Quick guide to construction automation and robotics

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5 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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Quick guide to construction automation and robotics


This short guide is intended for those readers who are newcomers and who want to get a quick grasp of the
subject. Once you have done so, you might like to try the self
-
study exercise to broaden your kn
owledge and
appreciation.



-

What is a construction robot and how would I recognise one?


First of all, we need to say what we mean by the word robot. The word itself was coined by the Czech
playwright, Karel Capek in the early part of this century, havin
g been taken from the Czech word 'robota'
meaning forced work or slavery. In Capek's play,
Rossum's Universal Robots
, the robots were humanoid
machines. The proliferation of industrial manipulators in factories in the latter part of this century has served

to reinforce the image of the human
-
like machine to the extent that it has become the benchmark against
which to judge whether or not a machine is a robot.


Strictly speaking, there are few industrial robots to be found in the construction sector, but tha
t does not
mean there are no other types. Ever since machines came under computer control we have had automation.
Automated machines are, in fact, robots. They not only carry out a complex sequence of operations, but can
also control their performance. The
y are self
-
regulating, correcting themselves as they go.


Turning to the specific case of construction robots, the question is,
how do we recognise one?

First, they
need to comply with the above basic requirements. Second, they must be suited to their purp
ose: it would
make no sense putting a high precision 'pick
-
and
-
place' robot on to a construction site and expect it to work
wonders. The construction environment is very different to that encountered in the comparatively well
ordered factory and both the d
emands for mobility and ruggedness impact on the design criteria for
construction.robots.


The examples pictured below are two of the most well known and there are others that will be added to this
site over the next few months.



Shimizu Corporation's wall
climbing painting robot.

The company's concrete
power floating ma
chine.


There have been many examples of prototype and working construction robots. The concrete power floating
machine above is used routinely on sites and not just in Japan. It is an example of a dedicated or task
specific robot and one that has been sh
own to raise the productivity of the human (or mechanically
-
assisted)
task it performs. There are other types, including those where more conventional forms of construction plant
and equipment have been enhanced by the addition of sensors and controls. The
y enable operatives to
perform at a higher level and, in some cases, can replace them. The accompanying
self
-
study

exercise
expands on these ideas.


-

Why isn't it possible to automate more o
f the construction process?


Construction is a diverse industry and one that has to cope with an almost unique set of circumstances on
each project and site. Whilst these can be used to excuse the industry's lack of progress, when compared
with manufacturi
ng, there are many problems that construction faces that exceed the current limits of
technology and engineering know
-
how. The unstructured, dynamic nature of the construction site, the
hazards and difficulties presented by temporary works, weather and, so
metimes, the shear scale of activity
mitigate against greater automation. There is also the investment needed. That said, significant progress has
been made in, for instance, tunnelling, mining and other civil or heavy engineering applications. In the case

of buildings, the development of a systematised approach to construction using largely dry, prefabricated
components delivered just
-
in
-
time has advanced the degree of automation now possible. Although it is still
early days, development of this kind is in
dicative of a longer term trend.



Shimizu SMART building project in Nagoya, Japan. See case study under the
Technologies

section or
self
-
study

exercise.


Case Study: SMART (Shimizu Manufacturing system by Advanced Robotics Technology)


SMART represents more recent attempts at computer integrat
ed construction (CIC)
-

discussed below
-

that
claims to reduce by 30% the number of man
-
hours required to complete a multi
-
storey office building
(Normile, 1993). System set
-
up takes about six weeks, after which the building's top floor and roof are
erect
ed on top of four jacking towers: the effect is to resemble a top
-
hat. The jacking towers are used to push
up the 1,323 ton top floor assembly
-

the main work platform
-

as well as lifting their own bases from floor to
floor in a cycle time of around two a
nd a half hours. The heart of the system is composed of lifting
mechanisms and automatic conveying equipment which is installed on the work platform. This later becomes
the roof of the building. Overhead gantry cranes are connected to the underside of the
roof structure in a way
that resembles a factory production facility. Trolley hoists are used to lift and position components which are
introduced at ground level.


