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South Carolina Commission for Minority Affairs


The Culture of Poverty


presented by

Sheila Albergottie MSW, Project Coordinator


African American Affairs

July 8, 2009


www.state.sc.us/cma

CMA





Training Objectives


Give an overview of the Commission for
Minority Affairs



Review poverty definitions / data and discuss
the status of poverty in South Carolina



Identify some specific issues to consider when
working with persons in poverty


3

SC Commission for Minority Affairs
Mission


Serve as a think
-
tank to improve the plight of
minorities


Serve as the catalyst to bring about public policy
changes


Single point of contact for assistance and referral


Serve as a clearinghouse for minority information

4

Historical Overview


Created in 1993


Governor Carroll Campbell


Non
-
Cabinet Agency


Primary focus was African Americans


2001


Ad hoc committee for Hispanic persons


2003


added Hispanic / Latino Affairs and
Native American Affairs





5

Minority Affairs Commission


Alleviate poverty and deprivation


Determine contributing factors to poverty


Serve as the single point of contact for minority
populations


African Americans


Hispanics/Latinos


Native Americans


Other ethnic races

6

Contributing Factors to Poverty


Family Destruction and Weakness


Education Deprivation


Lack of Jobs


Under and Unemployment


Lack of Community/Economic Development


Lack of Income and Wealth Creation


Lack of Minority Businesses/Venture Capital


Health Status and Care
-

Disparities


Disproportionate Representation
-

Criminal
Justice System

Poverty Status of Minorities

The SC Commission for Minority Affairs

Minority Issues Conference


June 11, 2007

Race, Poverty and a State of Mind





www.state.sc.us/cma





Dr. Ruby Payne

aha!

Process, Inc.


www.ahaprocess.com








aha! Process Products

www.ahaprocess.com



Poverty Overview


Poverty Defined


Culture of Poverty


Generational Poverty


Situational Poverty

Poverty Defined


Poverty is relative


Based on geographic location


Census Bureau
-

finances

Poverty Geographically


The Historic Black Belt's Conditions remain

some of the worst in our nation.
The Black Belt is still home to persistent poverty, poor employment, low
incomes, low education, poor health, high infant mortality and dependance.



.


The State of Poverty in South Carolina

http://ers.usda.gov/Data/PovertyRates/PovListpct.asp?Longname=SouthCarolina

is the online source for this map


Culture of Poverty


The
culture of poverty

concept is a
social
theory

explaining the
cycle of poverty
. Based
on the concept that the poor have a unique
value system
, the culture of poverty theory
suggests the poor remain in poverty because
of their adaptations to the burdens of
poverty.
Wikipedia Encyclopedia



Poverty

Generational vs. Situational


Generational poverty
: families who have
lived in poverty for at least two generations.



Situational Poverty
: families that have
fallen into poverty because of a traumatic
event such as illness or divorce,
unemployment, etc.


Dr. Ruby Payne

Counties above the National Poverty Level


County

%

County

%

County

%

County

%

Abbeville

17.4

Aiken

15.4

Allendale

36.8

Bamberg

27.4

Barnwell

21.8

Calhoun

17.4

Charleston

15.2

Cherokee

16.8

Chester

20.1

Chesterfield

21

Clarendon

23.7

Colleton

21.7

Darlington

18.7

Dillon

27.7

Edgefield

18.7

Fairfield

17.8

Florence

17.8

Georgetown

17.7

Hampton

21.3

Jasper

20.8

Lancaster

17.9

Laurens

20.2

Lee

26.2

McCormick

19.6

Marion

24.3

Marlboro

26

Newberry

16.7

Orangeburg

23.2

Pickens

16.4

Saluda

16.8

Sumter

18.5

Union

17.7

Williamsburg

36.3

Source: Online
http://ers.usda.gov/Data/PovertyRates/PovListpct.asp?Longname=SouthCarolina


and
http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/45000.html


Counties that exceed the state and
national poverty rates

County

Poverty%

White
%

State
%


Black
%

State
%

Median Household
income

SC Household
income

Allendale

36.8

28.4

68.6

70.8

28.7

$25,417

$43,508

Dillon

27.7

50.4

68.6

45.9

28.7

$28,979

$43,508

Lee

26.2

37.0

68.6

62.0

28.7

$30,448

$43,508

Williamsburg

36.3

31.8

68.6

67.0

28.7

$26,745

$43,508

Source: Online
http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/45000.html






Activity

How We View Others


Deficit


Deviant


Different


Other


Dr. Linda Webb Watson


A Framework for Understanding Poverty


Ruby K. Payne, Ph.D.


