The Robots Hall of Fame

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14 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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The Robots Hall of Fame

2003

Fictional

HAL 9000
-

computer system from
2001: A Space Odyssey


HAL is an artificial intelligence, the sentient on
-
board
computer of the spaceship Discovery. HAL is usually
represented only as his television camera "eyes" that can
be seen throughout the Discovery spaceship. HAL is
depicted as being capable not only of speech
recognition, facial recognition, and natural language
processing, but also lip reading, art appreciation,
interpreting emotions, expressing emotions, reasoning,
and, of course, chess, in addition to maintaining all
systems on an interplanetary voyage.

R2
-
D2
-

robot from Star Wars


R2
-
D2 (called R2, or "Artoo" for short), is
a fictional character in the Star Wars
universe. R2 is one of the only four
characters
-

the others being Anakin
Skywalker/Darth Vader, Obi
-
Wan Kenobi,
and droid companion C
-
3PO
-

to appear in
all six Star Wars films.

Real

Sojourner
-

the rover that explored
Mars in 1997 as part of the Mars
Pathfinder mission.


The Sojourner rover was the first space
exploration rover to successfully reach
another planet. Sojourner landed on Mars
as part of the Mars Pathfinder mission on
July 4, 1997

Unimate
-

the first industrial robot,
which worked on a General Motors
assembly line in 1961


Unimate was the first industrial robot,[1]
which worked on a General Motors
assembly line in New Jersey, in
1961.[2][3] It was created by George
Devol in the 1950s using his original
patents. Devol, together with Joseph F.
Engelberger started Unimation, the world's
first robot manufacturing company.[4]

2004

Fictional

Astro Boy
-

robot from Astro Boy


Created by Doctor Tenma, Astro Boy was meant to be a
replacement for his deceased son: Tobio. However,
because Astro was not able to grow and age like a
normal human child, Doctor Tenma abandoned him to a
Robot Circus led by the cruel Ham Egg. At the circus,
Astro was found by Professor Ochanomizu and adopted.
Professor Ochanomizu gave Astro a family with a robotic
mother, father, sister (Uran), and brother (Cobalt). As
head of the Ministry of Science, Professor Ochanomizu
often calls on Astro to help resolve situations involving
humans, robots, and on occasion, extraterrestrials.

C
-
3PO
-

robot from Star Wars


C
-
3PO is a protocol droid designed to serve humans, and
boasts that he is fluent "in over six million forms of
communication." C
-
3PO is generally seen with his long
-
time counterpart, R2
-
D2, a small, quirky astromech
droid. Threepio's main function as a protocol droid is to
assist with etiquette, customs, and translation so that
meetings of different cultures run smoothly. In his time,
C
-
3PO loyally served over forty masters. He hated
adventure and space travel, as they often resulted in
him coming out on the wrong end of a fight, losing
parts, and having them reattached, sometimes
incorrectly. Together with his fellow droid R2, Threepio
played a vital and pivotal role in the Galaxy's history,
however lowly he thought of himself.

Robby the Robot
-

robot from
Forbidden Planet


Robby the Robot" was a 7 foot, 2 inch tall
mechanical suit designed for an actor to
wear, to play the part of a robot. It was
originally designed for the 1956 MGM
movie Forbidden Planet, and quickly
became a science fiction movie and
television icon.

Real

ASIMO
-

a humanoid robot created
by Honda


ASIMO (
アシモ
, ashimo?) is a humanoid robot
created by Honda Motor Company. Standing at
130 centimeters (4 feet 3 inches) and weighing
54 kilograms (119 pounds), the robot resembles
a small astronaut wearing a backpack and can
walk or run on two feet at speeds up to 6 km/h
(3.7 mph).Officially, the name is an acronym for
"Advanced Step in Innovative MObility"

Shakey the Robot
-

the first mobile
robot to be able to reason its own
actions


Shakey the Robot was the first mobile
robot to be able to reason about its own
actions. Shakey combined research in
robotics, computer vision, and natural
language processing.

2006

Fictional


Maria
-

robot from Metropolis



David
-

android
-
kid from A.I.: Artificial
Intelligence (2001)

Gort
-

robot from The Day the
Earth Stood Still


Gort is a fictional robot in the movie The Day the
Earth Stood Still, played by 7'7" tall actor Lock
Martin. He is famous in part due to the phrase
"Gort! Klaatu barada nikto!" from that movie, a
favorite bit of trivia for film buffs. This phrase
has subsequently been used in many movies,
games, and other works of popular culture. The
Gort suit was designed and built by Addison
Hehr.

Real

AIBO, Sony’s cyber
-
dog


AIBO (Artificial Intelligence roBOt, homonymous
with "companion" in Japanese) was one of
several types of robotic pets designed and
manufactured by Sony; there have been several
different models since their introduction in 1999.
Able to walk, "see" its environment via camera,
and recognize spoken commands, they are
considered to be autonomous robots, since they
are able to learn and mature based on external
stimuli from their owner or environment, or from
other AIBOs

Selective Compliance Assembly
Robot Arm (SCARA)


The SCARA acronym stands for Selective
Compliant Assembly Robot Arm or Selective
Compliant Articulated Robot Arm.


In general, traditional SCARAs are 4
-
axis robot
arms, i.e., they can move to any X
-
Y
-
Z
coordinate within their work envelope. There is a
fourth axis of motion which is the wrist rotate

2007

Fictional

Lieutenant Commander Data,
android from Star Trek: The Next
Generation


Data is a sentient artificial lifeform
designed to resemble a caucasian human.
His positronic brain allows him impressive
computational capabilities.[3] However, he
has ongoing difficulties understanding
various aspects of human behavior[4],
and is unable to feel emotions or
understand certain human idiosyncrasies.

Real

Lego Mindstorms NXT


Lego Mindstorms NXT is a programmable
robotics kit released by Lego in late July
2006.[1] It replaces the first
-
generation
Lego Mindstorms kit, which was called the
Robotics Invention System.


Navlab

Source


Wikipedia.org