The whole process is computer
-
controlled, though workers are still involved in overseeing o
perations at least
for the time being. Simplified connections between components facilitate rapid erection times: self
-
centering
column connections require only fine
-
tuning with a torque wrench and a laser
-
guided gauge. A clamp
-
on
welding robot
-

one of a
few task
-
specific devices
-

is used afterwards to effect the final mating of the column
ends. Floors emerge from under the top
-
hat pre
-
clad
-

again from the inside
-

allowing work in fitting out to
begin immediately. Weather is excluded from the job
-
site b
y a mesh fabric hung around the work area.
Racks of pre
-
assembled pipework are a further example of an entire approach to rationalising design and
production, the aim of which is to drive down the man
-
hours required for production.


SMART automates a range

of production processes including:



erection and welding of steel frames



placement of precast concrete floor planks



exterior and interior wall panels



installation of various prefabricated units.


Inevitably, with the first run of anything, costs are hi
gher than normal: it would be unusual if it were not so.
However, further improvements to the system will enable it to have wider application and, hence, lower costs
because of economies of scale and familiarity with the technology. Likewise, lower cost wi
ll make the system
more attractive.


-

Computer integrated construction


SMART serves many purposes. Apart from the obvious gains as outlined above, it forms part of a much
broader strategy for construction. CIC or computer integrated construction is the c
oncept within which
SMART is placed (Miyatake, 1993). In this sense, SMART is being used to demonstrate an approach which
aims to integrate the entire AEC (architecture/engineering/construction) process. It achieves this by bringing
together three elements
:



integrated design and construction planning



a site automation system



factory automation.


Innovations in IT, typically KBE, database management, simulation, engineering and management software,
3
-
D CAD and object
-
oriented programming have opened up ne
w possibilities for systems' integrators.
SMART is, thus, a prime example where this has been achieved.


CIM or computer integrated manufacturing has been used as the model for the site automation system
element of SMART. Technologies such as just
-
in
-
time
(JIT), materials' handling, process control and
inventory control are implicit in the approach. The third element, site automation, brings together a raft of
technologies and management practices that are adapted to the circumstances of the construction si
te.
Automated transportation of materials, followed by their assembly and positioning using robots completes
the process.


Performance targets for CIC projects are demanding. Shimizu has set the following, seeing them as entirely
realistic:



reduction in th
e total time of the project 50%



reduction in the total manpower requirement 50%.


The implications of the push towards total automation, as embodied by CIC, is to require many changes to
working practices. For Shimizu, this means that job descriptions fo
r its workers have had to become less
specific because of the integration of different functions. The emphasis has moved the company still closer
to multi
-
disciplinary working. Within this, Shimizu has recognised that, not only are technical skills importa
nt,
so are the personalities of the workers.


-

On the R&D agenda


R&D continues to explore many areas. The following is a list of current work topics:



construction robot control



construction robot design techniques



information systems and technologies



robot safety and safeguarding



sensors and sensing techniques



user interfaces



automated planning and scheduling



bridges and road work



building construction



building finishing



meteorology in construction



special applications.


-

Future form of const
ruction automation


If SMART represents the extent of current achievement, what will be the next step in the quest for
fully automated construction? For the answer to this question we should look at the IF7 project in
Japan. Aptly named the
Intelligent Fie
ld Factory

, the aim is to bring advanced (i.e. intelligent)
manufacturing to construction. The promoters of the project, Hitachi Zosen, Kajima, Shimizu,
Hazama, Waseda University and MITI, are likely to be joined by researchers and industrialists from
Eur
ope and Canada under the support of the
IMS

(Intelligent Manufacturing Systems) initiative.
Conceptually, the project is simple enough: it will build upon the success of SMART and systems
like it to deliver the intelligent site of the future.


The concept
operates on two levels. First, there is the real construction world in which people and
robots co
-
work and interact with one another. The second is cyberspace within which is held a vast
amount of information to be used to help deliver buildings or other l
arge volume structures
anywhere in the world. In this respect, it is important to note that buildings constitute just one type of
structure to be encompassed by the IF7 project; another type is ships.


