-

Parallel databases


Multimedia Databases


Image Databases


Text Database

TOTAL : 45 periods


RE
FERENCE
S


1 Elisa Bertino, Barbara Catania, Gian Piero Zarri, “Intelligent Database Systems”, Addison
-
Wesley, 2001.

2 Carlo Zaniolo, Stefano Ceri, Christos Faloustsos, R.T.Snodgrass,

V.S.Subrahmanian, “Advanced Database Systems”, Morgan Kaufman, 1997.

3 G
ary W.Hason, James V.Hanson, "Database Management and Design", Prentice Hall of India Private
Ltd, 1999.

4 N.Tamer Ozsu, Patrick Valduriez, “Principles of Distributed Database Systems”, Prentice Hal
International Inc., 1999.

5 C.S.R Prabhu, “Object
-
Oriente
d Database Systems”, Prentice Hall of India, 1998.

6 Abdullah Uz Tansel et al, “Temporal Databases: Theory, Design and principles”, Benjamin Cummings
Publishers, 1993.



PNEA09
TELECOMMUNICATION AND SWITCHING TECHNIQUES


L T P C











3 0 0

3



UNIT
-
I








9

Evolution Of Telecommunication Switching And Circuit

Evolution of Public Switched Telecommunication Networks Strowger exchange, Crossbar exchange,
Stored programme exchange Digital exchange


Basic Tele communication equipments


Tel
ephone
handset, Hybrid circuit, Echo suppressors and cancellers, PCM coders, Modems and Relays.


UNIT
-

I








9


Electronic Switching

Circuit Switching, Message switching, Centralized stored programme switching, Time switching, Spare
switching, Combinati
on switching


Digital switching system hardware configuration, Switching system
software, Organization, Switching system call processing software, Hardware software integration.


UNIT
-

III








9


T
elecommunication Signalling And Traffic

Channel associa
ted signaling, Common channel signaling, SS7 signaling protocol, SS7 protocol
architecture, Concept of Telecommunication traffic, Grade of service, Modeling switching systems,
Blocking models and Delay systems.


UNIT

IV








9


Integrated Digital Networ
ks

Subscriber loop characteristics, Local access wire line and wire less PCM / TDM carrier standards
transmission line codes, Digital multiplexing techniques, Synchronous, Asynchronous, Plesiocronous
multiplexing techniques, SONET / SDH, Integrated Digital

Network (IDN) environment


Principles of
Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN)


Cellular Mobile Communication Principles.


UNIT
-

V








9

Data Net Works

Data transmission in PSTN


Connection oriented and Connection less protocols


packet switc
hing


ISO
-
OSI architecture
-
Satellite based data networks


Multiple access techniques


LAN, WAN


standards


TCP / IP


Internet


Principle of ATM networks
.

TOTAL : 45 periods


REFERENCES


1. Viswanathan T, Telecommunication Switching System and Networ
ks, Prentice Hall of India Ltd., 1994.

2. Behrouz Forouzan, Introduction to Data Communication and Networking, McGraw
-

Hill, 1998.

3. Lawton L.S, Integrated Digital Networks, Galgotta Publication Pvt., Ltd., New Delhi, 1996.









PNEA10 NETWORK ROUTING
ALGORITHMS





L T P C












3 0 0 3

UNIT


I








9


Circuit Switching Networks

AT & T’s Dynamic Routing Network, Routing in Telephone Network
-
Dynamic Non Hierarchical Routing
-
Trunk Status Map Routing
-
Real Time Network Routing, Dynamic
Alternative Routing
-
Distributed Adaptive
Dynamic Routing
-
Optimized Dynamic Routing


UNIT
-

II








9

Packet Switching Networks

Distance vector Routing, Link State Routing, Inter domain Routing
-
Classless Interdomain routing (CIDR),
Interior Gateway rout
ing protocols (IGRP)
-

Routing Information Protocol (RIP), Open Shortest Path First
(OSPF), Exterior Gateway Routing Protocol (EGRP)
-

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP), Apple Talk Routing
and SNA Routing


UNIT


III








9


High Speed Networks

Routing in o
ptical networks
-
The optical layer, Node Designs, Network design and operation, Optical layer
cost tradeoffs, Routing and wavelength assignment, Architectural variations, Routing in ATM networks
-
ATM address structure, ATM Routing, PNNI protocol, PNNI signal
ing protocol, Routing in the PLANET
network and Deflection Routing.


