Linking Service Learning: Finding Curricular Ties to Various ...

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1

Service Learning:



Academics in Action






Cate Hart
camhart@indiana.edu





Diane Monroe
dlmonroe@indiana.edu






Sponsored by


Indiana Department of Education, Learn & Serve Indiana

~A Partnership Fostering the Integration of Service and Education~









Summer, 2004



2

Guiding Questions


What is Service Learning?


How can Service Learning help our
students become more engaged in civic
responsibilities in our changing world?


How do we align and incorporate Service
Learning with academic standards and
other educational initiatives?

3

Service Learning

Service learning involves students in community

activities that compliment their classroom

studies. Programs aim to help students increase

their academic skills through understanding

how what they learn can be applied to the real

world. Service learning helps students become

interested in their communities and learn how

they can affect the quality of life in them.


Corporation for National Service, Learn and Serve Grants

4

Youth Service:

A paradigm Shift


Traditional view


Utilize resource


Passive


Consumer


Needs help


Recipient


Victim




Service Learning


Act as resource


Active


Producer


Offers help


Giver


Leader


5

Service Learning…


an instructional strategy that


Enhances students’ civic and academic
engagement.



Engages students in meaningful service to
strengthen their schools or communities through
careful integration with established curricula.



Enables students to become active and informed
citizens who carry forward our democratic
traditions and become committed to an ethic of
service.



6

Service
-
learning is
NOT
:



An episodic volunteer program


An add
-
on to an existing curriculum


Logging a set number of community service
hours


Compensatory service assigned as a form
of punishment by the courts or schools


Only for high school or college students


One
-
sided: benefiting only students or
only the community


7

Service Learning is…



School
-
Wide Infusion


Pedagogy
-
instructional strategy



Philosophy
-
caring and collaboration



Process
-
quality of life improvements
for school/community

8

Service Learning


aligns with educational initiatives


P.L. # 221
-
writing & reading


Scans Basic Skills and Competencies


Character Education


Safe and Secure Schools


Character Counts


Problem Based Learning

9

Service Learning Aligns with Curricula


Language Arts/ English

reading & writing across
curriculum/content


Math/Science


Social Studies/
Civic Engagement


Technology


Visual & Performing Arts


FACS/Physical Education/Vocational and
Technical
Arts


SCANS
-

‘soft skills’


Leadership Development


Problem Based Learning, Socratic Seminars,
authentic engagement, bullying prevention


10

Service Learning


aligns with educator standards


INTASC & IPLA Standards


Best Practices


What Principal’s Should Know and Be
Able to Do


National Staff Development Council
Standards for Professional
Development


Ruby Payne Poverty Framework


11

Essential Elements of SL


Youth Voice


How is youth voice incorporated in decision making?


Genuine Community Needs/Issues


What are the needs/issues and how are they documented? Multiple measures of evidence?


Meaningful Service


What planned activities will provide meaningful service? What positive social changes will occur as a result?


Community Collaborations


How will partners be identified, engaged, assigned roles, evaluated?


Alignment to Indiana Academic Standards


How will academic alignment be documented?


Reflection


How will reflection activities be integrated throughout the project?


Evaluation


What tools will be used to evaluate community impact, program effectiveness, and student academic performance?


Are they SMART goals?
-

Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic. Tangible/Timely


Recognition/Celebration


How will student achievement, program goals and participant engagement be recognized and celebrated?


12

Service Learning is



effective when…


Outcomes are clear and linked to curricular objectives.


Activities apply course concepts and skills.


High levels of thinking and construction of knowledge

are
promoted.


Students communicate diverse information and ideas.


Learning is connected to state /local standards.


Students are engaged

in tasks that challenge and
stretch

them cognitively and developmentally.


Assessment enhances student learning and documents and
evaluates how well students have met content and skills
standards.


13

Service Learning

Continuum


Community service credit
-

Individual student or service
club


Service Learning Class


Integrated into one subject/one grade


Co
-
curricular
-

partners


Integrated into a multidisciplinary curriculum School wide
focus or theme


poetry, CARE SKILLS, C.L.A.S.S., Peace
Village


Service learning infused into curriculum and supported
through the culture and structure of the school



14

Preparation
-


Go slow to go fast


Introduce concept of service, learning, and good
citizenship.


Teach leadership, interpersonal, communication
skills.


Examine community for needs.


Explore specific skills needed to carry out the
project.


Use problem solving and organizational strategies.

15

Needs/Issues


Adapted by Learn & Serve, Indiana, from Corporation

for National Service

2004
-
2005


Human Issues


Educational Issues


Changing Communities


Environmental Stewardship


Homeland Security & Conflict Resolution

16

Human Needs


Concerns relating to persons/ groups
with special needs (i.e. health,
poverty, addiction, housing, learning
abilities, intergenerational
dimensions, employment, abuse, life
span transitions, transportation, etc)

17

Educational Concerns


Issues such as literacy, inclusion,
differentiation, knowledge of
history, civic participation, retention,
life
-
long learning, technology,
character education, etc

18

Changing Communities


Issues relating to diversity,
tolerance, urbanization, economic
self
-
sufficiency, active participation
in government, population growth,
English language learning,
gentrification, etc

19

Environmental Stewardship


Issues relating to Sustainability
-
reducing,
reusing, recycling, renewing of products,
community gardens, resource depletion,
environmental degradation, pollution,
production and consumption of energy
resources, genetic/biotic/species
research, rivers, streams, wetlands,
agriculture, etc

20

Homeland Security &


Conflict Resolution


Issues relating to national security,
safe schools, public safety,
tolerance, bullying, violence, cross
-
cultural conflicts, equity, Student
Emergency Response Teams,
Community Emergency Response
Teams, Project Ophelia
-

creating
safe schools program

21

White River Valley
Homeland Security

1.
Professional Development


PBL, inquiry based learning, Socratic seminars,
writing across the curriculum, authentic
student engagement

2.
Student Leadership


Retreats, camps, at
-
risk students

3.
Mini
-
grants


Service learning projects

22

Direct Service Learning



(person
-
to
-
person, face
-
to
-
face service)


Benefits: Personal responsibility, caring for
others, dependability, interpersonal skills,
problem
-
solving.