In the real construction world, large volume structure
s would be built largely with pre
-
assembled
components. Intelligent robots would work to assemble predominantly heavy components which
would be complete with knowledge of how they are to be processed and so on. Each robot would be
able to communicate easil
y with people. Cyberagents which exist in cyberspace will be used to
support decision
-
making in the real construction world.

-

When is it likely that construction robots will become an everyday
sight?


The short answer is: don't hold your breath. The diver
sity of construction activity and the
uniqueness of the problems to be solved mean that it will be some time before we see robots as
routinely as one might hope. In some cases, for instance, high
-
rise construction, it is possible that
automation systems wi
ll be progressively developed and refined to the point where the sites
themselves come very close to an assembly operation. In heavy and civil engineering, more
autonomous machines will appear replacing humans where safety and productivity are key issues.


25 years ago, it would be very uncommon to see much construction plant and equipment on small
scale, domestic work. Yet today, access equipment, mechanical excavators and power hand tools
are the norm. This incremental development of productivity
-
raising
and cost
-
saving devices will
continue alongside the more ambitious site automation and autonomous systems. 25 years from
now, it will be a very different picture to now on many sites around the world where concern for
human life is paramount. Safety and th
e environment will become a driving force for more
automation and robots on our sites.


-

Who is developing robots and automation systems for
construction?


To be fair, most of the running
-

so to speak
-

has been done in Japan by the major construction
c
ompanies, often supported by large research institutes (of their own) and by collaboration with
heavy engineering enterprises. There have been developments in the USA, Canada, Europe and
Australia, but by number alone the Japanese have produced far more th
an the rest put together. Of
course, much development has and is continuing to be undertaken by major plant and equipment
manufacturers
-

work which can be done on the back of sales and close relationships with the
customer. In some respects, it is temptin
g to say that we are seeing a convergence of technology
just as we see in telecommunications and elsewhere.


You will forgive us for not naming individual companies here, but to name a few would be to leave
out many more.



-

How do I become more involved
in this subject?


This first answer has to be to
join IAARC
, if you are not already a member. This can be on an
individual basis or corporately. We would be bound to say that, wouldn't we? The truth is

there is no
other organisation of this kind. Throughout the world, there are local interest groups (or chapters)
affiliated to IAARC. You can enquire about one in your own country by using our feedback form. For
those of you who want a more active role, t
here is the chance to seek election to the
Board of
Directors

of IAARC or, at the very least, to participate in one of its many committees.

The International Association for Automation and Robo
tics in
Construction

http://www.iaarc.org/frame/intro.htm

Construction robot systems in Japan

http://www.iaarc.org/frame/publish/ccrr_toc.htm

1. Earthworks

Tele
-
Earthwork System

Fujita Corporation

2

Navigation
-
type Surveying System Using Real
-
time Kinema
tic GPS

Mitsui Construction Co., Ltd.

4

GPS
-
based Remote Control System for Construction Equipment

Taisei Corporation

6

Image
-
controlled Non
-
prism Laser Measurement System

Taisei Corporation

8


2. Foundation Work

Multi
-
jointed Pile Driving Machine RX20
00
-
2

Hitachi Construction Machinery
Co., Ltd.

10

Integrated Control System for Diaphragm Wall Excavation

Kajima Corporation

12

Slurry Control System for Diaphragm
-
wall Excavation

Konoike Construction Co., Ltd.

14

Automatic Excavation System for Diaphrag
m
-
wall Excavator

Konoike Construction Co., Ltd.

16

Excavation System for Diaphragm Wall

Obayashi Corporation

18

Automatic Concrete Placing Control System for Diaphragm Wall

Obayashi Corporation

20

SH
-
SHINSO Method (Unmanned Deep Shaft Construction Syste
m)

Shiraishi Co.

22

Hydraulic Jack Control System for Underpinning

Taisei Corporation

24

High
-
Accuracy Position Control System for Underground Diaphragm
Walls

Thisei Corporation

26

Digging Work System for Hard Rock

Tokyu Construction Co., Ltd.

