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Written activity 3

Research the company CISCO. Summarise the history of this company in a Word document and
upload this to your Wiki.





Cisco Systems

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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"Cisco" redirects here. For other uses, see
Cisco (disambiguation)
.

Cisco Systems, Inc.


Type

Public (
NASDAQ
:
CSCO
)

Foun
ded

San Francisco
,
California
,
USA

(1984)

Headquarters

San Jose, CA

Key people

John T. Chambers
, Chairman and
CEO

Industry

Computer networking

Market cap

$132 billion
USD

(2008)
[1]

Revenue


$39.540 billion
USD

(2008)

Operating
income



$9.442 billion
USD

(2008)

Net income



$8.052 billion
USD

(2008)

Employees

66,050 (2008)

Website

http://www.cisco.com

Cisco Systems, Inc.

(
NASDAQ
:

CSCO
,
SEHK
:
4333
) is a
multinational corporation

with
more than 66,000 employees and annual revenue of
US$
39 billion as of 2008. Headquartered
in
San Jose, California
, it designs and sells networking and communications technology and
services under
five brands, namely Cisco,
Linksys
,
WebEx
,
IronPort
, and
Scientific Atlanta
.

Contents

[
hide
]



1 Corporate
history




2 Corporate affairs




3 Products and services


o

3.1 Partial list of hardware products


o

3.2 Partial list of software products


o

3.3 Cisco Systems VPN Client


o

3.4 VoIP services




4 Criticisms and controversy


o

4.1 China


o

4.2 Shareholder class action lawsuit against Cisco


o

4.3 Cisco lawsuit against Huawei


o

4.4
Brazil




5 See also




6 References




7 External links


[
edit
] Corporate history



One of the many buildings on the Cisco Systems campus in San Jose

Len Bosack

and
Sandy Lerner
, a married cou
ple that worked in computer operations staff at
Stanford University
, later joined by Richard Troiano, founded
cisco Systems

in 1984. The
name "Cisco" was derived from

the city name, San Francisco, which is why the company
insisted using the lower case 'cisco' in the early days. Bosack adapted multiple
-
protocol

router

software originally written by
William Yeager
, another staff employee who had begun
the work years before Bosack arrived fr
om the
University of Pennsylvania
, where Bosack had
received his
bachelor's degree
.

While Cisco was not the first company to develop and sell a
router
,
[2]

it was one of the first to
sell commercially successful routers supporting multiple network protocols.
[3]

As the
Internet
Protocol

(IP) has become a standard, the importance of multi
-
protocol routing as a function
has declined. Today, Cisco's largest routers are marketed to route primarily IP packets and
MPLS

frames.

In 1990, the company went public and was listed on the
Nasdaq

stock exchange. Lerner was
fired and because of that, Bosack quit but not before receiving $200 mill
ion. Most of those
profits were given to charities and the two later divorced.

Cisco acquired a variety of companies to bring in talent and innovation into the company.
Several acquisitions, e.g. Stratacom, were the biggest deals at the time when it happen
ed.
During the Internet boom in 1999, the company acquired
Cerent Corp.
, a start
-
up company
located in
Petaluma
, California, for about US$7 billion. It was the most expensive acquisition
made by Cisco at that time. Since then, only Cisco's acquisition of
Scientific
-
Atlanta

has been
bigger. Although not every acquisition is equally successful, Cisco has been on the successful
side integrating its acquisitions compared to its competitors. Several acquired com
panies has
grown into the backbone business units for Cisco in the LAN switching, VOIP, and home
networking area.

In late March 2000, at the height of the
dot
-
com boom
, Cisco was t
he most valuable company
in the world, with a
market capitalization

of more than US$500 billion.
[4]
[5]

In 2007, with a
market cap of about US$180 billion, it is still one of the most valuable companies.
[6]
. CSCO
was voted stock of the decade on NASDAQ. The company's 7500 Series router was voted
3rd in the product of the decade 1990
-
2000 behind the Mosaic web browser and the Novell
LAN manager.

Cisco has made inroads into many network equipmen
t markets outside routing, including
Ethernet switching, remote access, branch office routers,
ATM

networking, security, IP
telephony, and others. In 20
03, Cisco acquired
Linksys
, a popular manufacturer of
computer
networking

hardware

and positioned it as a leading
brand

for the home and end user
networking market (
SOHO
).

The company's first two CEOs are John Morgridge and John Chambers
[1]

(active).

