AUTOMATION AND SOFTWARE Status of VOS Automation

cavalcadehorehoundΜηχανική

5 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

89 εμφανίσεις


WORLD METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION


________________________



INTERGOVERNMENTAL OCEANOGRAPHIC

COMMISSION (OF UNESCO)

________________________


JOINT WMO/IOC TECHNICAL COMMISSION FOR
OCEANOGRAPHY AND MARINE METEOROLOGY (JCOMM)

SHIP OBSERVATIONS TEAM


THIR
D SESSION



BREST, FRANCE, 7 TO 12 MARCH 2005



SOT
-
III/Doc. III
-
A/3.2

(25.II.2005)

__________


ITEM III
-
A/3.2



Original: ENGLISH





AUTOMATION AND SOFTWARE


Status of VOS Automation


(Submitted by Ms Julie Fletcher, Chairperson of the VOS Panel)







Summary and purpose of document


This document updates the July 2003 report on Global VOS Automation.





ACTION PROPOSED



The VOS Panel is invited to:


(a)

Comment on the report and suggest new initiatives for enhancing VOS automation;


(b)

Provide the VOSP C
hairperson with details of any systems not included in this report
.





______________________




SOT
-
III/Doc. III
-
A/3.2, p.
2




Status of Global VOS Automation to December 2004



Background


1.

VOSP
-
II (London, July
-
August 2003) noted the importance of enhancing the automation of all
aspects of shipboard procedures, from observation to message transmission, using readily available
software and hardware. The VOS Panel Chairperson was tasked with collating information on global VOS
automation for presentation at subsequent VOS Panel sess
ions.


2.

Details on the status of automation of National VOS were extracted from National SOT reports for
2004.


Present Status


3.

Information on the status of automation by country is presented in two categories:




Automated VOS observations
-

see Tabl
e 1



VOS using electronic logbook software for observation compilation
-

see Table 2


4.

There has been a steady increase in the numbers of VOS using electronic logbook software e.g.
TurboWin, since 2003. Fully automated shipboard weather observing system
s are still few in numbers, but
Australia, Canada, France, Japan, New Zealand, USA and E
-
SURFMAR have all indicated plans to
expand their marine AWS networks in 2005.


Challenges


5.

Challenges with respect to installing Automated systems on board VOS shi
ps continue to include:


(i)

Problems in finding ‘long term’ ships


the length of charter is often insufficient to justify AWS
installation;

(ii)

Difficulties in siting equipment for best exposure;

(iii)

Volatility of ship routes;

(iv)

Lack of warning of withdrawal of ships
and potential loss of AWS equipment.




SOT
-
III/Doc. III
-
A/3.2, p.
3





Table 1

: Automated VOS Observations as at December 2004


Country

Number of
Ships with
AWS

Type of AWS

Communications

Manual Entry
Facility

Plans for 2005

Australia

11

Vaisala Milos 500 AWS

Inmarsat C

Yes


Max o
f 2 new installations

Canada

14

AVOS


AXYS Environmental Systems

Inmarsat C

Yes


20 AVOS with VOSClim

France

30

1

6

BATOS

Mini BATOS

MINOS

Inmarsat C

Inmarsat C

Argos

Yes

No

No

8 new BATOS & 4 new
MINOS planned

Germany

21

Vaisala Milos 500 AWS

Meteosat

Yes



Ireland
*

1

Vaisala AWS

Meteosat

No



Japan

12

Koshin Denki Kogyo Co., Ltd (8)

Ogasawara Keiki Seisakusho Co. Ltd (2)

Nippon Electric Instrument Inc. (1)

Brookhaven National Laboratory (1)


GMS

and Inmarsat C

7 Yes

1 No

4 unknown


Since 2002 a 3 y
ear
project to develop AWS is
being carried out by
Japan weather
Association &
manufacturers

New Zealand

1

AWS based on Sutron 9000RTU

GMS

Yes


2 wind only AWS for
coastal ships planned

Russia

38

GM6

Inmarsat C

Yes



Spain

1

Vaisala Milos

Inmarsat C

Yes



United Kingdom

1

Christian Michelson Research AS Automet

Inmarsat C

No


Use of MINOS being
explored. Any changes to
be considered under
ESURFMAR

United States

3

SEAS
-
AutoImet

Inmarsat C

Yes


Plans for 2 more
installations


*
Data from 2003

SOT
-
III/Doc. III
-
A/3.2, p.
4


Table 2

: VOS using Electronic Logbook Software as at December 2004



Country

Electronic Logbook
type

Number of Ships

Australia

TurboWin

Turbo1

40

1

Canada

1.0.21 Bridge

1.13 AVOS

14

Croatia
*

TurboWin

3


France

BATOS 1.1

TurboWin 3.0

30

7

Germany

TurboDOS/W
in

412


Japan

OBSJMA1.01

49


Netherlands

Turbo1

TurboWin

30

229

New Zealand

TurboWin

12


South Africa
*

TurboWin

5


United Kingdom

Turbo1

TurboWin

4

100


United States

SEAS

439



*
Data from 2003






_____________