UNIT


IV








9


Mobile Networks

Routing in Cellular Mobile Radio Communication networks
-
Mobile Network Architecture, Mobility
management in cellular systems, Connectionless Data serv
ice for cellular systems, Mobility and Routing in
Cellular Digital Packet Data (CDPD) network, Packet Radio Routing
-

DARPA packet radio network, Routing
algorithms for small, medium and large sized packet radio networks.


UNIT
-

V








9

Mobile Ad
-
Hoc N
etworks

Internet based mobile ad
-
hoc networking, communication strategies, routing algorithms


Table
-
driven
routing
-

Destination Sequenced Distance Vector (DSDV), Source initiated ondemand routing
-

Dynamic
Source Routing (DSR), Ad
-
hoc On
-

demand Distanc
e Vector (AODV), Hierarchical based routing
-

Cluster
head Gateway Switch Routing (CGSR) and Temporally
-
Ordered Routing Algorithm (TORA), Quality of
Service.

TOTAL : 45 periods


REFERENCE
S

1 M. Steen strub, “Routing in Communication networks”, PH Internatio
nal, NY, 1995.

2 “Internetworking Technologies Handbook”, Fourth Edition, Inc. Cisco Systems, ILSG Cisco Systems,
2003.

3 William Stallings, “ISDN & Broadband ISDN with Frame Relay & ATM”, PHI, ND, 2004.

4 Behrouz A Forouzan, “Data Communications and Netwo
rking (3/e), TMH, 2004

5 William Stallings, “High Speed Networks TCP/IP and ATM Design Principles”, Prentice Hall International,
New York, 1998.

6 Mohammad Ilyas, “The Handbook of Ad hoc Wireless Networks” CRC Press, 2002

7 Vijay K.Garg, “Wireless Network
Evolution: 2G to 3G”, Pearson Education, ND, 2003.

8 Rajiv Ramaswami and Kumar N.Sivarajan, “Optical Networks”,Morgan Kaufmann Publishers,1998.

PNEA11
WIRELESS NETWORKS






L T P C










3 0 0 3


UNIT
-
I








9

Introduction

Fundamentals of Wireless Communication
-

Transmission fundamentals


Wireless Communication
Technology
-

Antennas and Propagation, Spread Spectrum, Modulation Techniques, Coding and Error
Control.


UNIT
-

II








9

Wireless Networking
, Wireless Lans & Pans

Wireless Networking


Satellite Communication, Cellular Wireless Networks, Mobile IP and Wireless
Access Protocol, Wireless LANs
-
Wireless LAN Technology, IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN Standards,
Bluetooth, HIPERLAN Standard, HomeRF.



UN
IT

III








9


Ad
-
Hoc Wireless Networks & Security

Introduction
-

Issues in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks


Classifications of MAC Protocols
-

Classifications of
Routing Protocols
-

Classifications of Transport Layer Protocols
-

Classification of Energy Mana
gement
Schemes


Wired Equivalent Privacy(WEP)


The Extensible Authentication Protocol
-

Security in Ad Hoc
Wireless Networks.


UNIT

IV








9


Wireless Sensor Networks

Introduction
-

Sensor Network Architecture
-

Data Dissemination
-

Data Gathering
-

MAC Protocols for
Sensor Networks
-

Location Discovery
-

Quality of a Sensor Network
-

Evolving Standards
-

Other Issues.


UNIT
-
V








9

Recent Advances In Wireless Networks

Ultra
-
Wide
-
Band Radio Communication
-

Wireless Fidelity Systems
-

Optical Wire
less Networks
-

The
Multimode 802.11

IEEE 802.11a/b/g
-

The Meghadoot Architecture
-

Next
-
Generation Hybrid Wireless
Architectures.