28

Diggi
ng Work Robot

Tokyu Construction Co., Ltd.

30

Removable Grout Plant

Toto Electric Industry Co., Ltd.

32


3. Crane Work

Safety & Compact New Type Crane "LC08M
-
1"

Komatsu Ltd.

34

New Mini Crane from Japan Can Ride on the Van, Can Go up and
Komatsu Ltd.

36

down the Stair
s "KALCA1TA" (LM15
-
1)

Concrete Placing Crane

Obayashi Corporation

38

Automated Crane for Reinforcement

Takenaka Corporation

40


4. Dam Construction

FUJITA Automatic Concrete Transfer System (FACTS)

Fujita Corporation

42

Self
-
rising Dam

Form

Hazama Corporation

44

Robot for Green
-
Cutting and Disposing Latance

Hazama Corporation

46

Automated
-
Aggregate
-
Plant

Hazama Corporation

48

Dam Concrete Transport Facilities INCLINE

Ishikawajima
-
Harima Heavy
Industries Co., Ltd.

50

Automatic Form f
or Dam Construction

Kajima Corporation

52

Automatic Control System of the Hydraulic Crawler Crane
-

The
application to the concrete dam construction
-

Konoike Construction Co., Ltd.

54

Konoike Transfer Car Automatic Control System

Konoike Construction Co
., Ltd.

56

Automatic Concrete
-
Transport System

Maeda Corporation

58

Automatic Concrete Transportation System in Dam Construction
Works

Nishimatsu Construction Co.,
Ltd.

60

Dam Concrete Automatic Transfer System

Obayashi Corporation

62

Automatic Concret
e Casting System for Dam Construction

Sato Kogyo Co., Ltd.

64

Self Climbing Formwork for inclined Round Surface

Sato Kogyo Co., Ltd.

66

Brush
-
type Concrete Green Cutting Robot

Shimizu Corporation

68

Grout Data Control System

Toto Electric industry Co.,
Ltd.

70


5. Concrete Work

Self
-
rising Dam Form

Hazama Corporation

44

Robot for Green
-
Cutting and Disposing Latance

Hazama Corporation

46

Automatic Form for Dam Construction

Kajima Corporation

52

Automatic Control System of the Hydraulic Crawler Crane
-

The
application to the concrete dam construction
-

Konoike Construction Co., Ltd.

54

Konoike New Tunnel Lining System (K
-
Nil)

Konoike Construction Co., Ltd.

72

Water
-
Jet Concrete Chipping Robot

Kumagai Gumi Co., Ltd.

74

Automatic Concrete
-
Transport Sy
stem

Maeda Corporation

58

Automatic Concrete Transportation System in Dam Construction
Works

Nishimatsu Construction Co.,
Ltd.

60

Dam Concrete Automatic Transfer System

Obayashi Corporation

62

Automatic Concrete Vibrator

Obayashi Corporation

76

Automat
ic Concrete Casting System for Dam Construction

Sato Kogyo Co., Ltd.

64

Horizontal Concrete Distributor

Takenaka Corporation

78

Simplified Distributor "DB ROBO"

Takenaka Corporation

80

Automated Precast Concrete Manufacturing System

Takenaka Corporation

82

Tunnel Swift Lining Robot

Tekken Corporation

84

Lining Cutting Robot

Tekken Corporation

86

Shotcrete Control System

Toa Corporation

88

Control Equipment for Secondary Lining Concrete Placement

Toa Corporation

90


6. Mountain Tunnel

PASS (Pre
-
Arch

Shell Support) METHOD

Fujita Corporation

92

Front Monitoring System for Mountain Tunnel

Hazama Corporation

94

New Pre
-
Lining Support Method

Hazama Corporation

96

Konoike New Tunnel Lining System (K
-
NTL)

Konoike Construction Co., Ltd.

