Computer Industry Glossary of Terms

bunchlearnedΔίκτυα και Επικοινωνίες

30 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 5 μήνες)

52 εμφανίσεις

Computer Industry Glossary of Terms


If you disagree with the definitions, discover errors, omissions or have suggestions then please drop me a
line


.
Mike Wardley, SWEO


802


Stands for the year (1980) and month (Feb) when the
IEEE formed a committee to
e
stablish standards for
LANs. (Pretty much driven by Xerox (Bob Metcalfe)
mainly with Intel and DEC.


802.12 100VG

Standardized in IEEE 802.12 100 Mbps fast
Ethernet/Token

802.3 CSMA/CD

Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Carrier Detection
(Ethernet)

802.4

ARCNET

Network Data Link layer protocol

802.5




Token
-
ring at 4 or 16Mb/s

ACE


Advanced Computing Environment

AT&T/NCR, Mips, NEC, Olivettie, Pyramid, Siemens,
Sony, Tandem, UI & USL

ADSP


AppleTalk Data Stream Protocol

Network Session Layer

AFP

AppleTa
lk Filing Protocol

Network Presentation layer

AIX

Advanced Interactive Executive

IBM OfficeVision offering

ANDF


Architecture
-
Neutral
Distribution

Format

OSF deliverable, promised for "general avail in 1993" but
has been put off apparently in favor of p
ushing up the
DME schedule. No new date has been announced, but one
is likely by May '93. USL has jumped ahead an may
eclipse OSF in releasing V.4.2 in ANDF. Would allow
software developers to port their applications across
platforms without using an appli
cation binary interface
(ABI) which
required

recompiling as an intermediate step
in porting.

ANI

Automatic Number Identification

ANSI

American National Standards Institute

APPC


Advanced Prog
-
to
-
Prog Communication

IBM protocol
i.e.

LU6.2

ARP

Address Res
olution Protocol

Used primarily with IP
-

Network Layer.

ASDS ACCUNET


Spectrum of Digital Services
-

most popular fractional T
-
1 carrier offered by AT&T. Features analog
multi
-
point

service; digital
multi
-
point

service; end
-
to
-
end, 9.6Kbps
digital services
;

ASICs

Application
-
Specific Integrated Circuits

ASLIP

Asynchronous

Serial Line Interface Protocol

ASLIP, abbreviated SLIP


ASN.1


Abstract Syntax Notation 1

OSI presentation layer protocol
-

ISO standard for
encoding information at the presentation laye
r. Similar to
Sun's XDR or Apollo's NIDL, but more general. Useful
for describing structures in machine
-
independent fashion
and can
accommodate

differences in word size,
character

sets, and arithmetic functions. SNMP is written in terms
of ASN.1.


ASP

AppleT
alk Session Protocol

Network Session layer

ATM

Asynchronous Transfer Mode

A fast, intelligent hardware switch which can support
voice, data, image, and video. Cell
-
switching (as opposed
to packet) technology which replaces variable
-
length
packets now in
use with uniform (53 byte) cells. It
promises any
-
to
-
any connectivity and networks that scale
easily from a few nodes to global deployment.
Combines

packet switching's efficient use of

bandwidth

with circuit
switching's minimal delays.

ATP

AppleTalk Transa
ction Protocol

Network Transport Layer


BAPI

Bridge Application Prog Interface

B
-
ISDN

Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network

BSI

British Standards
Institute


CCITT

Consult. Comt. for Te
-
phony and Te
-
graphy

The CCITT acronym is from the French ti
tle.) An arm of
the International Telecommunications Union, a United
Nations agency.


CERN



European Laboratory for Particle Physics, Geneva,
Switzerland and birthplace of the World
-
Wide Web


CIB

Common Information Base

OSI MIB

CICS

Customer Informat
ion &Control System

IBM, industry leader in on
-
line transaction
-
processing
(OLTP) applications and is used by more than 20,000
customers and 36,000 licensees in more than 90
countries. It is currently available only on IBM platforms,
but HP entered an ag
reement to have it on PA
-
RISC by
"second half of 1993".


CISC


Complex Instruction Set Computer

Well over 100 Instructions (350+)

CORBA

Common ORB Environment

Final OMG ORB release spec. Defines an architecture for
communicating between objects on differe
nt platforms.

CMC


Common Messaging Calls

CPCS

Carrier Personal Communications Systems

For use outside buildings for wireless communications.
Also see U[ser]CPS

CP/M


Control Prog/Monitor

Operating System created by Gary Kildall in the 70's.
(Gary d
ied at age 52 on 7/13/94.)