TOTAL : 45 periods


REFERENCES


1. William Stallings, Wireless Communications and Networking,Pearson Education, 2nd Editio
n, 2005.

2. Siva Ram Murthy C, Manoj B.S, Ad Hoc Wireless Networks: Architectures and Protocols, Prentice Hall,
2004.

3. Kaveh Pahlavan and Prashant Krishnamurthy, Principles of Wireless Networks, Pearson Education.

4. Rappaport T.S, Wireless Communication
s: Principles and Practice, Prentice Hall., 2nd Edition.

5. Matthew Gast, Matthew Gast S, 802.11 Wireless Networks: The Definitive Guide (O'Reilly Networking) ,
O'Reilly Publication, 1 edition, 2002.






PNEA12 HIGH SPEED SWITCHING ARCHITECTURE



L T P C











3 0 0 3




UNIT


I



















9


High Speed Network

LAN and WAN network evolution through ISDN to BISDN
-

Transfer mode and control of BISDN
-

SDH
multiplexing structur
e
-

ATM standard; ATM adaptation layers.


UNIT
-

II










9

Lan Switching Technology

Switching concepts; Switch forwarding techniques; switch path control


LAN switching; cut through
forwarding; store and forward
-

virtual LANs.


UNIT
-

III










9

Atm Switching Architecture

Switch models
-

Blocking networks


basic and enhanced banyan networks
-

sorting networks


merge
sorting
-

rearrangeable networks
-

full and partial connection networks
-

nonblocking networks


recursive network


constructi
on and comparison of non
-
blocking network
-

switches with deflection
routing


shuffle switch
-

tandem banyan.


UNIT


IV










9


Queues In Atm Switches

Internal queuing


Input, output and shared queuing
-

multiple queuing networks


combined input,
output and shared queuing


performance analysis of queued switches.


UNIT
-

V










9

Ip Switching

Addressing mode
-

IP switching types
-
flow driven and topology driven solutions


IP Over ATM address
and next hop resolution


multicasting
-

IPv6 over

ATM.




TOTAL : 45 periods


REFERENCE
S

1 Achille Patavina, Switching Theory: Architectures and performance in Broadband ATM Networks. John
Wiley & Sons Ltd., New York.1998.

2 Christopher Y Metz, Switching protocols & Architectures. McGraw Hill, New York.1
998.

3 Ranier Handel, Manfred N Huber, Stefan Schrodder. ATM Networks
-
concepts,

protocols, applications, 3rd Edition, Adisson Wesley, New York,1999.

4 John A.Chiong: Internetworking ATM for the internet and enterprise networks.

McGraw Hill, New York, 1998.






PNEA13 NETWORK SECURITY





L T P C










3 0 0 3


UNIT
-
I








9

Introduction

Attacks
-

Services
-

Mechanisms
-

Conventional Encryption
-

Classical And Modern Techniques


Encryption Algorithms
-

Confidentiality.


Unit II







9

Pub
lic Key Encryption


Unit III







9

Message Authentication

Hash Functions
-

Digest Functions
-

Digital Signatures
-

Authentication Protocols
.


Unit IV







9

Network Security Practice

Authentication, Applications
-

Electronic Mail Security
-

IP Securit
y
-

Web Security
.


Unit V








9


System Security

Intruders


Viruses


Worms


Firewalls Design Principles


Trusted Systems.

TOTAL : 45 periods


REFERENCES


1. Stallings, Cryptography and Network Security Principles and Practice, Prentice Hall, 3rd Edi
tion, 2002.

2. Bruce, Schneier, Applied Cryptography, Toha Wiley and Sons, 2nd Edition, 1996.

3. Pfleeger , Security in Computing, Pearson Education, 3rd Edition, 2003.






















PNEA14
OPTICAL NETWORKS






L T P C











3 0 0 3



UNIT
-

I








9


Optical Network Technology

Telecommunication Network Architecture and Services
-
Circuit Switching
-
Packet Switching
-
Optical
Networks
-
Optical Layers
-
Optical Packet Switching
-
Transmission Basis
-

Network Evaluation


Propagation
of

Signals in Optical Fiber
-
Modulation and Demodulation formats.


