Novice Topicality Negative

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18 Νοε 2013 (πριν από 3 χρόνια και 11 μήνες)

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Neg Topicality

Novice





1

Novice Topicality Negative


NOVICE TOPICALITY NE
GATIVE

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1

SUMMARY

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2

GLOSSARY

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3

1NC: SPACE WEAPONS ≠

DEVELOPMENT

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4

2NC ANS
WERS TO: DEVELOPMENT

= MILITARIZATION

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5

ANSWERS TO: CRAWFORD

AND CURTIS EVIDENCE

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ANSWERS TO: ALL TECH
NOLOGY IS DUAL
-
USE

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ANSWERS TO: T IS NOT

A VOTING ISSUE

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8



Neg Topicality

Novice





2

Summary


This is an argument about why the SPS affirmative should not be allowed in debate
because it is not a part of the resolution. The argument is that the phrase “space
development” in the resolution means only research and

development of space objects and
exploration of space (that’s the SDPA evidence).


The negative argues that allowing the affirmative to do things like SPS which can be used
for military purposes makes the topic too big (space militarization is big enough
to be a
topic on its own!). They also argue that this makes debate unfair and so the affirmative
should lose because they made the debate non
-
educational and unfair.



Neg Topicality

Novice





3

Glossary


Militzarization


The use of space for military purposes.


R&D


Research and

development. This refers to the scientific processes used to invent and test
things used in space.





Neg Topicality

Novice





4

1NC: Space Weapons ≠ Development


1. Interpretation: Development is limited to research and development and activities to
increase exploration.

SDPA 200
5

(Space Development Promotion Act of the Republic of Korea, Journal of Space Law, 33, 5
-
31,
http://www.spacelaw.olemiss.edu/library/space/Korea/Laws/33jsl175.pdf)


Article 2 (Definitions)

Definitions of terms used in this Act are as follows:

(a)
The te
rm “space development” means one of the following
:

(i)
Research and technology development activities related to design, production, launch, operation, etc. of space
objects;

(ii)
Use and exploration of outer space and activities to facilitate them;

(
b) The term “space development project” means a project to promote space development or a project to pursue the
development of education, technology, information, industry, etc. related to space development;

(c) The term “space object” means an object

designed and manufactured for use in outer space, including a launch
vehicle, a satellite, a space ship and their components;

(d) The term “space accident” means an occurrence of damage to life, body or property due to crash, collision or
explosion
of a space object or other situation;

(e) The term “satellite information” means image, voice, sound or data acquired by using a satellite, or in formation
made of their combination, including processed or applied information.


2. Violation: The affirma
tive doesn’t increase space development


space
-
based lasers
neither increase exploration nor R&D.


3. Excluding space
-
based lasers from the topic is key to preserve limits


allowing the
affirmative to develop space
-
based lasers opens the floodgates to AN
Y TYPE OF SPACE
WEAPON. This makes the topic undebate
-
able because negative teams would have an
infinite number of potential cases to research.



Neg Topicality

Novice





5

2NC Answers To: Development = Militarization


1. There is
no evidence

that space
-
based lasers, which is what th
e plan endorses, are
topical. Extend the SDPA evidence from the 1NC


you should prefer this evidence because



a) it defines development as R&D and any activities that increase exploration


this means
that the affirmative can advocate any number of plans
, as long as they do not increase
weapons in space.


b) the Journal of Space is a reputable source


this interpretation of space development was
developed by the Korean government in their Space Development Promotion Act. Even if it
is not from an America
n source, since it is written by individuals that are experts in the
field of astronomy, it should be preferred.


Space development enables the usage of space for the prosperity of humankind


this is the
antithesis of space militarization.

Tamiya
Nomura
,
Deputy Chairman of the Space Activities Commission
, “
Japan's new long
-
term vision Creating
a space age in the new century
”, Space Policy Volume 11, Issue 1, February 19
95
, Pages 9
-
17,
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/026596469593230I//jchen

The Japanese Government's Space Activities Commission (SAC) has released its latest Long
-
Term Vision of
Japan's future in the exploration and use of outer space. Th
e Vision will contribute to the formulation of
government policy for space development. In this article, the philosophy of
space development is defined as
follows: ‘It enables space to be used as the common property of all mankind in order to contribute to

the
enduring prosperity of all those living on Earth
.’ Within this philosophy, Japan's principal objectives are
projected into the middle of the twenty
-
first century as being: construction of a global Earth observation
system; promotion of advanced space
science programmes; full implementation of space activities using the
Japanese Experiment Module of the International Space Station; and development and operation of new space
infrastructures.




Neg Topicality

Novice





6

Answers to: Crawford and Curtis Evidence


Group the Crawford
and Curtis evidence


they say that “shooting stuff in space like the
plan” is topical under their interpretation.


Development includes many specific activities but not space militarization.

Hsu 9

(Feng, Ph.D. and Senior Fellow


Aerospace Technology Wo
rking Group, and Ken Cox, Ph.D. and Founder &
Director


Aerospace Technology Working Group, “Sustainable Space Exploration and Space Development
-

A
Unified Strategic Vision”, 2
-
20, http://www.spacerenaissance.org/papers/A
-
UnifiedSpaceVision
-
Hsu
-
Cox.pdf)


In our view, even with adequate reform in its governance model, NASA is not a rightful institution to lead or
manage the nation's business in Space Development projects. This is because
human space development activities,
such as development of affordable

launch vehicles, RLVs, space
-
based solar power, space touring capabilities,
communication satellites, and trans
-
earth or trans
-
lunar space transportation infrastructure systems
, are
primarily human economic and commercial development endeavors that are no
t only cost
-
benefit
-
sensitive in
project management, but are in the nature of business activities and are thus subject to fundamental business
principles related to profitability, sustainability, and market development, etc. Whereas, in space exploration,
by its
nature and definition, there are basic human scientific research and development (R&D) activities that require
exploring the unknowns, pushing the envelope of new frontiers or taking higher risks with full government and
public support, and these ne
ed to be invested in solely by taxpayer contributions.


Prefer this evidence


it provides a list of many possible affirmative cases that would be
topical under our interpretation. This also answers the third argument, that our
interpretation has no intent
to define.




Neg Topicality

Novice





7

Answers to: All Technology is Dual
-
Use


1. Their Duvall evidence only states that space technologies
can

have
potential

military use


it does not say that weapons should be considered development.




Neg Topicality

Novice





8

Answers To: T is not a Voting Issue


They
concede my argument about fair limits. Allowing affirmatives to garner advantages
off of any sub
-
section of space militarization would make it impossible to be negative on
this topic. For example, under their interpretation, affirmatives would be able to d
evelop
ASATs and any type of space weapon they can dream up


like space guns and space
bombs. Limits should be the way you evaluate the topicality debate


our interpretation
sets clear boundaries for what is and is not topical, which makes for more educa
tional
debates.