Genetics and Biotechnology

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11 Δεκ 2012 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 6 μήνες)

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Science

Unit Plan



1

Teacher’s Name:

Ms. Magaly

Unit Title:

Genetics and Biotechnology

Subject/Course:

Living Environment

Estimated Timeframe:
10

periods (each period is ~45 min)


Key Concept(s)

What is heredity?

How are traits passed from parent to
offspring?

Identify M
endel’s role in the history of
genetics.

Compare and contrast the differences between
an individual’s genotype and phenotype.

How is a Punnett Square used to predict the
results of crosses?

What is the relationship between genes, alleles,
and chromosomes?

Explain how the structure and replication of
genetic material result in offspring that
resemble their parents?

What are the three types of RNA used during
protein synthesis? What is the function of each
type of RNA?

What is a mutation? Give examples of
h
armful, beneficial, and neutral mutations.

How does the technology of genetic engineering
allow humans to alter the genetic makeup of
organisms?

What are some factors to consider when
dealing with bioethics in genetic engineering?

Bloom’s

I, II, III

Es
sential Question(s)

1. How does genetic inheritance help ensure the continuity of life?


2.
What effect will genetic engineering have on the future of genetic
inheritance?


Summative Assessment(s)

1. An exam based on R
egents questions.

2. Alternative A
ssessment
-
have students describe the DNA replication
process either through song, dance, or visual presentation.

Labs

DNA Isolation Lab (45 minutes)

Protein Synthesis Simulation Lab (45 minutes)

PTC
Testing Activity (45 min
utes
)

Mutations Lab (45 minute
s)

Mr.
/Mrs.

Potato Head
traits
Lab

(45 minutes)

Supporting
Standards

Vocabulary

Bloom’s

& HITS

SMART Objectives

Assessments/Activities

The Main
Learning
Standards


(
1.2k, 3.9e
)

What words
should they
learn today?

(Big Bang,
supernova,
What
levels?

(
1
)


Which
Use the performance indicators
to help you generate objectives
for students (what could I post
at the beginning of class so
students know the
-
What activities will students
participate in to reach the
goal/objective?

-
How will students be assessed
on the mastery of this
Science

Unit Plan



2

etc.)

HITS
?

expectation?).


(
At the end of the period,
s
cientists will describe the Big
Bang

in 4 sentences
.)

objective?

-
What labs will the students
do?


(Scientists will watch a video on
the Big Bang.)

2.1b

Heredity,

traits,
Mendel
,

homozygous,
hybrid
heterozygous
,
Punnett
Square
,
phenotype,
genotype

I, II

#1, #8,
#5

At the end of class students will
describe in 5 sentences heredity
and how traits are passed on

and the
n

explain the difference
between genotype and
phenotype.

Mr. and Mr
s. Potato Head
trait
s
. Show brainpop video on
heredity and give short quiz.

2.1b

Alleles,
dominant
alleles,
recessive
alleles,

I, II

#7, #1,
#6

At the end of class, students will
be able to

list three principles of
heredity.

PTC Testing activity

Master
y will be assessed
through a lab quiz.


2.1c

Chromosome
s, genes,
DNA

I. II

#2, #5

At the end of class, students will
be able to identify how genes get
passed on from parent to
offspring.

Review mitosis and meiosis.
Give students a quiz on new
information
.

2.1c, 2.1f

Chromosome
s, DNA, base
pairs,

deoxyribose,
phosphate
group,
nucleic acid,

adenine,
thymine,
guanine,
cytosine,
template

I, II

#2, #7

At the end of this lab, students
will describe the structure and
function of DNA
, explain how
DNA copies itse
lf and
duplicate
a segment of DNA.

Students will do the DNA
extraction lab using banana
baby food. They will be
assessed by handing in a lab
report.

2.1g, 2.1j,
2.1i, 2.1k

mRNA,
rRNA,
tRNA, amino
acids, protein
synthesis

I, II

#2, #6,
#8, #5

At the end
of two periods,
students will be able to describe
the structure and function of
each type of mRNA and create
a protein using their knowledge
of RNA bases.

Students will do the protein
synthesis simulation lab.

For H.W. they will write up the
lab report an
d do a Venn
diagram on DNA and RNA.

2.1h, 2.2d,

Mutation,
insertion,
deletion,
substitution

I, II

#5, #6

At the end of two periods,
students will describe what a
mutation is and give one
example of a harmful,
beneficial, and neutral
Students wi
ll do the Mutations
lab. They will be assessed with
a short quiz on mutations.

Science

Unit Plan



3

mutation.

2.2a, 2.2c

Genetic
engineering,
selective
breeding,
recombinant
DNA, gene
therapy

I, II,
III

#7, #4

At the end of the period,
students will be able to name
three types of gene
tic
engineering and give an
example of each.

Students will be shown a video
of genetic engineering in crops
as well as gene therapies that
are being tested today. They
are then to write a reaction
paper to one of the videos.

2.2e, 5.2h
,
5.2i

Cancer,
bioe
thics

I, II,
III
#6, #8

At the end of the period,
students will be able to list three
issues that arise in bioethics and
genetics.

Give each group of students an
article related to a genetics and
bioethics question. Have them
write a reaction paper and

present to the class.