UNIT
-

II








9


Optical Network Components

Components: Coupler
-
Isolators and Circulators
-
Multiplexers and Filters
-
Optical Amplifiers
-
Transmitters
-
Detectors
-

Switches
-

Wavelength Converters,

Transmission System Engineering: Power penalty
-

Gain
Saturation and Equalization in EDFA
-

Power Transient and Automatic Control
-
Cross Talk
-

Dispersion
-

Wave Length Stabilization
-

Fiber Non linearities
-

Soliton system
-

over all design Consideration


UNIT
-

III








9


Optical Networks

SONET/SDH: Multiplexing
-

Layers
-
Frame Structure
-
Elements of SONET/SDH Infrastructure
-

ATM:
Functions
-
Adaptation Layer
-
QOS
-
Flow Control
-

Signaling and Routing, IP: Routing and Forwarding
-

QOS
-

MPLS, SAN: ESCON
-

Fiber Channel
-

HIPPI


UNIT
-
IV








9

Wdm Network Design

WDM Network Elements: Line Terminal
-

Line Amplifier
-

OXC and its configuration, WDM Network Design:
Cost Trade Offs


LTD and RWA Problem
-

Dimensioning Wave Length Routing Network
-

Statistical and
Maximum Load D
imensioning Model


UNIT

V








9


Advanced Optical Networks

Access Network: Overview
-

HFC
-

FTTC, Photonic Packet Switching: OTDM Synchronization


Buffering
-

Header processing
-

Burst Switching
-

NTT’s Optical ATM switches
-
AON
-
CORD, Long
-

Haul Networks
-

Long
-

Haul Network Case Study
-

Long
-

Haul Undersea Networks
-

Metro Networks
-

Metro Ring Case Study

TOTAL : 45 periods


REFERENCES


1. Ramaswami R and Sivarajan K, Optical Networks: A Practical Perspective, Morgan Kaufmann, 2nd
Edition, 2001.

2. Stern T.E a
nd Bala K, Multiwavelength Optical Networks: A Layered Approach, Addison
-
Wesley.

3. Agrawal G.P, Fiber
-
Optic Communication Systems, John Wiley and Sons









PNEA15 WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS



L T P C











3 0 0 3



UNIT
-

I









9

Wireles
s Medium

Air Interface Design


Radio propagation mechanism


Pathloss modeling and Signal Coverage


Effect of
Multipath and Doppler


Channel Measurement and Modelling


Simulation of Radio Channel.


UNIT
-

II









9

Wireless Medium Access

Fixed As
signment Access for Voice Networks


Random Access for Data Networks
-

Integration of Voice
and Data Traffic.



UNIT


III









9


Wireless Network Operation

Wireless Network Topologies


Cellular Topology


Cell fundamentals


Signal to Interference R
atio


Capacity Expansion


Mobility Management


Resources and Power Management


Security in Wireless
Networks


UNIT
-

IV









9

Wireless Wan

GSM and TDMA Technology


Mobile Environment


Communication in the Infrastructure


CDMA
Technology


IS95


IMT2000


Mobile Data Networks


CDPD Networks


GPRS


Mobile Application
Protocol.


UNIT


V









9


Wireless Lans And Hiperlans

Introduction to wireless LANs


IEEE 802.11


WPAN IEEE 802.15

Mobile AdHoc Networks(MANET)
-

Principle and operation
-

Wireless Home Networking


Concepts of Bluetooth Technology


Wireless
Geolocation.

TOTAL : 45 periods


REFERENCE
S


1 Kaveth Pahlavan, K.Prasanth Krishnamurthy, “Principles of Wireless Networks”, Pearson Education Asia,
2002

2 Leon Garcia, Widjaja, “Commu
nication Networks”, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2000.

3 William Stallings, “Wireless Communications and Networks”, Second Edition Prentice Hall, India 2007

4 Jon W Mark , Weihua Zhuang, ”Wireless communication and Networking”, Prentice Hall India 2003










PNEA16 GENETIC ALGORITHM AND ITS APPLICATIONS





L T P C












3 0 0 3


UNIT
-

I








9

Fundamentals of genetic algorithm: A brief history of evolutionary computation biological terminology
-
search space
-
encoding, reproduction
-
el
ements of genetic algorithm
-
genetic modeling
-
comparison of GA
and traditional search methods.


