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A Radio Spectrum Policy Programme for
Europe:


Impact of the Digital Switchover on EU Citizens


Nicola

Frank

Head

of

European

Affairs

Brussels, 12 January 2011

Overview


Terrestrial broadcasting: a diverse but
necessary platform


Broadcasting and Broadband: choosing
the most efficient way to deliver content
to citizens


An efficient spectrum policy for EU
citizens


-


57% of EU households receive TV over

terrestrial networks (analogue and digital)


-


DTT is the fastest growing platform

Sum terrestrial 57%

Diversity of a popular platform

17 countries
still

running
analogue TV:

including FR, EL, IT, PT, UK


3 countries have DTT but no
anlogue

switch
-
off
plan:

HU, LT, PT


DTT in
Italy

65%, UK 72%,
France 78%, Spain 81%


DTT in the
NL
:13%

DTT in Germany: 11 %


50 % of all DTT
channels are
regional or local


8 countries have HD on DTT



Analogue switch
-
off completed;
terrestrial platform converted to DVB
-
T:

Andorra, Belgium (Flemish), Croatia,
Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia,
Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden & Switzerland.

Analogue switch
-
off underway; both
analogue and DVB
-
T services available:


Austria, Czech Republic, France, Italy &
United Kingdom

Only analogue services available.
DVB
-
T services may be available on a
trial/pilot basis


Plans to launch DVB
-
T/
-
T2 from 2011:


BiH
, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Ireland,

Romania, Serbia

Both analogue and DVB
-
T services
available; analogue switch
-
off has not
begun:


Albania, Belgium (French
-
speaking),
Greece, Hungary, Lithuania, Malta,
FYRoMacedonia
, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia

Strong differences in the switch
-
over process

→ a 2013 deadline will not work


Spectrum allocations in Europe

300

1000

2000

3000

Frequency (MHz)

The UHF band (band IV and V)

Broadcasting

Mobile

Digital dividend

(800 MHz band)

Total spectrum allocation

Broadcasting

347 MHz

Mobile

560 MHz

Digital dividend

72 MHz

632 MHz

Public Service Broadcasters

distribution strategy


Linear and on
-
demand services, e.g. catch
-
up TV


New services introduced and planned (HDTV,
mobile TV, 3D TV)


Key development: hybrid broadband / broadcast
(HBB)


Combine broadcasting and broadband delivery
depending on the service


Terrestrial platform important until 2020 and
beyond

Broadband


Individual, bi
-
directional (with back channel), one
-
to
-
one
→ the user chooses the content and the timing


The same content has to be transmitted as many times as
there are users, even if it is transmitted simultaneously


Users share the capacity of a network → risks of
congestion and loss of quality


Capacity constrains are particularly significant for mobile
broadband (including LTE)


Broadband is used for on
-
demand services
-

catch
-
up
TV (
iPlayer

and
Mediatheken
)
-

time
-
shift, additional
programme information


Terrestrial broadcasting


One
-
to
-
many → the same content is transmitted to an unlimited
number of users at the same time


Capacity is not shared between users → no loss of quality if the
number of users increases


Cost of delivery is fixed and independent of number of users →
DTT is highly spectrum efficient


Terrestrial broadcasting provides universal (up to 98%) coverage


It is the
most popular free
-
to
-
air
platform


Terrestrial Television is used for the transmission of linear
content and particularly suited for the simultaneous
transmission to large audiences


An efficient spectrum policy

for EU citizens means:








Consumers should be given the
choice

between platforms, including
terrestrial free
-
to
-
air → platform competition


Consumers should not pay the
costs

of migrating services to other
frequency bands and other platforms


DTT
quality

of service must be guaranteed


protection against harmful
interference including for
programme
-
making and special events
equipment (e.g. wireless microphones)


Spectrum
efficiency

→ using the transmission platform best suited for
the service transmitted: avoid congestion and loss of quality


Spectrum efficiency → applied to all spectrum usage and all bands:
transparent assessment criteria and methodologies needed for the
inventory


Respect
diversity

in Member States → 2013 deadline is not realistic


The scope of the RSPP should not go beyond the
principles of the
Telecom Package

Thank you

for your attention!

frank@ebu.ch