The company was a 2002
-
03 recipient of the
Ron Brown Award
.

[
edit
] Corporate affairs

The company has its corporate headquarters in
San Jose, California
, with many buildings in
the area near North First Street and Tasman. Cisco also has outposts in many other countries
such as
Algeria
,
Argentina
,
Australia
,
Austria
,
Belgium
,

Belize
,
Bolivia
,
Bosnia and
H
erzegovina
,
Brazil
,
Bulgaria
,
Canada
,
Chile
,
China
,
Colombia
,
Costa Rica
,
Croatia
,
Czech
Republic
,
Denmark
,
Ecuador
,
Egypt
,
El Sal
vador
,
Estonia
,
Finland
,
France
,
Germany
,
Greece
,
Guatemala
,
Honduras
,
Hong Kong
,
Hungary
,
India
,
Indonesia
,
Ireland
,
Israel
,
Italy
,
Japan
,
Kenya
,
Kuwait
,
Kosovo
,
Latvia
,
Lithuania
,
Luxembourg
,
Macedonia
,
M
alaysia
,
Mexico
,
Monaco
,
Montenegro
,
Nepal
,
Netherlands
,
New Zealand
,
Nicaragua
,
Nigeria
,
Norway
,
Panama
,
Paraguay
,
Peru
,
Philippines
,
Poland
,
Portugal
,
Puerto Rico

and
The
Caribbean
,
Romania
,
Russia
,
Senegal
,
Serbia
,
Singapore
,
Slovakia
,
Slovenia
,
South Korea
,
South Africa
,
Spain
,
Sweden
,
Switzerland
,
Taiwan
,
Thailand
,
Turkey
,
Ukraine
,
United Arab
Emirates
,
United Kingdom
,
Uruguay
,
Venezuela
,
Vietnam
.
[7]

Cisco's vision is "Changing the Way We Work, Live, Play and Learn." Cisco's current tagline
is "Welcome to the human network."
[8]

[
edit
] Products and services

[
edit
] Partial list of hardware products



A Cisco ASM/2
-
32EM router deployed at
CERN

in 1987.



Application Network Services



Broadband Cable products: uBR7100 series, uBR7200 series, uBR10012
CMTSes
. A
line of
Cable modems
, the uBR900 series and C
VA122 series, were also made in the
late 1990s and early 2000s, but have since been discontinued.

o

Clean Access Server



Content Networking



DSL

&
Long Reach Ethernet




Interoperability Systems



Cisco LocalDirector

load
-
balancing appliance



Optical Networking series: 15xxx Se
ries: 15302, 15305, 15310, 15327, 15454, 15600,
1580x, 15900(wavelength router, but end for sale)



Routers
: AGS, AGS+, MGS, IGS, CGS, SB107, 700, 800,
837
,
1000 Series
,
1600
Series
, 1700, 1800,
2500 Series
,
2600 Series
, 2800, 3600, 3700, 3800,
4000 Series
,
4500,
7000 Series
, 7100/7200/7300/7400 Mid Range Customer Edge/Service
Provider Edge family, 7500, 7600, 10000,
12000
, and
CRS
-
1




Security & VPN products: Anomaly Detection and Mitigation Appliances, Cisco
AVS 3110 Application Velocity System,
Cisco ASA 5500 Series Adaptive Security
Appliances
,
Cisco PIX 500 Series

Securit
y Appliances, Cisco VPN 3000 Series
Concentrators, Cisco Catalyst 6500 Series/7600 Series WebVPN Services Module,
IPSec

VPN

Services Module (VPNSM) for Cisco Catalyst 6500 Switches and Cisco
7600 Series Routers



Server Networking &
Virtualization




SPA Phone Adapters



Storage networking




Switches


o

Catalyst series
: 500 and 520 Express,
1900 Series
, 2900, 2950, 2960, 3560 and
3560E, 3750 and 3750E, 4500,
6500

Nexus 7000 switch

and 5000 switch
(from the Nuova Systems Inc. acquisition] etc..

o

Metro Ethernet ME 3400 Series Access Switches

o

MGX 8
800 Series Multiservice Switches: MGX 8830, MGX 8850

o

MDS 9000 Series Multilayer SAN Switches

o

Nexus 1000V

distributed virtual software switch



Universal Gateways & Access Servers



Video




Cisco Telepresence




Voice &

IP Communications: 7900 Series IP Phones: 7936, 7906G, 7912G, 7911G,
7920, 7921G, 7911G, 7921G, 7931G, 7940G, 7941G, 7941G
-
GE, 7960G, 7961G,
7961G
-
GE, 7970G, 7971G
-
GE, 7975G and 7985G



Wireless: Wireless Integrated Switches and Routers,Wireless IP Telepho
ny, Wireless
LAN Access, Aironet Wireless Bridges and Workgroup Bridges, Cisco Wireless LAN
Client Adapters (
PCI

and
PCMCIA
), Wireless

LAN Controllers, Wireless Network
Management, Wireless LAN Management, Wireless Security Servers,
Wireless IP
Phone 7920


[
edit
] Partial list of software products



Internet Operating System (IOS)
[2]
, IOS
-
XR



Cisco Active Network Abstraction (ANA)



Cisco Network Assistant (CNA)



Cisco Configuration Assistant (CCA)



Cisco
CallManager

/ Unified Communications Manager (CUCM)



Cisco Emergency Responder (CER)



Cisco IP Transfer Point (ITP)



Cisco Multimedia Conference Manager (MCM)



Cisco Fabric Ma
nager




CiscoView




CiscoWorks

Network Management

software



IP SLAs




Cisco Intelligent Contact Management



Cisco Secure Access Control Server (ACS)



Cisco Access Registrar (AR)



Cisco Security MARS (Monitoring, Analysi
s and Response System)



Cisco
Clean Access Agent
, Cisco Clean Access Manager,
Cisco NAC Appliance




Content Loadbalancers (acquired from Arrowpoint)



Content Engine



Wireless LAN Solution Engine



Cisco VPN Client



Packet Tracer
, a didactic network simulator



Cisco IP/TV



Cisco IP/VC



Cisco NX
-
OS




Cisco Unified Contact Center




Cisco MeetingPlace



Cisco Unity



Cisco Unified Communications Manager



Cisco Unified Personal Communicator



Cisco Unified Presence Server



Cisco Unified Application Environment




Cisco IP Communicator




Cisco Unified Video Advantage



Cisco Secure Desktop



Cisco Security Manager




WebEx Collaboration Tools




Cisco Transport Manager



Cisco Router and Security Device Manager



Cisco Enhanced Device Interface



Wireless Control System




Wide Area Application Services

(WAAS)



BTS 10200 [PacketCable specifications based SoftSwitch with Class 4/5 and IMS
functionalities]



PGW 2200



HSI

[
edit
] Cisco Systems VPN Client

The Cisco Systems VPN Client is an executable program that allows
Linux
, OS X,
Solaris

and Windows based computers to connect to a Virtual Private Network (VPN). The client
makes remote resources of another network available in a sec
ure way as if the user was
connected directly to that "private" network. The software is not free but is often installed on
university and business computers in accordance with a site
-
license. Cisco has recently
released a client called Cisco AnyConnect VP
N. This new client supports 64 bit operating
systems.

[
edit
] VoIP services

Cisco became a major provider of
Voice over IP

to enterprises, and is now moving into the
home user market through its acquisitions of
Scientific Atlanta

and
Linksys
.
Scientific
Atlanta

provides VoIP equipment to cable service
providers such as
Time Warner
,
Cablevision
,
Rogers Communications
, UPC, and others;
Linksys

has partnered with
companies such as
Skype

and
Yahoo

to integrate consumer VoIP services with wireless and
cordless phones.

[
edit
] Criticisms and controversy

[
edit
] China

Cisco has been criticized for its involvement in
censorship in the People's Republic of
China
.
[9]

According to author Ethan Gutmann, Cisco and other telecommunications
equipment providers supplied the
Chinese government

with surveillance and Internet
infrastructure equipment that is used to block Internet websites and track Chinese on
-
line
activities. Cisco says that it does not customize or develop specialized or unique filtering
capabilit
ies to enable governments or regimes to block access to information and that it sells
the same equipment in China as it sells worldwide.
[10]

Leaked documents suggests that Cisco
se
es information control in China as a good commercial opportunity.
[11]

[
edit
] Shareholder class action lawsuit against Cisco

On
August 18
,
2006

Cisco reached a settlement in a long
-
standing class action lawsuit that
originated in 2001. "The original suit, filed
April 20
,
2001
, claimed that the company made
misleading statements, or omitted statements of material fact, that were relied on by
purchasers of Cisco stock. It

also alleged that the individual defendants sold Cisco stock
while in possession of material, non
-
public information. Cisco denied all allegations in the
suit."
[12]

