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S



E



E

TATEMENTS of

CIENCE and

CRIPTURE

XHIBITED

XAMINED

XPLAINED

DUCATIONAL

DIFYING

VANGELICAL

Presented

by

Dr Thomas J Kindell

Founder & President of
Reasons for Faith Ministries, Inc.

“Be ready to give an answer to everyone who asks you a reason for the hope that is
within you”

I Peter 3:15

IMPLICATIONS OF

THE LAWS

OF
THERMODYNAMICS

ORIGINS

An emotional question.

An unprovable question.

Approaching the question

properly.

Let’s agree to use fair rules.

“We take the side of science
in spite

of
the patent absurdity of some of its
constructs,
in spite

of its failure to fulfill
many of its extravagant promises of
health and life,
in spite

of the tolerance of
the scientific community for
unsubstantiated just
-
so
-
stories,
because
we have a prior commitment
, a
commitment to materialism
. It is
not

that
the methods and institutions of
science

somehow
compel

us to accept a material
explanation of the phenomenal world,…

…but, on the contrary, that
we are
forced by our
a priori

adherence to
material causes

to create an
apparatus
of investigation

and set of concepts
that produce
material

explanations,
no
matter

how
counter
-
intuitive
,
no matter

how
mystifying

to the uninitiated.
Moreover,
that materialism is an
absolute
, for
we cannot allow a Divine
Foot in the door
.”


Richard Lewontin, “Billions and Billions of Demons,”
The New York
Review,
January 9, 1997, p. 31

Definition
-

RELIGION

“A set of beliefs
concerning the cause,
nature, and purpose of
the universe.”


The Random House College Dictionary
, 1982. Rev. ed.

Edited by Jess Stein, p. 1114

“[Evolution] is
a general postulate

to which all theories, all
hypotheses, all systems
must
henceforward bow

and which they
must satisfy

in order to be
thinkable

and
true
. Evolution is a light which
illuminates all facts, a trajectory
which
all lines of thought must
follow



that is what evolution is.”


P. T. de Chardin, as quoted by F. J. Ayala,
Journal of Heredity

68:3
-
10, 1977


What happened to the classic
definition of science?

Science:

The
search for truth

[whatever
that truth may be] through the scientific
method of repeated experimentation
and observation.

Science Redefined as Materialism:

You
may search for truth


but
only where
and how

we tell you to
. Only
materialistic

explanations are
allowed
.

THE PROBLEM

Whenever you allow your
opponent to define the rules of
argument


you lose!


“I set the rules and you don’t!”



“Heads, I win


Tails, you lose!”

The First Rule

The Second Rule

CONCLUSION

The search for truth,
for truth’s
own sake
, is
unimportant



the
only thing that matters

is that a
materialist victory

is assured
by
controlling the definition

of
“science” so that
no matter
what



they
have

to win


by
definition
.

It doesn’t matter if
all

the evidence
supports

intelligent design and
contradicts

naturalistic evolution.

Dr. Scott Todd, an immunologist at Kansas
State University said in
Nature

magazine:

“Even if
all the data

point to an
intelligent designer, such an hypothesis
is excluded from science because it is
not naturalistic.”



S. D. Todd,
Nature

410(6752):423, September 30, 1999

SCIENCE
-

OR JUST
PHILOSOPHICAL BIAS?

“[Evolution is] a theory universally accepted
not because it can be proved by logically
coherent evidence to be true
, but because the
only alternative, special creation, is
clearly
incredible
.”





D. M. S. Watson

“Evolution is
unproved
and

unprovable
. We
believe it because the only alternative is special
creation which is
unthinkable
.”


Sir Arthur Keith

“The only alternative [to evolution]
is the doctrine of special creation,
which may be

true
, but is
irrational
.”









L. T. More

How can the

truth

be
irrational
and

unscientific
?

“We find that while ID arguments
may be
true
,… ID is
not science
.”








U. S. Dist. Judge, John Jones

A DOUBLE STANDARD REGARDING
INTELLIGENT DESIGN?