72

Secondary Lini
ng by Using an Automatic Vibrator System

Maeda Corporation

98

Hard Rock Heading Machine Roadheader S
-
300

Obayashi Corporation

100

Automatic Operation System for Tunnel Boring Machine

Obayashi Corporation

102

A New System for Marking off on the Face in a

Tunnel

Obayashi Corporation

104

Rotary Shotcrete System

Obayashi Corporation

106

TBM Full
-
Automatic Operation System

Obayashi Corporation

108

Automatic Transport System Intended for Long Tunnels, GEO
-
SHUYFLE

Sato Kogyo Co., Ltd.

110

Three
-
dimensional
Tunnel Marking System

Taisei Corporation

112

Lining Cutting Robot

Tekken Corporation

86

Tunnel Swift Lining Robot

Tekken Corporation

84

Automatic Slump Adjusting System

Toa Corporation

114

Control Equipment for Secondary Lining Concrete Placement

Toa C
orporation

90

Shotcrete Control System

Toa Corporation

88

Laser Ventilation System

Toa Corporation

116

Roadheader with Automatic Excavation System

Toda Corporation

118


7. Shield Tunnel

Highly Integrated Shield Driving Automatic Control System (Hi
-
SDA
CS)

Hazama Corporation

120

Automatic Segment Assembly Robot (Automatic Assembling of Core
Type Concrete Segment)

Hitachi Construction Machinery
Co., Ltd.

122

Automatic Shield Direction Control System (Fuzzy Controlling of
Deviation and Direction Deviatio
n Amount)

Hitachi Construction Machinery
Co., Ltd.

124

Kajima Type Automatic Segment Erection System

Kajima Corporation

126

Automatic Segment Erection System (Short Bolt Type)

Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.

128

Multi
-
Jointed Arm Erector

Kawasaki Heavy
Industries, Ltd.

130

Fault Diagnosis System for a Shield Tunnelling Machine

Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.

132

Cotter Type Joint Segment Automatic Erection System

Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.

134

MS (Multi Stage) Shield System

Komatsu Ltd.

136

K
-
EA
SIS
-

Konoike Easy
-
operating Automatic Shield Integrated
System
-

Konoike Construction Co., Ltd.

138

Construction Method of Transporting and Installing Precast Railway
Slabs Using Compressed Air

Mitsui Construction Co., Ltd.

140

Position Control System o
f a Shield Tunneling Machine

Nishimatsu Construction Co.,
Ltd.

142

Segment Automatic Building Intelligent System "SABIS"

NKK Corporation

144

Self
-
Supported Segment Assembly Robot for the Shield Tunneling
Method, 0
-
SERO

Obayashi Corporation

146

Rebar Fab
ricating Robot for the Secondary Cast
-
in
-
place Lining at
the Shield Tunnel

Obayashi Corporation

148

Segment Bold Tightening Robot, OMNIHAND 500

Obayashi Corporation

150

Segment Automatic Carrier System for Shield Works

Shimizu Corporation

152

An Invert
Concrete Screeding Machine for Shield Tunneling

Thkenaka Civil Engineering &
Construction Co., Ltd.

154

An Automatic Direction Control System for Shield Tunneling

Thkenaka Civil Engineering &
Construction Co., Ltd.

156

Double
-
grip Type Automatic Erector

Toda Corporation

158


8. Marine Ship/Underwater Work

Seabed Rock Excavating and Trenching Machine: YD500

Komatsu Ltd.

160

Marine Work's Execution Support System

Nishimatsu Construction Co.,
Ltd.

162

GPS
-
based Precision Vessel Positioning and Guidance S
ystem

Taisei Corporation

164


9. Placing of Reinforcement/Steel
-
framework

Automated Weather
-
Unaffected Buildings Construction System
"AKATSUKI 21"

Fujita Corporation

166

Force up Building Floors High into the Air "ARROW
-
UP SYSTEM"

Fujita Corporation

168

FCF Construction Method

Fujita Corporation

170

Welding Robot System for Building Main Columns "WELMA"

Fujita Corporation

172

Automated Building Construction System (AMURAD Construction
System)

Kajima Corporation

174

NC Welding Machine for Steel Girder
s

Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.

