Institute for electromagnetic

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16 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Mission

Development

of

methodologies

and

technologies

for

acquisition,

processing,

fusion

and

interpretation

of

images

and

data

obtained

by

electromagnetic

sensors

operating

on

satellite,

aircraft

and

in

situ,

aimed

at

monitoring

environment

and

territory,

at

non
-
invasive

diagnostic

and

at

evaluation

of

electromagnetic

risk
.


Founded

in

2001
,

in

few

years

IREA

has

reached

a

level

of

excellence

that

ranks

it

among

the

top

20

institutes

of

CNR
,

as

emerged

from

the

last

evaluation

process

of

CNR

institutes

carried

out

in

2010
.


Introduction

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Sites

Sirmione

(BS)

Experimental

Station


Napoli

Headquarters

Milano

Support Unit

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Permanent staff

Training personnel


Visiting scientists


5

Research grant holders


24

Scholarship holders


4

PhD students



6

Total 34

Researchers and Technologists

34

Technicians


4

Amministrative staff


3

Total 41

Staff

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Budget

172

171

190

195

166

685

1352

1080

1115

1904

1453

1486

1615

2119

2252

0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
2007
2008
2009
2010
2011
thousands of euros

years

CNR funds
External funds
Personnel costs
Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Position in the reserach scenario



Projects

EU
-
FP
7
,

ESA,

ASI,

etc
.



Centre

of

Competence

of

the

Italian

Civil

Protection

for

satellite


monitoring

of

Earth

surface

deformation




Collaborations

with

many

universities

and

research

centers,

national



and

international

organizations

and

companies
.


Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment




-

Microwave remote sensing



-

Optical

remote

sensing




-

Electromagnetic

diagnostics



-

Geographic

Information

Systems




-

Bioelectromagnetics



IREA

is

also

involved

in

projects

of

public

communication

of

science

and

science

education

Research

lines

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Microwave

remote sensing

Research

lines

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment


Differential SAR Interferometry (DInSAR) for analysis of deformation of single events


Multipass DInSAR: SBAS technique for generation of accurate velocity maps and
time series of deformations


Multi
-
Dimensional SAR Imaging


Airborne SAR interferometry techniques

Social and industrial fallouts:



Monitoring of natural hazards



volcanoes


earthquakes


landslides


Security


monitoring of infrastructures and urban areas

Skills:


Signal and image processing


Electromagnetism


Informatics


Geophysics


Main interactions



Scientific

institutions
:

JPL,

DLR,

INGV,



Universities

(Napoli,

Roma,

Pisa


)


Other

institutions
:

ESA,

ASI,



Companies
:

Telespazio,

Carlo

Gavazzi

Space,




Advanced

Computer

Systems


End

Users
:

Civil

Protection,

Local

Administrations

Main Activities

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Main Activities

Measure the Earth's surface

deformations

Applications to the study of:


Volcanic

phenomena


Seismic

events


Landslides


Deformation of single structures (
buildings
)

Surface deformation caused by the Emilia Romagna (Italy)
earthquake sequence (29/05/12) retrieved via DInSAR


Differential SAR Interferometry (
DInSAR
) for analysis of deformation of single events


Multipass

DInSAR
: SBAS technique for generation of accurate velocity maps and time
series of deformations


Multi
-
Dimensional SAR Imaging


Airborne

SAR
interferometry

techniques

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Main Activities

Measure the
temporal evolution

of deformations


Algorithm developed totally at IREA
(
SBAS
)


Products
: maps and time series of
deformation


Usability of results through
WEBGIS
technology

SBAS DInSAR results relevant to the Napoli area


Differential SAR Interferometry (
DInSAR
) for analysis of deformation of single events


Multipass

DInSAR
: SBAS technique for generation of accurate velocity maps and
time series of deformations


Multi
-
Dimensional SAR Imaging


Airborne

SAR
interferometry

techniques

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Main Activities

Example of 3D reconstruction of Mirage Hotel in
Las
-
Vegas from data TerraSAR
-
X at 1m spatial
resolution

Transition from 2D to 3D through the
coherent combination of images
acquired on different orbits