UNIT
-

II








9

Genetic technology: steady state algorithm
-

fitness scaling
-

inversion. Genetic programming
-

Genetic
Algorithm in problem solving


UNIT


III








9

Genetic Algorithm in engineering and optimization
-
natural evolution

Simulated annealing and Tabu
search .Genetic Algorithm in scientific models and theoretical foundations


UNIT


IV








9

Implementing a Genetic Algorithm


computer implem
entation
-

low level operator and knowledge based
techniques in Genetic Algorithm.


UNIT
-

V








9

Applications of Genetic based machine learning
-
Genetic Algorithm and parallel processors, composite
laminates, constraint optimization, multilevel optimi
zation, real life problem.


TOTAL : 45 periods


REFERENCE
S


1 Melanie Mitchell, ’An introduction to Genetic Algorithm’, Prentice
-
Hall of India, New Delhi, Edition: 2004

2 David.E.Golberg, ’Genetic algorithms in search, optimization and machine learning’, A
ddision
-
Wesley
-
1999

3 S.Rajasekaran and G.A Vijayalakshmi Pai,’Neural Networks, Fuzzy logic and Genetic Algorithms,
Synthesis and Applications’, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi
-
2003.

4 Nils.J.Nilsson,’Artificial Intelligence
-

A new synthesis’, Morgan Kau
ffmann Publishers Inc, San
Francisco,California,1998.














PITA04 SOFTWARE QUALITY ASSURANCE




L T P C









3

1 0 4



UNIT
-

I







9

Concepts

Concepts of Quality Control


Quality Assurance


Quality Manageme
nt


Total Quality Management


Cost of Quality


QC Tools


7 QC Tools and Modern Tools


Other Related Topics


Business Process
Re

engineering


Zero Defect


Six Sigma


Quality Function Deployment


Benchmarking


Statistical
Process Control.


UNIT
-

II








9

Software Engineering Concepts

Software Engineering Principles


Software Project Management


Software Process


Project and Product
Metrics


Risk Management


Software Quality Assurance; Statistical Quality Assurance


Software
Reliability


Mu
se Model


Software Configuration Management


Software Testing; CASE (Computer
Aided Software Engineering).


UNIT
-
III







9

Quality Assurance Models

Models for Quality Assurance


ISO

9000


Series


CMM


SPICE


Malcolm Baldrige Award.


UNIT
-

IV







9

Software Quality Assurance Components In Project Life Cycle

Software Process


Definition and Implementation


Internal Auditing and Assessments


Software
Testing


Concepts


Tools


Reviews
-

Integrating quality activities in project life cycle


Inspections &
Walkthroughs


Documentation and Control


Quality of Software Maintenance components
-

PCMM.


UNIT
-
V







9

FUTURE TRENDS

PSP


TSP


CMMI


OO Methodology


Clean Room Software Engineering


Defect Injection and
Prevention.


TOTAL : 45
+15(Tutorial) = 60 periods


REFERENCES


1. Watts Humphery, “Managing Software Process”", Addison Wesley, 1998.

2. Roger Pressman, “Software Engineering”", 6 th Edition, McGraw Hill, 2005.

3. Philip B Crosby, “Quality is Free the Art of Making Quality cert
ain ", Mass Market, 1992.












PITA15 DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING



L T P C









3 0 0 3



UNIT
-

I








9

Digital Image Fundamentals

Elements of digital image processing systems, Elements of visual p
erception, psycho visual model,
brightness, contrast, hue, saturation, mach band effect, Color image fundamentals
-
RGB,HSI models,
Image acquisition and sampling, Quantization, Image file formats, Two
-
dimensional convolution,
correlation, and frequency res
ponses.


UNIT


II








9


Image Transforms

1D DFT, 2D transforms


DFT, DCT, Discrete Sine, Walsh, Hadamard, Slant, Haar, KLT, SVD, Radon, and
Wavelet Transform.