176

Building Construction Push
-
Up Jack System

Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd.

178

Automatic Concrete Distribution System with Tower Crane
-

Application to Super High
-
rise R.C. Building

Konoike Construction Co., Ltd.

180

MCCS (Mast Climbing Construction System)

Maeda Corporation

182

Automatic Rebar Bender and Rebar Column Fabrication Unit

Obayashi Corporation

184

ABCS (Automated Building Construction System)

Obayashi Corporation

186

Automated Construction System for Re
inforce Concrete Building

Obayashi Corporation

188

Computer Integrated and Automated Construction System

---
SMART System
--

Shimizu Corporation

190

Remote Shackle Releasing System

---
Mighty Shackle Ace
--

Shimizu Corporation

192

Load Balancer "GEO"

Shimiz
u Corporation

194

Column Welding Robot

Shimizu Corporation

196

Steel Members Positioning System for Ground Level Assembling

Taisei Corporation

198

'T
-
UP' Building Construction Method

Taisei Corporation

200

Laser
-
controlled Automatic Measurement System
for Steel Erection

Taisei Corporation

202

Mast Column Building Method & Mast Column Crane

Taisei Corporation

204

Roof Push up Construction Method

Takenaka Corporation

206

Steel Frame Welding Robot

Takenaka Corporation

208

Assembly Line for Reinforcemen
t Bar Units

Takenaka Corporation

210

Automatically Adjusting System of Plumbing Structural Steel Column
TO
-

Plumb Navi

Toda Corporation

212

Steel Plate Handling Machine EASY LIFTER

Toda Corporation

214

Mechanized System for Anti
-
quake Reinforcement, Dr
illing Machine

Toda Corporation

216


10. Finishing Work of Building

Fireproof Insulation Spray Robot

Fujita Corporation

218

Erect Exterior Walls on High Rise Building without Cranes
"SHUTTLE SYSTEM"

Fujita Corporation

220

Automatic Work Execution Syste
m for PC Panels on Exterior Walls

Fujita Corporation

222

Floor Troweling Robot

Hazama Corporation

224

Tile
-
Setting Robot for Exterior Walls

Hazama Corporation

226

Exterior
-
wall Painting Robot

Kajima Corporation

228

Concrete
-
Slab Finishing Robot

Kajima
Corporation

230

Material
-
Handling System for Interior Finishes

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.

232

Automatic Laser Beam Guided Floor Work Robot

Obayashi Corporation

234

Automatic Winding Machine for Carbon Fiber Strand

Obayashi Corporation

236

Suspen
der Device Controlling Load Rotation by Gyroscopic
Moments

Obayasbi Corporation

238

Robot for Sprayed
-
on Fire Protection
---
SSR
-
3
---

Shimizu Corporation

240

Ceiling Panel Positioning Robot
---

CFR
-
1
---

Shimizu Corporation

242

EZ
-
ten

Shimizu Corporation

244

Concrete Floor Finishing Machine FLAT
-
KN

Shimizu Corporation

246

Robot for Painting Exterior Walls

Taisei Corporation

248

Concrete Floor Screeding Robot "SCREED ROBO"

Takenaka Corporation

250

Concrete Floor Surface Finishing Robot "SURF ROBO"

Take
naka Corporation

252

Automated Coating Delamination Robot "JET
-
SCRAPER"

Takenaka Corporation

254

Automatic Cladding System, TO
-
AUTO FX

Toda Corporation

256

Fire
-
resisting Rock Wool Spraying Robot TN
-
Fukkun

Toda Corporation

258

Light Weight Manipulator

Tokyu Construction Co., Ltd.

260


11. Prefabrication of Reinforcement

Automated Reinforcement Pre
-
assembly Line

Shimizu Corporation

262

Reinforcing Bar Fabrication Robot

Taisei Corporation

264


12. Pavement Work

C & M Remixer

Niigata Engineering Co.,
Ltd.

266

"Sentore 21" Asphalt Finisher

Niigata Engineering Co., Ltd.

