Education and Research Directions

builderanthologyΤεχνίτη Νοημοσύνη και Ρομποτική

19 Οκτ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 8 μήνες)

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Education and Research

Tarek M. Sobh

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

Bridgeport, CT 06604

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport


Central issues in education and research

New directions

Engineering Problems and a plan

Making the “Right” Engineer / Scientist

New disciplines / challenges and our signature

Mechanisms for supporting research

Research strategies and techniques


School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

Central Issues In Education / Research


and linkages with


Concurrent Engineering

and the

Realization Process

Growing Role of the


Software Tools

Simulation, Visualization, Design

Growing Importance of
Information Technologies
All Disciplines

Incipience of

Multidisciplinary Education

University / Industry Relations

Some Thoughts from the Late Eighties

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

Central Issues in Education / Research

The Twenty
First Century

Manufacturing and Design in

Nano Scales


Growing importance of
Biological Sciences

Increasing Pressure to Transcend Traditional Academic Boundaries:
Multidisciplinary Education

Reduce rigidity of curriculum requirements and increase
flexibility: Programs of study that meld previously disparate

Ever Expanding Impact of
Information Technologies

Wireless Communication Technologies


Synchronous Distance Learning

Virtual University

Virtual Laboratory Experience

learning Courses

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

Central Issues in Education / Research

The Twenty
First Century (continued)

Socialization of Learning

Student Centered Learning Activities

Relations with Industry: An Alternative Model

Innovation and Entrepreneurship

The Research / Business Interface


International Study and Work Experience

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

Some New Directions

Year Courses on

Introduction to Systems

Multidisciplinary, Experiential and Contextual

Faculty participation from
all disciplines

Projects involve
analysis, design, build



activities that
cross disciplinary boundaries and involve real applications

Interactive and Collaborative

Shift from faculty

and lecture
centered activities to student
centered activities

Numerous team
based activities

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

New Directions (continued)

A Prototype

Learning Center

Computer Clusters

for Collaborative Simulation and
Design Activities


Test Equipment

Facilities for Conducting

Group Work and Study Spaces

Multimedia Presentation and Demonstration Area

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

New Directions (continued)

Learning Center in New Building

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

The Problem(s) (and a Plan)

12 Science and Math Weakness

Curriculum / Research based (partially) on
constituents’ feedback, needs, vision, aspirations,
problems (local, regional, national and global)

Leading versus following ?

“Functional” body of knowledge for leading edge
technology development and to produce competent and
interdisciplinary engineers and scientists.

New programs (outcome


human and technology resources (let’s not
fall into the .com trap again)

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

The Problem(s) and Plan (contd.)

Traditional degrees (what does that mean ?) versus
new interdisciplinary goal
oriented programs that
cater to new complex real
world 21

century areas of
interest and potential U.S. dominance.

Global competition (in what ?) Should we be scared ?
500K jobs to India 2001
2003, is this a problem ? How to
solve it ?

New programs and collaborations (degree / within degree)
driven by our vision of what the future “should be like”,
not by what is the current state of the art.
(time to completion, etc.), example: ABET is making it
easy at the undergraduate level !

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

The Problem and Plan (Contd.)

Reverse brain drain (politics / Economics)

Europe, Asia, Canada, Australia very serious
competition for brain power.

Continuing to attract international talent (remember
12 problem) and need for aggressive recruiting at all
levels and international cooperation / programs.

Profession Respectability / licensure, lobbying issues.

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

Making the RIGHT engineers/scientists

Future Engineers (Joe Bordogna, COO NSF):

Holistic designer

Astute maker

Trusted innovator

Harm avoider

Change agent

Master integrator

Enterprise enabler

Knowledge handler

Technology steward

Model for education suitable to the a new world in
which change and complexity
the rule, a globally
linked world that needs integration in many ways.

The Aftermath (Sam Florman, 2001), Prey (Crichton,

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

New? “Engineering” Disciplines /
Trends or our signature areas

“BIO”: Deliberate strategic response versus a natural
evolutionary process (no definitive mandate ?)

Terascale: tera operations / compute power, terabyte
storage, terabyte networking. Fascinating (for now)
infrastructure. Applications: Communications,
simulations / visualizations, real
time capabilities, etc.