Tutoring other students and adults


Conducting art/music/dance lessons for younger students


Helping other students resolve conflict


Giving performances on violence and drug prevention


Creating lessons and presenting them to younger students


Creating life reviews for Hospice patients


23

Indirect Service Learning



(addressing broad issues, advocacy, environmental/ community development)



Benefits: cooperation, teamwork skills, playing
different roles, organizing, prioritizing, project
-
specific skills.



Compiling a town history


Volunteering at local clinics to conduct health
screenings


Restoring historic structures or building low
-
income
housing


Removing exotic plants and restoring ecosystems,
preparing preserve areas for public use


24

Research
-
Based Service Learning



(gathering, presenting information on areas of interest/need)



Benefits: Learn to find answers/info, make
discriminating judgments, assess, evaluate, test
hypotheses.



Conducting longitudinal studies of local bodies of water;
water testing for local residents


Gathering information and creating brochures or videos for
non
-
profit or government agencies


Mapping state lands and monitoring flora and fauna


Writing a guide on available community services and
translating it into Spanish and other languages of new
residents


25

Advocacy Service Learning



(educating others about topics of public interest)




Benefits: Perseverance; understanding
rules, systems, processes; engaged
citizenship, work with adults.



Planning, hosting public forums on topics of
interest in the community


Conducting public information campaigns


Working with elected officials to draft
legislation to improve communities


Training the school/community in fire safety,
homeland security measures/disaster
preparation, bullying, conflict resolution, etc

26

Reflection




~
BEFORE, DURING, and AFTER~


Continuous reflection allows students to


explore the impact and importance of
citizen service to the community.


understand how to learn from experience.


develop a language of caring and
commitment.


instill habits of participation as an
expectation of citizenship.

27


28

Servant Leadership’s

Best Test




Do those served grow as persons; do

they become healthier, wiser, freer,

more autonomous, more likely themselves

to become servants?

And what is the effect of the least

privileged in society, will they benefit?





Robert Greenleaf

29


You cannot buy heart, mind and spirit. In

the competitive reality of today...only

those organizations whose people willingly

volunteer their tremendous creative

talent, commitment and loyalty
-
whose

organizations align with structures,

systems and management style to support

the empowerment of their people, will

survive and thrive”




Stephen R. Covey, Insights on Leadership


30

Great leaders are responsible for creating work

environments in which people care about each other,

share pride in a common goal, and celebrate the

successes for all.


For this atmosphere to flourish, we have to realize

that, though we can’t change everyone around us, we

can change ourselves, and make a difference.



Jim Blanchard, CEO, Synovus



#5, Fortune 100 Best Companies to Work for in America


31

Win


Win for Students


Increases attendance, self
-
esteem, commitment to learning.


Challenges and
stretches

students cognitively/developmentally.


Documents and evaluates how well students have met content
and skills standards.


Allows practice, fosters social and political change, encouraging
young people to become responsible engaged citizens.


Gives experiential learning for real world application and
problem solving.


Increases tolerance, compassion, sensitivity to others,
character judgment, insight, understanding.


Provides career exploration opportunities.


Helps students discover greater purpose for their lives.


Promotes collaboration among students and all stakeholders.

32

Win


Win for Schools!


Curricular objectives link to clear outcomes.


Enriched curriculum links to life applications.


School links with community in positive ways.


Reluctant learners are motivated/engaged.


Problem solving, teamwork, conflict management,
other SCANS ‘soft skills’ are fostered.


Students develop responsibility for their own
learning.


Students, families and communities come together.


A new meaning of democracy is encouraged.

33

Win


Win for Communities!


A new generation is introduced to leadership
and to important work of community.


Career options are explored/expanded.


Community capacity building and creative
problem solving for community needs is
increased.


Resources match relevant needs/issues.


Creative approaches tackle ingrained ways of
doing business.


Public images are enhanced.


34

Indiana Learn and Serve

Michele L. Sullivan

Director, Learn & Serve Indiana


Indiana Department of Education

Office of Program Development

Room 229, State House

Indianapolis, IN 46204
-
2798

Phone: (317) 233
-
3163

msulliva@doe.state.in.us

www.doe.in.us/opd/svln/


35


Cate Hart


Indiana University Bloomington

2853 East 10th Street

Bloomington IN 47408
-
2601

w. 812
-
855
-
7780


c. 812 322
-
4344



camhart@indiana.edu



Sheila Hamilton
-
Taylor

10925 Stoneoak Ct.

Fort Wayne IN 46845

Phone: 219
-
482
-
9279


garden4@infionline.net




Marti Reece


12092 North Paddock Road


Camby, IN 46113


Phone:(317) 831
-
9781


repelly@earthlink.com


Diane Monroe


1301 Bucklew Rd.


Spencer, IN 47460


w.812
-

829
-
2712


c.812
-
360
-
9133

dmonroe@ccrtc.com





Pat Swanson


Valparaiso Community Schools

6 City View Drive

Valparaiso IN 46383

Phone: 219
-
531
-
3070 ext. 319

pswanson@imail.valpo.k12.in.us



Corporation for National and Community
Service
www.cns.gov