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5 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 4 μήνες)

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A Framework for
Understanding

Poverty

aha! Process, Inc., Highlands, TX


www.ahaprocess.com

Ruby K. Payne, Ph.D.



The mission of aha! Process, Inc. is to
positively impact the education and
lives of individuals in poverty around
the world.

This is a workshop about
economic diversity, not
racial or cultural diversity.





Day One
Objectives:

Participants will be able to …


Analyze the eight resources of a student.



Explain language registers, discourse patterns, and story structure.



Give examples of hidden rules among classes.



Identify discipline interventions that are effective.



Explain mediation and cognitive strategies.



Explain how economic realities affect patterns of living.




Establish a mental framework for
understanding economic realities.


Objective for
Module 1:

1. Poverty is relative.


Key Point


2.
Poverty occurs in all races.



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$0
$20,000
$40,000
$60,000
$80,000
$100,000
$120,000
Overall
Less Than Ninth Grade
Grades 9-12 (no diploma)
HS Diploma (includes GED)
Associate Degree
Bachelor's Degree
Master's Degree
Professional Degree
Doctorate
Male
Female
U.S. Median Income for Persons Age 25 and Older, by Sex and
Educational Attainment: 2003

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census

Male

Female

Male

Female

Overall

89,558

97,319

$37,288

$25,499

Less Than Ninth Grade

5,804

5,943

$18,710

$12,978

Grades 9
-
12 (no diploma)

7,766

8,233

$22,196

$13,695

HS Diploma (includes GED)

27,889

31,921

$31,411

$20,759

Associate Degree

6,751

9,013

$40,454

$26,872

Bachelor's Degree

16,632

17,134

$51,507

$35,109

Master's Degree

6,157

6,451

$62,495

$42,466

Professional Degree

1,925

1,027

$100,000

$56,143

Doctorate

1,621

801

$77,525

$56,182

Numbers of Persons

with Income

(in thousands)

Median Income

in 2003 Dollars

GROUP

AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD
INCOME

RANGES: 2003


LOWEST 20%

$0

$17,984


SECOND 20%

$17,985

$34,000


THIRD 20%

$34,001

$54,440


FOURTH 20%

$54,441

$86,860


HIGHEST 20%

$86,861+


*TOP 5% (part


of highest 20%)

$154,120+

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census

POVERTY STATISTICS


Extreme
-
poverty, poverty, and near
-
poverty rates for children under age 5 by living arrangement: 2003.

Source: U.S. Bureau of the Census

2.8%
9.7%
14.5%
32.3%
53.7%
62.4%
0.0%
10.0%
20.0%
30.0%
40.0%
50.0%
60.0%
70.0%
EXTREME
POVERTY
POVERTY
NEAR POVERTY
Rate (%)
Living with married parents
Living with single mother only

According the U.S. Census Bureau seven
states
-

Illinois, Michigan, Nevada, North
Carolina, SOUTH DAKOTA, Texas and
Virginia
-

showed increases in their poverty
rates based on two
-
year averages (2001
-
2002 and 2002
-
2003).

3. Generational and
situational poverty are
different.


Key Point


4. This work is based on
patterns. All patterns have
exceptions
.



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5. Schools operate from
middle
-
class norms and
values.


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Survival


Relationships


Entertainment


Work


Achievement


Material

security


Political,
financial, social
connections



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6.
Individuals bring with them
the hidden rules of the
class in which they were
raised.


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7
. There are cultural
differences in poverty. This
study is cross
-
cultural and
focuses on economics.


Key Point


8. We must neither excuse
them nor scold them.
We must teach them.


Key Point


9. We must teach them that
there are two sets of
rules.


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10. To move from poverty to
middle class, one must
give up (for a period of
time) relationships for
achievement.


Key Point


11. Two things that help one
move out of poverty are:



education



relationships


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12. Four reasons one leaves
poverty are:


too painful to stay



vision or goal



key relationship



special talent/skill


Key Point


"
No significant

learning occurs

without a

significant

relationship."


Dr. James Comer


Will be in control


Will be smarter


Will win more often


Won’t be cheated


Will be safe when you are old


Also:


Life is like a card game

you get bad hands


The mind is tool or weapon that no one can
take away

You need to

learn this,

or do this,

so that you: