Review: Microbiology

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20 Φεβ 2013 (πριν από 4 χρόνια και 7 μήνες)

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Review: Microbiology

Classification of Life


Linneaus


Levels of classification:K,P,C,O,F,G,S


Binomial nomenclature: why not common
names?


Dichotomous key


Viruses


Living or not? 2 reasons why


Structure


Reproduction: Lytic and Lysogenic cycles


Vaccines: how do they work?


Why not antibiotics?


Diagrams: reproduction, bacteriophage

Bacteria


5 characteristics of all bacteria (page 108)


Eubacteria vs. Archaebacteria


Thermophiles, halophiles, methanogens


Basic shapes and names: coccus, bacillus,
spirilla etc.


Reproduction: asexual and sexual

Helpful and Harmful Bacteria


Bacteria as recyclers: saprophytes


Bacteria in pollution control:
bioremediation


Bacteria as probiotic agents: ex’s


Bacteria in industry: ex’s


How do bacteria cause illness? Ex’s


Fighting Disease


Pathogen


1
st

line of defence: external: ex’s


2
nd

line of defence: lymphatic system: ex’s


3
rd

line of defence: antibody formation:
ex’s


Active vs. passive immunity


Antibiotic resistance

Protists


4 characteristics of all protists (p.128)


Characteristics of plant
-
like protists:ex’s


Characteristics of animal
-
like protists: ex’s


Characteristics of fungi
-
like protists: ex’s


Diagrams: amoeba, paramecium, euglena


Pathenogenic protists: ex

Fungi


Why aren’t they plants?


Mycelium, hyphae, saprophytes, yeast,
mould, mushrooms, spores, mycorrhizae,
lichen


Importance of fungi


Diagram: mushroom


Microorganisms in
Biotechnology


Recombinant DNA: what is it? What is it
used for?


Viral Vectors: what are they? What are
they used for?