GREAT LIBRARIES IN GREAT CITIES:

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5 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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GREAT LIBRARIES IN GREAT CITIES:

THE ROLE OF THE SCHOOL LIBRARY MEDIA PROGRAM SUPERVISOR

Sheri Anita Massey

Doctoral Candidate, University of Maryland

Overview


School Library Media Program (SLMP) in Urban Areas


Standards


SLMP Supervisor


Literature


Research Agenda


Great School Libraries

What do we know about school library media program
supervisors? How do supervisors affect library services to
students in large urban school districts?

Urban Schools


Challenges facing urban schools:


Size


Inadequate funding


Lack of resources


Greater cultural and ethnic diversity


Higher proportion of new immigrants than is
typically found in suburban and rural schools


Weiner, 1999

SLMP


Collection
-
centered


LMS as

“Keeper of the Books”


Focus on

finding information


Exists in isolation


Learner
-
centered


LMS as

information specialist


Focus on

information literacy


Encourages collaboration

Then



Now

Books…in beautiful school libraries developed
with the artfulness of skilled librarians, remain the
clearest window to a world of noncommercial
satisfactions and enticements that most children in
poor neighborhoods will ever know.

SLMP in Urban Areas

Kozol
, 2000, p. 48





Standards

Contributions of the Standards


National Standards for SLMPs


1920, 1925, 1960, 1969, 1975, 1988, 1998


Shape the role of the SLMP


District
-
level SLMP supervisor as leader


Stimulate discussion & publication

[The supervisor] interpret[s] the role of the
library to everyone...so that people are made
aware of the importance of the library in all
places in the school program.

SLMP Supervisor





Saunders, 1968, p. 149

SLMP supervisor…


Administers

the SLMP;


Communicates

the district’s goals, objectives and
policies to library media staff and
explains

the role
of the SLMP and SLMS to stakeholders;


Teaches

SLM staff how to develop and coordinate
a SLMP


Facilitates

the provision of instructional resources;
and,


Leads

the development and advancement of SLMPs

American Library Association, 1994

What do we know about school library media
program supervisors?


How do supervisors affect library services to
students in large urban school districts?

Literature

Challenges


Few publications


The SLMP Supervisor appears in the 1920, 1925,
1960, 1969, 1975, 1988 Standards


Missing from the most recent Standards


1998


Research studies


Inconsistent terminology


Advisors

Supervisors

Consultants

Coordinators

Specialists

Directors

Library

Services

Education

Media

District

Regional

17 Studies


Author(s)

Year

Format

Role

Services

1


Newcomb

1968

Diss




2


Bundy, Wasserman & O'Connell

1970

Report




3


Ahlers

1974

Report




4


Eberhard

1975

Diss




5


Pichette

1975

Diss




6


Macon

1977

Diss




7


Sullivan

1977

Diss




8


Coleman

1982

Diss




9


Andwood

1984

Diss




10


Held

1986

Diss




11


Krentz

1986

Diss




12


Zsiray

1986

Diss




13


Dandridge

1988

Diss




14


Jackson

1988

Diss




15


Nelson

1988

Diss




16


McCulley

1989

Diss




17


Coulter

1990

Diss





Characteristics & Perceptions

of the SLMP Supervisor


12 studies


Explored how stakeholders viewed the SLMP
supervisor


Discrepancies among stakeholders


Discussion of duties

Newcomb, 1968;
Ahlers

&
Wieman
, 1974; Sullivan, 1977; Macon, 1977;
Krentz

1986;
Held, 1986;
McCulley
, 1989; Coulter, 1990


Perceived power/influence

Bundy et al., 1970;
Andwood
, 1984; Nelson, 1988

The effect of the SLMP Supervisor on
library services


5 studies


Explored how the presence of a SLMP supervisor
affected the provision of library services


Effect


Strong positive effect

Ebherhard
, 1974; Coleman, 1982


Somewhat positive effect


Dandridge; 1988; Jackson, 1988


Negative effect

Zsiray
, 1986

Studies (Summary)


2 areas


Characteristics & perceptions of the SLMP Supervisor


Little/no disagreement on roles


Misperceptions of power


The effect of the SLMP Supervisor on library services


Suggest positive influence on services


Weak start, more research needed in both areas


Diversify research methods


Urban focus

Great School Libraries

Research Agenda


Replicate Bundy et al., 1970


Focus on large, urban SLMPs


ESEA Title II Funds



SLMP supervisors as being:

absorbed in expanding collections [rather than]
expand[
ing
] services to clients.

Bundy et al., 1970, p. 75





Research Agenda


Online questionnaire


Open
-
ended, qualitative elements


Shorter (25 pages)


Additional issues


Trends over time


Funding


Internet/Web technology


Next steps: Discussion at ALA in Chicago

Sheri Anita Massey

smassey@umd.edu

Thank you!

Great School Libraries Steering Committee:

Ann

Carlson Weeks,
Pam

Berger,
Paul

Whitsitt,
Barbara

Stripling, Dave
Schroeter
,
Leshell

Hatley


http://greatlibs.ning.com/