THE DOUBLE
-
EDGED SWORD

OF SCIENCE

“A hypothesis is empirical or
scientific
only

if it can be
tested by
experience
. A hypothesis or theory
which cannot be, at least in
principle, falsified by empirical
observations and experiments
does
not belong to the realm of science
.”



















F. J. Ayala, “Biological Evolution: Natural Selection or Random Walk?”,

American Scientist
, Vol. 62, p. 700


“In accepting evolution as a
fact, how many biologists
pause to reflect that science
is built upon theories that
have been
proved by
experiment

to be correct, or
remember that the theory of
animal evolution
has never
been thus proved
?

“The fact of evolution is the backbone
of biology, and biology is thus in the
peculiar position of being a science
founded on an
unproved

theory...Is it
then a
science

or a
faith
? Belief in the
theory of evolution is thus exactly
parallel to belief in creation...both are
concepts which believers know to be
true but neither, up to the present, has
been
capable of proof
.”

















L. Harrison Matthews, Introduction to
The Origin of Species
, 1971 Edition

COMPARING MODELS

Neither evolution or creation

qualify as
scientific theories
.

The evolution and creation
hypotheses do qualify to be
discussed and compared as
scientific models
.

The Second Law of Thermodynamics

Complexity

Disorder

Less Energy

Available for Use

“The entropy also measures the randomness…of the
system: The greater the randomness, the greater

the entropy.”





Harold Blum
-

Evolutionist Physicist

“…The Second Law of
Thermodynamics…says, roughly
speaking, that
in any change

the
Universe becomes a slightly
more
disorderly place
; the
entropy goes
up
, the
information content goes
down
. This natural tendency
towards disintegration and chaos
is evident all around us…”

P. Davies, “Chance or choice: Is the Universe an accident?”,

80 New Scientist,
p. 506

EVERYTHING THAT HAD A BEGINNING
REQUIRES A CAUSE TO EXPLAIN ITS ORIGIN

1.
The Universe (including time itself) can be
shown to have had
a beginning
.

2.

It is unreasonable to believe something could
begin

to exist without a cause.

3.

The Universe therefore requires a cause.

4.

God, as Creator of time, is outside of time.
Since therefore
He has no beginning in time
,
He has always existed, so doesn’t need a
cause.

The First Cause of limitless Space

Must be infinite


The First Cause of endless Time


Must be eternal


The First Cause of boundless Energy


Must be omnipotent


The First Cause of universal interrelationships


Must be omnipresent


The First Cause of supreme Complexity


Must be omniscient


The First Cause of Moral Values


Must be moral


The First Cause of Spiritual Values


Must be spiritual


The First Cause of Human Responsibility


Must be volitional


The First Cause of Human Integrity


Must be truthful


The First Cause of Human Love


Must be loving


The First Cause of Life


Must be living

NOTHING


THE PREFERRED CAUSE

It is tempting to go one step further and speculate
that the entire universe evolved from literally
nothing
.





Allan H. Guth & Paul J Steinhardt

...that our Universe had its physical origin as a
quantum fluctuation of some pre
-
existing true
vacuum or state of
nothingness
.

Edward Tryon

This “quantum cosmology” provides a loophole
for the universe to, so to speak, spring into
existence from
nothing
, without violating any
laws of physics.







Paul Davies

“No theory can rule out divine
creation
. Scientific theories are
simply proposals for how the world is,
to be tested by observation. There is
no logical impediment

to God creating
the universe five minutes ago in its
present state, complete with human
memories. In the end a theory stands
or falls on whether
human beings
consider it reasonable
.”


Paul Davies, In a correspondence sent to A. W. Mehlert, March 22, 1993.

“Ordinarily the second
law is stated for
isolated systems, but
the second law applies
equally well to open
systems
.”


John Ross,
Chemical and Engineering News
, July 27, 1980, p. 40

“…the simple expenditure of
energy
is not sufficient

to
develop and maintain order. A
bull in a china shop
performs
work
, but he
neither creates nor
maintains organization
. The work
needed is
particular

work;
it must
follow specifications
; it
requires
information

on
how

to proceed.”