CSU

Channel Service Unit

Connects an in
-
house line to an external digital circuit. It
provides no
multiplexing
, so you cannot simultaneously
have both voice and data transmission over the same line.


DAA

Distributed Appl
ication Architecture

Defines an OMG compliant object oriented
environment
.


DARPA

Dept. of Def. Adv. Research Proj. Agency

TCP/IP protocol suite begins when contract is initiated in
1969.


DCE

Distributed Computing Environment

OSF deliverable
-

Designed
to address distributed
computing such as interoperability in multivendor
networks and application portability.


DDP

Datagram Delivery Protocol

AppleTalk Network Layer

DHCP


Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

RFC 1541 Internet standard for the automatic
allocation
of IP addresses.


DLC

Data Link Control

DME

Distributed Management Environment

This does for networked system management what DCE
does for networked applications. HP has submitted
OpenView in cahoots with IBM and others for this.


DNIS

Dial
ed Number Identification Service

DOMF

Distributed Object Management Facility

HP/SUN ORB. Underlying foundation of our DAA.

DPA

Demand Protocol Architecture

HP/3Com protocol to load/unload protocols off the stack

DRDA


Distributed. Relational DB Architec
ture

IBM

DSU


Data Service Unit

Connects an in
-
house line to an external digital circuit. It
provides no mulitplexing, so you cannot simultaneously
have both voice and data transmission over the same line.

DUA



EES


Escrowed Encryption Standard

Us
es the Skipjack algorithm and
includes

the Clipper and
Capstone microchips (and Tessera card). A Federal
Information Processing Standard (FIPS) designed by the
National Security Agency, and approved, despite a
stunningly high percentage anti
-
EES public co
mments on
the proposal) by the National Institute of Standards and
Technology. Since the very day of the announcement of
Clipper in 1993, public outcry against the key "escrow"
system has been strong, unwavering and growing rapidly.


EtherTalk

Ethernet f
or Macintoshes

ESDI


Enhanced
Small
-
Device Interface

Managed by the CPU transfer rates of 10
-
, 15
-
, or
24Mbps one controller can handle two drives serial
interface through which data/commands must pass
generally

up to about 2BG of capacity.

FTP

File Trans
fer Protocol

TCP/IP Application/Presentation layer


Government OSI


Open Systems Interconnection Profile required for OSI
products sold to the U.S. Government

GSM

Global System for Mobile Messaging



HTML

HyperText Markup Language

Document for
mat

standard used by the internet and
eventually everything
probably.

HTTP

HyperText Transpo
rt Protocol

NCSA Mosaic related
-

HTTP servers are commonly used
for serving hypertext documents, as HTTP is an
extremely low
-
overhead protocol that capitalizes on the
fact that navigation information can be embedded in such
documents directly and thus th
e protocol itself doesn't
have to support full navigation features like the FTP and
Gopher protocols do.


ICMP

Internet Control Message Protocol

TCP/IP Network Layer


IDE

Integrated Drive Electronics

16
-
bit parallel interface
transferring

only data. Chea
per
than ESDI medium
-
range capacity (40
-
200Mb). Can't
perform a physical (low
-
level) format because it is not a
device
-
level interface.

IDE ATA


Connects only hard disks.

IDE SCSI


Connects other peripherals as well.

IDP

Internetwork Datagra
m Protocol

3
-
Open Network Layer

IEC

Inter
-
Exchange Carrier (AT&T, MCI, Sprint)

IETF

Internet Engineering Task Force

IMAP

Internet Mail Access Protocol

RFC 1730[
-
33] IMAP4 allows a client to access and
manipulate electronic mail messages on a server. Thi
s
should be viewed as a superset of the POP3. The IMAP4
server listens on TCP port 143. IMAP is definitely an
emerging technology and functionally completely out
performs the older POP environment.


IMSP

Internet Message Support Protocol

IP

Internet Pro
tocol

TCP/IP
-

Network Layer

IPX

Internetwork Packet eXchange

Novell
-

Network Layer

ISDN

Integrated Services Digital Network

ISO

International Organization for Standardization

A federation of national standards bodies such as BSI &
ANSI.