Nanoscale: nano technologies / nano photonics, new
materials / machines / living cells interface, precise
control and manipulation at that scale [femto scale !]
Also, MEMS and “smart dust” for agent detection,
temperature, motion, vision sensing, etc.,

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

New Trends / Challenge Areas

Cognition: above areas + neurosciences, perception,
sensing, machine vision, agent
based systems,
linguistics, psychologists, mathematics, robotics,
automation, and many others interact.

Complexity, integration (traffic, weather, intelligent
infrastructure and control systems, aerospace, aviation,
large systems).

Advanced Materials and Manufacturing.

Information, communications and perception
technologies (not only for defense, but many other

Renewable energy and power systems.

We should not abandon all we know, but rather
complement what we do with emerging paradigms

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

A term with multiple meanings and implications

Medical Engineering


Diagnostic and Surgical Tools




Tissue Engineering

Environmental Engineering/Science

Remediation of organic wastes

Biological destruction of carcinogens and

toxic chemicals

Required molecular and cellular biology course for all
engineering students

Departmental elective courses

New Directions (continued)

Example : Bioengineering

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

Integrated Research/Business Practice Courses


The Corporation and it Financial Processes

Human Resources and Management Processes

Innovation Processes

Supply Chain Processes and Quality

Advanced Topics:

Business, Globalization, Outsourcing

Entrepreneurship, Logistics

Business Plans and Business Simulations

New Directions (continued)

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

Mechanisms for Supporting Research

Periodic Graduate Programs Review

Periodic Research Review

SWOT Analysis

Identification of “Centers of Excellence”

Potential groups / individuals / student work.

Existing opportunities

Yearly / Periodic Goals (Change and Maintenance)

Faculty Development Funds, Seed grants

Making research embedded in the culture

Professional review

Develop Web, training/workshops, grant writ(ers)/(ing)

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

Research Strategies

Sponsored Research: Industry, Federal, Foundations,
State, Local


Across departments, schools, campuses

SWOT again

Joint work / proposal writing: Partner with Industry

Centers, Other Universities, School Districts, etc.

Identification / Listing of resources / agencies (project)

Recommendations regarding potential project resources

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

Some Techniques

IAB role

Student Centered Activities

Startup co
ops, internships, GA’s, low overhead.

As a constituent, advise (and be advised) on emerging trends.

Relations with Industry / University Clients Model

Complete Involvement

Joint Work (research and curricular)

Interfacing: VC’s (connecting), Incubator(s)

Overhead % back to group / dept. / school.

Seed funding / ID of potential, extending resources.

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

Interdisciplinary Project Examples:

Glove (Chiro, Eng and Business (law))

Robotic Musicians (A&S, Music, Eng)

Assessment (Education, Eng)

ConnCap (Education, Eng)

Biometrics / Face ID (Bus, Eng, art (law))

Tire changing (Bus, Eng)

Reverse Engineering in Dentistry, Film Making (Eng,
Art, Health sciences)

Robotics prototyping based on task specification (R.E.
of Maths, statics, dynamics, E.E)

Traffic Control (vision, GPS, wireless).

Across dept., school, campus, joint with Univ., school
districts, industry, VC’s.

School of Engineering

University of Bridgeport

Example Resources

Faculty Enhancement Programs

Instrumentation Grants for research in Computer and Information Science

Research Equipment Grant Program

CISE Directorate Educational Supplements

Instrumentation and Laboratory Improvement

Research in Undergraduate Institutions Program

Grant Opportunities for Academic Liason with Industry Programs

Institutional Infrastructure Programs.

Activities for Women and Minorities in Science Programs

Networking Infrastructure for Education Program.

DUE Undergraduate Education programs

Graduate Research Traineeships programs

Research Careers for Minority scholars program

CISE Computer and Computation Research Grants.

CISE Information, Robotics, and Intelligent Systems Grants (RMI).

CISE Cross
Disciplinary Activities in:

o Educational Infrastructure

o Institutional Infrastructure for Research

o Special Projects

Academic Research Infrastructure (a cross
directorate program)

Research Opportunity Awards (a cross
directorate program)

Small grants for Exploratory Research Program.

Research and Education in Strategic Areas Programs

EHR Division of Undergraduate Education Programs.

EHR Division of Graduate Education and Research Development Programs.

International Directorate Grants.


State and local initiatives (centers of excellence programs, etc.)

Collaboration with research centers, industry,

school, inter
campuses, other Universities, school districts.

Student fellowships (federal / state /industry / foundation) (e.g, IEEE CSIDC, Sigma Xi, Microsoft, etc.)