Warming up and Reading I me

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14 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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Robots

Unit 2

Warming Up

1. Lead
--

in

A robot is basically a computer
-
controlled machine that is
programmed to move, manipulate (


) objects, and accomplish work for
us human beings. It is able to perform
repetitive tasks more quickly, cheaply,
and accurately than humans.

What is a
robot?

Sounds
Reasonable
?

A robot is a machine designed to do
jobs that are usually performed by
humans. Robots are programmed and
controlled by a computer .


Do you know who he is?

What’s the relationship between
Isaac Asimov and robots?

Isaac Asimov

1
.

机器人不能伤害人类,或坐视人类受到伤害而袖手旁观。


2.

除非违背第一法则,机器人必须服从人类的命令。


3.

在不违背第一和第二法则前提下,机器人必须保护自己。


最早提出机器人这个概念的人是科幻作家阿西莫夫
(Isaac
Asimov
)
,二十世纪四十年代他在一本短篇小说中用到了
robotic
这个单词。在那篇短文中,阿西莫夫提出了三个指导
机器人行为的准则,也就是著名的机器人三大定律


2. Nowadays

robots can be made into

various
shapes for various uses.

Robots

机器人历险记

Doraemon

机器猫(多啦
A
梦)


Industrial robots
工业机器人

The robot which can be used to

produce cars


Domestic robots
家用机器人

The robot which can remove the
lawn (
除草机器人
)

Entertainment


robots

娱乐型机器人

The robot which can dance with men


The robot which can do rescue work

The robot which can be used to
explore space

The robot which is used to find
the landmines (
地雷
⤠†
Military robots


Robots

Play with human

do research

Talk with human

Do the housework

(cleaning,cooking

……..)

And so on…

Take care of

children

act as a policeman

/a seller

Do some shopping

3. What can a robot do?

1.
Which one of the following is NOT


a robot?


A. Bicycle B. Traffic light


C. Microwave D. Photocopier

2. Which of the following can be


considered both a robot and a non
-


robot?


A. Alarm Clock B. Motor Bike


C. Microwave D. VCR

4. Robot Quiz

3. Why would a company choose to use


robots instead of humans?


A. They never get sick


B. They don't need a lunch break


C. They'll never be bored


D. All of the above

4. Robots can do work that is too _____


for humans.


A. fun B. scary


C. dangerous D. predictable

Do you think it is possible for
a robot to :

1.
think for itself

2.
have feelings

3.
have its own needs and desires

4.
look and feel like a human being

Pre
-
reading

Do you think it is
possible for a
robot to:



have feelings?



feel like a human


being?

Reading

Satisfaction

Guaranteed

1. What is the main idea of the story?

2. What are the main characters in
the story?



Skimming

1.The text mainly tells us _____.

A. why Claire fell in love with a human
being

B. why a robot fell in love with a human


being

C. a story about a household robot being
tested out in a family

D. that a robot can save a human

being from danger

1, main idea

Larry Belmont

Claire

Tony

Gladys Claffern

2.Main characters in the story:

----

Larry’s wife, a housewife

----

a robot


----

works in a
company that makes robots

----

a woman that Claire envies

3..Find out the information about
Tony

facial expressions

never changed

Decide whether the following statements are true
or false, and try to find the sentence in the story to
support your answers:

1.
Larry was going to be away from home so he
hired a robot to accompany his wife Claire.

2.
Claire didn’t like the idea at the beginning,
but she agreed to it at last.

3. Tony could understand Claire when she said
she was not clever.

4. True or false

F

T

T

4.Tony was eager to help Claire. He scanned quite
a lot of books in the library, but he could find
no ways out.

5.It was Claire that first decided to invite Gladys
and her friends to her house.

6.Claire’s guests were filled with admiration
when they saw her house was completely
changed.

7.Claire was very happy to find that Gladys
envied her.

8. The company was satisfied with Tony’s report
because he had successfully made a woman fall
in love with him.

F

F

T

T

F

Scanning

1.
Why did Claire feel alarmed at the


sight of Tony?


A. Because he was a robot.


B. Because she didn’t like him.


C. Because he was more like a human


being than a machine.


D. Because he never changed his


facial expressions.



2. Why did Claire feel embarrassed one day?


A. Because Tony asked her whether she


needed help dressing.


B. Because Tony offered sympathy for her.


C. Because Tony helped her a lot.


D. Because Tony bent his face too close to


hers.

3. _________amazed Claire very much.


A. That Tony gave her a new haircut


B. That Tony

changed the makeup she wore


C. Tony’s fingernails and the softness and
warmth of his skin


D. That Tony wrote a shopping list for her

4. The robot Tony helped Claire to realize


her dreams by______.


A. making her home elegant


B. giving her a new haircut and changing


the make
-
up she wore


C. giving her advice on her dresses


D. all the above

5. As a result, the experiment shows_______.


A. Claire and Tony fell in love with each other


B. Tony had to be rebuilt


C. Tony was angry with his designer


D. Both A and B

6. All the following statements are true


EXCEPT _______.



A. Tony tried to please Claire


B. Claire tried to displease Tony


C. Tony managed to protect Claire


D. Gladys admired Claire for her Tony

7. We can infer from the passage that_____.


A. Claire liked Tony but feared him


B. Claire cried because Tony made her


angry


C. Claire forgot Tony as soon as Tony left her


D. Tony had no feelings as human being.

Claire

s feelings towards Tony changed

Occasion

Claire

dislike him

was alarmed

felt
embarrassed

admired him

Before he arrived

When he arrived

When he offered to help
her dress

When he offered to help her
improve her house and herself


comprehending( page ,12)



called him a
dear

felt his warmth

felt being
envied

cried all night

When he helps her
with the salesman

When she fell off a ladder
and caught by Tony

When she heard
Gladys whispering

She remembered Tony
was just a machine


1;Why did Tony open the curtains?( page 12)



2.What did Tony do to prevent Claire from being
harmed?



3,Why did Tony have to be rebuilt?

He wanted Claire’s guests to see him and
Claire together so that she would be envied by
the women guests.

Tony prevented Claire from being harmed by
making her feel good about herself. He helped her
make her and her home elegant so that she would
not feel like a failure.

Tony had to be rebuilt because the company felt that
they could not have women falling in love with a robot.



In groups, list Tony’s characteristics that were
similar to those of a human being and different
from those of a human being.

Characteristics

Physical

Mental

Emotional

Similar

Different




discussion (10m)

Characteri
stics

Similar

Different

Physical

(1)Looks
like____________
___.

(2)Body and skin
are_____. (3)Hair
and
fingernails______
_______. (4)Voice
like__________.

(1)Facial
expressions___
_________.
(2)__________
____________
(She fell off a
ladder and even
though Tony was in
the next room, he
managed to catch
her in time)



a human

being

warm

realistic

a human’s

never change

Quicker

reactions

Characteri
stics

Similar

Different

Mental

Able to
______________an
d predictions. Able
to ___________and
follow it through.
Has good
______________
skills


Behaviour not
__________
Tony brought
her breakfast
and then asked
her whether she
needed help
dressing.)

make suggestions

make a plan

communication

appropriate