UNIT
-

III








9

Image Enhancement And Restoration

Histogram modification and specifi
cation techniques, Noise distributions, Spatial averaging, Directional
Smoothing, Median, Geometric mean, Harmonic mean, Contra harmonic filters, Homomorphic filtering,
Color image enhancement. Image Restoration


degradation model, Unconstrained and Const
rained
restoration, Inverse filtering, Wiener filtering, Geometric transformations


spatial transformations, Gray
-
Level interpolation,


UNIT


IV








9


Image Segmentation And Recognition

Edge detection. Image segmentation by region growing, region sp
litting and merging, edge linking,
Morphological operators: dilation, erosion, opening, and closing. Image Recognition


Patterns and
pattern classes, matching by minimum distance classifier, Statistical Classifier. Matching by correlation,
Neural network
application for image recognition.


UNIT


V








9


Image Compression

Need for image compression, Huffman, Run Length Encoding, Arithmetic coding, Vector Quantization,
Block Truncation Coding. Transform Coding


DCT and Wavelet. Image compression stand
ards.

TOTAL : 45 periods


REFERENCE
S


1 Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E.Woods, ‘Digital Image Processing’, Pearson Education, Inc., Second
Edition, 2004.

2 Anil K.Jain,‘Fundamentals of Digital Image Processing’,Prentice Hall of India,02.

3 David Salomon : D
ata Compression


The Complete Reference, Springer Verlag New York Inc., 2nd
Edition, 2001

4 Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E.Woods, Steven Eddins, ‘ Digital Image Processing using MATLAB’,
Pearson Education, Inc., 2004.





PITA20
SATELLITE COMMUNICATION




L T P C










3 0 0 3



UNIT

I








9


Orbital Parameters

Orbital parameters
-

Orbital perturbations, Geo stationary orbits
-

Low Earth and medium Earth orbits
-

Frequency selection
-

Frequency co

ordination and regulatory services
-

Sun t
ransit outages
-

Limits of
visibility
-

Attitude and Orientation control


Spin stabilisation techniques
-

Gimbal platform.


UNIT

II








9


Link Calculations

Space craft Configuration
-

Payload and supporting subsystems
-

Satellite up link

down link
-

Link power
budget
-

C/No, G/T, Noise temperature
-

System noise


Propagation factors
-

Rain and Ice effects
-

Polarization calculations.


UNIT

II








9


Access Techniques

Modulation and Multiplexing
-

Voice, Data
-

Video, Analog and Digital transmiss
ion systems
-

Multiple
access techniques


FDMA


TDMA
-

T1


T2 carrier systems


SPADE
-

SS
-

TDMA
-

CDMA
-

Assignment
Methods
-

Spread spectrum communication
-

Compression
-

Encryption and Decryption techniques.


UNIT
-

IV








9


Earth Station Paramete
rs

Earth station location
-

Propagation effects of ground, High power transmitters


Klystron
-

Crossed field
devices
-

Receivers
-

Low noise front end amplifiers
-

MIC devices, Antennas
-

Reflector antennas
-

Cassegranian feeds
-

Measurements on G/T and E
b/No.



UNIT
-

V








9

Satellite Applications

INTELSAT series
-

INSAT
-

VSAT
-

Remote sensing
-

Mobile Satellite service
-

GSM
-

GPS
-

INMARSAT
-

Satellite Navigation System
-

Direct to home service (DTH)


and Special services
-

E
-
mail
-

Video
conferen
cing and Internet connectivity.

TOTAL : 45 periods


REFERENCES


1.Wilbur L. Pritchard, Hendri Suyderhood G., Robert A. Nelson,Satellite Communication Systems
Engineering, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 2nd Edition 2000.

2.Dennis Rody, Satellite Communication,
Regents/Prentice Hall, Englewood cliffs, New Jersey,4th Edition
1999.