JPEG

Joint P
hotographic Experts Group

The original name of the committee that wrote the
standard. Stores full color information: 24 bits/pixel (16
million colors). GIF, the other image format widely used
on Usenet, can only store 8 bits/pixel (256 or fewer
colors). JP
EG is designed for compressing either full
-
color or gray
-
scale images of natural, real
-
world scenes. It
works well on photographs, naturalistic artwork, and
similar material; not so well on lettering, simple cartoons,
or line drawings. JPEG handles only st
ill images, but
there is a related standard called MPEG for motion
pictures. JPEG is "lossy," meaning that the decompressed
image isn't quite the same as the one you started with.
(There are lossless image compression algorithms, but
JPEG achieves much gre
ater compression than is possible
with lossless methods.) JPEG is designed to exploit
known limitations of the human eye, notably the fact that
small color details aren't perceived as well as small details
of light
-
and
-
dark. Thus, JPEG is intended for
comp
ressing images that will be looked at by humans. If
you plan to machine
-
analyze your images, the small
errors introduced by JPEG may be a problem for you,
even if they are invisible to the eye.


LADDR

Layered Device Driver Architecture

SCSI interface spec
to OS/2 available with OS/2 1.3 (but
not IBM OS/2 1.3)


LCS

Lotus Communication Server

"enterprise
-
wide mail backbone for Notes and cc:Mail
users." Sometimes pronounced "Lex".


LDAP

Lightweight Directory Access Protocol

A technology that provides DUAs (
X.500) for PCs.
LDAP combines a TCP/IP based DUA with an OSI server
to allow access to the DSA. Because of the high overhead
of OSI service, a full DUA implementation is difficult for
the PC platform.

LMDS

Local
Multi
-
point

Distribution Service

Digital wir
eless, two
-
way broadband technology.

MACH


Carnegie
-
Mellon version of UNIX specifically designed
for massivel
y parallel systems MADMAN
MIB
-

"Mail
and Directory Management || Management Information
Base"
-

is a technology for gathering information o
ver a
network.


MAE

Macintosh Application Environment

A software implementation of Macintosh that runs in an
X window on the Series 700 workstations. With it, users
will be able to run many Macintosh applications without
modification. MAE integrates Macin
tosh and UNIX*
system
-
based environments, allowing users to directly
manipulate the UNIX file system from the Macintosh
interface, as well as cut and paste both text and graphics
between X and Macintosh applications. The MAE
architecture also supports wor
kstation devices as well,
allowing access to Macintosh
-
formatted floppies and CD
-
ROMs from existing workstation drives. MAE runs on
HP
-
UX 9.01 or later and requires an X11 release 4 or later
window display driver.

MAPI

Messaging Application Prog. Interface

MHS Message Handling System. X.400 series of
recommendations of abstract services and protocols used
to provide electronic mail services in an OSI networking
environment. X.500 is a series of recommendations that
provide a distributed, user
-
friendly subsc
riber directory to
help users address X.400 messages. These services are
called simply the Directory. CCITT calls it X.400
-

ISO
calls it MHS, but they are identical in substance. CCITT
calls it X.500
-

ISO calls it Directory.


MHS

Message Handling Servic
e

Novell
-

now supports MS
-
Mail for Windows MIB
Management Information Base
-

SNMP requests these
values a conceptual database of values on the agent. OSI
CIB will eventually replace these.

MIME

Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions

Enables
multi
-
pa
rt
/multimedia messages to be sent over
the Internet. This standard was developed by the Internet
Engineering Task Force (IETF), the same people who
have fostered many of the slickest new technologies in
recent years (SNMP, TCP/IP
add
-
ons
). The standard was
completed in
January

of 1991 and as of august 1992 it is
an IETF proposed standard. One of the primary authors is
Nathaniel Borenstein of Bellcore in Morristown, New
Jersey.

MISF



Microsoft Internet Security Framework

MNP

Microcom Network Protocol

Publi
c domain error correction/compression technique
used in modems. de facto standard.
CCITT official
error
correction
/compression

protocol is LAP
-
M and V.42vis.
SEE V.42 and LAP
-
M. V.42 is a CCITT standard which
includes MNP 3 & 4 as well as LAP
-
M.


MNP

2 character (byte) oriented
protocol

Where complete
asynch
ronous

chars are transmitted along
with the protocol overhead. 84% throughput. Few
modems were ever sold with this h/w based protocol
(though it has been used in s/w based applications).


MNP

3 bit oriented

Where
asy
nchronous

cha
rs are converted to a sync data
stream (stripping framing bits). 108% throughput. MNP 4
Nearly identical to Class 3 but with slightly more
throughput. Flexible block size permit larger blocks
during times of lower error activity. Efficiency can be up
to ab
out 120%. MNP 5 Includes features of 3 & 4
(required) and also uses data
compression

techniques to
increase throughput. Depending on the type of data,
throughput can be up to 200%.