Enables to trace and monitor in
particular structures and buildings

Technique awarded by the

IEEE Society in July 2011


Differential SAR Interferometry (
DInSAR
) for analysis of deformation of single events


Multipass

DInSAR
: SBAS technique for generation of accurate velocity maps and time
series of deformations


Multi
-
Dimensional SAR Imaging


Airborne

SAR
interferometry

techniques

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Main Activities

From

left
:

DInSAR

analysis

using

data

acquired

from

aircraft

-

Telaer

Airborne

SAR

System

-

Comparison

between

SAR

DEM

SRTM

and

aircraft

SAR

DEM

Airborne DInSAR
analysis

SRTM

DEM
Airborne

DEM

(res.90 m) (res. 2,5 m)


Applications



generation of accurate Digital Elevation


Models (DEM)



monitoring of environmental risks

Advantages


high operational flexibility

IREA manages the interferometric upgrading
(funded by CNR) of the


airborne SAR system
TELAER: the first test flights are expected in
September 2012.


Differential SAR Interferometry (
DInSAR
) for analysis of deformation of single events


Multipass

DInSAR
: SBAS technique for generation of accurate velocity maps and time
series of deformations


Multi
-
Dimensional SAR Imaging


Airborne

SAR
interferometry

techniques

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Main infrastructures

Cluster for remote sensing

data processing

designed and built at IREA


128 processing units (cores)

512 GB of RAM

about 90 TB available disk space

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Optical

Remote Sensing

Research

lines

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Main Activities

Main fallouts:


Methods of analysis of time series for the
RICs
in Africa

(GeoLand1
-
2, FP6 & FP7)


Distributed phenological information for
agronomic modeling (IRRI)


Multiannual database of fires in the National
Parks (
Ministry of Environment
)


Mapping water quality and toxic algae bloom
(ARPA e ISPRA)

Skills
:


Advanced techniques for the creation of
thematic maps of the area


Modeling of radiative transfer


Definition of integrated indicators for the
characterization the state of the environment


Methodologies and tools for in situ
acquisition of spectroradiometric
measurements

Main interactions:



Scientific

institutions
:

IES
-
JRC,

CSIRO,

IRRI




Universities
:

PoliMi,

Milano

Bicocca,


Parma,

Leicester,

Maryland


Other

institutions
:

ESA,

ASI


Companies

:

Carlo

Gavazzi

Space,

BLOM
-
CGR,





EXELIS,

SarMap


End

Users
:

Ministry

of

Environment,

ISPRA,




Local

Administrations,

ENI

spa


Automatic Interpretation of Images


Modeling and retrieval of bio
-
geophysical parameters


Monitoring of the environment


Proximal sensing and Cal/Val activities

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Main Activities

Croatia
-

Burned Area Map

(Landsat
-
5 TM, 04 Sep 2003, RGB: 543)

Automatic generation of
burned area maps by fuzzy
integration of spectral indice
sets able to exploit the
bipolar information of
positive and negative
evidences


Automatic

Interpretation

of Images


Modeling and retrieval of bio
-
geophysical parameters


Monitoring

of the
environment


Proximal

sensing

and Cal/Val
activities

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Main Activities

Maps of water quality parameters

(chl
-
a, suspended solids, yellow substance)


Monitoring of inland and coastal
water quality



Monitoring of natural /
agricultural ecosystems health
status by interpreting the signal
recorded by satellite in physical
measurements


Automatic

Interpretation

of Images


Modeling

and retrieval of bio
-
geophysical parameters


Monitoring

of the
environment


Proximal

sensing

and Cal/Val
activities

Institute for electromagnetic

sensing of the environment

Optical
-
electronic laboratory


collection center for the scientific instrumentation to be
used in calibration / validation activities related to remote
sensing data processing


optical bench to be used for laboratory measurements


Experimental Station
“Eugenio Zilioli”

LTER
sampling

station

(Long
Term

Ecological

Research
), an i
nternational

Network which brings
together 39 countries on five continents on issues of
ecological research.

Houses the
Environmental Unit
of the
Municipality of
Sirmione

(
CRA)
promoting
divulgation activities in the field of remote sensing of
the environment

Equipped

with:


Teaching laboratory for analysis on water


Boat for periodic measurements on the lake

Main infrastructures