3. Bruce R. Elbert, The Satellite Communication Applications Hand Book, Artech House Boston, 1997.






PCSA15

AD HOC NETWORKS




L T P C








3 0 0 3


UNIT I Fundamentals





9

Intr
oduction


Fundamentals of Wireless Communication Technology


The Electromagnetic Spectrum


Radio Propagation Mechanisms


Characteristics of the Wireless Channel


IEEE 802.11a

b Standard


Origin of Ad hoc Packet Radio Networks


Technical Challenges


Architecture of PRNETs


Components
of Packet Radios


Ad hoc Wireless Networks


What is an Ad Hoc Network? Heterogeneity in Mobile
Devices


Wireless Sensor Networks


Traffic Profiles


Types of Ad hoc Mobile Communications


Types
of Mobile Host Movem
ents


Challenges Facing Ad hoc Mobile Networks


Ad hoc wireless Internet.


UNIT II AD HOC Routing Protocols




9


Introduction


Issues in Designing a Routing Protocol for Ad Hoc Wireless Networks


Classifications of Routing Protocols


Table

Driven Ro
uting Protocols


Destination Sequenced Distance
Vector (DSDV)


Wireless Routing Protocol (WRP)


Cluster Switch Gateway Routing (CSGR)


Source

Initiated On

Demand Approaches


Ad hoc On

Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV)


Dynamic
Source Routing (DSR
)

Temporally Ordered Routing Algorithm (TORA)


Signal Stability Routing (SSR)

Location

Aided Routing (LAR)


Power

Aware Routing (PAR)


Zone Routing Protocol (ZRP).


UNIT III Multicastrouting in ADHOC Networks


9

Introduction


Issues in Designing a M
ulticast Routing Protocol


Operation of Multicast Routing Protocols


An Architecture Reference Model for Multicast Routing Protocols

Classifications of Multicast Routing
Protocols


Tree

Based Multicast Routing Protocols


Mesh

Based Multicast Routing Pr
otocols


Summary
of Tree and Mesh based Protocols


Energy

Efficient Multicasting


Multicasting with Quality of Service
Guarantees


Application


Dependent Multicast Routing


Comparisons of Multicast Routing Protocols.


UNIT IV Transport Layer


Securit
y Protocols


9

Introduction


Issues in Designing a Transport Layer Protocol for Ad hoc Wireless Networks


Design
Goals of a Transport Layer Protocol for Ad hoc Wireless Networks

Classification of Transport Layer
Solutions


TCP over Ad hoc Wireless Net
works


Other Transport Layer Protocols for Ad hoc Wireless
Networks


Security in Ad Hoc Wireless Networks


Network Security Requirements


Issues and
Challenges in Security Provisioning


Network Security Attacks


Key Management


Secure Routing in Ad
hoc Wireless Networks.



UNIT V QOS
a
nd Energy Management



9

Introduction


Issues and Challenges in Providing QoS in Ad hoc Wireless Networks

Classifications of
QoS Solutions


MAC Layer Solutions


Network Layer Solutions


QoS Frameworks for Ad hoc W
ireless
Networks Energy Management in Ad hoc Wireless Networks


Introduction


Need for Energy
Management in Ad hoc Wireless Networks


Classification of Energy Management Schemes


Battery
Management Schemes


Transmission Power Management Schemes


Syst
em Power Management
Schemes.

TOTAL : 45

periods


REFERENCE
S:


1. C. Siva Ram Murthy and B. S. Manoj, “Ad Hoc Wireless Networks Architectures and

Protocols”, Prentice
Hall, PTR, 2004.


2. C. K. Toh, “Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks Protocols and Systems”, P
rentice Hall,

PTR, 2001.


3. Charles E. Perkins, “Ad Hoc Networking”, Addison Wesley, 2000

PCSA
4
8

NEURAL NETWORKS AND APPLICATIONS




L T P C











3 0 0 3

UNIT
-

I







9

Basic Learning Algorithms

Biological Neuron


Artifici
al Neural Model
-

Types of activation functions


Architecture: Feedforward and
Feedback


Learning Process: Error Correction Learning

Memory Bas ed Learning


Hebbian Learning


Competitive Learning
-

Boltzman Learning


Supervised and Unsupervised Learn
ing


Learning Tasks:
Pattern Space


Weight Space


Pattern Association


Pattern Recognition


Function Approximation


Control


Filtering
-

Beamforming


Memory


Adaptation
-

Statistical Learning Theory


Single Layer
Perceptron


Perceptron Learning
Algorithm


Perceptron Convergence Theorem


Least Mean Square
Learning Algorithm


Multilayer Perceptron


Back Propagation Algorithm


XOR problem


Limitations of
Back Propagation Algorithm.