MRP

Manufacturing Resource Planning

MSDS


Materials Safety Data Sheet


MTA

Message Transfer Agents

Part of the X.400 OSI stack. Responsible for the actual
transport of the message between user agents. MTA's
typically reside on separate machines.


MTS

Message Transfer System

Part of the OSI stack. User Agents h
elp compose
messages and submits them to the MTS. UA also
retrieves

new messages from the MTS.


MVS

Multiple Virtual Storage

IBM operating system for 370 architecture.


NBP

NetBIOS Protocol

NCP

NetWare Core Protocol

Presentation layer.

NCS



Remote Procedure Call technology developed at Apollo.
It was submitted to the OSF and accepted as part of the
OSF DCE

NDIS

Network Device Interface Specification

Microsoft/3Com API specifically to provide a common
sharable device interface for LAN Manag
er. A number of
other protocol stacks can use NDIS, including most
commercial TCP/IP packages and Banyon VINES. Also
supported for LM, TCP/IP, Novell, DECnet protocols.
Novell doesn't currently support the API. Runs on both
OS/2 and DOS. Can support as man
y protocol stacks over
an interface as memory can allow.

NetBIOS

Network Basic Input/Output System

Developed by IBM and Sytek LM
-

Presentation/Session
3+
-

Session

NetBEUI

NetBIOS Extended User Interface

IBM developed in 1985 when it was assumed that LAN
s
would be segmented into workgroups of 20 to 200
computers and that gateways would be used to connect on
LAN segment to other LAN segments or to a mainframe.
NetBEUI is optimized for high performance when used in
departmental LANs. Non
-
routable protocol t
hat cannot
cross routers, although it can cross bridges and source
routing bridges.


NetIPC

Network Inter Process Communication

A transport interface to the TCP/UPD/IP network
protocol stack. (HP NS services)

NetRPC

Remote Procedure Call

Vines


Presentat
ion.

NFS

Network File System

Distributed file system from SUN

NGM

NetWare Global Messaging

Novell's server based messaging engine. Set of NetWare
NLMs providing a central hub, directory synch. MHS
first, then X.400, SMTP and SNADS later. B
-
trieve
based
. Eventually MS's MAPI and Apple's OCE and the
multi
-
company VIM messaging interfaces.

NNTP

Network News Transfer Protocol


NS

Network Services

HP
proprietary

networking services including VT3K,
NFT (DSCOPY), NetIPC

NT

New Technology

Microsoft's 3
2
-
bit, pre
-
emptive multitasking kernel

ODBC

Open Database Connectivity

Microsoft API

OL

Open Look

Sun's GUI

OLTP

on
-
line transaction
-
processing

OMG

Object Management Group

A consortium of companies promoting standards for
Object management. Loca
ted in Framingham, Mass.

O
NC


SUN RPC mechanism
.

ORB


Object Request Broker

An OMG release (specification)

OSF

Open Software Foundation

Based in Cambridge, MA
-

Delivered

OSF/1 in 1991.
Consortium of "members" (DEC, HP). Released DCE in
Sep/91, D
ME to follow and then ANDF (Architecture
-
Neutral Distribution Format)

OSI

Open Systems Interconnection


P1

Message Transfer Protocol

X.400, used in communications between two MTA's

P2

Interpersonal Messaging Protocol

X.400, defines the content fo
rmat of an interpersonal
message. Enhanced in the 1988 recommendations and
now known as P22.

P3

Submission and Delivery Protocol

X.400, is used in communications between a UA or MS
and an MTA.

P7

Indirect Submission and Retrieval Protocol

Used in communi
cations between a UA and the MS. The
P7 Client Interface provides client access to OpenMail
over an OSI network. Remote User Agents (clients)
written to the P7 protocol (define in X.413 of the 1988
X.400 recommendations) can submit messages to and
retrieve

messages from the OpenMail message store. The
OpenMail message store acts as a NIST and GOSIP
conformant enhanced message store. In addition, it
provides support for the General Text body part and
limited support for the registration of the auto
-
forward
a
uto
-
action.

PAD


Packet Assemble/Disassembler

X.25 connection device

PAL

Privileged Architecture Library

Dec Alpha chip feature which enables non VMS OSs to
run on the chip. Will allow NT to run on Alpha chip (after
Intel and MIPS).

