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20 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 10 μήνες)

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Microbiology Vocabulary


Microbiology
-
. The branch of biology that deals
with microorganisms and their effects on other
living things.


Biotechnology
-

the industrial use of living
organisms to produce foods, drugs, or other
products.


Microbiology Vocabulary


Antibody
-

a chemical substance that helps
destroy pathogens. Active immune
systems produce antibodies to fight
disease.


Vaccine (vaccinations)
-

a small dose or
fragment of a pathogen that is introduced
into the body to help the immune system
fight disease.

Microbiology Vocabulary


Infectious (Contagious ) Disease
-

any
disease that is caused by a pathogen and
can be “caught” by someone. (In
flu
enza is
an infectious disease)


Noninfectious Disease
-

a disease that can
not be spread from one organism to
another.( Cancer is noninfectious)

Microbiology Vocabulary


Passive immunity


protection against a
disease by receiving antibodies made in
another individual. (Babies have passive
immunity)


Killer

T
-

white blood cells that attack and
destroy invading microbes.

Microbiology Vocabulary


Risk
-
benefit analysis


the process of
weighing the potential harm a new
technology may cause against it’s benefits


Ethical issues


the concern society has
expressed about the safety/purpose of
some scientific practices. ( example:
genetically altered foods )