Hidden Rules


One of the key resources for success in


school and at work is an understanding of


the hidden rules.
Hidden rules

are the


unspoken clues that individuals use to


indicate membership in a group.

Intervention Issues



Be prepared



How you approach others matters



Communication styles



Relationships



A Framework for Understanding Poverty


Ruby K. Payne, Ph.D.

Additive Model



Honors internal assets of
people from all economic
classes



Names problems accurately



Identifies the mindsets and
patterns that individuals use
to survive



Identifies strengths and
resources in the individual,
family, school and
community


Offers economic diversity as
a prism through which
individuals and schools can
analyze and respond



Identifies skills, theories of
change, program designs,
partnerships and ways of
building school where
students achieve



Encourage the development
of strategies to respond to
all causes of poverty

A Framework for Understanding Poverty


Ruby K. Payne, Ph.D.

Behaviors Related to Poverty


LAUGHING



INAPPROPRIATE OR
VULGAR COMMENTS



PHYSICALLY FIGHT


HANDS ALWAYS ON
SOMEONE ELSE



CANNOT FOLLOW
DIRECTIONS


EXTREMELY
DISORGANIZED



COMPLETE ONLY PART
OF A TASK



DISRESPECTFUL TO
TEACHERS



HARM OTHER
STUDENTS, VERBALLY
OR PHYSICALLY





A Framework for Understanding Poverty


Ruby K. Payne, Ph.D.


Key Points to Remember

1
.

Poverty is relative.

2.

Poverty occurs in all races and in
all countries

3.

Economic class is a continuous
line, not a clear
-
cut distinction.

4.

Generational poverty and
situational poverty are different.

5.

This information and work is
based on patterns. All patterns
have exceptions

6. An individual brings with him/her
the hidden rules of the class in
which he/she was raised.

7.

Schools and businesses operate
from middle
-
class norms and
use the hidden rules of middle
class.

8 For our students to be successful, we
must understand their hidden rules
and teach them the rules that will
make them successful at school and
at work.

9.

We can neither excuse students nor
scold them for not knowing; as
educators we must teach them and
provide support, insistence, and
expectations.

10.

To move from poverty to middle class
or middle class to wealth, an
individual must give up relationships
for achievement (at least for some
period of time).

11.

Two things that help one move out of
poverty are education and
relationships.

12.

Four reasons one leaves poverty are:
It’s too painful to stay, a vision or
goal, a key relationship, or a special
talent or skill.



Key Points (cont.)


Resources

-
To better understand
students and adults from poverty, the
definition of poverty will be the "extent
to which an individual does without
resources" including:



Financial
-
-
Having the money to
purchase goods and services.



Emotional
-
-
Being able to choose and
control emotional responses,
particularly to negative situations,
without engaging in self
-
destructive
behavior. This is an internal resource
and shows itself through stamina,
perseverance and choices.



Mental
-
-
Having the mental abilities and
acquired skills (reading, writing,
computing) to deal with daily life.



Physical
-
-
Having physical health and


mobility.



Support Systems
-
-
Having friends,
family, backup resources and
knowledge


bases available to access in times of
need. These are external resources.



Role Models
-
-
Having frequent access
to appropriate adults who are nurturing


to the child and who do not engage in
self
-
destructive behavior.



Knowledge of Hidden Rules
-
-
Knowing
the unspoken cues and habits of a
group.

African American Affairs Institute

Our Vision


We envision that African Americans


in South Carolina will realize


optimum quality of life.


Our Mission

Our mission is to build infrastructure and
create institutions within the African
American community and influence existing
systems aimed at overcoming the effects of
deprivation, poverty and discrimination.



The Cradle to Prison Pipeline
® Campaign


Summit


October 9


10
th
, 2009 Columbia, SC



The Children’s Defense Fund’s Cradle


to Prison Pipeline® Campaign is a


national call to

action
to stop the


funneling of tens of thousands of


youth, predominantly minorities, down


life paths that often lead to arrest,


conviction, incarceration, and in some


cases, death. Race and poverty are


the major factors underpinning the


Pipeline. The problems, policies and


systems that feed the pipeline are a


result of human choices.











Video

People Like Us:

Social Class in America

http://www.pbs/peoplelikeus


S. C. Commission for Minority Affairs

African American Affairs


Questions