UNIT
-

II







9

Radial
-
Basis Function Networks And Support

VECTOR MACHINES

Radial Basis Function Networks:Exact Interpolator


Regularization Theory


Generalized Radial Basis
Function Networks
-

Learning in Radial Basis Function Networks
-

Applications: XOR Problem


Image
Classification. Support Vector Machines
: Optimal Hyperplane for Linearly Separable Patterns and
Nonseparable Patterns


Support Vector Machine for Pattern Recognition


XOR Problem
-

-
insensitive Loss Function


Support Vector Machines for Nonlinear Regression


UNIT
-

III







9

Attractor Ne
ural Networks

Associative Learning


Attractor Neural Network Associative Memory


Linear Associative Memory


Hopfield Network


Content Addressable Memory


Strange Attractors and Chaos
-

Error Performance of
Hopfield Networks
-

Applications of Hopfield

Networks


Simulated Annealing


Boltzmann Machine


Bidirectional Associative Memory


BAM Stability Analysis


Error Correction in BAMs
-

Memory
Annihilation of Structured Maps in BAMS


Continuous BAMs


Adaptive BAMs


Applications


UNIT


IV







9

Adaptive Resonance Theory

Noise
-
Saturation Dilemma
-

Solving Noise
-
Saturation Dilemma


Recurrent On
-
center

Offsurround
Networks


Building Blocks of Adaptive Resonance


Substrate of Resonance Structural Details of
Resonance Model


Adaptive Resonance
Theory


Applications


UNIT
-

V







9


Self Organising Maps

Self
-
organizing Map


Maximal Eigenvector Filtering


Sanger’s Rule


Generalized Learning Law


Competitive Learning
-

Vector Quantization


Mexican Hat Networks


Selforganizing Feature Map
s


Applications

TOTAL : 45 periods












REFERENCE
S


1 Satish Kumar, “Neural Networks: A Classroom Approach”, Tata McGraw
-
Hill Publishing Company
Limited, New Delhi, 2004.

2 Simon Haykin, “Neural Networks: A Comprehensive Foundation”, 2ed., Addison
Wesley Longman
(Singapore) Private Limited, Delhi, 2001.

3 Martin T.Hagan, Howard B. Demuth, and Mark Beale, “Neural Network Design”, Thomson Learning,
New Delhi, 2003.

4 James A. Freeman and David M. Skapura, “Neural Networks Algorithms, Applications, and

Programming
Techniques, Pearson Education (Singapore) Private Limited, Delhi, 2003.

5 S. Rajasekaran, G.A. Vijayalakshmi Pai, Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithms, Synthesis
and Applications, PHI, New Delhi,2003.






































PCSA21
HIGH SPEED NETWORKS



L T P C








3 0 0 3


UNIT I








9

Circuit Switched Networks: Performance of circuit switched networks


SONET


Dense
n
Wave Division
Multiplexing (DWDM)


Fiber


Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)


Intelligent Netw
orks


CATV


UNIT II







9

ATM: Main features of ATM


Addressing Signaling & Routing


ATM Header Structure


ATM Adaptation
layer


Management and control


BISDN

Internetworking with ATM: Multiprotocol Encapsulation over
AAL5


LAN Emulation over ATM


IP over ATM


Multiprotocol over ATM


Frame Relay over ATM


UNIT III







9

Wireless Networks: Introduction


The wireless channel


Link level design


Channel

access


Network
design


Standards


Future System and Standards


UNIT IV







9

Control o
f Networks: Objectives and methods of control


Circuit


Switched Networks


Datagram
networks


ATM Networks


UNIT V








9

Optical Networks: Optical Links


WDM System


Optical Cross connects


Optical LANs


Optical Paths
and Networks


Switching

TO
TAL : 45

periods


REFERENCE
:


1. Jean Walrand and Pravin Varaiya,
High Performance Communication Networks
,

Second Edition,
Morgan Kaufmann, 2000.

(Chapters 5
-
8, 11, 12)