268

Robot Asphalt Finisher

Niigata Engineering Co., Ltd.

270

SAKAI ER501F Road Profile Cutter equipped with ACCS (Automatic
Cutter Control System)

Sakai Heavy Industries, Ltd.

272

Ben
ding Asphalt Paver

The Nippon Road Co., Ltd.

274


13. Pneumatic Caisson Work

ROVO Caisson Method for Automating Excavation, Soil Transfer and
Soil Discharging Operations in Pneumatic Caisson

Ohmotogumi Co., Ltd.

276

Ground System for Remote Operation of

Overhead Traveling
Excavator in Pneumatic Caisson

Ohmotogumi Co., Ltd.

278

Unmanned Caisson Method (Ground
-
Level Remote Control System
for Pneumatic Caisson)

Shiraishi Co.

280


14. Survey

Contour Boy

Kajima Corporation

282

Navigation
-
type Surveying Sy
stem Using Real
-
time Kinematic GPS

Mitsui Construction Co., Ltd.

4

Image
-
controlled Non
-
prism Laser Measurement System

Taisei Corporation

8

Surveying Robot

Tokyu Construction Co., Ltd.

284


15. Inspection & Monitoring

Front Monitoring System for Mounta
in Tunnel

Hazama Corporation

94

Clean Room Inspection Robot "CRIMRO"

Komatsu Ltd.

286

Clean Room Environment Measuring Robot (K
-
CREITOR)

Kumagai Gumi Co., Ltd.

288

Automatic Inspection System for Piping Corrosion

Mitsui Construction Co., Ltd.

290

Clean

Room Inspection and Monitoring Robot, CRIMRO

Obayashi Corporation

292

Wall Tile Inspection System

Obayashi Corporation

294

Inspection System for Tiles Cast in Concrete Panel

Taisei Corporation

296

Exterior Wall Tile Inspection Robot

Taisei Corporation

298

Clean Room Measuring Robot

Takenaka Corporation

300

Tiled Wall Inspection System

Takenaka Corporation

302

Inspection Robot for Nuclear Power Plant

Toshiba Corporation

304

Ultra Compact Underwater Inspection Robot

Toshiba Corporation

306


16. Maint
enance/Others

Exterior
-
wall Painting Robot

Kajima Corporation

228

Automatic Cleaning System for the under Carriage of Construction
Machine "YC300W
-
1"

Komatsu Ltd.

308

Konoike Transfer Car Automatic Control System

Konoike Construction Co., Ltd.

56

Autom
ated Cleaning System for Aluminum Scaffolding Board

Obayashi Corporation

310

Floor
-
Climbing Type Elevator

Sanoyas Hishino Meisyo
Corporation

312

Automated Precast Concrete Manufacturing System

Takenaka Corporation

82

TAPS ( Tobishima Auto Level Iantogra
phSlipform) Method

Tobishima Corporation

314

Construction Manipulator

Tokyu Construction Co., Ltd.

316

Wall Surface Operation Robot

Tokyu Construction Co., Ltd.

318

Vacuum
-
adhering and Self
-
travelling System, Water
-
jetting Robot

Urakami Research &
Devel
opment Co.

320

Vacuum
-
adhering and Self
-
travelling System, Polishing and Painting
Robot

Urakami Research &
Development Co.

322

Vacuum
-
adhering and Self
-
travelling System, Abrasives
-
blasting
Robot

Urakami Research &
Development Co.

324


17. Element Techn
iques

Mobile Crusher 'GARAPAGOS' BR350JG

Komatsu Ltd.

326

Autonomous Truck System

Komatsu Ltd.

328

Construction Method of Transporting and Installing Precast Railway
Slabs Using Compressed Air

Mitsui Construction Co., Ltd.

140

Steel Plate Handling Mach
ine EASY LIFTER

Toda Corporation

214

Mechanized System for Anti
-
quake Reinforcement, Drilling Machine

Toda Corporation

216

Double
-
grip Type Automatic Erector

Toda Corporation

158

Removable Grout Plant

Toto Electric Industry Co., Ltd.

32