PCMCIA


Personal Comp
uter Memory Card International Association

PCSA

Personal Computing Systems Architecture

DEC's PC network offerings

PEP

Packet Exchange Protocol

3+ Transport

PERL

Practical Extraction and Report Language

O
r Pathologically

Eclectic Rubbish Lister

P
EX 3D


Extension to X endorsed by X Consortium. PEX is the
protocol that carries information across the network.
PEXlib is the 3D library used by application developers.
"cose" participants support PEX.

POAT

Plain Old ASCII Text

POP

Post Office Pr
otocol

RFC 1225 (POP3
-

RFC 1725) (Public Domain protocol
to read unix environment sendmail type messages?). A
simple protocol for client access to a remote message
store. It allows a client to sign on, list the in
-
box, read
mail from the in
-
box a
nd delete mail from the in
-
box.
Public domain POP viewers will run on HP
-
UX.


POTS


Plain Old Telephone Service

PPP


PowerPC


PPCP
Architecture
: Technical partnership of Apple, IBM
and Motorola which created a new chip.


PRO

Precision
RISC

Organiza
tion

9 global computer
-
tech manufacturers to advance and
broaden the use of PA
-
RISC. Hitachi, Oki, Mitsubishi
Prime, Convex, Hughes Aircraft,


QIC

Quarter
-
Inch Cartridge



RAID

Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks

RAID1, Mirroring of single drives or set
s
RAID3,4,5, High
-
level schemes


RBOC

Regional Bell Operating Company

Pac Bell, U.W. West, Nynex

RDA

Remote Database Access

RFC821


Simple Message Transport Protocol Aug, 1982. Defined a
7
-
bit transport. 8
-
bit is technically a violation of 8
21.

RFC 822


Standard for Internet Text Messages

RFC1425


Extended SMTP (ESMTP), defined in February 1993
later revised in RFC 1651 in July 1994


RFC1521


MIME encoding

RFC1651


ESMTP revised definition
-

July 1994
-

The initial

extension, known as 8BITMIME (defined in RFC 1652),
allows mail transfer agents (MTAs) to negotiate the
transfer of 8
-
bit data. If a given MTA has an 8
-
bit
message and fails to negotiate an 8BITMIME transfer
with a subsequent MTA, RFC 1652 requires that

the
message be encoded via MIME (defined in RFC 1521),


RFC1652


SMTP Service Extension for 8bit
-
MIME transport

RIP

Routing Information Protocol

TCP/IP
-

Network

RISC

Reduced Instruction Set Computer

30
-
100 Instructions (HP PA = 140
-

SPARC = 94)
.
Simple instructions allow elimination of microcode.

RPC

Remote Procedure Call

RTMP

Routing Table Maintenance Protocol

AppleTalk
-

Transport/Network

RTP

Routing Update Protocol Vines
-

Transport


SAA

Systems Application Architecture

IBM Archit
ecture

SCSI

Small Computer Standard Interface

A more general version of IDE.



Standard SCSI, SCSI, SCSI
-
2, SE
-
SCSI, 5MB/s, 8 bit
data bus width, 50 pins, 6 meter cable. HP Single
-
ended
disks will actually run at 10MB/s, but the SCSI
-
2 bus
standard restr
icts operation to 5MB/s





Differential SCSI
-

Fast, Fast/Narrow, Diff
-
SCSI
10MBytes/s, 8 bits, 50 pin, 25 meters





Fast/Wide SCSI
-

differential
-
Wide, F/W
-
SCSI, Fast and
Wide
-

20 MBytes/s, 16 bits, 68 pin, 25 meters

SGML


Str
uctured General Markup Language

SLIP

Serial Line Interface Protocol

ASLIP, abbreviated SLIP

S
-
MAPI

Secure MAPI

Secure

version of Microsoft’s MAPI Protocol

SMB

Server Message Block

3+, Vines
-

Presentation

SMDS

Switched Multimegabit Data Servic
e

U.S. Bellcore standard offering high
-
speed data
connection)

S
-
MIME


Secure version of MIME.

S/MIME


Secure version of MIME.

SMIME


Secure version of MIME.

SMP

Symmetric MultiProcessing

SMTP

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

TCP/IP Application/Presenta
tion, A protocol used for
transmitting messages through the ARPA Internet and
local area networks. sendmail
impr
ov
ements

for

both an
SMTP receiving agent and an SMTP delivery agent. RFC
821 is the specification for SMTP.