G. G. Simpson and W. W. Beck,
Life: An Introduction to Biology
,

2
nd

ed, NY, 1955, p. 466

THE FOUR ESSENTIAL CRITERIA

1.
The system must be
open

to the environment.

2.

An adequate
influx of energy

must be available.

3.

The system must possess
an energy
conversion mechanism

to convert harmful raw
energy into a useful form of energy.

4.

A directing program must exist

to control the
conversion machinery and to direct the
converted energy into the creation and
maintenance of complexity.

“This explanation, [
an open system
]
however, is not completely satisfying,
because it still leaves the problem of
how

or
why

the ordering process has arisen
(an apparent lowering of the entropy), and
a number of scientists have wrestled with
this issue. Bertalanffy (1968) called the
relation between irreversible
thermodynamics and information theory
one of the most fundamental unsolved
problems in biology
.”


C. J. Smith, “Problems with Entropy in Biology” in
Biosystems
, Vol. 1, p. 259, 1975

PRIGOGINE’S NOBEL PRIZE

In 1977, Ilya Prigogine
received the Nobel Prize in
chemistry for using
thermodynamics, in the words
of the committee, “
to bridge
the gap that exists between
the biological and the social
scientific fields of inquiry
.”

“What was the role of
dissipative structures in
evolution? It is very
tempting to
speculate

that prebiotic
evolution corresponds
essentially to a succession of
instabilities leading to an
increasing level of complexity.”


G. Nicholis & I. Prigogine,
Self
-
Organization in Non
-
Equilibrium Systems: From
Dissipative Structures to Order Through Fluctuations
, p. 12

SHATTERING THE CRYSTAL
ILLUSION

ABCABCABCABCABDABCABC

ABCABCABCABCABDABCABC

THIS SEQUENCE OF ALPHABET
LETTERS CARRIES A MESSAGE

“Crystallization occurs because it
leads to the
lowest energy state

and
to the most stable arrangement of
atoms or molecules under the given
conditions.
Crystallization leads to
simple, very uniform repeating
structures, which are inert.

These
structures
do not function,
and are

not designed by function.



P. T. Mora, “Crystallization and the Second Law,” 199
Nature
, 216 (1963)

“Unfortunately this principle [of
crystal formation]
cannot explain the
formation of biological structures
. The
probability that at ordinary
temperatures a macroscopic number
of molecules is assembled to give rise
to the highly ordered structures and to
the coordinated functions
characterizing living organisms is
vanishingly small
.”















Ilya Prigogine, G. Nicolis and A. Babloyants, “Thermodynamics of
Evolution,”
Physics Today,

Vol. 25, November 1972, p. 23

“How do present
-
day
organisms manage to
synthesize organic compounds
against the forces of
dissolution? They do so by a
continuous expenditure of
energy…A living organism
is an
intricate machine

for
performing exactly this
function…

…When, for want of fuel or through
some internal failure in its mechanism,
an organism stops actively synthesizing
itself
in opposition to the processes
which continuously decompose it
, it
dies and rapidly disintegrates. What we
ask here is to synthesize organic
molecules
without such a machine
. I
believe this to be the most
stubborn
problem

that confronts us


the weakest
link

at present in our argument.”

G. Wald, “The Origin of Life,” in
The Physics and Chemistry of Life,
p. 17.

“…if your
theory

is found to
be
against the Second Law
of Thermodynamics

I can
give you
no hope
; there is
nothing for it but to
collapse in deepest
humiliation
.”



A. S. Eddington:
The Nature of the Physical World
, NY: Macmillan,
1930, p. 74

For ever since the creation of the
world His invisible nature and
attributes, that is, His eternal power
and divinity have been made
intelligible and clearly discernible

in
and through
the things that have
been made



His handiworks
. So
[men] are
without excuse


altogether without any defense or
justification
.


Romans 1:20 Amplified

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