While Cisco denies all wrongdoing in the suit, it agreed to settle with the plaintiffs.
Cisco's liability insurers, its directors, and officers paid the plaintiffs US$91.75 million to
settle the suit.
[13]

[
edit
] Cisco lawsuit against Huawei

On
January 23
,
2003
, Cisco sued
Huawei Technologies, Co., Ltd

and its subsidiaries, Huawei
America, Inc. and
FutureWei Technologies, Inc. over Huawei's unlawful copying of Cisco's
intellectual property.
[14]

The suit alleged that Huawei "unlawfully copied and misappropriated
Cisco's IOS s
oftware... and infringed numerous Cisco patents." Cisco suspended the patent
infringement lawsuit on
October 1
,
2003
, after Hu
awei agreed to modify some of their
products.

[
edit
] Brazil

On
October 16
,
2007
, the
Brazilian Federal Police

and
Brazilian

Receita Federal (equivalent
to the
American IRS
) under the "Persona Operation" uncovered an alleged tax fraud scheme
employed s
ince 2002 that exempted the company from paying over
R$
1.5 billion (US$824
million) in taxes.
[15]

[
edit
] See also



Catalyst switch




Cisco Career Certifications




Cisco IOS

-

the operating system used in Cisco router
s



CLEO Cisco router in Low Earth Orbit




List of acq
uisitions by Cisco Systems


[
edit
] References

1.

^

"
Company Profile for Cisco Systems Inc (CSCO)
". Retrieved on
2008
-
09
-
30
.

2.

^

I, Cringely . NerdTV . Transcript | PBS


3.

^

Cisco claim of first multi
-
protocol router


4.

^

"
Cisco pushes past Microsoft in market value
",
CBS Marketwatch

(
2000
-
03
-
25
). Retrieved
on 2007
-
01
-
25.


5.

^

"
Cisco replaces Microsoft as world's mos
t valuable company
",
Reuters
,
The Indian Express

(
2000
-
03
-
25
). Retrieved on 2007
-
01
-
25.


6.

^

Fost, Dan (
2006
-
05
-
05
). "
Chron 200 Market capitalization
",
San Francisco Chronicle
.
Retrieved on 2007
-
01
-
25.


7.

^

"
Cisco
Systems Office Locations
". Cisco Systems. Retrieved on
2008
-
04
-
17
.

8.

^

"
The Human Network
". Cisco Systems, Inc.. Retrieved on
2007
-
01
-
25
.

9.

^

FRONTLINE: the tank man: the struggle to control information | PBS


10.

^

Earnhardt, John (
2006
-
02
-
15
). "
Cisco Testimony Before House International Relations
Subcommittee
". Cisco Systems, Inc.. Retrieved on
2007
-
01
-
25
.

11.

^

"
Leaked Cisco Internal Memo
".

12.

^

Cisco Systems, Inc. (
2006
-
08
-
18
). "
Cisco Shareholder Class Action Lawsuit Resolved
".
Press release
. Retrieved on
2007
-
01
-
25
.

13.

^

"
Cisco resolves class action lawsuit
",

Silicon Valley/San Jose Business Journal

(
2006
-
08
-
18
). Retrieved on 2007
-
01
-
25.


14.

^

Cisco Systems, Inc. (
2003
-
01
-
23
). "
Cisco Files Lawsuit Against Huawei Technologies
".
Press release
. Retrieved on
2007
-
01
-
25
.

15.

^

International Herald Tribune (
2007
-
10
-
17
). "
Brazilian tax authorities raid, close Cisco
System's offices in Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro
".
Press release
. Retrieved on
2007
-
10
-
17
.

[
edit
] External links



Cisco Systems Home Page




Cisco on Cisco: Inside Cisco IT

Cisco IT case studies, best practices, presentations,
video



Cisco Networking Academy




Cisco Press




Cisco Blogs Home
Page




Information on Cisco Certifications




Interactive Overview
-

20 Years of Cisco




Video and audio of speech by CEO John Chambers at Duke University




USA Today Q&A with CEO John Chambers




Cisco Tips




Interview with former CEO, John Morgridge, by Stanford students of iinnov
ate


Business data



Cisco Systems

at
Google Finance




Cisco Systems

at
Yahoo Finance




Cisco Systems

at
Hoover's




Cisco Systems

at
Reuters




Cisco Systems

SEC filings

at
EDGAR Online




Cisco Systems

SEC filings

at the
Securities and Exchange Commission



Companies portal