SNMP

Simple Network Management Protocol


SONET/SDH

Synchronous Optical Network/Synchronous Digital Hierarchy


SPARC

Scalable Processor Architecture

Sun RISC Architecture
-

Largely a derivative of RISC
-
II
architecture 1982
-

U
-
of
-
Cal
Berkley


SPEC

Standard Performance Evaluation Corp

As in SPEC
int, SPECweb.

SPP


Sequenced Packet Protocol

Vines
-

Session


SPX


Sequenced Packet eXchange

Novell
-

uses IPX as a delivery mechanism, Novell
-

Session/Transport


SQE


Signal Quality Error

“Heartbeat" or "Collision Presence Signal test. developed
to te
st the collision
-
detection circuit within a transceiver
as it operates between that device and a controller. Used
for the Collision detection part of the 802.3 spec.


SQL


Structured Query Language

SRPI


Server/Requestor
Programming

Interface

SSL

Secure Sock
ets Layer

Internet Security


T1

1.544 Mb/s

24 64Kb Channels
-

ISDN uses 1 channel for D
-
channel
(which provides *all* signaling). A 56Kb line is
essentially a 64Kb line with 8Kb of signaling bandwidth

T3

44.184 Mb/s


TCP

Transmission Control Pro
tocol

TCP/IP, Vines
-

Transport

TIITP

Telnet Internet Interactive terminal protocol

TCP/IP
-

App/Presentation


UA

User Agent

ALL
-
IN
-
1,
Office
V
ision
, Wang OFFICE, and HP
DeskManager are all examples of user agents.

UAL

User Agent Layer

HP’s
client

server protocol/interface for
messaging
.

UDP

User Datagram Protocol

TCP/IP, Vines
-

Transport
-

connectionless protocol
-

eliminates

the overhead of a TCP connection.

UI

Unix International

UNC

Universal Naming Convention

Allows OS/2
workstation

to acces
s LM and Netware at
the same time.

UPCS

User Personal Communications Systems

Used locally, inside buildings, for wireless
communications (also see C[arrier]PCS)

URL

Uniform Resource Locator

NCSA Mosaic
-

Think of it as a networked extension of
the
standard filename concept: not only can you point to a
file in a directory, but that file and that directory can exist
on any machine on the network, can be served via any of
several different methods, and might not even be
something as simple as a file: U
RLs can also point to
queries, documents stored deep within databases, the
results of a finger or archie command, or whatever.

USL

Unix System Laboratories

UUCP

Unix to Unix Copy

A simple store and forward transport protocol with
facilities for c
opying files to remote Unix systems and
executing selected commands on the remote system.


V.42


CCITT error correction standard which encompasses both
choices of MNP 3 & 4 or LAP
-
M error correction.

V.42bis


CCITT data compression standard providing up
to 4
-
1
compression. Requires LAP
-
M error correction (V.42 bis
is built on LAP
-
M).

VIM

Vendor Independent Messaging protocol

Lotus
messaging
c
lient
/
se
rver

protocol
,
primarily

for
cc:Mail.

VIP


Vines Internet Protocol

Network layer.

VIPC


Vines Interproce
ss Communications Protocol

Transport layer.

VUE

Visual User Environment


WABI


Windows Application Binary Interface

A Sun offering ,originally obtained by SunSelect's
purchase

of Praxis) enables users of Unix systems to run
Microsoft Corp's Windows 3.1 a
pplications quickly and
without modification just by opening a window on the
Unix desktop.

WAIS

Wide Area Information System

Mosaic Project headed by Brewster Kahle (of Thinking
Machines). WAIS information is part of the
WorldWideWeb (W3) by virtue of a ga
teway .

WINS

Windows Internet Naming
Service


DNS for Windows Domains

WOSA


Windows Open Services Architecture.

A Definition for how non
-
MS products (like NetWare)
link to NT. Allows third parties to add, for example,
messaging, security, file, and print s
ervices to the new
operating system.

WWW

WorldWideWeb

Is the universe of network
-
accessible

information, an
embodiment of human knowledge. It is an initiative
started at CERN, now with many participants. It has a
body of software, and a set of protoc
ols and conventions.
W3 uses hypertext and multimedia techniques to make the
web easy for anyone to roam browse, and contribute to.

XAPI

XNS

Xerox Networking Services

IPX and SPX are based on XNS Transport/Network

ZIP

Zone Information Protocol

Appletalk

session layer.



Note:

My thanks to Dave Orth, EBSO for
help with
the information shown above.