Microcontroller Manufacturers - ECE Fourth Sem

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2 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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1

Microcontrollers


Class : 4
th

Semister E&C and EEE

Subject Code: 06ES42

Chapter : UNIT 1
-
1


Date : 8
th

Feb 2010




D R Subramanyam drs@slntech.com

2



Where all

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

used?


3


Where all
Microprocessors/Microcontrollers
used?



Home,



Automotive,


Communication/ Telecom,


Medical,


Office,


Transport,


Railways,


Retail,


Energy / Power


Industrial,


Defence, Space, Aerospace,


4



Where all

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

Used at Home ?


5



Microprocessors/Microcontrollers used
at Home?




Video




6



Where all

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

Used in Automotive segment ?


7


Microprocessors/Microcontrollers used
in Automotive segment



Video







8



Where all

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

Used in Telecom ?


Walkie


Talkie

Pager

Mobile Phone

PDA

Fixed telephone

Telecommunication Applications

10



Where all

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

Used in Medical?


Medical Applications

EEG

ECG

MRI

Ultra sound

scanner

X
-
RAY
Generator

Defabrilators

Infusion Pump

BP Monitor

CT Scanner

Ventilators

Bed side Monitoring

Point of Care
devices

Blood Sugar
Level Monitor

12



Where all

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

Used in Offices ?


13



Microprocessors/Microcontrollers used
in Offices?



Phone


FAX


Scanner


Photo copier


Computers



networking devices


Attendance recording


Security Gadgets





14



Where all

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

Used in Transport Sectors ?


15



Microprocessors/Microcontrollers used
in Transport Sector?



GPS Tracking


Traffic signaling


Display boards


Toll Collection Gadjets


Security / survelence





16



17



Where all

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

Used in Railways ?


18



Microprocessors/Microcontrollers used
in Railways?



GPS Tracking


Traffic signaling


Display boards


Track Maintenace


Air conditioning



public announcement systems


Security / survelence





19



Where all

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

Used in Retail ?


20



Microprocessors/Microcontrollers used
in Retail Sector?



RFID,


POS,


Security/ surveillance ,


Bar code readers,


weighing,


Public Announcement systems,


Internet Kiosks





21



Where all

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

Used in Energy / Power ?


22



Microprocessors/Microcontrollers used
in Energy / power Sector?



Energy meters,


Remote meter reading,





23



Where all

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

Used in Industries ?


24



Microprocessors/Microcontrollers used
in Industries?



PLCs,


Robots,


Security/ surveillance ,


Bar code readers,


weighing,


Public Announcement systems,






25



Where all

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

Used in Defence, Space, aerospace
sectors ?


Applications in Defense &
Space

27



Who manufactures

Microprocessors/Microcontrollers

MP/MC Manufacturers

MP/MC History

Intel 4004 MP
-
world’s


first MP(1971)

2300 transistors


Intel 8008Mp


Intel’s ATOM

Intel 8080

Intel 8085

Intel 8086(16
bit MP)

Intel
80186(16 Bit
MP)

Intel
80386(32 Bit
MP)

Intel Pentium 4

Intel’s 8031

Intel’s 8051

ATOM
processor has
47 Million
transistors, on
a space less
than
26square mm

8086 processor
has 29000
transistors,

80386 has
275,000
Transistors

Intel
80286(32 Bit
MP)

ATTINY10

PIC MCs

Moore’s Law


Dr. Gordon E. Moore co
-
founded Intel in 1968.



His observation that number
of transistors doubled every
2 years became known as

Moore

s Law


MP/MC Packages


Intel’s
ATOM
-
BGA
Package

Pentium III
-
BGA package

Intel 8085
-
40 pin
DIP

Intel 4004 MP
-
world’s first
MP(1971)

2300 transistors(16 Pin
DIP)

Different IC Packages (Continued)

33




Let us take an example from applications
what we discussed sofar



34

What is a Microprocessor

Microprocessor is a


35

Microprocessors


General
-
purpose microprocessor



CPU for Computers


No RAM, ROM, I/O on CPU chip itself


Example

Intel’s x86, Motorola’s 680x0



CPU

General
-
Purpose
Micro
-
processor

RAM

ROM

I/O
Port

Timer

Serial
COM
Port

Data Bus

Address Bus

General
-
Purpose Microprocessor System

Many chips on mother’s board

36

What is a Microcontroller ?

Microcontroller is a


37

Microcontroller:


A smaller computer


On
-
chip RAM, ROM, I/O ports...


Example

Motorola

s 6811, Intel

s 8051, Zilog

s Z8X and PIC
16X



RAM


ROM

I/O
Port

Timer

Serial
COM
Port

Microcontroller

CPU

A single chip

38


What is the difference between
Microprocessors and Microcontroller

39

Microprocessor vs Microcontroller


Microprocessor




CPU is stand
-
alone, RAM,
ROM, I/O, timer are separate


designer can decide on the
amount of ROM, RAM and I/O
ports.


expensive


versatility


general
-
purpose



Microcontroller



CPU, RAM, ROM, I/O and
timer are all on a single chip



fix amount of on
-
chip ROM,
RAM, I/O ports



for applications in which cost,
power and space are critical


single
-
purpose


40

MP/MC Architecture

RISC

CISC

Harvard


Von Newmann






41

RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computing
Processor)



42

CISC (Complex Instruction Set Computing
Processors)


Numerous Instruction Group


Numerous Addressing Modes


Microcoded Instructions


Microcontrollers and Microprocessors are CISC based.


DSP’s are closer to RISC.


43

Von Newmann architecture

44

Description

45

Harvard Architecture

SLN Technologies Pvt. Ltd

47



VME Single Board Computer (SBC) based
on PPC 7447A Processor

48



Thank You